IOrderedDictionary.GetEnumerator Méthode

Définition

Retourne un énumérateur qui itère au sein de la collection IOrderedDictionary.

public:
 System::Collections::IDictionaryEnumerator ^ GetEnumerator();
public System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator GetEnumerator ();
abstract member GetEnumerator : unit -> System.Collections.IDictionaryEnumerator
Public Function GetEnumerator () As IDictionaryEnumerator

Retours

IDictionaryEnumerator

IDictionaryEnumerator pour l’intégralité de la collection IOrderedDictionary.

Implémente

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’implémentation d’un simple IOrderedDictionary basé sur la ArrayList classe. L’implémentation de IOrderedDictionary stocke les noms en tant que clés et noms comme valeurs, avec la spécification ajoutée que chaque prénom est unique. Ce code fait partie d’un exemple de code plus large fourni pour la IOrderedDictionary classe.

public ref class PeopleEnum : IDictionaryEnumerator
{
private:
    // Enumerators are positioned before the first element
    // until the first MoveNext() call.
    int position;
    ArrayList^ _people;

public:
    PeopleEnum(ArrayList^ list)
    {
        this->Reset();
        _people = list;
    }

    virtual bool MoveNext()
    {
        position++;
        return (position < _people->Count);
    }

    virtual void Reset()
    {
        position = -1;
    }

    virtual property Object^ Current
    {
        Object^ get()
        {
            try
            {
                return _people[position];
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException^)
            {
                throw gcnew InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    virtual property DictionaryEntry Entry
    {
        DictionaryEntry get()
        {
            return (DictionaryEntry)(Current);
        }
    }

    virtual property Object^ Key
    {
        Object^ get()
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[position])->Key;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException^)
            {
                throw gcnew InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    virtual property Object^ Value
    {
        Object^ get()
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[position])->Value;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException^)
            {
                throw gcnew InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }
};

public ref class People : IOrderedDictionary
{
private:
    ArrayList^ _people;

public:
    People(int numItems)
    {
        _people = gcnew ArrayList(numItems);
    }

    int IndexOfKey(Object^ key)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _people->Count; i++)
        {
            if (((DictionaryEntry^)_people[i])->Key == key)
                return i;
        }

        // key not found, return -1.
        return -1;
    }

    virtual property Object^ default[Object^]
    {
        Object^ get(Object^ key)
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[IndexOfKey(key)])->Value;
        }
        void set(Object^ key, Object^ value)
        {
            _people[IndexOfKey(key)] = gcnew DictionaryEntry(key, value);
        }
    }

    // IOrderedDictionary Members
    virtual IDictionaryEnumerator^ GetEnumerator()
    {
        return gcnew PeopleEnum(_people);
    }

    virtual void Insert(int index, Object^ key, Object^ value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw gcnew ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people->Insert(index, gcnew DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    virtual void RemoveAt(int index)
    {
        _people->RemoveAt(index);
    }

    virtual property Object^ default[int]
    {
        Object^ get(int index)
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[index])->Value;
        }
        void set(int index, Object^ value)
        {
            Object^ key = ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[index])->Key;
            _people[index] = gcnew DictionaryEntry(key, value);
        }
    }

    // IDictionary Members

    virtual void Add(Object^ key, Object^ value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw gcnew ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people->Add(gcnew DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    virtual void Clear()
    {
        _people->Clear();
    }

    virtual bool Contains(Object^ key)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) == -1)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            return true;
        }
    }

    virtual property bool IsFixedSize
    {
        bool get()
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    virtual property bool IsReadOnly
    {
        bool get()
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    virtual property ICollection^ Keys
    {
        ICollection^ get()
        {
            ArrayList^ KeyCollection = gcnew ArrayList(_people->Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people->Count; i++)
            {
                KeyCollection->Add( ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[i])->Key );
            }
            return KeyCollection;
        }
    }

    virtual void Remove(Object^ key)
    {
        _people->RemoveAt(IndexOfKey(key));
    }

    virtual property ICollection^ Values
    {
        ICollection ^get()
        {
            ArrayList^ ValueCollection = gcnew ArrayList(_people->Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people->Count; i++)
            {
                ValueCollection->Add( ((DictionaryEntry^)_people[i])->Value );
            }
            return ValueCollection;
        }
    }

    // ICollection Members

    virtual void CopyTo(Array^ array, int index)
    {
        _people->CopyTo(array, index);
    }

    virtual property int Count
    {
        int get()
        {
            return _people->Count;
        }
    }

    virtual property bool IsSynchronized
    {
        bool get()
        {
            return _people->IsSynchronized;
        }
    }

    virtual property Object^ SyncRoot
    {
        Object^ get()
        {
            return _people->SyncRoot;
        }
    }

    // IEnumerable Members

    virtual IEnumerator^ IfcGetEnumerator() = IEnumerable::GetEnumerator
    {
        return (IEnumerator^) gcnew PeopleEnum(_people);
    }
};
public class People : IOrderedDictionary
{
    private ArrayList _people;

    public People(int numItems)
    {
        _people = new ArrayList(numItems);
    }

    public int IndexOfKey(object key)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
        {
            if (((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Key == key)
                return i;
        }

        // key not found, return -1.
        return -1;
    }

    public object this[object key]
    {
        get
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[IndexOfKey(key)]).Value;
        }
        set
        {
            _people[IndexOfKey(key)] = new DictionaryEntry(key, value);
        }
    }

    // IOrderedDictionary Members
    public IDictionaryEnumerator GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new PeopleEnum(_people);
    }

    public void Insert(int index, object key, object value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people.Insert(index, new DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    public void RemoveAt(int index)
    {
        _people.RemoveAt(index);
    }

    public object this[int index]
    {
        get
        {
            return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[index]).Value;
        }
        set
        {
            object key = ((DictionaryEntry)_people[index]).Key;
            _people[index] = new DictionaryEntry(key, value);
        }
    }
    // IDictionary Members

    public void Add(object key, object value)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) != -1)
        {
            throw new ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.");
        }
        _people.Add(new DictionaryEntry(key, value));
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        _people.Clear();
    }

    public bool Contains(object key)
    {
        if (IndexOfKey(key) == -1)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            return true;
        }
    }

    public bool IsFixedSize
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public ICollection Keys
    {
        get
        {
            ArrayList KeyCollection = new ArrayList(_people.Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
            {
                KeyCollection.Add( ((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Key );
            }
            return KeyCollection;
        }
    }

    public void Remove(object key)
    {
        _people.RemoveAt(IndexOfKey(key));
    }

    public ICollection Values
    {
        get
        {
            ArrayList ValueCollection = new ArrayList(_people.Count);
            for (int i = 0; i < _people.Count; i++)
            {
                ValueCollection.Add( ((DictionaryEntry)_people[i]).Value );
            }
            return ValueCollection;
        }
    }

    // ICollection Members

    public void CopyTo(Array array, int index)
    {
        _people.CopyTo(array, index);
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.Count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsSynchronized
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.IsSynchronized;
        }
    }

    public object SyncRoot
    {
        get
        {
            return _people.SyncRoot;
        }
    }

    // IEnumerable Members

    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new PeopleEnum(_people);
    }
}

public class PeopleEnum : IDictionaryEnumerator
{
    public ArrayList _people;

    // Enumerators are positioned before the first element
    // until the first MoveNext() call.
    int position = -1;

    public PeopleEnum(ArrayList list)
    {
        _people = list;
    }

    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        position++;
        return (position < _people.Count);
    }

    public void Reset()
    {
        position = -1;
    }

    public object Current
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return _people[position];
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    public DictionaryEntry Entry
    {
        get
        {
            return (DictionaryEntry)Current;
        }
    }

    public object Key
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[position]).Key;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }

    public object Value
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return ((DictionaryEntry)_people[position]).Value;
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }
}
Public Class People
    Implements IOrderedDictionary
    Private _people As ArrayList

    Public Sub New(ByVal numItems As Integer)
        _people = New ArrayList(numItems)
    End Sub

    Public Function IndexOfKey(ByVal key As Object) As Integer
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To _people.Count - 1
            If CType(_people(i), DictionaryEntry).Key = key Then
                Return i
            End If
        Next i

        ' key not found, return -1.
        Return -1
    End Function

    ' IOrderedDictionary Members
    Public Function GetEnumerator() As IDictionaryEnumerator _
        Implements IOrderedDictionary.GetEnumerator

        Return New PeopleEnum(_people)
    End Function

    Public Sub Insert(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal key As Object, _
        ByVal value As Object) Implements IOrderedDictionary.Insert

        If Not IndexOfKey(key) = -1 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.")
        End If
        _people.Insert(index, New DictionaryEntry(key, value))
    End Sub

    Public Sub RemoveAt(ByVal index As Integer) _
        Implements IOrderedDictionary.RemoveAt

        _people.RemoveAt(index)
    End Sub

    Public Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As Object _
        Implements IOrderedDictionary.Item

        Get
            Return CType(_people(index), DictionaryEntry).Value
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Object)
            Dim key As Object = CType(_people(index), DictionaryEntry).Key
            _people(index) = New DictionaryEntry(key, value)
        End Set
    End Property

    ' IDictionary Members
    Public Function IDictionaryGetEnumerator() As IDictionaryEnumerator _
    Implements IDictionary.GetEnumerator

        Return New PeopleEnum(_people)
    End Function

    Public Property Item(ByVal key As Object) As Object _
        Implements IDictionary.Item

        Get
            Return CType(_people(IndexOfKey(key)), DictionaryEntry).Value
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value)
            _people(IndexOfKey(key)) = New DictionaryEntry(key, value)
        End Set
    End Property


    Public Sub Add(ByVal key As Object, ByVal value As Object) _
        Implements IDictionary.Add

        If Not IndexOfKey(key) = -1 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("An element with the same key already exists in the collection.")
        End If

        _people.Add(New DictionaryEntry(key, value))
    End Sub

    Public Sub Clear() Implements IDictionary.Clear
        _people.Clear()
    End Sub

    Public Function Contains(ByVal key As Object) As Boolean _
        Implements IDictionary.Contains

        If IndexOfKey(key) = -1 Then
            Return False
        Else
            Return True
        End If
    End Function

    Public ReadOnly Property IsFixedSize() As Boolean _
        Implements IDictionary.IsFixedSize

        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsReadOnly() As Boolean _
        Implements IDictionary.IsReadOnly
        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property Keys() As ICollection _
        Implements IDictionary.Keys
        Get
            Dim KeyCollection As ArrayList = New ArrayList(_people.Count)
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To _people.Count - 1
                KeyCollection.Add( CType(_people(i), DictionaryEntry).Key )
            Next i
            Return KeyCollection
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Sub Remove(ByVal key As Object) _
        Implements IDictionary.Remove

        _people.RemoveAt(IndexOfKey(key))
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Values() As ICollection _
        Implements IDictionary.Values
        Get
            Dim ValueCollection As ArrayList = New ArrayList(_people.Count)
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To _people.Count - 1
                ValueCollection.Add( CType(_people(i), DictionaryEntry).Value )
            Next i
            Return ValueCollection
        End Get
    End Property

    ' ICollection Members
    Public Sub CopyTo(ByVal array As Array, ByVal index As Integer) _
    Implements ICollection.CopyTo

        _people.CopyTo(Array, index)
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Count() As Integer _
        Implements ICollection.Count

        Get
            Return _people.Count
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsSynchronized() As Boolean _
        Implements ICollection.IsSynchronized

        Get
            Return _people.IsSynchronized
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property SyncRoot() As Object _
        Implements ICollection.SyncRoot

        Get
            Return _people.SyncRoot
        End Get
    End Property

    ' IEnumerable Members
    Public Function IEnumerableGetEnumerator() As IEnumerator _
        Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator

        Return New PeopleEnum(_people)
    End Function
End Class

Public Class PeopleEnum
    Implements IDictionaryEnumerator

    Public _people As ArrayList

    ' Enumerators are positioned before the first element
    ' until the first MoveNext() call.
    Dim position As Integer = -1

    Public Sub New(ByVal list As ArrayList)
        _people = list
    End Sub

    Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean _
        Implements IEnumerator.MoveNext

        position = position + 1
        Return (position < _people.Count)
    End Function

    Public Sub Reset() _
        Implements IEnumerator.Reset

        position = -1
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Current() As Object _
        Implements IEnumerator.Current

        Get
            Try
                Return _people(position)
            Catch e As IndexOutOfRangeException
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End Try
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property Entry() As DictionaryEntry _
        Implements IDictionaryEnumerator.Entry
        Get
            Return CType(Current, DictionaryEntry)
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property Key() As Object _
        Implements IDictionaryEnumerator.Key

        Get
            Try
                Return CType(_people(position), DictionaryEntry).Key
            Catch e As IndexOutOfRangeException
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End Try
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property Value() As Object _
        Implements IDictionaryEnumerator.Value

        Get
            Try
                Return CType(_people(position), DictionaryEntry).Value
            Catch e As IndexOutOfRangeException
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End Try
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

Remarques

L'instruction foreach du langage C# (for each en Visual Basic) se charge de la complexité des énumérateurs. Par conséquent, l’utilisation foreach de est recommandée au lieu de manipuler directement l’énumérateur.

Les énumérateurs peuvent être utilisés pour lire les données de la collection, mais ils ne permettent pas de modifier la collection sous-jacente.

Au départ, l'énumérateur est positionné avant le premier élément de la collection. Reset replace également l'énumérateur à cette position. À cette position, la Current propriété n’est pas définie. Par conséquent, vous devez appeler MoveNext pour avancer l'énumérateur jusqu'au premier élément de la collection avant de lire la valeur de Current.

Current retourne le même objet tant que MoveNext ou Reset n'est pas appelé. MoveNext affecte l'élément suivant à Current.

Si MoveNext passe la fin de la collection, l’énumérateur est positionné après le dernier élément de la collection et MoveNext retourne false . Lorsque l’énumérateur se trouve à cette position, les appels suivants à MoveNext retournent également false . Si le dernier appel à MoveNext retourné false Current est non défini. Pour attribuer une nouvelle fois Current au premier élément de la collection, vous pouvez appeler Reset suivi de MoveNext.

Un énumérateur reste valide aussi longtemps que la collection demeure inchangée. Si des modifications sont apportées à la collection, telles que l’ajout, la modification ou la suppression d’éléments, l’énumérateur est définitivement invalidé et son comportement n’est pas défini.

Comme l’énumérateur ne dispose pas d’un accès exclusif à la collection, l’énumération d’une collection n’est pas intrinsèquement une procédure thread-safe. Pour garantir la sécurité des threads pendant l'énumération, vous pouvez verrouiller la collection tout au long de cette opération. Pour permettre à plusieurs threads d’accéder en lecture et en écriture à la collection, vous devez implémenter votre propre synchronisation.

S’applique à