Ejemplos de sintaxis de expresiones de consulta: Operadores de agregaciónQuery Expression Syntax Examples: Aggregate Operators

Los ejemplos de este tema muestran cómo usar el Average, Count, Max, Min, y Sum métodos para consultar el modelo AdventureWorks Sales con la sintaxis de expresión de consulta.The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Average, Count, Max, Min, and Sum methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. El modelo AdventureWorks Sales que se usa en estos ejemplos se crea a partir de las tablas Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader y SalesOrderDetail en la base de datos de ejemplo de AdventureWorks.The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

Los ejemplos de este tema usan los siguientes using / Imports instrucciones:The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;
Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

AverageAverage

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Average para encontrar el precio de venta promedio de los productos de cada estilo.The following example uses the Average method to find the average list price of the products of each style.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    var query = from product in products
                group product by product.Style into g
                select new
                {
                    Style = g.Key,
                    AverageListPrice =
                        g.Average(product => product.ListPrice)
                };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Product style: {0} Average list price: {1}",
            product.Style, product.AverageListPrice);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From prod In products _
        Let styl = prod.Style _
        Group prod By styl Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Style = styl, _
            .AverageListPrice = g.Average(Function(p) p.ListPrice) _
        }

    For Each prod In query
        Console.WriteLine("Product style: {0} Average list price: {1}", _
            prod.Style, prod.AverageListPrice)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza Average para obtener el importe total a pagar promedio para cada identificador de contacto.The following example uses Average to get the average total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Average TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.averageTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .averageTotalDue = _
                g.Average(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Average TotalDue = {1}", _
            ord.Category, ord.averageTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Average para obtener el pedido con el importe total promedio a pagar de cada contacto.The following example uses Average to get the orders with the average total due for each contact.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            CheapestProducts =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == averageTotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Average total due for SalesOrderID {1} is: {0}",
                order.TotalDue, order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let averageTotalDue = g.Average(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .CheapestProducts = _
                g.Where(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue = averageTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.CheapestProducts
            Console.WriteLine("Average total due for SalesOrderID {1} is: {0}", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

RecuentoCount

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Count para devolver una lista de identificadores de contactos y el número de pedidos que tiene cada uno.The following example uses Count to return a list of contact IDs and how many orders each has.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Contact> contacts = context.Contacts;

    //Can't find field SalesOrderContact
    var query =
        from contact in contacts
        select new
        {
            CustomerID = contact.ContactID,
            OrderCount = contact.SalesOrderHeaders.Count()
        };

    foreach (var contact in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("CustomerID = {0} \t OrderCount = {1}",
            contact.CustomerID,
            contact.OrderCount);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts

    Dim query = _
        From cont In contacts _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .CustomerID = cont.ContactID, _
            .OrderCount = cont.SalesOrderHeaders.Count() _
         }

    For Each cont In query
        Console.WriteLine("CustomerID = {0}   OrderCount = {1}", _
               cont.CustomerID, cont.OrderCount)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se agrupan los productos por colores y se utiliza Count para devolver el número de productos de cada grupo de color.The following example groups products by color and uses Count to return the number of products in each color group.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<Product> products = context.Products;

    var query =
        from product in products
        group product by product.Color into g
        select new { Color = g.Key, ProductCount = g.Count() };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Color = {0} \t ProductCount = {1}",
            product.Color,
            product.ProductCount);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From prod In products _
        Let pc = prod.Color _
        Group prod By pc Into g = Group _
        Select New With {.Color = pc, .ProductCount = g.Count()}

    For Each prod In query
        Console.WriteLine("Color = {0} " & vbTab & " ProductCount = {1}", _
            prod.Color, prod.ProductCount)
    Next
End Using

Máx.Max

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Max para obtener el mayor importe total a pagar de cada identificador de contacto.The following example uses the Max method to get the largest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            maxTotalDue =
                g.Max(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Maximum TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.maxTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .MaxTotalDue = _
                g.Max(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Maximum TotalDue = {1}", _
            ord.Category, ord.MaxTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Max para obtener el pedido con el mayor importe total a pagar de cada identificador de contacto.The following example uses the Max method to get the orders with the largest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let maxTotalDue = g.Max(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            CheapestProducts =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == maxTotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.CheapestProducts)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("MaxTotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
                order.TotalDue,
                order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let maxTotalDue = g.Max(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .CheapestProducts = _
                g.Where(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue = maxTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.CheapestProducts
            Console.WriteLine("MaxTotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

Mín.Min

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Min para obtener el menor importe total a pagar de cada identificador de contacto.The following example uses the Min method to get the smallest total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            smallestTotalDue =
                g.Min(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Minimum TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.smallestTotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .smallestTotalDue = _
                g.Min(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
         }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Minimum TotalDue = {1}", ord.Category, ord.smallestTotalDue)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Min para obtener el pedido con el menor importe total a pagar de cada contacto.The following example uses the Min method to get the orders with the smallest total due for each contact.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        let minTotalDue = g.Min(order => order.TotalDue)
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            smallestTotalDue =
                g.Where(order => order.TotalDue == minTotalDue)
        };


    foreach (var orderGroup in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category);
        foreach (var order in orderGroup.smallestTotalDue)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Mininum TotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ",
                order.TotalDue,
                order.SalesOrderID);
        }
        Console.Write("\n");
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Let minTotalDue = g.Min(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .smallestTotalDue = _
                g.Where(Function(o) o.TotalDue = minTotalDue) _
         }

    For Each orderGroup In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID: {0}", orderGroup.Category)
        For Each ord In orderGroup.smallestTotalDue
            Console.WriteLine("Mininum TotalDue {0} for SalesOrderID {1}: ", _
                ord.TotalDue, ord.SalesOrderID)
        Next
        Console.Write(vbNewLine)
    Next
End Using

SumSum

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza el método Sum para obtener el menor importe total a pagar de cada identificador de contacto.The following example uses the Sum method to get the total due for each contact ID.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    ObjectSet<SalesOrderHeader> orders = context.SalesOrderHeaders;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
        {
            Category = g.Key,
            TotalDue = g.Sum(order => order.TotalDue)
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t TotalDue sum = {1}",
            order.Category, order.TotalDue);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .TotalDue = g.Sum(Function(o) o.TotalDue) _
        }

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " TotalDue sum = {1}", ord.Category, ord.TotalDue)
    Next
End Using

Vea tambiénSee also