Control.Validating Control.Validating Control.Validating Control.Validating Event

Definición

Se produce cuando el control se está validando.Occurs when the control is validating.

public:
 event System::ComponentModel::CancelEventHandler ^ Validating;
public event System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler Validating;
member this.Validating : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Validating As CancelEventHandler 

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se utiliza la clase derivada TextBox y valida una dirección de correo electrónico que el usuario escribe.The following code example uses the derived class TextBox and validates an email address that the user enters. Si la dirección de correo electrónico no está en el formato estándar (que contiene "@" and "."), se produce un error en la validación, un ErrorProvider icono se muestra y se cancela el evento.If the email address is not in the standard format (containing "@" and "."), the validation fails, an ErrorProvider icon is displayed, and the event is canceled. Este ejemplo requiere que un TextBox y ErrorProvider se han creado los controles en un formulario.This example requires that a TextBox and ErrorProvider control have been created on a form.

private:
   void textBox1_Validating( Object^ sender, System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      String^ errorMsg;
      if ( !ValidEmailAddress( textBox1->Text, &errorMsg ) )
      {
         // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e->Cancel = true;
         textBox1->Select( 0, textBox1->Text->Length );
         
         // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display.
         this->errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, errorMsg );
      }
   }

   void textBox1_Validated( Object^ sender, System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
      errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, "" );
   }

public:
   bool ValidEmailAddress( String^ emailAddress, [Out]interior_ptr<String^> errorMessage )
   {
      // Confirm that the email address String* is not empty.
      if ( emailAddress->Length == 0 )
      {
         *errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
      }

      // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) > -1 )
      {
         if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( ".", emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) ) > emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) )
         {
            *errorMessage = "";
            return true;
         }
      }

      *errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
         "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
   }
private void textBox1_Validating(object sender, 
 				System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
{
   string errorMsg;
   if(!ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, out errorMsg))
   {
      // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
      e.Cancel = true;
      textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length);

      // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
      this.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg);
   }
}

private void textBox1_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
   // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
   errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "");
}
public bool ValidEmailAddress(string emailAddress, out string errorMessage)
{
   // Confirm that the email address string is not empty.
   if(emailAddress.Length == 0)
   {
      errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
   }

   // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
   if(emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1)
   {
      if(emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@") ) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@") )
      {
         errorMessage = "";
         return true;
      }
   }
   
   errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
      "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
}
   Private Function ValidEmailAddress(ByVal emailAddress As String, ByRef errorMessage As String) As Boolean
      ' Confirm there is text in the control.
      If textBox1.Text.Length = 0 Then
         errorMessage = "Email address is required."
         Return False

      End If

      ' Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      If emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1 Then
         If (emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) Then
            errorMessage = ""
            Return True
         End If
      End If

      errorMessage = "Email address must be valid email address format." + ControlChars.Cr + _
        "For example 'someone@example.com' "
      Return False
End Function

   Private Sub textBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validating

      Dim errorMsg As String
      If Not ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, errorMsg) Then
         ' Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e.Cancel = True
         textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length)

         ' Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
         Me.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg)
      End If
   End Sub


   Private Sub textBox1_Validated(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validated
      ' If all conditions have been met, clear the error provider of errors.
      errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "")
   End Sub

Comentarios

Al cambiar el foco mediante el teclado (ficha, MAYÚS+TAB etc.), mediante una llamada a la Select o SelectNextControl métodos, o estableciendo la ContainerControl.ActiveControl propiedad al formulario actual, se producen eventos de foco en el orden siguiente:When you change the focus by using the keyboard (TAB, SHIFT+TAB, and so on), by calling the Select or SelectNextControl methods, or by setting the ContainerControl.ActiveControl property to the current form, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. Leave

  4. Validating

  5. Validated

  6. LostFocus

Al cambiar el foco mediante el mouse o mediante una llamada a la Focus método, se producen eventos de foco en el orden siguiente:When you change the focus by using the mouse or by calling the Focus method, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. LostFocus

  4. Leave

  5. Validating

  6. Validated

Si el CausesValidation propiedad está establecida en false, Validating y Validated se suprimen eventos.If the CausesValidation property is set to false, the Validating and Validated events are suppressed.

Si el Cancel propiedad de la CancelEventArgs está establecido en true en el Validating delegado de eventos, todos los eventos que se producirían generalmente después el Validating se suprimen eventos.If the Cancel property of the CancelEventArgs is set to true in the Validating event delegate, all events that would usually occur after the Validating event are suppressed.

Precaución

No intente establecer el foco desde el Enter, GotFocus, Leave, LostFocus, Validating, o Validated controladores de eventos.Do not attempt to set focus from within the Enter, GotFocus, Leave, LostFocus, Validating, or Validated event handlers. Si lo hace, puede provocar la aplicación o el sistema operativo deja de responder.Doing so can cause your application or the operating system to stop responding. Para obtener más información, consulte el WM_KILLFOCUS tema en la sección "Referencia de la entrada de teclado" y la sección "Mensaje interbloqueos" del tema "Acerca de los mensajes y las colas de mensajes" en MSDN library en http://msdn.microsoft.com/library.For more information, see the WM_KILLFOCUS topic in the "Keyboard Input Reference" section, and the "Message Deadlocks" section of the "About Messages and Message Queues" topic in the MSDN library at http://msdn.microsoft.com/library.

Para obtener más información sobre el manejo de eventos, consulte controlar y provocar eventos.For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: