GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated GridView.RowCreated Event

Definición

Se produce cuando se crea una fila en un control GridView.Occurs when a row is created in a GridView control.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewRowEventHandler ^ RowCreated;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler RowCreated;
member this.RowCreated : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowCreated As GridViewRowEventHandler 

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo utilizar RowCreated el evento para almacenar el índice de la fila que se está CommandArgument creando en la LinkButton propiedad de un control contenido en la fila.The following example demonstrates how to use the RowCreated event to store the index of the row being created in the CommandArgument property of a LinkButton control contained in the row. Esto le permite determinar el índice de la fila que contiene el LinkButton control cuando el usuario hizo clic en el botón.This enables you to determine the index of the row that contains the LinkButton control when the user clicked the button.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ProductsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[1].Text);

      // If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }

  void ProductsGridView_RowCreated(Object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
  {

    // The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    // property that indicates which row's command button was
    // clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    // the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    // row's index.
    if(e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
    {
      // Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      LinkButton addButton = (LinkButton)e.Row.FindControl("AddButton");

      // Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      // row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString();
    }

  }

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then

      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)

      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row As GridViewRow = ProductsGridView.Rows(index)

      ' Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      Dim item As New ListItem()
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(1).Text)

      ' If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      ' object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      If Not ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then

        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item)

      End If

    End If

  End Sub

  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCreated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewRowEventArgs)

    ' The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    ' property that indicates which row's command button was
    ' clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    ' the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    ' row's index.
    If e.Row.RowType = DataControlRowType.DataRow Then

      ' Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      Dim addButton As LinkButton = CType(e.Row.FindControl("AddButton"), LinkButton)

      ' Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      ' row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString()

    End If

  End Sub

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Comentarios

Antes de GridView que se pueda representar el control, GridViewRow se debe crear un objeto para cada fila del control.Before the GridView control can be rendered, a GridViewRow object must be created for each row in the control. El RowCreated evento se desencadena cuando se crea cada fila GridView del control.The RowCreated event is raised when each row in the GridView control is created. Esto le permite proporcionar un método de control de eventos que realiza una rutina personalizada, como agregar contenido personalizado a una fila, siempre que se produzca este evento.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as adding custom content to a row, whenever this event occurs.

Un GridViewRowEventArgs objeto se pasa al método de control de eventos, que permite tener acceso a las propiedades de la fila que se está creando.A GridViewRowEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to access the properties of the row being created. Para tener acceso a una celda específica de la fila, Cells use la propiedad GridViewRowEventArgs del objeto.To access a specific cell in the row, use the Cells property of the GridViewRowEventArgs object. Puede determinar qué tipo de fila (fila de encabezado, fila de datos, etc.) se crea mediante la RowType propiedad.You can determine which row type (header row, data row, and so on) is being created by using the RowType property.

Para obtener más información acerca de cómo controlar eventos, vea controlar y provocar eventos.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

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