Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest>.IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(Object, IComparer) Método

Definición

Compara el objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> actual con un objeto especificado utilizando un comparador especificado y devuelve un entero que indica si el objeto actual precede o sigue al objeto especificado, o bien se encuentra en la misma posición que dicho objeto en el criterio de ordenación.Compares the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> object to a specified object by using a specified comparer and returns an integer that indicates whether the current object is before, after, or in the same position as the specified object in the sort order.

 virtual int System.Collections.IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(System::Object ^ other, System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer) = System::Collections::IStructuralComparable::CompareTo;
int IStructuralComparable.CompareTo (object other, System.Collections.IComparer comparer);
abstract member System.Collections.IStructuralComparable.CompareTo : obj * System.Collections.IComparer -> int
override this.System.Collections.IStructuralComparable.CompareTo : obj * System.Collections.IComparer -> int
Function CompareTo (other As Object, comparer As IComparer) As Integer Implements IStructuralComparable.CompareTo

Parámetros

other
Object

Objeto que se va a comparar con la instancia actual.An object to compare with the current instance.

comparer
IComparer

Un objeto que proporciona reglas personalizadas para la comparación.An object that provides custom rules for comparison.

Devoluciones

Int32

Entero con signo que indica la posición relativa de esta instancia y other en el criterio de ordenación, tal como se muestra en la tabla siguiente.A signed integer that indicates the relative position of this instance and other in the sort order, as shown in the following table.

ValorValue DescripciónDescription
Un entero negativoA negative integer Esta instancia precede a other.This instance precedes other.
CeroZero En el criterio de ordenación, esta instancia y other tienen la misma posición.This instance and other have the same position in the sort order.
Un entero positivo.A positive integer Esta instancia es posterior a other.This instance follows other.

Implementaciones

Excepciones

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se crea una matriz de Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> objetos que contiene los datos de población de cuatro ciudades estadounidenses de 1940 a 2000.The following example creates an array of Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> objects that contains population data for four U.S. cities from 1940 to 2000. El primer componente del óctupla es el nombre de la ciudad.The octuple's first component is the city name. Los seis componentes restantes representan la población en intervalos de 10 años, de 1940 a 2000.The remaining six components represent the population at 10-year intervals from 1940 to 2000.

La PopulationComparer clase proporciona una IComparer implementación que permite ordenar la matriz de octuples por uno de sus componentes.The PopulationComparer class provides an IComparer implementation that allows the array of octuples to be sorted by any one of its components. Se proporcionan dos valores a la PopulationComparer clase en su constructor: la posición del componente que define el criterio de ordenación y un Boolean valor que indica si los objetos de tupla deben ordenarse en orden ascendente o descendente.Two values are provided to the PopulationComparer class in its constructor: The position of the component that defines the sort order, and a Boolean value that indicates whether the tuple objects should be sorted in ascending or descending order.

A continuación, en el ejemplo se muestran los elementos de la matriz en un orden sin ordenar, los ordena por el tercer componente (el rellenado en 1950) y los muestra y, a continuación, los ordena por el octavo componente (el rellenado en 2000) y los muestra.The example then displays the elements in the array in unsorted order, sorts them by the third component (the population in 1950) and displays them, and then sorts them by the eighth component (the population in 2000) and displays them.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class PopulationComparer<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8> : IComparer
{
   private int itemPosition;
   private int multiplier = -1;

   public PopulationComparer(int component) : this(component, true)
   { }

   public PopulationComparer(int component, bool descending)
   {
      if (! descending) multiplier = 1;

      if (component <= 0 || component > 8)
         throw new ArgumentException("The component argument is out of range.");

      itemPosition = component;
   }

   public int Compare(object x, object y)
   {
      Tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple<T8>> tX = x as Tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple<T8>>;
      if (tX == null)
         return 0;

      Tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple<T8>> tY = y as Tuple<T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple<T8>>;
      switch (itemPosition)
      {
         case 1:
            return Comparer<T1>.Default.Compare(tX.Item1, tY.Item1) * multiplier;
         case 2:
            return Comparer<T2>.Default.Compare(tX.Item2, tY.Item2) * multiplier;
         case 3:
            return Comparer<T3>.Default.Compare(tX.Item3, tY.Item3) * multiplier;
         case 4:
            return Comparer<T4>.Default.Compare(tX.Item4, tY.Item4) * multiplier;
         case 5:
            return Comparer<T5>.Default.Compare(tX.Item5, tY.Item5) * multiplier;
         case 6:
            return Comparer<T6>.Default.Compare(tX.Item6, tY.Item6) * multiplier;
         case 7:
            return Comparer<T7>.Default.Compare(tX.Item7, tY.Item7) * multiplier;
         case 8:
            return Comparer<T8>.Default.Compare(tX.Rest.Item1, tY.Rest.Item1) * multiplier;
         default:
            return Comparer<T1>.Default.Compare(tX.Item1, tY.Item1) * multiplier;
      }
   }
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Create array of octuples with population data for three U.S. 
      // cities, 1940-2000.
      Tuple<string, int, int, int, int, int, int, Tuple<int>>[] cities  = 
          { Tuple.Create("Los Angeles", 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820),
            Tuple.Create("New York", 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278),  
            Tuple.Create("Chicago", 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016),  
            Tuple.Create("Detroit", 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270) };
      // Display array in unsorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("In unsorted order:");
      foreach (var city in cities)
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine();
      
      Array.Sort(cities, new PopulationComparer<string, int, int, int, int, int, int, int>(2)); 
                           
      // Display array in sorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("Sorted by population in 1950:");
      foreach (var city in cities)
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine();
      
      Array.Sort(cities, new PopulationComparer<string, int, int, int, int, int, int, int>(8));
                           
      // Display array in sorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("Sorted by population in 2000:");
      foreach (var city in cities)
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString());
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    In unsorted order:
//    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
//    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
//    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
//    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)
//    
//    Sorted by population in 1950:
//    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
//    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
//    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)
//    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
//    
//    Sorted by population in 2000:
//    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
//    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
//    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
//    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class PopulationComparer(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, T8) : Implements IComparer
   Private itemPosition As Integer
   Private multiplier As Integer = -1
      
   Public Sub New(component As Integer)
      Me.New(component, True)
   End Sub
   
   Public Sub New(component As Integer, descending As Boolean)
      If Not descending Then multiplier = 1
      
      If component <= 0 Or component > 8 Then 
         Throw New ArgumentException("The component argument is out of range.")
      End If
      itemPosition = component
   End Sub 
   
   Public Function Compare(x As Object, y As Object) As Integer _
                   Implements IComparer.Compare
 
      Dim tX As Tuple(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple(Of T8)) = TryCast(x, Tuple(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple(Of T8)))
      If tX Is Nothing Then
         Return 0
      Else
         Dim tY As Tuple(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple(Of T8)) = DirectCast(y, Tuple(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6, T7, Tuple(Of T8)))
         Select Case itemPosition
            Case 1
               Return Comparer(Of T1).Default.Compare(tX.Item1, tY.Item1) * multiplier
            Case 2
               Return Comparer(Of T2).Default.Compare(tX.Item2, tY.Item2) * multiplier
            Case 3
               Return Comparer(Of T3).Default.Compare(tX.Item3, tY.Item3) * multiplier
            Case 4
               Return Comparer(Of T4).Default.Compare(tX.Item4, tY.Item4) * multiplier
            Case 5
               Return Comparer(Of T5).Default.Compare(tX.Item5, tY.Item5) * multiplier
            Case 6
               Return Comparer(Of T6).Default.Compare(tX.Item6, tY.Item6) * multiplier
            Case 7
               Return Comparer(Of T7).Default.Compare(tX.Item7, tY.Item7) * multiplier
            Case 8
               Return Comparer(Of T8).Default.Compare(tX.Rest.Item1, tY.Rest.Item1) * multiplier
         End Select      
      End If
   End Function
End Class

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Create array of octuples with population data for three U.S. 
      ' cities, 1940-2000.
      Dim cities()  = _
          { Tuple.Create("Los Angeles", 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820),
            Tuple.Create("New York", 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278),  
            Tuple.Create("Chicago", 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016),  
            Tuple.Create("Detroit", 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270) }
      ' Display array in unsorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("In unsorted order:")
      For Each city In cities
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString())
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Array.Sort(cities, New PopulationComparer(Of String, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer)(2)) 
                           
      ' Display array in sorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("Sorted by population in 1950:")
      For Each city In cities
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString())
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      Array.Sort(cities, New PopulationComparer(Of String, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer)(8))
                           
      ' Display array in sorted order.
      Console.WriteLine("Sorted by population in 2000:")
      For Each city In cities
         Console.WriteLine(city.ToString())
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    In unsorted order:
'    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
'    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
'    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
'    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)
'    
'    Sorted by population in 1950:
'    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
'    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
'    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)
'    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
'    
'    Sorted by population in 2000:
'    (New York, 7454995, 7891957, 7781984, 7894862, 7071639, 7322564, 8008278)
'    (Los Angeles, 1504277, 1970358, 2479015, 2816061, 2966850, 3485398, 3694820)
'    (Chicago, 3396808, 3620962, 3550904, 3366957, 3005072, 2783726, 2896016)
'    (Detroit, 1623452, 1849568, 1670144, 1511462, 1203339, 1027974, 951270)

Comentarios

Este miembro es una implementación de interfaz explícita.This member is an explicit interface implementation. Solo se puede utilizar cuando la instancia de Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> se convierte en una interfaz IStructuralComparable.It can be used only when the Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> instance is cast to an IStructuralComparable interface.

Este método permite definir comparaciones personalizadas de Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> objetos.This method lets you define customized comparisons of Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> objects. Por ejemplo, puede utilizar este método para ordenar Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> los objetos según el valor de un componente específico.For example, you can use this method to order Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,T6,T7,TRest> objects based on the value of a specific component.

Aunque se puede llamar a este método directamente, se llama a los métodos de ordenación de colección que incluyen IComparer parámetros para ordenar los miembros de una colección.Although this method can be called directly, it is most commonly called by collection-sorting methods that include IComparer parameters to order the members of a collection. Por ejemplo, se llama mediante el Array.Sort(Array, IComparer) método y el Add método de un SortedList objeto del que se crea una instancia mediante el SortedList.SortedList(IComparer) constructor.For example, it is called by the Array.Sort(Array, IComparer) method and the Add method of a SortedList object that is instantiated by using the SortedList.SortedList(IComparer) constructor.

Precaución

El IStructuralComparable.CompareTo método está pensado para su uso en operaciones de ordenación.The IStructuralComparable.CompareTo method is intended for use in sorting operations. No debe usarse cuando el propósito principal de una comparación es determinar si dos objetos son iguales.It should not be used when the primary purpose of a comparison is to determine whether two objects are equal. Para determinar si dos objetos son iguales, llame al IStructuralEquatable.Equals método.To determine whether two objects are equal, call the IStructuralEquatable.Equals method.

Se aplica a