Ejemplos de sintaxis de consulta basada en métodos: ConversiónMethod-Based Query Syntax Examples: Conversion

Los ejemplos de este tema muestran cómo usar el ToArray, ToDictionary y ToList métodos para consultar el modelo AdventureWorks Sales utilizando sintaxis de consulta basada en métodos.The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the ToArray, ToDictionary and ToList methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using method-based query syntax. El modelo AdventureWorks Sales que se usa en estos ejemplos se crea a partir de las tablas Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader y SalesOrderDetail en la base de datos de ejemplo de AdventureWorks.The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

Los ejemplos de este tema usan los siguientes using / Imports instrucciones:The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

ToArrayToArray

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método ToArray para evaluar de forma inmediata una secuencia en una matriz.The following example uses the ToArray method to immediately evaluate a sequence into an array.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    Product[] prodArray = (
        from product in products
        orderby product.ListPrice descending
        select product).ToArray();

    Console.WriteLine("Every price from highest to lowest:");
    foreach (Product product in prodArray)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(product.ListPrice);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim prodArray As Product() = ( _
        From product In products _
        Order By product.ListPrice Descending _
        Select product).ToArray()

    Console.WriteLine("The list price from highest to lowest:")
    For Each prod As Product In prodArray
        Console.WriteLine(prod.ListPrice)
    Next
End Using

ToDictionaryToDictionary

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método ToDictionary para evaluar de forma inmediata una secuencia y una expresión de clave relacionada en un diccionario.The following example uses the ToDictionary method to immediately evaluate a sequence and a related key expression into a dictionary.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    Dictionary<String, Product> scoreRecordsDict = products.
            ToDictionary(record => record.Name);

    Console.WriteLine("Top Tube's ProductID: {0}",
            scoreRecordsDict["Top Tube"].ProductID);
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim scoreRecordsDict As Dictionary(Of String, Product) = _
        products.ToDictionary(Function(record) record.Name)

    Console.WriteLine("Top Tube's ProductID: {0}", _
        scoreRecordsDict("Top Tube").ProductID)
End Using

ToListToList

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método ToList para evaluar inmediatamente una secuencia en List<T>, donde T es de tipo DataRow.The following example uses the ToList method to immediately evaluate a sequence into a List<T>, where T is of type DataRow.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    List<Product> query =
        (from product in products
         orderby product.Name
         select product).ToList();

    Console.WriteLine("The product list, ordered by product name:");
    foreach (Product product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(product.Name.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim prodList As List(Of Product) = ( _
        From product In products _
        Order By product.Name _
        Select product).ToList()

    Console.WriteLine("The product list, ordered by product name:")
    For Each prod As Product In prodList
        Console.WriteLine(prod.Name.ToLower(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
    Next
End Using

Vea tambiénSee also