TrackBarRenderer Clase

Definición

Proporciona métodos que se utilizan para representar un control de barra de seguimiento con estilos visuales.Provides methods used to render a track bar control with visual styles. Esta clase no puede heredarse.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class TrackBarRenderer sealed
public sealed class TrackBarRenderer
type TrackBarRenderer = class
Public NotInheritable Class TrackBarRenderer
Herencia
TrackBarRenderer

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo crear un control personalizado que TrackBarRenderer usa los métodos para dibujar una barra de seguimiento horizontal que responde a los clics del mouse.The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the TrackBarRenderer methods to draw a horizontal track bar that responds to mouse clicks.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::VisualStyles;

namespace TrackBarRendererSample
{
    ref class CustomTrackBar : public Control
    {
    private:
        int numberTicks;
        Rectangle trackRectangle;
        Rectangle ticksRectangle;
        Rectangle thumbRectangle;
        int currentTickPosition;
        float tickSpace;
        bool thumbClicked;
        TrackBarThumbState thumbState;

    public:
        CustomTrackBar(int ticks, System::Drawing::Size trackBarSize)
        {
            this->Location = Point(10, 10);
            this->Size = trackBarSize;
            this->numberTicks = ticks;
            this->BackColor = Color::DarkCyan;
            this->DoubleBuffered = true;
            numberTicks = 10;
            thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Normal;

            // Calculate the initial sizes of the bar,
            // thumb and ticks.
            SetupTrackBar();
        }

        // Calculate the sizes of the bar, thumb, and ticks rectangle.
    private:
        void SetupTrackBar()
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }

            Graphics^ g = this->CreateGraphics();

            // Calculate the size of the track bar.
            trackRectangle.X = ClientRectangle.X + 2;
            trackRectangle.Y = ClientRectangle.Y + 28;
            trackRectangle.Width = ClientRectangle.Width - 4;
            trackRectangle.Height = 4;

            // Calculate the size of the rectangle in which to
            // draw the ticks.
            ticksRectangle.X = trackRectangle.X + 4;
            ticksRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
            ticksRectangle.Width = trackRectangle.Width - 8;
            ticksRectangle.Height = 4;

            tickSpace = ((float)ticksRectangle.Width - 1) /
                ((float)numberTicks - 1);

            // Calculate the size of the thumb.
            thumbRectangle.Size =
                TrackBarRenderer::GetTopPointingThumbSize(g,
                TrackBarThumbState::Normal);

            thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
            thumbRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
        }

    private:
        int CurrentTickXCoordinate()
        {
            if (tickSpace == 0)
            {
                return 0;
            }
            else
            {
                return ((int)Math::Round(tickSpace) *
                    currentTickPosition);
            }
        }

        // Draw the track bar.
    protected:
        virtual void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                this->Parent->Text = "CustomTrackBar Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this->Parent->Text = "CustomTrackBar Enabled";
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawHorizontalTrack(e->Graphics,
                trackRectangle);
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawTopPointingThumb(e->Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);
            TrackBarRenderer::DrawHorizontalTicks(e->Graphics,
                ticksRectangle, numberTicks, EdgeStyle::Raised);
        }

        // Determine whether the user has clicked the track bar thumb.
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            if (this->thumbRectangle.Contains(e->Location))
            {
                thumbClicked = true;
                thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Pressed;
            }

            this->Invalidate();
        }

        // Redraw the track bar thumb if the user has moved it.
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                if (e->Location.X > trackRectangle.X &&
                    e->Location.X < (trackRectangle.X +
                    trackRectangle.Width - thumbRectangle.Width))
                {
                    thumbClicked = false;
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Hot;
                    this->Invalidate();
                }

                thumbClicked = false;
            }
        }

        // Track cursor movements.
    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseMove(MouseEventArgs^ e) override
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                return;
            }
            // The user is moving the thumb.
            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                // Track movements to the next tick to the right, if
                // the cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                if (currentTickPosition < numberTicks - 1 &&
                    e->Location.X > CurrentTickXCoordinate() +
                    (int)(tickSpace))
                {
                    currentTickPosition++;
                }

                // Track movements to the next tick to the left, if
                // cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                else if (currentTickPosition > 0 &&
                    e->Location.X < CurrentTickXCoordinate() -
                    (int)(tickSpace / 2))
                {
                    currentTickPosition--;
                }

                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
            }

            // The cursor is passing over the track.
            else
            {
                if (thumbRectangle.Contains(e->Location))
                {
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Hot;
                }
                else
                {
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState::Normal;
                }
            }

            Invalidate();
        }
    };

    ref class Form1 : public Form
    {
    public:
        Form1()
        {
            CustomTrackBar^ TrackBar1 = gcnew CustomTrackBar(19,
                System::Drawing::Size(300, 50));
            this->Width = 500;
            this->Controls->Add(TrackBar1);
        }
    };
}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    // Note that the call to EnableVisualStyles below does
    // not affect whether TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported is true;
    // as long as visual styles are enabled by the operating system,
    // IsSupported is true.
    Application::EnableVisualStyles();
    Application::Run(gcnew TrackBarRendererSample::Form1());
    return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles;

namespace TrackBarRendererSample
{
    class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            CustomTrackBar TrackBar1 = new CustomTrackBar(19,
                new Size(300, 50));
            this.Width = 500;
            this.Controls.Add(TrackBar1);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            // Note that the call to EnableVisualStyles below does
            // not affect whether TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported is true; 
            // as long as visual styles are enabled by the operating system, 
            // IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    class CustomTrackBar : Control
    {
        private int numberTicks = 10;
        private Rectangle trackRectangle = new Rectangle();
        private Rectangle ticksRectangle = new Rectangle();
        private Rectangle thumbRectangle = new Rectangle();
        private int currentTickPosition = 0;
        private float tickSpace = 0;
        private bool thumbClicked = false;
        private TrackBarThumbState thumbState =
            TrackBarThumbState.Normal;

        public CustomTrackBar(int ticks, Size trackBarSize)
        {
            this.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.Size = trackBarSize;
            this.numberTicks = ticks;
            this.BackColor = Color.DarkCyan;
            this.DoubleBuffered = true;

            // Calculate the initial sizes of the bar, 
            // thumb and ticks.
            SetupTrackBar();
        }

        // Calculate the sizes of the bar, thumb, and ticks rectangle.
        private void SetupTrackBar()
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            using (Graphics g = this.CreateGraphics())
            {
                // Calculate the size of the track bar.
                trackRectangle.X = ClientRectangle.X + 2;
                trackRectangle.Y = ClientRectangle.Y + 28;
                trackRectangle.Width = ClientRectangle.Width - 4;
                trackRectangle.Height = 4;

                // Calculate the size of the rectangle in which to 
                // draw the ticks.
                ticksRectangle.X = trackRectangle.X + 4;
                ticksRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
                ticksRectangle.Width = trackRectangle.Width - 8;
                ticksRectangle.Height = 4;

                tickSpace = ((float)ticksRectangle.Width - 1) /
                    ((float)numberTicks - 1);

                // Calculate the size of the thumb.
                thumbRectangle.Size =
                    TrackBarRenderer.GetTopPointingThumbSize(g,
                    TrackBarThumbState.Normal);

                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
                thumbRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8;
            }
        }

        private int CurrentTickXCoordinate()
        {
            if (tickSpace == 0)
            {
                return 0;
            }
            else
            {
                return ((int)Math.Round(tickSpace) *
                    currentTickPosition);
            }
        }

        // Draw the track bar.
        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                this.Parent.Text = "CustomTrackBar Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this.Parent.Text = "CustomTrackBar Enabled";
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                trackRectangle);
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawTopPointingThumb(e.Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalTicks(e.Graphics,
                ticksRectangle, numberTicks, EdgeStyle.Raised);
        }

        // Determine whether the user has clicked the track bar thumb.
        protected override void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            if (this.thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                thumbClicked = true;
                thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Pressed;
            }

            this.Invalidate();
        }

        // Redraw the track bar thumb if the user has moved it.
        protected override void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                if (e.Location.X > trackRectangle.X &&
                    e.Location.X < (trackRectangle.X +
                    trackRectangle.Width - thumbRectangle.Width))
                {
                    thumbClicked = false;
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Hot;
                    this.Invalidate();
                }

                thumbClicked = false;
            }
        }

        // Track cursor movements.
        protected override void OnMouseMove(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            if (!TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // The user is moving the thumb.
            if (thumbClicked == true)
            {
                // Track movements to the next tick to the right, if 
                // the cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                if (currentTickPosition < numberTicks - 1 &&
                    e.Location.X > CurrentTickXCoordinate() +
                    (int)(tickSpace))
                {
                    currentTickPosition++;
                }

                // Track movements to the next tick to the left, if 
                // cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                else if (currentTickPosition > 0 &&
                    e.Location.X < CurrentTickXCoordinate() -
                    (int)(tickSpace / 2))
                {
                    currentTickPosition--;
                }

                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate();
            }

            // The cursor is passing over the track.
            else
            {
                thumbState = thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location) ?
                    TrackBarThumbState.Hot : TrackBarThumbState.Normal;
            }

