TreeView TreeView TreeView Constructor

Definición

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase TreeView.Initializes a new instance of the TreeView class.

public:
 TreeView();
public TreeView ();
Public Sub New ()

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo cambiar el estado de TreeView contraer de un objeto para que todos los nodos activados estén visibles.The following code example demonstrates how to change the collapse state of a TreeView so that all the checked nodes are visible. En primer lugar, se expanden todos los nodos y se agrega un controlador BeforeCollapse para el evento.First, all the nodes are expanded, and a handler is added for the BeforeCollapse event. A continuación, se contraen todos los nodos.Next, all the nodes are collapsed. El BeforeCollapse controlador de eventos determina si un nodo determinado tiene nodos secundarios que se comprueban.The BeforeCollapse event handler determines whether a given node has child nodes that are checked. Si un nodo tiene elementos secundarios activados, se cancela la contracción para ese nodo.If a node has checked children, the collapse is canceled for that node. Para permitir que el nodo estándar se contraiga cuando se haga clic en el signo menos situado junto a BeforeCollapse un nodo, se quitará el controlador de eventos.In order to allow standard node collapse when the minus sign next to a node is clicked, the BeforeCollapse event handler is then removed.

Este comportamiento también puede implementarse mediante el control BeforeExpand del evento, como se muestra en el ejemplo de ese tema.This behavior can also be implemented by handling the BeforeExpand event, as illustrated in the example for that topic.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class Form1: public Form
{
private:
   TreeView^ treeView1;
   Button^ showCheckedNodesButton;
   TreeViewCancelEventHandler^ checkForCheckedChildren;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      treeView1 = gcnew TreeView;
      showCheckedNodesButton = gcnew Button;
      checkForCheckedChildren = gcnew TreeViewCancelEventHandler( this, &Form1::CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler );
      this->SuspendLayout();
      
      // Initialize treeView1.
      treeView1->Location = Point(0,25);
      treeView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 248 );
      treeView1->Anchor = static_cast<AnchorStyles>(AnchorStyles::Top | AnchorStyles::Left | AnchorStyles::Bottom | AnchorStyles::Right);
      treeView1->CheckBoxes = true;
      
      // Add nodes to treeView1.
      TreeNode^ node;
      for ( int x = 0; x < 3; ++x )
      {
         
         // Add a root node.
         node = treeView1->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 ) );
         for ( int y = 1; y < 4; ++y )
         {
            
            // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
            node = node->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 + y ) );

         }

      }
      
      // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
      // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
      treeView1->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Checked = true;
      
      // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
      showCheckedNodesButton->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 144, 24 );
      showCheckedNodesButton->Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
      showCheckedNodesButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::showCheckedNodesButton_Click );
      
      // Initialize the form.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 273 );
      array<Control^>^temp1 = {showCheckedNodesButton,treeView1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp1 );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

private:
   void showCheckedNodesButton_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
      // while changes are made.
      treeView1->BeginUpdate();
      
      // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
      treeView1->ExpandAll();
      
      // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
      treeView1->BeforeCollapse += checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
      // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
      treeView1->CollapseAll();
      
      // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
      // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
      treeView1->BeforeCollapse -= checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
      treeView1->EndUpdate();
   }

   // Prevent collapse of a node that has checked child nodes.
   void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler( Object^ /*sender*/, TreeViewCancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      if ( HasCheckedChildNodes( e->Node ) )
            e->Cancel = true;
   }

   // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
   // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
   bool HasCheckedChildNodes( TreeNode^ node )
   {
      if ( node->Nodes->Count == 0 )
            return false;

      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = node->Nodes->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         TreeNode^ childNode = safe_cast<TreeNode^>(myEnum->Current);
         if ( childNode->Checked )
                  return true;

         // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
         if ( HasCheckedChildNodes( childNode ) )
                  return true;
      }

      return false;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : Form
{
    private TreeView treeView1;
    private Button showCheckedNodesButton;
    private TreeViewCancelEventHandler checkForCheckedChildren;

    public Form1()
    {
        treeView1 = new TreeView();
        showCheckedNodesButton = new Button();
        checkForCheckedChildren = 
            new TreeViewCancelEventHandler(CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler);

        this.SuspendLayout();

        // Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = new Point(0, 25);
        treeView1.Size = new Size(292, 248);
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left | 
            AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right;
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = true;

        // Add nodes to treeView1.
        TreeNode node;
        for (int x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
        {
            // Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4));
            for (int y = 1; y < 4; ++y)
            {
                // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4 + y));
            }
        }

        // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes[1].Nodes[0].Nodes[0].Checked = true;

        // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = new Size(144, 24);
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
        showCheckedNodesButton.Click += 
            new EventHandler(showCheckedNodesButton_Click);

        // Initialize the form.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(292, 273);
        this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] 
            { showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1 } );

        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    private void showCheckedNodesButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        // while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate();

        // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.ExpandAll();

        // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        treeView1.BeforeCollapse += checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.CollapseAll();

        // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        treeView1.BeforeCollapse -= checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate();
    }

    // Prevent collapse of a node that has checked child nodes.
    private void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler(object sender, 
        TreeViewCancelEventArgs e)
    {
        if (HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node)) e.Cancel = true;
    }

    // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    private bool HasCheckedChildNodes(TreeNode node)
    {
        if (node.Nodes.Count == 0) return false;
        foreach (TreeNode childNode in node.Nodes)
        {
            if (childNode.Checked) return true;
            // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            if (HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode)) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form
    Private treeView1 As TreeView
    Private showCheckedNodesButton As Button

    Public Sub New()
        treeView1 = New TreeView
        showCheckedNodesButton = New Button

        Me.SuspendLayout()
        
        ' Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = New Point(0, 25)
        treeView1.Size = New Size(292, 248)
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top Or AnchorStyles.Left Or AnchorStyles.Bottom Or AnchorStyles.Right
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = True
        
        ' Add nodes to treeView1.
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer
        For x = 0 To 3
            ' Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4))
            Dim y As Integer
            For y = 1 To 4
                ' Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4 + y))
            Next y
        Next x

        ' Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        ' demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Nodes(0).Checked = True

        ' Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = New Size(144, 24)
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes"
        AddHandler showCheckedNodesButton.Click, AddressOf showCheckedNodesButton_Click

        ' Initialize the form.
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1})

        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub
    
    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub
    
    Private Sub showCheckedNodesButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        ' while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate()

        ' Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.ExpandAll()

        ' Add the CheckForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        AddHandler treeView1.BeforeCollapse, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        ' prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.CollapseAll()

        ' Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        ' event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        RemoveHandler treeView1.BeforeCollapse, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren
        ' Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate()
    End Sub


    ' Prevent collapse of a node that has checked child nodes.
    Private Sub CheckForCheckedChildren(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As TreeViewCancelEventArgs)
        If HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node) Then
            e.Cancel = True
        End If
    End Sub

    ' Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    ' TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    Private Function HasCheckedChildNodes(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Boolean
        If node.Nodes.Count = 0 Then
            Return False
        End If
        Dim childNode As TreeNode
        For Each childNode In node.Nodes
            If childNode.Checked Then
                Return True
            End If
            ' Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            If HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode) Then
                Return True
            End If
        Next childNode
        Return False
    End Function 'HasCheckedChildNodes

End Class

Se aplica a

Consulte también: