Cómo: Definir las relaciones de entidad (WCF Data Services)

Al agregar una nueva entidad en WCF Data Services , las relaciones entre la nueva entidad y las entidades relacionadas no se definen automáticamente. Puede crear y cambiar las relaciones entre las instancias de las entidades y hacer que la biblioteca de cliente refleje esos cambios en el servicio de datos. Para obtener más información, vea Actualizar el servicio de datos (WCF Data Services).

En el ejemplo de este tema se utiliza el servicio de datos de ejemplo Northwind y clases del servicio de datos del cliente generadas automáticamente. Se crean este servicio y las clases de datos del cliente al completar el tutorial rápido de WCF Data Services.

Ejemplo

En el ejemplo siguiente se crea una instancia de objeto nueva y, a continuación, se llama al método AddRelatedObject de la clase DataServiceContext para crear el elemento en el contexto junto con el vínculo al pedido relacionado. Se envía un mensaje POST de HTTP al servicio de datos cuando se llama al método SaveChanges.

Dim productId = 25
Dim customerId = "ALFKI"

Dim newItem As Order_Detail = Nothing

' Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
Dim context = New NorthwindEntities(svcUri)

Try
    ' Get the specific product.
    Dim selectedProduct = (From product In context.Products _
                           Where product.ProductID = productId _
                           Select product).Single()

    ' Get the specific customer.
    Dim cust = (From customer In context.Customers.Expand("Orders") _
                Where customer.CustomerID = customerId _
                Select customer).Single()

    ' Get the first order. 
    Dim order = cust.Orders.FirstOrDefault()

    ' Create a new order detail for the specific product.
    newItem = Order_Detail.CreateOrder_Detail( _
            order.OrderID, selectedProduct.ProductID, 10, 5, 0)

    ' Add the new item with a link to the related order.
    context.AddRelatedObject(order, "Order_Details", newItem)
    
    ' Since the item is now tracked by the context,
    ' set just the link to the related product.
    context.AddLink(selectedProduct, "Order_Details", newItem)

    ' Add the new order detail to the collection, and
    ' set the reference to the product.
    order.Order_Details.Add(newItem)
    newItem.Order = order
    newItem.Product = selectedProduct

    ' Send the inserts to the data service.
    context.SaveChanges()
Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex)

    ' Handle any errors that may occur during insert, such as 
    ' a constraint violation.
Catch ex As DataServiceRequestException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex)
int productId = 25;
string customerId = "ALFKI";

Order_Detail newItem = null;

// Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
NorthwindEntities context = new NorthwindEntities(svcUri);

try
{
    // Get the specific product.
    var selectedProduct = (from product in context.Products
                           where product.ProductID == productId
                           select product).Single();

    // Get the specific customer.
    var cust = (from customer in context.Customers.Expand("Orders")
                where customer.CustomerID == customerId
                select customer).Single();

    // Get the first order. 
    Order order = cust.Orders.FirstOrDefault();

    // Create a new order detail for the specific product.
    newItem = Order_Detail.CreateOrder_Detail(
        order.OrderID, selectedProduct.ProductID, 10, 5, 0);

    // Add the new item with a link to the related order.
    context.AddRelatedObject(order, "Order_Details", newItem);
    
    // Since the item is now tracked by the context,
    // set just the link to the related product.
    context.AddLink(selectedProduct, "Order_Details", newItem);

    // Add the new order detail to the collection, and
    // set the reference to the product.
    order.Order_Details.Add(newItem);
    newItem.Order = order;
    newItem.Product = selectedProduct;
   
    // Send the inserts to the data service.
    context.SaveChanges();
}
catch (DataServiceQueryException ex)
{
    throw new ApplicationException(
        "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex);
}

// Handle any errors that may occur during insert, such as 
// a constraint violation.
catch (DataServiceRequestException ex)
{
    throw new ApplicationException(
        "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex);
}

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo utilizar el método AddObject para agregar un objeto Order_Details a un objeto Orders relacionado con una referencia a un objeto Products concreto. Los métodos AddLink y SetLink definen las relaciones. En este ejemplo, las propiedades de navegación del objeto Order_Details también se establecen explícitamente.

Dim productId = 25
Dim customerId = "ALFKI"

Dim newItem As Order_Detail = Nothing

' Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
Dim context = New NorthwindEntities(svcUri)

Try
    ' Get the specific product.
    Dim selectedProduct = (From product In context.Products _
                                           Where product.ProductID = productId _
                                           Select product).Single()

    ' Get the specific customer.
    Dim cust = (From customer In context.Customers.Expand("Orders") _
                Where customer.CustomerID = customerId _
                Select customer).Single()

    ' Get the first order. 
    Dim order = cust.Orders.FirstOrDefault()

    ' Create a new order detail for the specific product.
    newItem = Order_Detail.CreateOrder_Detail( _
    order.OrderID, selectedProduct.ProductID, 10, 5, 0)

    ' Add the new order detail to the context.
    context.AddToOrder_Details(newItem)

    ' Add links for the one-to-many relationships.
    context.AddLink(order, "Order_Details", newItem)
    context.AddLink(selectedProduct, "Order_Details", newItem)

    ' Add the new order detail to the collection, and
    ' set the reference to the product.
    order.Order_Details.Add(newItem)
    newItem.Product = selectedProduct

    ' Send the inserts to the data service.
    context.SaveChanges()
Catch ex As DataServiceQueryException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex)

    ' Handle any errors that may occur during insert, such as 
    ' a constraint violation.
Catch ex As DataServiceRequestException
    Throw New ApplicationException( _
            "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex)
int productId = 25;
string customerId = "ALFKI";

Order_Detail newItem = null;

// Create the DataServiceContext using the service URI.
NorthwindEntities context = new NorthwindEntities(svcUri);

try
{
    // Get the specific product.
    var selectedProduct = (from product in context.Products
                           where product.ProductID == productId
                           select product).Single();

    // Get the specific customer.
    var cust = (from customer in context.Customers.Expand("Orders")
                where customer.CustomerID == customerId
                select customer).Single();

    // Get the first order. 
    Order order = cust.Orders.FirstOrDefault();

    // Create a new order detail for the specific product.
    newItem = Order_Detail.CreateOrder_Detail(
        order.OrderID, selectedProduct.ProductID, 10, 5, 0);

    // Add the new order detail to the context.
    context.AddToOrder_Details(newItem);

    // Add links for the one-to-many relationships.
    context.AddLink(order, "Order_Details", newItem);
    context.AddLink(selectedProduct, "Order_Details", newItem);

    // Add the new order detail to the collection, and
    // set the reference to the product.
    order.Order_Details.Add(newItem);
    newItem.Product = selectedProduct;
   
    // Send the inserts to the data service.
    context.SaveChanges();
}
catch (DataServiceQueryException ex)
{
    throw new ApplicationException(
        "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex);
}

// Handle any errors that may occur during insert, such as 
// a constraint violation.
catch (DataServiceRequestException ex)
{
    throw new ApplicationException(
        "An error occurred when saving changes.", ex);
}

Vea también

Tareas

Cómo: Agregar, modificar y eliminar entidades (WCF Data Services)

Otros recursos

Biblioteca de cliente de WCF Data Services