            Invalidate();
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles


Namespace TrackBarRendererSample

    Class Form1
        Inherits Form

        Public Sub New()
            Dim TrackBar1 As New CustomTrackBar(19, New Size(300, 50))
            Me.Width = 500
            Me.Controls.Add(TrackBar1)
        End Sub

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            ' Note that the call to EnableVisualStyles below does
            ' not affect whether TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported is true; 
            ' as long as visual styles are enabled by the operating system, 
            ' IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub
    End Class

    Class CustomTrackBar
        Inherits Control
        Private numberTicks As Integer = 10
        Private trackRectangle As New Rectangle()
        Private ticksRectangle As New Rectangle()
        Private thumbRectangle As New Rectangle()
        Private currentTickPosition As Integer = 0
        Private tickSpace As Single = 0
        Private thumbClicked As Boolean = False
        Private thumbState As TrackBarThumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Normal

        Public Sub New(ByVal ticks As Integer, ByVal trackBarSize As Size)

            With Me
                .Location = New Point(10, 10)
                .Size = trackBarSize
                .numberTicks = ticks
                .BackColor = Color.DarkCyan
                .DoubleBuffered = True
            End With

            ' Calculate the initial sizes of the bar, 
            ' thumb and ticks.
            SetupTrackBar()
        End Sub

        ' Calculate the sizes of the bar, thumb, and ticks rectangle.
        Private Sub SetupTrackBar()
            If Not TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Return
            End If
            Using g As Graphics = Me.CreateGraphics()
                ' Calculate the size of the track bar.
                trackRectangle.X = ClientRectangle.X + 2
                trackRectangle.Y = ClientRectangle.Y + 28
                trackRectangle.Width = ClientRectangle.Width - 4
                trackRectangle.Height = 4

                ' Calculate the size of the rectangle in which to 
                ' draw the ticks.
                ticksRectangle.X = trackRectangle.X + 4
                ticksRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8
                ticksRectangle.Width = trackRectangle.Width - 8
                ticksRectangle.Height = 4

                tickSpace = (CSng(ticksRectangle.Width) - 1) / _
                    (CSng(numberTicks) - 1)

                ' Calculate the size of the thumb.
                thumbRectangle.Size = _
                    TrackBarRenderer.GetTopPointingThumbSize( _
                    g, TrackBarThumbState.Normal)

                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate()
                thumbRectangle.Y = trackRectangle.Y - 8
            End Using
        End Sub

        Private Function CurrentTickXCoordinate() As Integer
            If tickSpace = 0 Then
                Return 0
            Else
                Return CInt(Math.Round(tickSpace)) * currentTickPosition
            End If
        End Function

        ' Draw the track bar.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
            If Not TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Me.Parent.Text = "CustomTrackBar Disabled"
                Return
            End If

            Me.Parent.Text = "CustomTrackBar Enabled"
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics, _
                trackRectangle)
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawTopPointingThumb(e.Graphics, _
                thumbRectangle, thumbState)
            TrackBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalTicks(e.Graphics, _
                ticksRectangle, numberTicks, EdgeStyle.Raised)
        End Sub

        ' Determine whether the user has clicked the track bar thumb.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseDown(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            If Not TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Return
            End If
            If Me.thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location) Then
                thumbClicked = True
                thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Pressed
            End If

            Me.Invalidate()
        End Sub

        ' Redraw the track bar thumb if the user has moved it.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseUp(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            If Not TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Return
            End If
            If thumbClicked = True Then
                If e.Location.X > trackRectangle.X And _
                    e.Location.X < trackRectangle.X + _
                    trackRectangle.Width - thumbRectangle.Width Then

                    thumbClicked = False
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Hot
                    Me.Invalidate()
                End If
                thumbClicked = False
            End If
        End Sub

        ' Track cursor movements.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseMove(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            If Not TrackBarRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Return
            End If
            ' The user is moving the thumb.
            If thumbClicked = True Then

                ' Track movements to the next tick to the right, if the
                ' cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                If currentTickPosition < numberTicks - 1 And _
                    e.Location.X > CurrentTickXCoordinate() + _
                    CInt(tickSpace) Then
                    currentTickPosition += 1

                ' Track movements to the next tick to the left, if 
                ' the cursor has moved halfway to the next tick.
                Else
                    If currentTickPosition > 0 And _
                        e.Location.X < CurrentTickXCoordinate() - _
                        CInt(tickSpace / 2) Then
                        currentTickPosition -= 1
                    End If
                End If
                thumbRectangle.X = CurrentTickXCoordinate()

            ' The cursor is passing over the track.
            Else
                If thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location) Then
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Hot
                Else
                    thumbState = TrackBarThumbState.Normal
                End If
            End If

            Invalidate()
        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace

Comentarios

La TrackBarRenderer clase proporciona un conjunto de static métodos que se pueden utilizar para representar cada parte de un control de barra de seguimiento con el estilo visual actual del sistema operativo.The TrackBarRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render each part of a track bar control with the current visual style of the operating system. La representación de un control hace referencia al hecho de dibujar la interfaz de usuario de un control.Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. Esto resulta útil si está dibujando un control personalizado que debería tener la apariencia del estilo visual actual.This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style.

