Ejemplos de sintaxis de expresiones de consulta: OrdenaciónQuery Expression Syntax Examples: Ordering

Los ejemplos de este tema muestran cómo usar los OrderBy métodos y OrderByDescending para consultar el modelo AdventureWorks Sales con la sintaxis de las expresiones de consulta.The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the OrderBy and OrderByDescending methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. El modelo AdventureWorks Sales que se usa en estos ejemplos se crea a partir de las tablas Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader y SalesOrderDetail en la base de datos de ejemplo de AdventureWorks.The AdventureWorks Sales Model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

En los ejemplos de este tema se usan using las siguientes / Imports instrucciones:The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

OrderByOrderBy

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza OrderBy para devolver una lista de contactos organizados por apellido.The following example uses OrderBy to return a list of contacts ordered by last name.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Contact> sortedNames =
        from n in context.Contacts
        orderby n.LastName
        select n;

    Console.WriteLine("The sorted list of last names:");
    foreach (Contact n in sortedNames)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(n.LastName);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts

    Dim sortedContacts = _
        From contact In contacts _
        Order By contact.LastName _
        Select contact

    Console.WriteLine("The sorted list of last names:")
    For Each n As Contact In sortedContacts
        Console.WriteLine(n.LastName)
    Next
End Using

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza OrderBy para ordenar una lista de contactos por longitud del apellido.The following example uses OrderBy to sort a list of contacts by length of last name.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Contact> sortedNames =
        from n in context.Contacts
        orderby n.LastName.Length
        select n;

    Console.WriteLine("The sorted list of last names (by length):");
    foreach (Contact n in sortedNames)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(n.LastName);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts

    Dim sortedNames = _
        From n In contacts _
        Order By n.LastName.Length _
        Select n

    Console.WriteLine("The sorted list of last names (by length):")
    For Each n As Contact In sortedNames
        Console.WriteLine(n.LastName)
    Next
End Using

OrderByDescendingOrderByDescending

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza orderby… descending (Order By … Descending) en Visual Basic, que es equivalente al método OrderByDescending, para ordenar el precio de venta de mayor a menor.The following example uses orderby… descending (Order By … Descending in Visual Basic), which is equivalent to the OrderByDescending method, to sort the price list from highest to lowest.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Decimal> sortedPrices =
        from p in context.Products
        orderby p.ListPrice descending
        select p.ListPrice;

    Console.WriteLine("The list price from highest to lowest:");
    foreach (Decimal price in sortedPrices)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(price);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim sortedPrices = _
        From product In products _
        Order By product.ListPrice Descending _
        Select product.ListPrice

    Console.WriteLine("The list price from highest to lowest:")
    For Each price As Decimal In sortedPrices
        Console.WriteLine(price)
    Next
End Using

ThenByThenBy

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza OrderBy y ThenBy para devolver una lista de contactos ordenados por apellido y luego por nombre.The following example uses OrderBy and ThenBy to return a list of contacts ordered by last name and then by first name.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Contact> sortedContacts =
        from contact in context.Contacts
        orderby contact.LastName, contact.FirstName
        select contact;

    Console.WriteLine("The list of contacts sorted by last name then by first name:");
    foreach (Contact sortedContact in sortedContacts)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(sortedContact.LastName + ", " + sortedContact.FirstName);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim contacts As ObjectSet(Of Contact) = context.Contacts

    Dim sortedContacts = _
        From contact In contacts _
        Order By contact.LastName, contact.FirstName _
        Select contact

    Console.WriteLine("The list of contacts sorted by last name then by first name:")
    For Each sortedContact As Contact In sortedContacts
        Console.WriteLine(sortedContact.LastName + ", " + sortedContact.FirstName)
    Next
End Using

ThenByDescendingThenByDescending

EjemploExample

En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza OrderBy… Descending, que es equivalente al método ThenByDescending, para ordenar una lista de productos, primero por nombre y después por precio de venta, de mayor a menor.The following example uses OrderBy… Descending, which is equivalent to the ThenByDescending method, to sort a list of products, first by name and then by list price from highest to lowest.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<Product> query =
        from product in context.Products
        orderby product.Name, product.ListPrice descending
        select product;

    foreach (Product product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Product ID: {0} Product Name: {1} List Price {2}",
            product.ProductID,
            product.Name,
            product.ListPrice);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query As IQueryable(Of Product) = _
        From product In products _
        Order By product.Name, product.ListPrice Descending _
        Select product

    For Each prod As Product In query
        Console.WriteLine("Product ID: {0} Product Name: {1} List Price {2}", _
            prod.ProductID, _
            prod.Name, _
            prod.ListPrice)
    Next
End Using

Vea tambiénSee also