Char.ConvertFromUtf32(Int32) Méthode

Définition

Convertit le point de code Unicode spécifié en une chaîne encodée UTF-16.

public:
 static System::String ^ ConvertFromUtf32(int utf32);
public static string ConvertFromUtf32 (int utf32);
static member ConvertFromUtf32 : int -> string
Public Shared Function ConvertFromUtf32 (utf32 As Integer) As String

Paramètres

utf32
Int32

Point de code Unicode 21 bits.

Retours

String

Chaîne composée d'un objet Char ou d'une paire de substitution d'objets Char équivalents au point de code spécifié par le paramètre utf32.

Exceptions

utf32 n’est pas un point de code Unicode 21 bits valide compris entre U+0 et U+10FFFF, à l’exclusion de la plage de paires de substitution entre U+D800 et U+DFFF.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre les méthodes et ConvertFromUtf32 les ConvertToUtf32 méthodes.

// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using namespace System;
void Show( String^ s )
{
//   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s->get_Chars( 0 ), (int)s->get_Chars( 1 ) );
   Console::Write( "0x{0:X}, 0x{1:X}", (int)s[ 0 ], (int)s[ 1 ] );
}

int main()
{
   int music = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE

   String^ s1;
   String^ comment1a = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
   String^ comment1b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
   String^ comment1c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";
   
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------
   //  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
   //  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1a );
   s1 = Char::ConvertFromUtf32( music );
   Console::Write( "    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", music );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   
   //  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
   //  zero to a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1b );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1, 0 );
   Console::Write( "    1b) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
   
   //  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.
   Console::WriteLine( comment1c );
   music = Char::ConvertToUtf32( s1[ 0 ], s1[ 1 ] );
   Console::Write( "    1c) " );
   Show( s1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " => 0x{0:X}", music );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    1b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    1c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.ConvertFromUtf32() method
//                           and Char.ConvertToUtf32() overloads.
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
    int letterA = 0x0041;  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    int music   = 0x1D161; //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    string s1;
    string comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.";
    string comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.";
    string comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.";
    string comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.";

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(letterA);
    Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment1b);
    letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    1b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA);
    Console.WriteLine();

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    Console.WriteLine(comment);
    s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(music);
    Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music);
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine();

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position
//  zero to a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2b);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0);
    Console.Write("    2b) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    Console.WriteLine(comment2c);
    music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1]);
    Console.Write("    2c) ");
    Show(s1);
    Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music);
    }

    private static void Show(string s)
    {
    for (int x = 0; x < s.Length; x++)
        {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}",
                       (int)s[x],
                       ((x == s.Length-1)? String.Empty : ", "));
        }
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
    1b) 0x41 => 0x41

Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161

*/
open System

let show (s: string) =
    for x = 0 to s.Length - 1 do
        printf $"""0x{int s[x]:X}{if x = s.Length - 1 then String.Empty else ", "}"""                    

[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
    let letterA = 0x0041  //U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
    let music   = 0x1D161 //U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
    let comment   = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
    let comment1b = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
    let comment2b = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
    let comment2c = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."

//  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

    printfn $"{comment}"
    let s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32 letterA
    printf $"    1a) 0x{letterA:X} => "
    show s1
    printfn ""

//  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

    printfn $"{comment1b}"
    let letterA = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
    printf "    1b) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{letterA:X}"
    printfn ""

// -------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of
//  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

    printfn $"{comment}"
    let s1 = Char.ConvertFromUtf32 music
    printf $"    2a) 0x{music:X} => "
    show s1
    printfn ""

//  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position
//  zero to a code point.

    printfn $"{comment2b}" 
    let music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
    printf "    2b) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{music:X}"

//  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

    printfn $"{comment2c}"
    let music = Char.ConvertToUtf32(s1[0], s1[1])
    printf "    2c) "
    show s1
    printfn $" => 0x{music:X}"

    0

// This example produces the following results:
//
// Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
//     1a) 0x41 => 0x41
// Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
//     1b) 0x41 => 0x41
//
// Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
//     2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
// Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
//     2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
// Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
//     2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim letterA As Integer = &H41    'U+00041 = LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
      Dim music As Integer   = &H1D161 'U+1D161 = MUSICAL SYMBOL SIXTEENTH NOTE
      Dim s1 As String
      Dim comment   As String = "Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point."
      Dim comment1b As String = "Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string."
      Dim comment2b As String = "Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string."
      Dim comment2c As String = "Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point."
      
      '  Convert code point U+0041 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+0041 is a Char with hexadecimal value 0041.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(letterA)
      Console.Write("    1a) 0x{0:X} => ", letterA)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the lone UTF-16 character to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment1b)
      letterA = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    1b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", letterA)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' -------------------------------------------------------------------

      '  Convert the code point U+1D161 to UTF-16. The UTF-16 equivalent of 
      '  U+1D161 is a surrogate pair with hexadecimal values D834 and DD61.

      Console.WriteLine(comment)
      s1 = [Char].ConvertFromUtf32(music)
      Console.Write("    2a) 0x{0:X} => ", music)
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      '  Convert the surrogate pair in the string at index position 
      '  zero to a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2b)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1, 0)
      Console.Write("    2b) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
      
      '  Convert the high and low characters in the surrogate pair into a code point.

      Console.WriteLine(comment2c)
      music = [Char].ConvertToUtf32(s1.Chars(0), s1.Chars(1))
      Console.Write("    2c) ")
      Show(s1)
      Console.WriteLine(" => 0x{0:X}", music)
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(s As String)
      Dim x As Integer
      If s.Length = 0 Then Exit Sub
      For x = 0 To s.Length - 1
         Console.Write("0x{0:X}{1}", _
                        AscW(s.Chars(x)), _
                        IIf(x = s.Length - 1, [String].Empty, ", "))
      Next 
   End Sub 
End Class 
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    1a) 0x41 => 0x41
'Create a code point from a UTF-16 encoded string.
'    1b) 0x41 => 0x41
'
'Create a UTF-16 encoded string from a code point.
'    2a) 0x1D161 => 0xD834, 0xDD61
'Create a code point from a surrogate pair at a certain position in a string.
'    2b) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'Create a code point from a high surrogate and a low surrogate code point.
'    2c) 0xD834, 0xDD61 => 0x1D161
'

Remarques

Utilisez cette méthode pour convertir un point de code Unicode 21 bits en chaîne encodée UTF-16 avant de tester la chaîne avec des méthodes telles que IsLowSurrogate(Char) et IsHighSurrogate(Char).

Un point de code valide en dehors du plan multilingue de base (BMP) génère toujours une paire de substitution valide. Toutefois, un point de code valide dans le BMP peut ne pas produire de résultat valide en fonction de la norme Unicode, car aucun traitement linguistique n’est utilisé dans la conversion. Pour cette raison, utilisez la System.Text.UTF32Encoding classe pour convertir des données UTF-32 en données UTF-16 en bloc.

S’applique à

Voir aussi