Si los estilos visuales están habilitados en el sistema operativo y los estilos visuales se aplican al área cliente de las ventanas de la aplicación, los métodos de esta clase dibujarán la barra de seguimiento con el estilo visual actual.If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, the methods in this class will draw the track bar with the current visual style. De lo contrario, los métodos de esta clase producirán una excepción InvalidOperationException.Otherwise, the methods in this class will throw an InvalidOperationException. Para determinar si se pueden usar los miembros de esta clase, puede comprobar el valor de la IsSupported propiedad.To determine whether the members of this class can be used, you can check the value of the IsSupported property.

Esta clase encapsula la funcionalidad de un System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer que se establece en uno de los elementos expuestos por la System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TrackBar clase.This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TrackBar class. Para obtener más información, consulte Representar controles con estilos visuales.For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.

Propiedades

IsSupported

Obtiene un valor que indica si la clase TrackBarRenderer puede utilizarse para dibujar una barra de seguimiento con estilos visuales.Gets a value indicating whether the TrackBarRenderer class can be used to draw a track bar with visual styles.

Métodos

DrawBottomPointingThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento descendente (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws a downward-pointing track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawHorizontalThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento horizontal (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws a horizontal track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawHorizontalTicks(Graphics, Rectangle, Int32, EdgeStyle)

Dibuja el número especificado de pasos de la barra de seguimiento horizontal con estilos visuales.Draws the specified number of horizontal track bar ticks with visual styles.

DrawHorizontalTrack(Graphics, Rectangle)

Dibuja la trayectoria de una barra de seguimiento horizontal con estilos visuales.Draws the track for a horizontal track bar with visual styles.

DrawLeftPointingThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento con desplazamiento hacia la izquierda (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws a left-pointing track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawRightPointingThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento con desplazamiento hacia la derecha (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws a right-pointing track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawTopPointingThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento ascendente (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws an upward-pointing track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawVerticalThumb(Graphics, Rectangle, TrackBarThumbState)

Dibuja un control deslizante de barra de seguimiento vertical (denominado también control de posición) con estilos visuales.Draws a vertical track bar slider (also known as the thumb) with visual styles.

DrawVerticalTicks(Graphics, Rectangle, Int32, EdgeStyle)

Dibuja el número especificado de pasos de la barra de seguimiento vertical con estilos visuales.Draws the specified number of vertical track bar ticks with visual styles.

DrawVerticalTrack(Graphics, Rectangle)

Dibuja la trayectoria de una barra de seguimiento vertical con estilos visuales.Draws the track for a vertical track bar with visual styles.

Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual al objeto actual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Heredado de Object)
GetBottomPointingThumbSize(Graphics, TrackBarThumbState)

Devuelve el tamaño, en píxeles, del control deslizante de barra de seguimiento (denominado también control de posición) que señala hacia abajo.Returns the size, in pixels, of the track bar slider (also known as the thumb) that points down.

GetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.Serves as the default hash function.

(Heredado de Object)
GetLeftPointingThumbSize(Graphics, TrackBarThumbState)

Devuelve el tamaño, en píxeles, del control deslizante de barra de seguimiento (denominado también control de posición) que señala hacia la izquierda.Returns the size, in pixels, of the track bar slider (also known as the thumb) that points to the left.

GetRightPointingThumbSize(Graphics, TrackBarThumbState)

Devuelve el tamaño, en píxeles, del control deslizante de barra de seguimiento (denominado también control de posición) que señala hacia la derecha.Returns the size, in pixels, of the track bar slider (also known as the thumb) that points to the right.

GetTopPointingThumbSize(Graphics, TrackBarThumbState)

Devuelve el tamaño, en píxeles, del control deslizante de barra de seguimiento (denominado también control de posición) que señala hacia arriba.Returns the size, in pixels, of the track bar slider (also known as the thumb) that points up.

GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Heredado de Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Heredado de Object)
ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto actual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Heredado de Object)

Se aplica a

Consulte también: