Ejemplo de código AccessDbProviderSample04AccessDbProviderSample04 Code Sample

En el código siguiente se muestra la implementación del proveedor de Windows PowerShell que se describe en crear un proveedor de contenedores de Windows PowerShell.The following code shows the implementation of the Windows PowerShell provider described in Creating a Windows PowerShell Container Provider. Este proveedor funciona en almacenes de datos de varias capas.This provider works on multi-layer data stores. Para este tipo de almacén de datos, el nivel superior del almacén contiene los elementos raíz y cada nivel subsiguiente se denomina nodo de los elementos secundarios.For this type of data store, the top level of the store contains the root items and each subsequent level is referred to as a node of child items. Al permitir que el usuario trabaje en estos nodos secundarios, un usuario puede interactuar jerárquicamente a través del almacén de datos.By allowing the user to work on these child nodes, a user can interact hierarchically through the data store.

Ejemplo de códigoCode Sample

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Odbc;
using System.Data.OleDb;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Management.Automation;
using System.Management.Automation.Provider;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Globalization;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.PowerShell.Providers
{
   #region AccessDBProvider

    /// <summary>
   /// A PowerShell Provider which acts upon an Access database
   /// </summary>
   /// <remarks>
   /// This example implements the container overloads</remarks>
   [CmdletProvider("AccessDB", ProviderCapabilities.None)]
   public class AccessDBProvider : ContainerCmdletProvider
   {      

       #region Drive Manipulation

       /// <summary>
       /// Create a new drive.  Create a connection to the database file and set
       /// the Connection property in the PSDriveInfo.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="drive">
       /// Information describing the drive to add.
       /// </param>
       /// <returns>The added drive.</returns>
       protected override PSDriveInfo NewDrive(PSDriveInfo drive)
       {
           // check if drive object is null
           if (drive == null)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                   new ArgumentNullException("drive"),
                   "NullDrive",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                   null)
               );

               return null;
           }

           // check if drive root is not null or empty
           // and if its an existing file
           if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(drive.Root) || (File.Exists(drive.Root) == false))
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                   new ArgumentException("drive.Root"),
                   "NoRoot",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                   drive)
               );

               return null;
           }


           // create a new drive and create an ODBC connection to the new drive
           AccessDBPSDriveInfo accessDBPSDriveInfo = new AccessDBPSDriveInfo(drive);

           OdbcConnectionStringBuilder builder = new OdbcConnectionStringBuilder();

           builder.Driver = "Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)";
           builder.Add("DBQ", drive.Root);

           OdbcConnection conn = new OdbcConnection(builder.ConnectionString);
           conn.Open();
           accessDBPSDriveInfo.Connection = conn;

           return accessDBPSDriveInfo;
       } // NewDrive

       /// <summary>
       /// Removes a drive from the provider.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="drive">The drive to remove.</param>
       /// <returns>The drive removed.</returns>
       protected override PSDriveInfo RemoveDrive(PSDriveInfo drive)
       {
           // check if drive object is null
           if (drive == null)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                   new ArgumentNullException("drive"),
                   "NullDrive",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                   drive)
               );

               return null;
           }

           // close ODBC connection to the drive
           AccessDBPSDriveInfo accessDBPSDriveInfo = drive as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;

           if (accessDBPSDriveInfo == null)
           {
               return null;
           }
           accessDBPSDriveInfo.Connection.Close();

           return accessDBPSDriveInfo;
       } // RemoveDrive

       #endregion Drive Manipulation

       #region Item Methods

       /// <summary>
       /// Retrieves an item using the specified path.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to the item to return.</param>
       protected override void GetItem(string path)
       {
           // check if the path represented is a drive
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               WriteItemObject(this.PSDriveInfo, path, true);
               return;
           }// if (PathIsDrive...

           // Get table name and row information from the path and do 
           // necessary actions
           string tableName;
           int rowNumber;

           PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

           if (type == PathType.Table)
           {
               DatabaseTableInfo table = GetTable(tableName);
               WriteItemObject(table, path, true);
           }
           else if (type == PathType.Row)
           {
               DatabaseRowInfo row = GetRow(tableName, rowNumber);
               WriteItemObject(row, path, false);
           }
           else
           {
               ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
           }

       } // GetItem

       /// <summary>
       /// Set the content of a row of data specified by the supplied path
       /// parameter.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">Specifies the path to the row whose columns
       /// will be updated.</param>
       /// <param name="values">Comma separated string of values</param>
       protected override void SetItem(string path, object values)
       {
           // Get type, table name and row number from the path specified
           string tableName;
           int rowNumber;

           PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

           if (type != PathType.Row)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(new NotSupportedException(
                     "SetNotSupported"), "",
                  ErrorCategory.InvalidOperation, path));

               return;
           }

           // Get in-memory representation of table
           OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);

           if (da == null)
           {
               return;
           }
           DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
           DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);

           if (rowNumber >= table.Rows.Count)
           {
               // The specified row number has to be available. If not
               // NewItem has to be used to add a new row
               throw new ArgumentException("Row specified is not available");
           } // if (rowNum...

           string[] colValues = (values as string).Split(',');

           // set the specified row
           DataRow row = table.Rows[rowNumber];

           for (int i = 0; i < colValues.Length; i++)
           {
               row[i] = colValues[i];
           }

           // Update the table
           if (ShouldProcess(path, "SetItem"))
           {
               da.Update(ds, tableName);
           }

       } // SetItem

       /// <summary>
       /// Test to see if the specified item exists.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to the item to verify.</param>
       /// <returns>True if the item is found.</returns>
       protected override bool ItemExists(string path)
       {
           // check if the path represented is a drive
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               return true;
           }

           // Obtain type, table name and row number from path
           string tableName;
           int rowNumber;

           PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

           DatabaseTableInfo table = GetTable(tableName);

           if (type == PathType.Table)
           {
               // if specified path represents a table then DatabaseTableInfo
               // object for the same should exist
               if (table != null)
               {
                   return true;
               }
           }
           else if (type == PathType.Row)
           {
               // if specified path represents a row then DatabaseTableInfo should
               // exist for the table and then specified row number must be within
               // the maximum row count in the table
               if (table != null && rowNumber < table.RowCount)
               {
                   return true;
               }
           }

           return false;

       } // ItemExists

       /// <summary>
       /// Test to see if the specified path is syntactically valid.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to validate.</param>
       /// <returns>True if the specified path is valid.</returns>
       protected override bool IsValidPath(string path)
       {
           bool result = true;

           // check if the path is null or empty
           if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(path))
           {
               result = false;
           }

           // convert all separators in the path to a uniform one
           path = NormalizePath(path);

           // split the path into individual chunks
           string[] pathChunks = path.Split(pathSeparator.ToCharArray());

           foreach (string pathChunk in pathChunks)
           {
               if (pathChunk.Length == 0)
               {
                   result = false;
               }
           }
           return result;
       } // IsValidPath

       #endregion Item Overloads

       #region Container Overloads

       /// <summary>
       /// Return either the tables in the database or the datarows
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to the parent</param>
       /// <param name="recurse">True to return all child items recursively.
       /// </param>
       protected override void GetChildItems(string path, bool recurse)
       {
           // If path represented is a drive then the children in the path are 
           // tables. Hence all tables in the drive represented will have to be
           // returned
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               foreach (DatabaseTableInfo table in GetTables())
               {
                   WriteItemObject(table, path, true);

                   // if the specified item exists and recurse has been set then 
                   // all child items within it have to be obtained as well
                   if (ItemExists(path) && recurse)
                   {
                       GetChildItems(path + pathSeparator + table.Name, recurse);
                   }
               } // foreach (DatabaseTableInfo...
           } // if (PathIsDrive...
           else
           {
               // Get the table name, row number and type of path from the
               // path specified
               string tableName;
               int rowNumber;

               PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

               if (type == PathType.Table)
               {
                   // Obtain all the rows within the table
                   foreach (DatabaseRowInfo row in GetRows(tableName))
                   {
                       WriteItemObject(row, path + pathSeparator + row.RowNumber,
                               false);
                   } // foreach (DatabaseRowInfo...
               }
               else if (type == PathType.Row)
               {
                   // In this case the user has directly specified a row, hence
                   // just give that particular row
                   DatabaseRowInfo row = GetRow(tableName, rowNumber);
                   WriteItemObject(row, path + pathSeparator + row.RowNumber,
                               false);
               }
               else
               {
                   // In this case, the path specified is not valid
                   ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
               }
           } // else
       } // GetChildItems

       /// <summary>
       /// Return the names of all child items.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The root path.</param>
       /// <param name="returnContainers">Not used.</param>
       protected override void GetChildNames(string path,
                                     ReturnContainers returnContainers)
       {
           // If the path represented is a drive, then the child items are
           // tables. get the names of all the tables in the drive.
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               foreach (DatabaseTableInfo table in GetTables())
               {
                   WriteItemObject(table.Name, path, true);
               } // foreach (DatabaseTableInfo...
           } // if (PathIsDrive...
           else
           {
               // Get type, table name and row number from path specified
               string tableName;
               int rowNumber;

               PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

               if (type == PathType.Table)
               {
                   // Get all the rows in the table and then write out the 
                   // row numbers.
                   foreach (DatabaseRowInfo row in GetRows(tableName))
                   {
                       WriteItemObject(row.RowNumber, path, false);
                   } // foreach (DatabaseRowInfo...
               }
               else if (type == PathType.Row)
               {
                   // In this case the user has directly specified a row, hence
                   // just give that particular row
                   DatabaseRowInfo row = GetRow(tableName, rowNumber);

                   WriteItemObject(row.RowNumber, path, false);
               }
               else
               {
                   ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
               }
           } // else
       } // GetChildNames

       /// <summary>
       /// Determines if the specified path has child items.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to examine.</param>
       /// <returns>
       /// True if the specified path has child items.
       /// </returns>
       protected override bool HasChildItems(string path)
       {
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               return true;
           }

           return (ChunkPath(path).Length == 1);
       } // HasChildItems

       /// <summary>
       /// Creates a new item at the specified path.
       /// </summary>
       /// 
       /// <param name="path">
       /// The path to the new item.
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <param name="type">
       /// Type for the object to create. "Table" for creating a new table and
       /// "Row" for creating a new row in a table.
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <param name="newItemValue">
       /// Object for creating new instance of a type at the specified path. For
       /// creating a "Table" the object parameter is ignored and for creating
       /// a "Row" the object must be of type string which will contain comma 
       /// separated values of the rows to insert.
       /// </param>
       protected override void NewItem(string path, string type,
                                   object newItemValue)
       {
           string tableName;
           int rowNumber;

           PathType pt = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);

           if (pt == PathType.Invalid)
           {
               ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
           }

           // Check if type is either "table" or "row", if not throw an 
           // exception
           if (!String.Equals(type, "table", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase)
               && !String.Equals(type, "row", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord
                                 (new ArgumentException("Type must be either a table or row"),
                                     "CannotCreateSpecifiedObject",
                                        ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                                             path
                                  )
                         );

               throw new ArgumentException("This provider can only create items of type \"table\" or \"row\"");
           }

           // Path type is the type of path of the container. So if a drive
           // is specified, then a table can be created under it and if a table
           // is specified, then a row can be created under it. For the sake of 
           // completeness, if a row is specified, then if the row specified by
           // the path does not exist, a new row is created. However, the row 
           // number may not match as the row numbers only get incremented based 
           // on the number of rows

           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               if (String.Equals(type, "table", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   // Execute command using ODBC connection to create a table
                   try
                   {
                       // create the table using an sql statement
                       string newTableName = newItemValue.ToString();

                       if (!TableNameIsValid(newTableName))
                       {
                           return;
                       }
                       string sql = "create table " + newTableName 
                                            + " (ID INT)";

                       // Create the table using the Odbc connection from the 
                       // drive.
                       AccessDBPSDriveInfo di = this.PSDriveInfo as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;

                       if (di == null)
                       {
                           return;
                       }
                       OdbcConnection connection = di.Connection;

                       if (ShouldProcess(newTableName, "create"))
                       {
                           OdbcCommand cmd = new OdbcCommand(sql, connection);
                           cmd.ExecuteScalar();
                       }
                   }
                   catch (Exception ex)
                   {
                       WriteError(new ErrorRecord(ex, "CannotCreateSpecifiedTable",
                                 ErrorCategory.InvalidOperation, path)
                                 );
                   }
               } // if (String...
               else if (String.Equals(type, "row", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   throw new
                       ArgumentException("A row cannot be created under a database, specify a path that represents a Table");
               }
           }// if (PathIsDrive...
           else
           {
               if (String.Equals(type, "table", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   if (rowNumber < 0)
                   {
                       throw new
                           ArgumentException("A table cannot be created within another table, specify a path that represents a database");
                   }
                   else
                   {
                       throw new
                           ArgumentException("A table cannot be created inside a row, specify a path that represents a database");
                   }
               } //if (String.Equals....
               // if path specified is a row, create a new row
               else if (String.Equals(type, "row", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   // The user is required to specify the values to be inserted 
                   // into the table in a single string separated by commas
                   string value = newItemValue as string;

                   if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(value))
                   {
                       throw new
                           ArgumentException("Value argument must have comma separated values of each column in a row");
                   }
                   string[] rowValues = value.Split(',');

                   OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);

                   if (da == null)
                   {
                       return;
                   }

                   DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
                   DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);

                   if (rowValues.Length != table.Columns.Count)
                   {
                       string message =
                            String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                            "The table has {0} columns and the value specified must have so many comma separated values",
                                                table.Columns.Count);

                       throw new ArgumentException(message);
                   }

                   if (!Force && (rowNumber >=0 && rowNumber < table.Rows.Count))
                   {
                       string message = String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                                        "The row {0} already exists. To create a new row specify row number as {1}, or specify path to a table, or use the -Force parameter",
                                                            rowNumber, table.Rows.Count);

                       throw new ArgumentException(message);
                   }
                   
                   if (rowNumber > table.Rows.Count)
                   {
                       string message = String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                            "To create a new row specify row number as {0}, or specify path to a table",
                                                table.Rows.Count);

                       throw new ArgumentException(message);
                   }

                   // Create a new row and update the row with the input
                   // provided by the user
                   DataRow row = table.NewRow();
                   for (int i = 0; i < rowValues.Length; i++)
                   {
                       row[i] = rowValues[i];
                   }
                   table.Rows.Add(row);

                   if (ShouldProcess(tableName, "update rows"))
                   {
                       // Update the table from memory back to the data source
                       da.Update(ds, tableName);
                   }

               }// else if (String...
           }// else ...

       } // NewItem

       /// <summary>
       /// Copies an item at the specified path to the location specified
       /// </summary>
       /// 
       /// <param name="path">
       /// Path of the item to copy
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <param name="copyPath">
       /// Path of the item to copy to
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <param name="recurse">
       /// Tells the provider to recurse subcontainers when copying
       /// </param>
       /// 
       protected override void CopyItem(string path, string copyPath, bool recurse)
       {
           string tableName, copyTableName;
           int rowNumber, copyRowNumber;

           PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);
           PathType copyType = GetNamesFromPath(copyPath, out copyTableName, out copyRowNumber);

           if (type == PathType.Invalid)
           {
               ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
           }

           if (type == PathType.Invalid)
           {
               ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(copyPath);
           }

           // Get the table and the table to copy to 
           OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);
           if (da == null)
           {
               return;
           }

           DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
           DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);
           
           OdbcDataAdapter cda = GetAdapterForTable(copyTableName);
           if (cda == null)
           {
               return;
           }

           DataSet cds = GetDataSetForTable(cda, copyTableName);
           DataTable copyTable = GetDataTable(cds, copyTableName);

           // if source represents a table
           if (type == PathType.Table)
           {
               // if copyPath does not represent a table
               if (copyType != PathType.Table)
               {
                   ArgumentException e = new ArgumentException("Table can only be copied on to another table location");

                   WriteError(new ErrorRecord(e, "PathNotValid",
                       ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument, copyPath));

                   throw e;
               }

               // if table already exists then force parameter should be set 
               // to force a copy
               if (!Force && GetTable(copyTableName) != null)
               {
                   throw new ArgumentException("Specified path already exists");
               }

               for (int i = 0; i < table.Rows.Count; i++)
               {
                   DataRow row = table.Rows[i];
                   DataRow copyRow = copyTable.NewRow();

                   copyRow.ItemArray = row.ItemArray;
                   copyTable.Rows.Add(copyRow);
               }
           } // if (type == ...
           // if source represents a row
           else
           {
               if (copyType == PathType.Row)
               {
                   if (!Force && (copyRowNumber < copyTable.Rows.Count))
                   {
                       throw new ArgumentException("Specified path already exists.");
                   }

                   DataRow row = table.Rows[rowNumber];
                   DataRow copyRow = null;

                   if (copyRowNumber < copyTable.Rows.Count)
                   {
                       // copy to an existing row
                       copyRow = copyTable.Rows[copyRowNumber];
                       copyRow.ItemArray = row.ItemArray;
                       copyRow[0] = GetNextID(copyTable);
                   }
                   else if (copyRowNumber == copyTable.Rows.Count)
                   {
                       // copy to the next row in the table that will 
                       // be created
                       copyRow = copyTable.NewRow();
                       copyRow.ItemArray = row.ItemArray;
                       copyRow[0] = GetNextID(copyTable);
                       copyTable.Rows.Add(copyRow);
                   }
                   else
                   {
                       // attempting to copy to a nonexistent row or a row
                       // that cannot be created now - throw an exception
                       string message = String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                             "The item cannot be specified to the copied row. Specify row number as {0}, or specify a path to the table.",
                                                    table.Rows.Count);

                       throw new ArgumentException(message);
                   }
               }
               else
               {
                   // destination path specified represents a table, 
                   // create a new row and copy the item
                   DataRow copyRow = copyTable.NewRow();
                   copyRow.ItemArray = table.Rows[rowNumber].ItemArray;
                   copyRow[0] = GetNextID(copyTable);
                   copyTable.Rows.Add(copyRow);
               }
           } 

           if (ShouldProcess(copyTableName, "CopyItems"))
           {
               cda.Update(cds, copyTableName);
           }

       } //CopyItem

       /// <summary>
       /// Removes (deletes) the item at the specified path
       /// </summary>
       /// 
       /// <param name="path">
       /// The path to the item to remove.
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <param name="recurse">
       /// True if all children in a subtree should be removed, false if only
       /// the item at the specified path should be removed. Is applicable
       /// only for container (table) items. Its ignored otherwise (even if
       /// specified).
       /// </param>
       /// 
       /// <remarks>
       /// There are no elements in this store which are hidden from the user.
       /// Hence this method will not check for the presence of the Force
       /// parameter
       /// </remarks>
       /// 
       protected override void RemoveItem(string path, bool recurse)
       {
           string tableName;
           int rowNumber = 0;

           PathType type = GetNamesFromPath(path, out tableName, out rowNumber);
           
           if (type == PathType.Table)
           {
               // if recurse flag has been specified, delete all the rows as well
               if (recurse)
               {
                   OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);
                   if (da == null)
                   {
                       return;
                   }

                   DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
                   DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);

                   for (int i = 0; i < table.Rows.Count; i++)
                   {
                       table.Rows[i].Delete();
                   }

                   if (ShouldProcess(path, "RemoveItem"))
                   {
                       da.Update(ds, tableName);
                       RemoveTable(tableName);
                   }
               }//if (recurse...
               else
               {
                   // Remove the table
                   if (ShouldProcess(path, "RemoveItem"))
                   {
                       RemoveTable(tableName);
                   }
               }
           }
           else if (type == PathType.Row)
           {
               OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);
               if (da == null)
               {
                   return;
               }

               DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
               DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);

               table.Rows[rowNumber].Delete();

               if (ShouldProcess(path, "RemoveItem"))
               {
                   da.Update(ds, tableName);                   
               }
           }
           else
           {
               ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(path);
           }

       } // RemoveItem

       #endregion Container Overloads

       #region Helper Methods

      /// <summary>
      /// Checks if a given path is actually a drive name.
      /// </summary>
      /// <param name="path">The path to check.</param>
      /// <returns>
      /// True if the path given represents a drive, false otherwise.
      /// </returns>
      private bool PathIsDrive(string path)
      {
          // Remove the drive name and first path separator.  If the 
          // path is reduced to nothing, it is a drive. Also if its
          // just a drive then there wont be any path separators
          if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(
                      path.Replace(this.PSDriveInfo.Root, "")) ||
              String.IsNullOrEmpty(
                      path.Replace(this.PSDriveInfo.Root + pathSeparator, ""))

              )
           {
               return true;
           }
           else
           {
               return false;
           }
       } // PathIsDrive

       /// <summary>
       /// Breaks up the path into individual elements.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">The path to split.</param>
       /// <returns>An array of path segments.</returns>
       private string[] ChunkPath(string path)
       {
           // Normalize the path before splitting
           string normalPath = NormalizePath(path);

           // Return the path with the drive name and first path 
           // separator character removed, split by the path separator.
           string pathNoDrive = normalPath.Replace(this.PSDriveInfo.Root
                                          + pathSeparator, "");

           return pathNoDrive.Split(pathSeparator.ToCharArray());
       } // ChunkPath

       /// <summary>
       /// Adapts the path, making sure the correct path separator
       /// character is used.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path"></param>
       /// <returns></returns>
       private string NormalizePath(string path)
       {
           string result = path;

           if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(path))
           {
               result = path.Replace("/", pathSeparator);
           }

           return result;
       } // NormalizePath

       /// <summary>
       /// Chunks the path and returns the table name and the row number 
       /// from the path
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">Path to chunk and obtain information</param>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table as represented in the 
       /// path</param>
       /// <param name="rowNumber">Row number obtained from the path</param>
       /// <returns>what the path represents</returns>
       private PathType GetNamesFromPath(string path, out string tableName, out int rowNumber)
       {
           PathType retVal = PathType.Invalid;
           rowNumber = -1;
           tableName = null;

           // Check if the path specified is a drive
           if (PathIsDrive(path))
           {
               return PathType.Database;
           }

           // chunk the path into parts
           string[] pathChunks = ChunkPath(path);

           switch (pathChunks.Length)
           {
               case 1:
                   {
                       string name = pathChunks[0];

                       if (TableNameIsValid(name))
                       {
                           tableName = name;
                           retVal = PathType.Table;
                       }
                   }
                   break;

               case 2:
                   {
                       string name = pathChunks[0];

                       if (TableNameIsValid(name))
                       {
                           tableName = name;
                       }

                       int number = SafeConvertRowNumber(pathChunks[1]);

                       if (number >= 0)
                       {
                           rowNumber = number;
                           retVal = PathType.Row;
                       }
                       else
                       {
                           WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                               new ArgumentException("Row number is not valid"),
                               "RowNumberNotValid",
                               ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                               path));
                       }
                   }
                   break;

               default:
                   {
                       WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                           new ArgumentException("The path supplied has too many segments"),
                           "PathNotValid",
                           ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument,
                           path));
                   }
                   break;
           } // switch(pathChunks...

           return retVal;
       } // GetNamesFromPath

       /// <summary>
       /// Throws an argument exception stating that the specified path does
       /// not represent either a table or a row
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="path">path which is invalid</param>
       private void ThrowTerminatingInvalidPathException(string path)
       {
           StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder("Path must represent either a table or a row :");
           message.Append(path);

           throw new ArgumentException(message.ToString());
       }

       /// <summary>
       /// Retrieve the list of tables from the database.
       /// </summary>
       /// <returns>
       /// Collection of DatabaseTableInfo objects, each object representing
       /// information about one database table
       /// </returns>
       private Collection<DatabaseTableInfo> GetTables()
       {
           Collection<DatabaseTableInfo> results =
                   new Collection<DatabaseTableInfo>();

           // using ODBC connection to the database and get the schema of tables
           AccessDBPSDriveInfo di = this.PSDriveInfo as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;

           if (di == null)
           {
               return null;
           }

           OdbcConnection connection = di.Connection;
           DataTable dt = connection.GetSchema("Tables");
           int count;

           // iterate through all rows in the schema and create DatabaseTableInfo
           // objects which represents a table
           foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
           {
               String tableName = dr["TABLE_NAME"] as String;
               DataColumnCollection columns = null;

               // find the number of rows in the table
               try
               {
                   String cmd = "Select count(*) from \"" + tableName + "\"";
                   OdbcCommand command = new OdbcCommand(cmd, connection);

                   count = (Int32)command.ExecuteScalar();
               }
               catch
               {
                   count = 0;
               }

               // create DatabaseTableInfo object representing the table
               DatabaseTableInfo table =
                       new DatabaseTableInfo(dr, tableName, count, columns);

               results.Add(table);
           } // foreach (DataRow...

           return results;
       } // GetTables

       /// <summary>
       /// Return row information from a specified table.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">The name of the database table from 
       /// which to retrieve rows.</param>
       /// <returns>Collection of row information objects.</returns>
       private Collection<DatabaseRowInfo> GetRows(string tableName)
       {
           Collection<DatabaseRowInfo> results =
                       new Collection<DatabaseRowInfo>();

           // Obtain rows in the table and add it to the collection
           try
           {               
               OdbcDataAdapter da = GetAdapterForTable(tableName);

               if (da == null)
               {
                   return null;
               }

               DataSet ds = GetDataSetForTable(da, tableName);
               DataTable table = GetDataTable(ds, tableName);

               int i = 0;
               foreach (DataRow row in table.Rows)
               {
                   results.Add(new DatabaseRowInfo(row, i.ToString(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)));
                   i++;
               } // foreach (DataRow...
           }
           catch (Exception e)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(e, "CannotAccessSpecifiedRows",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidOperation, tableName));
           }

           return results;

       } // GetRows

       /// <summary>
       /// Retrieve information about a single table.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">The table for which to retrieve 
       /// data.</param>
       /// <returns>Table information.</returns>
       private DatabaseTableInfo GetTable(string tableName)
       {
           foreach (DatabaseTableInfo table in GetTables())
           {
               if (String.Equals(tableName, table.Name, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   return table;
               }
           }

           return null;
       } // GetTable

       /// <summary>
       /// Removes the specified table from the database
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table to remove</param>
       private void RemoveTable(string tableName)
       {
           // validate if tablename is valid and if table is present
           if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(tableName) || !TableNameIsValid(tableName) || !TableIsPresent(tableName))
           {
               return;
           }

           // Execute command using ODBC connection to remove a table
           try
           {
               // delete the table using an sql statement
               string sql = "drop table " + tableName;

               AccessDBPSDriveInfo di = this.PSDriveInfo as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;

               if (di == null)
               {
                   return;
               }
               OdbcConnection connection = di.Connection;

               OdbcCommand cmd = new OdbcCommand(sql, connection);
               cmd.ExecuteScalar();
           }
           catch (Exception ex)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(ex, "CannotRemoveSpecifiedTable",
                         ErrorCategory.InvalidOperation, null)
                         );
           }

       } // RemoveTable

       /// <summary>
       /// Obtain a data adapter for the specified Table
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table to obtain the 
       /// adapter for</param>
       /// <returns>Adapter object for the specified table</returns>
       /// <remarks>An adapter serves as a bridge between a DataSet (in memory
       /// representation of table) and the data source</remarks>
       private OdbcDataAdapter GetAdapterForTable(string tableName)
       {
           OdbcDataAdapter da = null;
           AccessDBPSDriveInfo di = this.PSDriveInfo as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;

           if (di == null || !TableNameIsValid(tableName) ||!TableIsPresent(tableName))
           {
               return null;
           }

           OdbcConnection connection = di.Connection;

           try
           {
               // Create a odbc data adpater. This can be sued to update the
               // data source with the records that will be created here
               // using data sets
               string sql = "Select * from " + tableName;
               da = new OdbcDataAdapter(new OdbcCommand(sql, connection));

               // Create a odbc command builder object. This will create sql
               // commands automatically for a single table, thus
               // eliminating the need to create new sql statements for 
               // every operation to be done.
               OdbcCommandBuilder cmd = new OdbcCommandBuilder(da);

               // Set the delete cmd for the table here
               sql = "Delete from " + tableName + " where ID = ?";
               da.DeleteCommand = new OdbcCommand(sql, connection);

               // Specify a DeleteCommand parameter based on the "ID" 
               // column
               da.DeleteCommand.Parameters.Add(new OdbcParameter());
               da.DeleteCommand.Parameters[0].SourceColumn = "ID";

               // Create an InsertCommand based on the sql string
               // Insert into "tablename" values (?,?,?)" where
               // ? represents a column in the table. Note that 
               // the number of ? will be equal to the number of 
               // columnds
               DataSet ds = new DataSet();

               da.FillSchema(ds, SchemaType.Source);
               ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;

               sql = "Insert into " + tableName + " values ( ";
               for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables["Table"].Columns.Count; i++)
               {
                   sql += "?, ";
               }
               sql = sql.Substring(0, sql.Length - 2);
               sql += ")";
               da.InsertCommand = new OdbcCommand(sql, connection);

               // Create parameters for the InsertCommand based on the
               // captions of each column
               for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables["Table"].Columns.Count; i++)
               {
                   da.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(new OdbcParameter());
                   da.InsertCommand.Parameters[i].SourceColumn = 
                                    ds.Tables["Table"].Columns[i].Caption;
                
               }

               // Open the connection if its not already open                 
               if (connection.State != ConnectionState.Open)
               {
                   connection.Open();
               }
           }
           catch (Exception e)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(e, "CannotAccessSpecifiedTable",
                 ErrorCategory.InvalidOperation, tableName));
           }

           return da;
       } // GetAdapterForTable

       /// <summary>
       /// Gets the DataSet (in memory representation) for the table
       /// for the specified adapter
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="adapter">Adapter to be used for obtaining 
       /// the table</param>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table for which a 
       /// DataSet is required</param>
       /// <returns>The DataSet with the filled in schema</returns>
       private DataSet GetDataSetForTable(OdbcDataAdapter adapter, string tableName)
       {
           Debug.Assert(adapter != null);

           // Create a dataset object which will provide an in-memory
           // representation of the data being worked upon in the 
           // data source. 
           DataSet ds = new DataSet();

           // Create a table named "Table" which will contain the same
           // schema as in the data source.
           //adapter.FillSchema(ds, SchemaType.Source);
           adapter.Fill(ds, tableName);
           ds.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;

           return ds;
       } //GetDataSetForTable

       /// <summary>
       /// Get the DataTable object which can be used to operate on
       /// for the specified table in the data source
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="ds">DataSet object which contains the tables
       /// schema</param>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table</param>
       /// <returns>Corresponding DataTable object representing 
       /// the table</returns>
       /// 
       private DataTable GetDataTable(DataSet ds, string tableName)
       {
           Debug.Assert(ds != null);
           Debug.Assert(tableName != null);

           DataTable table = ds.Tables[tableName];
           table.Locale = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;

           return table;
       } // GetDataTable

       /// <summary>
       /// Retrieves a single row from the named table.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">The table that contains the 
       /// numbered row.</param>
       /// <param name="row">The index of the row to return.</param>
       /// <returns>The specified table row.</returns>
       private DatabaseRowInfo GetRow(string tableName, int row)
       {
           Collection<DatabaseRowInfo> di = GetRows(tableName);

           // if the row is invalid write an appropriate error else return the 
           // corresponding row information
           if (row < di.Count && row >= 0)
           {
               return di[row];
           }
           else
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
                  new ItemNotFoundException(),
                  "RowNotFound",
                  ErrorCategory.ObjectNotFound,
                  row.ToString(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture))
               );
           }

           return null;
       } // GetRow

       /// <summary>
       /// Method to safely convert a string representation of a row number 
       /// into its Int32 equivalent
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="rowNumberAsStr">String representation of the row 
       /// number</param>
       /// <remarks>If there is an exception, -1 is returned</remarks>
       private int SafeConvertRowNumber(string rowNumberAsStr)
       {
           int rowNumber = -1;
           try
           {
               rowNumber = Convert.ToInt32(rowNumberAsStr, CultureInfo.CurrentCulture);
           }
           catch (FormatException fe)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(fe, "RowStringFormatNotValid",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidData, rowNumberAsStr));
           }
           catch (OverflowException oe)
           {
               WriteError(new ErrorRecord(oe, "RowStringConversionToNumberFailed",
                   ErrorCategory.InvalidData, rowNumberAsStr));
           }

           return rowNumber;
       } // SafeConvertRowNumber

       /// <summary>
       /// Check if a table name is valid
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">Table name to validate</param>
       /// <remarks>Helps to check for SQL injection attacks</remarks>
       private bool TableNameIsValid(string tableName)
       {
           Regex exp = new Regex(pattern, RegexOptions.Compiled | RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);

           if (exp.IsMatch(tableName))
           {
               return true;
           }
           WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
               new ArgumentException("Table name not valid"), "TableNameNotValid",
                    ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument, tableName));
           return false;
       } // TableNameIsValid

       /// <summary>
       /// Checks to see if the specified table is present in the
       /// database
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="tableName">Name of the table to check</param>
       /// <returns>true, if table is present, false otherwise</returns>
       private bool TableIsPresent(string tableName)
       {
           // using ODBC connection to the database and get the schema of tables
           AccessDBPSDriveInfo di = this.PSDriveInfo as AccessDBPSDriveInfo;
           if (di == null)
           {
               return false;
           }

