Array.Length Propriété

Définition

Obtient le nombre total d’éléments dans toutes les dimensions du Array.

public:
 property int Length { int get(); };
public int Length { get; }
member this.Length : int
Public ReadOnly Property Length As Integer

Valeur de propriété

Int32

Nombre total d’éléments dans toutes les dimensions du Array ; zéro si le tableau ne contient pas d’élément.

Exceptions

Le tableau est multidimensionnel et contient plus de MaxValue éléments.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant utilise la Length propriété pour récupérer le nombre total d’éléments dans un tableau. Elle utilise également la GetUpperBound méthode pour déterminer le nombre d’éléments dans chaque dimension d’un tableau multidimensionnel.

using System;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Declare a single-dimensional string array
        String[] array1d = { "zero", "one", "two", "three" };
        ShowArrayInfo(array1d);

        // Declare a two-dimensional string array
        String[,] array2d = { { "zero", "0" }, { "one", "1" },
                           { "two", "2" }, { "three", "3"},
                           { "four", "4" }, { "five", "5" } };
        ShowArrayInfo(array2d);

        // Declare a three-dimensional integer array
        int[, ,] array3d = new int[,,] { { { 1, 2, 3 }, { 4, 5, 6 } },
                                       { { 7, 8, 9 }, { 10, 11, 12 } } };
        ShowArrayInfo(array3d);
    }

    private static void ShowArrayInfo(Array arr)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Length of Array:      {0,3}", arr.Length);
        Console.WriteLine("Number of Dimensions: {0,3}", arr.Rank);
        // For multidimensional arrays, show number of elements in each dimension.
        if (arr.Rank > 1) {
            for (int dimension = 1; dimension <= arr.Rank; dimension++)
                Console.WriteLine("   Dimension {0}: {1,3}", dimension,
                                  arr.GetUpperBound(dimension - 1) + 1);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Length of Array:        4
//       Number of Dimensions:   1
//
//       Length of Array:       12
//       Number of Dimensions:   2
//          Dimension 1:   6
//          Dimension 2:   2
//
//       Length of Array:       12
//       Number of Dimensions:   3
//          Dimension 1:   2
//          Dimension 2:   2
//          Dimension 3:   3
Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Declare a single-dimensional string array
        Dim array1d() As String = {"zero", "one", "two", "three"}
        ShowArrayInfo(array1d)

        ' Declare a two-dimensional string array
        Dim array2d(,) As String = {{"zero", "0"}, {"one", "1"},
                                     {"two", "2"}, {"three", "3"},
                                     {"four", "4"}, {"five", "5"}}
        ShowArrayInfo(array2d)

        ' Declare a three-dimensional integer array  
        Dim array3d(,,) As Integer = New Integer(,,) {{{1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6}},
                                        {{7, 8, 9}, {10, 11, 12}}}
        ShowArrayInfo(array3d)

    End Sub

    Private Sub ShowArrayInfo(arr As Array)
        Console.WriteLine("Length of Array:      {0,3}", arr.Length)
        Console.WriteLine("Number of Dimensions: {0,3}", arr.Rank)
        ' For multidimensional arrays, show number of elements in each dimension.
        If arr.Rank > 1 Then
            For dimension As Integer = 1 To arr.Rank
                Console.WriteLine("   Dimension {0}: {1,3}", dimension,
                                  arr.GetUpperBound(dimension - 1) + 1)
            Next
        End If
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Length of Array:        4
'       Number of Dimensions:   1
'       
'       Length of Array:       12
'       Number of Dimensions:   2
'          Dimension 1:   6
'          Dimension 2:   2
'       
'       Length of Array:       12
'       Number of Dimensions:   3
'          Dimension 1:   2
'          Dimension 2:   2
'          Dimension 3:   3

Remarques

La récupération de la valeur de cette propriété est une opération O(1).

S’applique à

Voir aussi