Buffer Classe

Définition

Manipule les tableaux de types primitifs.Manipulates arrays of primitive types.

public ref class Buffer abstract sealed
public ref class Buffer sealed
public static class Buffer
public sealed class Buffer
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public static class Buffer
type Buffer = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type Buffer = class
Public Class Buffer
Public NotInheritable Class Buffer
Héritage
Buffer
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de plusieurs Buffer méthodes de classe.The following code example illustrates the use of several Buffer class methods.

// Example of the Buffer class methods.
using namespace System;

// Display the array elements from right to left in hexadecimal.
void DisplayArray( array<short>^arr )
{
   Console::Write( "  arr:" );
   for ( int loopX = arr->Length - 1; loopX >= 0; loopX-- )
      Console::Write( " {0:X4}", arr[ loopX ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // This array is to be modified and displayed.
   array<short>^arr = {258,259,260,261,262,263,264,265,266,267,268,269,270,271};
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of the Buffer class "
   "methods generates the following output.\n"
   "Note: The array is displayed from right to left.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial values of array:\n" );
   
   // Display the initial array values and ByteLength.
   DisplayArray( arr );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nBuffer::ByteLength( arr ): {0}", Buffer::ByteLength( arr ) );
   
   // Copy a region of the array; set a byte within the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "\nCall these methods: \n"
   "  Buffer::BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 ),\n"
   "  Buffer::SetByte( arr, 7, 170 ).\n" );
   Buffer::BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 );
   Buffer::SetByte( arr, 7, 170 );
   
   // Display the array and a byte within the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "Final values of array:\n" );
   DisplayArray( arr );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nBuffer::GetByte( arr, 26 ): {0}", Buffer::GetByte( arr, 26 ) );
}

/*
This example of the Buffer class methods generates the following output.
Note: The array is displayed from right to left.

Initial values of array:

  arr: 010F 010E 010D 010C 010B 010A 0109 0108 0107 0106 0105 0104 0103 0102

Buffer::ByteLength( arr ): 28

Call these methods:
  Buffer::BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 ),
  Buffer::SetByte( arr, 7, 170 ).

Final values of array:

  arr: 010F 0101 0801 0701 0601 0501 0109 0108 0107 0106 AA05 0104 0103 0102

Buffer::GetByte( arr, 26 ): 15
*/
// Example of the Buffer class methods.
using System;

class BufferClassDemo
{
    // Display the array elements from right to left in hexadecimal.
    public static void DisplayArray( short[ ] arr )
    {
        Console.Write( "  arr:" );
        for( int loopX = arr.Length - 1; loopX >= 0; loopX-- )
            Console.Write( " {0:X4}", arr[ loopX ] );
        Console.WriteLine( );
    }

    public static void Main( )
    {
        // This array is to be modified and displayed.
        short[ ] arr = { 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264,
                         265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271 };

        Console.WriteLine( "This example of the Buffer class " +
            "methods generates the following output.\n" +
            "Note: The array is displayed from right to left.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( "Initial values of array:\n" );

        // Display the initial array values and ByteLength.
        DisplayArray( arr );
        Console.WriteLine( "\nBuffer.ByteLength( arr ): {0}",
            Buffer.ByteLength( arr ) );

        // Copy a region of the array; set a byte within the array.
        Console.WriteLine( "\nCall these methods: \n" +
            "  Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 ),\n" +
            "  Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 ).\n" );

        Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 );
        Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 );

        // Display the array and a byte within the array.
        Console.WriteLine( "Final values of array:\n" );
        DisplayArray( arr );
        Console.WriteLine( "\nBuffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ): {0}",
            Buffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ) );
    }
}

/*
This example of the Buffer class methods generates the following output.
Note: The array is displayed from right to left.

Initial values of array:

  arr: 010F 010E 010D 010C 010B 010A 0109 0108 0107 0106 0105 0104 0103 0102

Buffer.ByteLength( arr ): 28

Call these methods:
  Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 ),
  Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 ).

Final values of array:

  arr: 010F 0101 0801 0701 0601 0501 0109 0108 0107 0106 AA05 0104 0103 0102

Buffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ): 15
*/
' Example of the Buffer class methods.
Module BufferClassDemo

    ' Display the array elements from right to left in hexadecimal.
    Sub DisplayArray( arr( ) As Short )

        Console.Write( "  arr:" )
        Dim loopX     As Integer
        For loopX = arr.Length - 1 To 0 Step -1
            Console.Write( " {0:X4}", arr( loopX ) )
        Next loopX
        Console.WriteLine( )
    End Sub

    Sub Main( )

        ' This array is to be modified and displayed.
        Dim arr( ) As Short = { 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, _
                                265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271 }
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of the Buffer class methods generates " & _
            "the following output." & vbCrLf & "Note: The " & _
            "array is displayed from right to left." & vbCrLf )
        Console.WriteLine( "Initial values of array:" & vbCrLf )

        ' Display the initial array values and ByteLength.
        DisplayArray( arr )
        Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
            "Buffer.ByteLength( arr ): {0}", _
            Buffer.ByteLength( arr ) )

        ' Copy a region of the array; set a byte within the array.
        Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
            "Call these methods: " & vbCrLf & _
            "  Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 )," & vbCrLf & _
            "  Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 )." & vbCrLf )

        Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 )
        Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 )

        ' Display the array and a byte within the array.
        Console.WriteLine( "Final values of array:" & vbCrLf )
        DisplayArray( arr )
        Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
            "Buffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ): {0}", _
            Buffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ) )
    End Sub 
End Module 

' This example of the Buffer class methods generates the following output.
' Note: The array is displayed from right to left.
' 
' Initial values of array:
' 
'   arr: 010F 010E 010D 010C 010B 010A 0109 0108 0107 0106 0105 0104 0103 0102
' 
' Buffer.ByteLength( arr ): 28
' 
' Call these methods:
'   Buffer.BlockCopy( arr, 5, arr, 16, 9 ),
'   Buffer.SetByte( arr, 7, 170 ).
' 
' Final values of array:
' 
'   arr: 010F 0101 0801 0701 0601 0501 0109 0108 0107 0106 AA05 0104 0103 0102
' 
' Buffer.GetByte( arr, 26 ): 15

Remarques

Buffer affecte uniquement les tableaux de types primitifs ; Cette classe ne s’applique pas aux objets.Buffer only affects arrays of primitive types; this class does not apply to objects. Chaque type primitif est traité comme une série d’octets, sans tenir compte d’un comportement ou d’une limitation associée au type primitif.Each primitive type is treated as a series of bytes without regard to any behavior or limitation associated with the primitive type.

Buffer fournit des méthodes permettant de copier des octets d’un tableau de types primitifs vers un autre tableau de types primitifs, d’obtenir un octet d’un tableau, de définir un octet dans un tableau et d’obtenir la longueur d’un tableau.Buffer provides methods to copy bytes from one array of primitive types to another array of primitive types, get a byte from an array, set a byte in an array, and obtain the length of an array. Cette classe offre de meilleures performances pour la manipulation de types primitifs que des méthodes similaires dans la System.Array classe.This class provides better performance for manipulating primitive types than similar methods in the System.Array class.

Buffer s’applique aux types primitifs suivants : Boolean , Char , SByte , Byte , Int16 , UInt16 , Int32 , UInt32 , Int64 , UInt64 , IntPtr , UIntPtr , Single et Double .Buffer is applicable to the following primitive types: Boolean, Char, SByte, Byte, Int16, UInt16, Int32, UInt32, Int64, UInt64, IntPtr, UIntPtr, Single, and Double.

Méthodes

BlockCopy(Array, Int32, Array, Int32, Int32)

Copie un nombre spécifié d'octets à partir d'un tableau source en commençant à un offset particulier vers un tableau de destination commençant à un offset donné.Copies a specified number of bytes from a source array starting at a particular offset to a destination array starting at a particular offset.

ByteLength(Array)

Retourne le nombre d'octets dans le tableau spécifié.Returns the number of bytes in the specified array.

GetByte(Array, Int32)

Récupère l’octet à l’emplacement spécifié du tableau spécifié.Retrieves the byte at the specified location in the specified array.

MemoryCopy(Void*, Void*, Int64, Int64)

Copie un nombre d’octets spécifié en tant que valeur de type Entier long d’une adresse mémoire vers une autre.Copies a number of bytes specified as a long integer value from one address in memory to another.

Cette API n’est pas conforme CLS.This API is not CLS-compliant.

MemoryCopy(Void*, Void*, UInt64, UInt64)

Copie un nombre d’octets spécifié en tant qu’entier long non signé depuis une adresse mémoire vers une autre.Copies a number of bytes specified as an unsigned long integer value from one address in memory to another.

Cette API n’est pas conforme CLS.This API is not CLS-compliant.

SetByte(Array, Int32, Byte)

Assigne une valeur spécifiée à un octet à un emplacement particulier dans un tableau spécifié.Assigns a specified value to a byte at a particular location in a specified array.

S’applique à