DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler Delegado

Definición

Representa el método que controlará el evento CellErrorTextNeeded de DataGridView.Represents the method that will handle the CellErrorTextNeeded event of a DataGridView.

public delegate void DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler(object sender, DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs e);
type DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler = delegate of obj * DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler(sender As Object, e As DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs)

Parámetros

sender
Object

Origen del evento.The source of the event.

Herencia
DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler se muestra un delegado que establece el texto de error de la celda que lo necesita.The following code example demonstrates a DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler delegate that sets the error text for the cell that needs it.

ToolStripMenuItem^ wholeTable;
ToolStripMenuItem^ lookUp;
System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip^ strip;
String^ cellErrorText;

void dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/,
    DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs^ e )
{
    cellErrorText = String::Empty;
    if ( strip == nullptr )
    {
        strip = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip;
        lookUp->Text = L"Look Up";
        wholeTable->Text = L"See Whole Table";
        strip->Items->Add( lookUp );
        strip->Items->Add( wholeTable );
    }

    e->ContextMenuStrip = strip;
}

void wholeTable_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
    dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( L"Select * from employees", true );
}

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ theCellImHoveringOver;
void dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ e )
{
    theCellImHoveringOver = e;
}

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ cellErrorLocation;
void lookUp_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
    try
    {
        dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( String::Format( L"Select * from employees where {0} = '{1}'", dataGridView1->Columns[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Name, dataGridView1->Rows[ theCellImHoveringOver->RowIndex ]->Cells[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Value ), true );
    }
    catch ( ... ) 
    {
        cellErrorText = L"Can't look this cell up";
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver;
    }

}

void dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs^ e )
{
    if ( cellErrorLocation != nullptr )
    {
        if ( e->ColumnIndex == cellErrorLocation->ColumnIndex && e->RowIndex == cellErrorLocation->RowIndex )
        {
            e->ErrorText = cellErrorText;
        }
    }
}

DataTable^ Populate( String^ query, bool resetUnsharedCounter )
{
    if ( resetUnsharedCounter )
    {
        ResetCounter();
    }


    // Alter the data source as necessary
    SqlDataAdapter^ adapter = gcnew SqlDataAdapter( query,
        gcnew SqlConnection( L"Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;"
        L"Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source= localhost" ) );
    DataTable^ table = gcnew DataTable;
    adapter->Fill( table );
    return table;
}

Label^ count;
int unsharedRowCounter;
void ResetCounter()
{
    unsharedRowCounter = 0;
    count->Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString();
}
private ToolStripMenuItem wholeTable = new ToolStripMenuItem();
private ToolStripMenuItem lookUp = new ToolStripMenuItem();
private ContextMenuStrip strip;
private string cellErrorText;

private void dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded(object sender,
    DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs e)
{
    cellErrorText = String.Empty;

    if (strip == null)
    {
        strip = new ContextMenuStrip();
        lookUp.Text = "Look Up";
        wholeTable.Text = "See Whole Table";
        strip.Items.Add(lookUp);
        strip.Items.Add(wholeTable);
    }
    e.ContextMenuStrip = strip;
}

private void wholeTable_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees", true);
}

private DataGridViewCellEventArgs theCellImHoveringOver;

private void dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
{
    theCellImHoveringOver = e;
}

private DataGridViewCellEventArgs cellErrorLocation;

private void lookUp_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees where " +
            dataGridView1.Columns[theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex].Name + " = '" +
            dataGridView1.Rows[theCellImHoveringOver.RowIndex].
            Cells[theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex].Value + "'",
            true);
    }
    catch (SqlException)
    {
        cellErrorText = "Can't look this cell up";
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver;
    }
}

private void dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded(object sender,
    DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs e)
{
    if (cellErrorLocation != null)
    {
        if (e.ColumnIndex == cellErrorLocation.ColumnIndex &&
            e.RowIndex == cellErrorLocation.RowIndex)
        {
            e.ErrorText = cellErrorText;
        }
    }
}

private DataTable Populate(string query, bool resetUnsharedCounter)
{
    if (resetUnsharedCounter)
    {
        ResetCounter();
    }

    // Alter the data source as necessary
    SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(query,
        new SqlConnection("Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" +
        "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost"));

    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
    adapter.Fill(table);
    return table;
}

private Label count = new Label();
private int unsharedRowCounter;

private void ResetCounter()
{
    unsharedRowCounter = 0;
    count.Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString();
}
Private WithEvents wholeTable As New ToolStripMenuItem()
Private WithEvents lookUp As New ToolStripMenuItem()
Private strip As ContextMenuStrip
Private cellErrorText As String

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.CellContextMenuStripNeeded

    cellErrorText = String.Empty

    If strip Is Nothing Then
        strip = New ContextMenuStrip()
        lookUp.Text = "Look Up"
        wholeTable.Text = "See Whole Table"
        strip.Items.Add(lookUp)
        strip.Items.Add(wholeTable)
    End If
    e.ContextMenuStrip = strip
End Sub

Private Sub wholeTable_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles wholeTable.Click
    dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees", True)
End Sub

Private theCellImHoveringOver As DataGridViewCellEventArgs

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DataGridViewCellEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.CellMouseEnter

    theCellImHoveringOver = e
End Sub

Private cellErrorLocation As DataGridViewCellEventArgs

Private Sub lookUp_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles lookUp.Click
    Try
        dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees where " & _
            dataGridView1.Columns(theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex).Name & " = '" & _
            dataGridView1.Rows(theCellImHoveringOver.RowIndex).Cells(theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex).Value.ToString() & _
            "'", True)
    Catch ex As SqlException
        cellErrorText = "Can't look this cell up"
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver
    End Try
End Sub

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
            ByVal e As DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs) _
            Handles dataGridView1.CellErrorTextNeeded
    If (Not cellErrorLocation Is Nothing) Then
        If e.ColumnIndex = cellErrorLocation.ColumnIndex AndAlso _
            e.RowIndex = cellErrorLocation.RowIndex Then
            e.ErrorText = cellErrorText
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Private Function Populate(ByVal query As String, ByVal resetUnsharedCounter As Boolean) As DataTable

    If resetUnsharedCounter Then
        ResetCounter()
    End If

    ' Alter the data source as necessary
    Dim adapter As New SqlDataAdapter(query, _
        New SqlConnection("Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" & _
        "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost"))

    Dim table As New DataTable()
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
    adapter.Fill(table)
    Return table
End Function

Private count As New Label()
Private unsharedRowCounter As Integer

Private Sub ResetCounter()
    unsharedRowCounter = 0
    count.Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString()
End Sub

Comentarios

El CellErrorTextNeeded evento solo se produce cuando DataGridView se DataSource establece la propiedad del control VirtualMode o su truepropiedad es.The CellErrorTextNeeded event occurs only when the DataGridView control DataSource property is set or its VirtualMode property is true. Controlar el CellErrorTextNeeded evento resulta útil cuando se desea determinar el error de una celda en función de su valor o estado.Handling the CellErrorTextNeeded event is useful when you want to determine the error for a cell depending on its value or state.

Cuando controla el CellErrorTextNeeded evento y especifica el texto de error en el controlador, aparece un glifo de error en la celda DataGridView.ShowCellErrors a menos que la false propiedad se establezca en o la celda esté en modo de edición.When you handle the CellErrorTextNeeded event and specify error text in the handler, an error glyph appears in the cell unless the DataGridView.ShowCellErrors property is set to false or the cell is in edit mode. Cuando el usuario mueve el puntero del mouse sobre el glifo de error, aparece el texto del error en una información sobre herramientas.When the user moves the mouse pointer over the error glyph, the error text appears in a ToolTip.

El CellErrorTextNeeded evento también se produce siempre que se recupera DataGridViewCell.ErrorText el valor de la propiedad.The CellErrorTextNeeded event also occurs whenever the value of the DataGridViewCell.ErrorText property is retrieved.

Puede utilizar las DataGridViewCellEventArgs.RowIndex propiedades y ColumnIndex para determinar el estado o el valor de una celda y utilizar esta información para cambiar o modificar la DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs.ErrorText propiedad.You can use the DataGridViewCellEventArgs.RowIndex and ColumnIndex property to determine the state or value of a cell, and use this information to change or modify the DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs.ErrorText property. Esta propiedad se inicializa con el valor de la propiedad de ErrorText celda, que reemplaza el valor de evento.This property is initialized with the value of the cell ErrorText property, which the event value overrides.

Controle CellErrorTextNeeded el evento al trabajar con grandes cantidades de datos para evitar las penalizaciones en el rendimiento de ErrorText establecer el valor de la celda para varias celdas.Handle the CellErrorTextNeeded event when working with large amounts of data to avoid the performance penalties of setting the cell ErrorText value for multiple cells. Para obtener más información, consulte Procedimientos recomendados para ajustar la escala del control DataGridView en Windows Forms.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

Para obtener más información acerca de cómo controlar eventos, vea controlar y provocar eventos.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Cuando se crea un delegado DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler, se identifica el método que controlará el evento.When you create a DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Para asociar el evento al controlador, se debe agregar una instancia del delegado al evento.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Siempre que se produce el evento, se llama a su controlador, a menos que se quite el delegado.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Para obtener más información sobre los delegados de controladores de eventos, vea controlar y provocar eventos.For more information about event-handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Métodos de extensión

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtiene un objeto que representa el método representado por el delegado especificado.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: