XmlTextAttribute Clase

Definición

Indica a XmlSerializer que el miembro debe tratarse como texto XML cuando se serializa o se deserializa la clase contenedora.Indicates to the XmlSerializer that the member must be treated as XML text when the class that contains it is serialized or deserialized.

public ref class XmlTextAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class XmlTextAttribute : Attribute
type XmlTextAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class XmlTextAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Herencia
XmlTextAttribute
Atributos

Ejemplos

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::IO;

public ref class Group1
{
public:

   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.

   [XmlText(String::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Int32::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Double::typeid)]
   array<Object^>^All;
   Group1()
   {
      array<Object^>^temp = {321,"One",2,3.0,"Two"};
      All = temp;
   }
};

public enum class GroupType
{
   Small, Medium, Large
};

public ref class Group2
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=GroupType::typeid)]
   GroupType Type;
};

public ref class Group3
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=DateTime::typeid)]
   DateTime CreationTime;
   Group3()
   {
      CreationTime = DateTime::Now;
   }
};

public ref class Test
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Test^ t = gcnew Test;
      t->SerializeArray( "XmlText1.xml" );
      t->SerializeEnum( "XmlText2.xml" );
      t->SerializeDateTime( "XmlText3.xml" );
   }

private:
   void SerializeArray( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group1::typeid );
      Group1^ myGroup1 = gcnew Group1;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup1 );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeEnum( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group2::typeid );
      Group2^ myGroup = gcnew Group2;
      myGroup->Type = GroupType::Medium;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeDateTime( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group3::typeid );
      Group3^ myGroup = gcnew Group3;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}
using System;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;

public class Group1{
   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   [XmlText(typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement(typeof(int))]  
   [XmlElement(typeof(double))]
   public object [] All= new object []{321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" };
}

public class Group2{
   [XmlText(Type = typeof(GroupType))]
   public GroupType Type;
}
public enum GroupType{
   Small,
   Medium,
   Large
}

public class Group3{
   [XmlText(Type=typeof(DateTime))]
   public DateTime CreationTime = DateTime.Now;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml");
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml");
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeArray(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group1));
      Group1 myGroup1 = new Group1();

      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeEnum(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group2));
      Group2 myGroup = new Group2();
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium;
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeDateTime(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group3));
      Group3 myGroup = new Group3();
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }   
}
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.IO


Public Class Group1
   ' The XmlTextAttribute with type set to String informs the 
   ' XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   <XmlText(GetType(String)), _
   XmlElement(GetType(integer)), _  
   XmlElement(GetType(double))> _
   public All () As Object = _
   New Object (){321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" }
End Class


Public Class Group2
   <XmlText(GetType(GroupType))> _
   public Type As GroupType 
End Class

Public Enum GroupType
   Small
   Medium
   Large
End Enum

Public Class Group3
   <XmlText(GetType(DateTime))> _
   Public CreationTime As DateTime = DateTime.Now
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml")
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml")
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeArray(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group1))
      Dim myGroup1 As Group1 = New Group1()

      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeEnum(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group2))
      Dim myGroup As Group2 = New Group2()
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeDateTime(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group3))
      Dim myGroup As Group3 = new Group3()
      Dim writer As TextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

Comentarios

El XmlTextAttribute pertenece a una familia de atributos que controla cómo el XmlSerializer serializa y deserializa un objeto (a través de sus métodos Serialize y Deserialize).The XmlTextAttribute belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes and deserializes an object (through its Serialize and Deserialize methods). Para obtener una lista completa de atributos similares, vea atributos que controlan la serialización XML.For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control XML Serialization.

Solo se puede aplicar una instancia de la clase XmlTextAttribute en una clase.Only one instance of the XmlTextAttribute class can be applied in a class.

Puede aplicar el XmlTextAttribute a los campos públicos y propiedades de lectura y escritura públicas que devuelven tipos primitivos y de enumeración.You can apply the XmlTextAttribute to public fields and public read/write properties that return primitive and enumeration types.

Puede aplicar el XmlTextAttribute a un campo o propiedad que devuelva una matriz de cadenas.You can apply the XmlTextAttribute to a field or property that returns an array of strings. También puede aplicar el atributo a una matriz de tipo Object pero debe establecer la propiedad Type en String.You can also apply the attribute to an array of type Object but you must set the Type property to string. En ese caso, las cadenas insertadas en la matriz se serializan como texto XML.In that case, any strings inserted into the array are serialized as XML text.

El XmlTextAttribute también se puede aplicar a un campo que devuelve un XmlNode o una matriz de objetos XmlNode.The XmlTextAttribute can also be applied to a field that returns an XmlNode or an array of XmlNode objects.

De forma predeterminada, el XmlSerializer serializa un miembro de clase como un elemento XML.By default, the XmlSerializer serializes a class member as an XML element. Sin embargo, si aplica el XmlTextAttribute a un miembro, el XmlSerializer convierte su valor en texto XML.However, if you apply the XmlTextAttribute to a member, the XmlSerializer translates its value into XML text. Esto significa que el valor se codifica en el contenido de un elemento XML.This means that the value is encoded into the content of an XML element.

La herramienta de definición de esquemas XML (XSD. exe) genera ocasionalmente el XmlTextAttribute al crear clases a partir de un archivo de definición de esquemas XML (XSD).The XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe) occasionally generates the XmlTextAttribute when creating classes from an XML Schema definition (XSD) file. Esto sucede si el esquema contiene un complexType con contenido mixto; en ese caso, la clase correspondiente contiene un miembro que devuelve una matriz de cadenas a la que se aplica el XmlTextAttribute.This occurs when the schema contains a complexType with mixed content; in that case, the corresponding class contains a member that returns a string array to which the XmlTextAttribute is applied. Por ejemplo, cuando la herramienta de Xml Schema Definition procesa este esquema:For example, when the Xml Schema Definition tool processes this schema:

<xs:schema attributeFormDefault="qualified" elementFormDefault="qualified" targetNamespace=""   
xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
  <xs:element name="LinkList" type="LinkList" />  
  <xs:complexType name="LinkList" mixed="true">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="id" type="xs:int" />  
      <xs:element minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" name="name" type="xs:string" />  
      <xs:element minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" name="next" type="LinkList" />  
    </xs:sequence>  
  </xs:complexType>  
</xs:schema>  

se genera la clase siguiente (se han quitado los espacios y comentarios adicionales):the following class is generated (extra spaces and remarks have been removed):

[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("xsd", "2.0.50727.42")]
[System.SerializableAttribute()]
[System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute()]
[System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code")]
[System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute(Namespace = "", IsNullable = false)]
public partial class LinkList
{

    private int idField;
    private string nameField;
    private LinkList nextField;
    private string[] textField;

    public int id
    {
        get
        {
            return this.idField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.idField = value;
        }
    }

    public string name
    {
        get
        {
            return this.nameField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.nameField = value;
        }
    }

    public LinkList next
    {
        get
        {
            return this.nextField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.nextField = value;
        }
    }

    [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTextAttribute()]
    public string[] Text
    {
        get
        {
            return this.textField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.textField = value;
        }
    }
}
<System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("xsd", "2.0.50727.42"), _
 System.SerializableAttribute(), _
 System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute(), _
 System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code"), _
 System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute([Namespace]:="", IsNullable:=False)> _
Partial Public Class LinkList
    Private idField As Integer
    Private nameField As String
    Private nextField As LinkList
    Private textField() As String
    Public Property id() As Integer
        Get
            Return Me.idField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            Me.idField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property name() As String
        Get
            Return Me.nameField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            Me.nameField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property [next]() As LinkList
        Get
            Return Me.nextField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As LinkList)
            Me.nextField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    <System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTextAttribute()> _
    Public Property Text() As String()
        Get
            Return Me.textField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String())
            Me.textField = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

Para obtener más información sobre el uso de atributos, vea atributos.For more information about using attributes, see Attributes.

Nota

Puede usar la palabra XmlText en el código en lugar de la XmlTextAttributemás larga.You can use the word XmlText in your code instead of the longer XmlTextAttribute.

Constructores

XmlTextAttribute()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase XmlTextAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the XmlTextAttribute class.

XmlTextAttribute(Type)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase XmlTextAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the XmlTextAttribute class.

Propiedades

DataType

Obtiene o establece el tipo de datos XSD (Lenguaje de definición de esquemas XML) del texto generado por XmlSerializer.Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the text generated by the XmlSerializer.

Type

Obtiene o establece el tipo del miembro.Gets or sets the type of the member.

TypeId

Cuando se implementa en una clase derivada, obtiene un identificador único para este Attribute.When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Heredado de Attribute)

Métodos

Equals(Object)

Devuelve un valor que indica si esta instancia es igual que un objeto especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Heredado de Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Devuelve el código hash de esta instancia.Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Heredado de Attribute)
GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Heredado de Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

Si se reemplaza en una clase derivada, indica si el valor de esta instancia es el valor predeterminado de la clase derivada.When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Heredado de Attribute)
Match(Object)

Cuando se invalida en una clase derivada, devuelve un valor que indica si esta instancia es igual a un objeto especificado.When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Heredado de Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Heredado de Object)
ToString()

Devuelve un valor de tipo string que representa el objeto actual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Heredado de Object)

Implementaciones de interfaz explícitas

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Asigna un conjunto de nombres a un conjunto correspondiente de identificadores de envío.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Heredado de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Obtiene la información de tipos de un objeto, que puede utilizarse para obtener la información de tipos de una interfaz.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Heredado de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Recupera el número de interfaces de información de tipo que proporciona un objeto (0 ó 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Heredado de Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Proporciona acceso a las propiedades y los métodos expuestos por un objeto.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Heredado de Attribute)

Se aplica a

Consulte también: