IComparer Interface

Définition

Expose une méthode qui compare deux objets.

public interface class IComparer
public interface IComparer
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public interface IComparer
type IComparer = interface
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type IComparer = interface
Public Interface IComparer
Dérivé
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple suivant utilise l' IComparer interface pour trier un tableau de chaînes. Dans cet exemple, la Compare méthode est implémentée à l’aide de la CaseInsensitiveComparer classe pour inverser l’ordre du contenu du tableau.

using System;
using System.Collections;

public class Example
{
   public class ReverserClass : IComparer
   {
      // Call CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
      int IComparer.Compare(Object x, Object y)
      {
          return ((new CaseInsensitiveComparer()).Compare(y, x));
      }
   }

   public static void Main()
   {
      // Initialize a string array.
      string[] words = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over",
                         "the", "lazy", "dog" };

      // Display the array values.
      Console.WriteLine("The array initially contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues(words);

      // Sort the array values using the default comparer.
      Array.Sort(words);
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the default comparer:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues(words);

      // Sort the array values using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
      Array.Sort(words, new ReverserClass());
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:");
      PrintIndexAndValues(words);
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues(IEnumerable list)
   {
      int i = 0;
      foreach (var item in list )
         Console.WriteLine($"   [{i++}]:  {item}");

      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The array initially contains the following values:
//          [0]:  The
//          [1]:  quick
//          [2]:  brown
//          [3]:  fox
//          [4]:  jumps
//          [5]:  over
//          [6]:  the
//          [7]:  lazy
//          [8]:  dog
//
//       After sorting with the default comparer:
//          [0]:  brown
//          [1]:  dog
//          [2]:  fox
//          [3]:  jumps
//          [4]:  lazy
//          [5]:  over
//          [6]:  quick
//          [7]:  the
//          [8]:  The
//
//       After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
//          [0]:  the
//          [1]:  The
//          [2]:  quick
//          [3]:  over
//          [4]:  lazy
//          [5]:  jumps
//          [6]:  fox
//          [7]:  dog
//          [8]:  brown
Imports System.Collections

Public Class Example
   Public Class ReverserClass : Implements IComparer
      ' Call CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
      Public Function Compare(ByVal x As Object, ByVal y As Object) As Integer _
             Implements IComparer.Compare
         Return New CaseInsensitiveComparer().Compare(y, x)
      End Function 
   End Class

   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Initialize a string array.
      Dim words() As String = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over",
                         "the", "lazy", "dog" }

      ' Display the array values.
      Console.WriteLine("The array initially contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(words)

      ' Sort the array values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
      Array.Sort(words)
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the default comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(words)

      ' Sort the array values using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
      Array.Sort(words, new ReverserClass())
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(words)
   End Sub 

   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(list As IEnumerable)
      Dim i As Integer = 0
      For Each item In  list
         Console.WriteLine($"   [{i}]:  {item}")
         i += 1
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
End Class
' The example displays the following output:
'       The array initially contains the following values:
'          [0]:  The
'          [1]:  quick
'          [2]:  brown
'          [3]:  fox
'          [4]:  jumps
'          [5]:  over
'          [6]:  the
'          [7]:  lazy
'          [8]:  dog
'       
'       After sorting with the default comparer:
'          [0]:  brown
'          [1]:  dog
'          [2]:  fox
'          [3]:  jumps
'          [4]:  lazy
'          [5]:  over
'          [6]:  quick
'          [7]:  the
'          [8]:  The
'       
'       After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
'          [0]:  the
'          [1]:  The
'          [2]:  quick
'          [3]:  over
'          [4]:  lazy
'          [5]:  jumps
'          [6]:  fox
'          [7]:  dog
'          [8]:  brown

Remarques

Cette interface est utilisée conjointement avec les Array.Sort méthodes et Array.BinarySearch . Il fournit un moyen de personnaliser l’ordre de tri d’une collection. Consultez la Compare méthode pour les remarques sur les paramètres et la valeur de retour. Son équivalent générique est l' System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<T> interface.

L’implémentation par défaut de cette interface est la Comparer classe. Pour obtenir la version générique de cette interface, consultez System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<T> .

Méthodes

Compare(Object, Object)

Compare deux objets et retourne une valeur indiquant si le premier est inférieur, égal ou supérieur au second.

S’applique à

Voir aussi