           OdbcConnection connection = di.Connection;
           DataTable dt = connection.GetSchema("Tables");

           // check if the specified tableName is available
           // in the list of tables present in the database
           foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
           {
               string name = dr["TABLE_NAME"] as string;
               if (name.Equals(tableName, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
               {
                   return true;
               }
           }

           WriteError(new ErrorRecord(
               new ArgumentException("Specified Table is not present in database"), "TableNotAvailable",
                    ErrorCategory.InvalidArgument, tableName));

           return false;
       }// TableIsPresent

       /// <summary>
       /// Gets the next available ID in the table
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="table">DataTable object representing the table to 
       /// search for ID</param>
       /// <returns>next available id</returns>
       private int GetNextID(DataTable table)
       {
           int big = 0;
           int id = 0;

           for (int i = 0; i < table.Rows.Count; i++)
           {
               DataRow row = table.Rows[i];

               object o = row["ID"];

               if (o.GetType().Name.Equals("Int16"))
               {
                   id = (int)(short)o;
               }
               else
               {
                   id = (int)o;
               }

               if (big < id)
               {
                   big = id;
               }
           }

           big++;
           return big;
       }

       #endregion Helper Methods

       #region Private Properties

       private string pathSeparator = "\\";
       private static string pattern = @"^[a-z]+[0-9]*_*$";

       private enum PathType { Database, Table, Row, Invalid };

       #endregion Private Properties
   }

   #endregion AccessDBProvider

   #region Helper Classes

  #region AccessDBPSDriveInfo

  /// <summary>
   /// Any state associated with the drive should be held here.
   /// In this case, it's the connection to the database.
   /// </summary>
   internal class AccessDBPSDriveInfo : PSDriveInfo
   {
       private OdbcConnection connection;

       /// <summary>
       /// ODBC connection information.
       /// </summary>
       public OdbcConnection Connection
       {
           get { return connection; }
           set { connection = value; }
       }

       /// <summary>
       /// Constructor that takes one argument
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="driveInfo">Drive provided by this provider</param>
       public AccessDBPSDriveInfo(PSDriveInfo driveInfo)
           : base(driveInfo)
       { }

   } // class AccessDBPSDriveInfo

   #endregion AccessDBPSDriveInfo

   #region DatabaseTableInfo

   /// <summary>
   /// Contains information specific to the database table.
   /// Similar to the DirectoryInfo class.
   /// </summary>
   public class DatabaseTableInfo
   {
       /// <summary>
       /// Row from the "tables" schema
       /// </summary>
       public DataRow Data
       {
           get
           {
               return data;
           }
           set
           {
               data = value;
           }
       }
       private DataRow data;

       /// <summary>
       /// The table name.
       /// </summary>
       public string Name
       {
           get
           {
               return name;
           }
           set
           {
               name = value;
           }
       }
       private String name;

       /// <summary>
       /// The number of rows in the table.
       /// </summary>
       public int RowCount
       {
           get
           {
               return rowCount;
           }
           set
           {
               rowCount = value;
           }
       }
       private int rowCount;

       /// <summary>
       /// The column definitions for the table.
       /// </summary>
       public DataColumnCollection Columns
       {
           get
           {
               return columns;
           }
           set
           {
               columns = value;
           }
       }
       private DataColumnCollection columns;

       /// <summary>
       /// Constructor.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="row">The row definition.</param>
       /// <param name="name">The table name.</param>
       /// <param name="rowCount">The number of rows in the table.</param>
       /// <param name="columns">Information on the column tables.</param>
       public DatabaseTableInfo(DataRow row, string name, int rowCount,
                      DataColumnCollection columns)
       {
           Name = name;
           Data = row;
           RowCount = rowCount;
           Columns = columns;
       } // DatabaseTableInfo
   } // class DatabaseTableInfo

   #endregion DatabaseTableInfo

   #region DatabaseRowInfo

   /// <summary>
   /// Contains information specific to an individual table row.
   /// Analogous to the FileInfo class.
   /// </summary>
   public class DatabaseRowInfo
   {
       /// <summary>
       /// Row data information.
       /// </summary>
       public DataRow Data
       {
           get
           {
               return data;
           }
           set
           {
               data = value;
           }
       }
       private DataRow data;

       /// <summary>
       /// The row index.
       /// </summary>
       public string RowNumber
       {
           get
           {
               return rowNumber;
           }
           set
           {
               rowNumber = value;
           }
       }
       private string rowNumber;

       /// <summary>
       /// Constructor.
       /// </summary>
       /// <param name="row">The row information.</param>
       /// <param name="name">The row index.</param>
       public DatabaseRowInfo(DataRow row, string name)
       {
           RowNumber = name;
           Data = row;
       } // DatabaseRowInfo
   } // class DatabaseRowInfo

   #endregion DatabaseRowInfo

   #endregion Helper Classes
}

Consulte tambiénSee Also

Windows PowerShell SDKWindows PowerShell SDK