Console.Error Console.Error Console.Error Console.Error Property

Définition

Obtient le flux de sortie d'erreur standard.Gets the standard error output stream.

public:
 static property System::IO::TextWriter ^ Error { System::IO::TextWriter ^ get(); };
public static System.IO.TextWriter Error { get; }
member this.Error : System.IO.TextWriter
Public Shared ReadOnly Property Error As TextWriter

Valeur de propriété

TextWriter qui représente le flux de sortie d'erreur standard.A TextWriter that represents the standard error output stream.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant est un utilitaire de ligne de commande nommé ExpandTabs qui remplace les caractères de tabulation dans un fichier texte par quatre espaces, la tabSize valeur définie par la variable.The following example is a command line utility named ExpandTabs that replaces tab characters in a text file with four spaces, the value defined by the tabSize variable. Il redirige les flux d’entrée et de sortie standard vers des fichiers, mais Error utilise la propriété pour écrire le flux d’erreurs standard sur la console.It redirects the standard input and output streams to files, but uses the Error property to write the standard error stream to the console. Elle peut être lancée à partir de la ligne de commande en fournissant le nom du fichier qui contient les caractères de tabulation et le nom du fichier de sortie.It can be launched from the command line by supplying the name of the file that contains tab characters and the name of the output file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;

void main()
{
   const int tabSize = 4;
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   String^ usageText = "Usage: EXPANDTABSEX inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";
   StreamWriter^ writer = nullptr;
   
   if ( args->Length < 3 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( usageText );
      return;
   }

   try
   {
      writer = gcnew StreamWriter( args[ 2 ] );
      Console::SetOut( writer );
      Console::SetIn( gcnew StreamReader( args[ 1 ] ) );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ e ) 
   {
      TextWriter^ errorWriter = Console::Error;
      errorWriter->WriteLine( e->Message );
      errorWriter->WriteLine( usageText );
      return;
   }

   int i;
   while ( (i = Console::Read()) != -1 )
   {
      Char c = (Char)i;
      if ( c == '\t' )
            Console::Write( ((String^)"")->PadRight( tabSize, ' ' ) );
      else
            Console::Write( c );
   }

   writer->Close();
   
   // Recover the standard output stream so that a 
   // completion message can be displayed.
   StreamWriter^ standardOutput = gcnew StreamWriter(Console::OpenStandardOutput());
   standardOutput->AutoFlush = true;
   Console::SetOut(standardOutput);
   Console::WriteLine( "EXPANDTABSEX has completed the processing of {0}.", args[ 0 ] );
   return;
}
using System;
using System.IO;

public class ExpandTabs
{
    private const int tabSize = 4;
    private const string usageText = "Usage: EXPANDTABSEX inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";

    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        StreamWriter writer = null;

        if (args.Length < 2) {
            Console.WriteLine(usageText);
            return;
        }

        try {
            writer = new StreamWriter(args[1]);
            Console.SetOut(writer);
            Console.SetIn(new StreamReader(args[0]));
        }
        catch(IOException e) {
            TextWriter errorWriter = Console.Error;
            errorWriter.WriteLine(e.Message);
            errorWriter.WriteLine(usageText);
            return;
        }
        int i;
        while ((i = Console.Read()) != -1) {
            char c = (char)i;
            if (c == '\t')
                Console.Write(("").PadRight(tabSize, ' '));
            else
                Console.Write(c);
        }
        writer.Close();
        // Recover the standard output stream so that a 
        // completion message can be displayed.
        StreamWriter standardOutput = new StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput());
        standardOutput.AutoFlush = true;
        Console.SetOut(standardOutput);
        Console.WriteLine("EXPANDTABSEX has completed the processing of {0}.", args[0]);
        return;
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Public Class ExpandTabs
   Private Const tabSize As Integer = 4
   Private Const usageText As String = "Usage: EXPANDTABSEX inputfile.txt outputfile.txt"
   
   Public Shared Sub Main(args() As String)
      Dim writer As StreamWriter = Nothing

      If args.Length < 2 Then
         Console.WriteLine(usageText)
         Exit Sub
      End If
      
      Try
         writer = New StreamWriter(args(1))
         Console.SetOut(writer)
         Console.SetIn(New StreamReader(args(0)))
      Catch e As IOException
         Console.Error.WriteLine(e.Message)
         Console.Error.WriteLine(usageText)
         Exit Sub
      End Try
      
      Dim i As Integer = Console.Read()
      While i <> -1 
         Dim c As Char = Convert.ToChar(i)
         If c = ControlChars.Tab Then
            Console.Write("".PadRight(tabSize, " "c))
         Else
            Console.Write(c)
         End If
         i = Console.Read()
      End While
      writer.Close()
      
      ' Reacquire the standard output stream so that a
      ' completion message can be displayed.
      Dim standardOutput As New StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput)
      standardOutput.AutoFlush = True
      Console.SetOut(standardOutput)
      Console.WriteLine("EXPANDTABSEX has completed the processing of {0}.", args(0))
   End Sub
End Class

L’exemple suivant est une visionneuse de fichier texte simple qui affiche le contenu d’un ou plusieurs fichiers texte sur la console.The following example is a simple text file viewer that displays the contents of one or more text files to the console. S’il n’y a pas d’arguments de ligne de commande, ou si des fichiers passés comme arguments de ligne de commande n' SetError existent pas, l’exemple appelle la méthode pour rediriger les OpenStandardError informations d’erreur vers un fichier, appelle la méthode dans le processus de réacquisition de l’erreur standard. Stream, et indique que les informations d’erreur ont été écrites dans un fichier.If there are no command line arguments, or if any files passed as command line arguments do not exist, the example calls the SetError method to redirect error information to a file, calls the OpenStandardError method in the process of reacquiring the standard error stream, and indicates that error information was written to a file.

using System;
using System.IO;

public class ViewTextFile
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String[] args = Environment.GetCommandLineArgs();
      String errorOutput = "";
      // Make sure that there is at least one command line argument.
      if (args.Length <= 1)
         errorOutput += "You must include a filename on the command line.\n";

      for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= args.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)  {
         // Check whether the file exists.
         if (! File.Exists(args[ctr])) {
            errorOutput += String.Format("'{0}' does not exist.\n", args[ctr]);
         }
         else {
            // Display the contents of the file.
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(args[ctr]);
            String contents = sr.ReadToEnd();
            sr.Close();
            Console.WriteLine("*****Contents of file '{0}':\n\n",
                              args[ctr]);
            Console.WriteLine(contents);
            Console.WriteLine("*****\n");
         }
      }

      // Check for error conditions.
      if (! String.IsNullOrEmpty(errorOutput)) {
         // Write error information to a file.
         Console.SetError(new StreamWriter(@".\ViewTextFile.Err.txt"));
         Console.Error.WriteLine(errorOutput);
         Console.Error.Close();
         // Reacquire the standard error stream.
         var standardError = new StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardError());
         standardError.AutoFlush = true;
         Console.SetError(standardError);
         Console.Error.WriteLine("\nError information written to ViewTextFile.Err.txt");
      }
   }
}
// If the example is compiled and run with the following command line:
//     ViewTextFile file1.txt file2.txt
// and neither file1.txt nor file2.txt exist, it displays the
// following output:
//     Error information written to ViewTextFile.Err.txt
// and writes the following text to ViewTextFile.Err.txt:
//     'file1.txt' does not exist.
//     'file2.txt' does not exist.
Imports System.IO

Module ViewTextFile
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim args() As String = Environment.GetCommandLineArgs()
      Dim errorOutput As String = ""
      ' Make sure that there is at least one command line argument.
      If args.Length <= 1 Then
         errorOutput += "You must include a filename on the command line." +
                        vbCrLf
      End If
      
      For ctr As Integer = 1 To args.GetUpperBound(0)
         ' Check whether the file exists.
         If Not File.Exists(args(ctr)) Then
            errorOutput += String.Format("'{0}' does not exist.{1}",
                                         args(ctr), vbCrLf)
         Else
            ' Display the contents of the file.
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(args(ctr))
            Dim contents As String = sr.ReadToEnd()
            sr.Close()
            Console.WriteLine("***** Contents of file '{0}':{1}{1}",
                              args(ctr), vbCrLf)
            Console.WriteLine(contents)
            Console.WriteLine("*****{0}", vbCrLf)
         End If
      Next

      ' Check for error conditions.
      If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(errorOutput) Then
         ' Write error information to a file.
         Console.SetError(New StreamWriter(".\ViewTextFile.Err.txt"))
         Console.Error.WriteLine(errorOutput)
         Console.Error.Close()
         ' Reacquire the standard error stream.
         Dim standardError As New StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardError())
         standardError.AutoFlush = True
         Console.SetError(standardError)
         Console.Error.WriteLine("{0}Error information written to ViewTextFile.Err.txt",
                                 vbCrLf)
      End If
   End Sub
End Module
' If the example is compiled and run with the following command line:
'     ViewTextFile file1.txt file2.txt
' and neither file1.txt nor file2.txt exist, it displays the
' following output:
'     Error information written to ViewTextFile.Err.txt
' and writes the following text to ViewTextFile.Err.txt:
'     'file1.txt' does not exist.
'     'file2.txt' does not exist.

Notez que la StreamWriter.AutoFlush propriété a la valeur true avant de réacquérir le flux d’erreurs.Note that the StreamWriter.AutoFlush property is set to true before reacquiring the error stream. Cela permet de s’assurer que la sortie est envoyée à la console immédiatement au lieu de la mise en mémoire tampon.This ensures that output will be sent to the console immediately rather than buffered.

Remarques

Ce flux d’erreurs standard est défini par défaut sur la console.This standard error stream is set to the console by default. Il peut être défini sur un autre flux à SetError l’aide de la méthode.It can be set to another stream with the SetError method. Une fois que le flux d’erreurs standard est redirigé, il peut être réacquis en OpenStandardError appelant la méthode.After the standard error stream is redirected, it can be reacquired by calling the OpenStandardError method.

Dans les applications console dont la sortie d’information est souvent redirigée vers un fichier, le flux d’erreurs standard Error disponible par le biais de la propriété peut être utilisé pour afficher des informations dans la console même si la sortie est redirigée.In console applications whose informational output is often redirected to a file, the standard error stream available through the Error property can be used to display information to the console even if output is redirected. L’exemple suivant affiche des tables de produits pour 10 nombres à la fois à partir de 1.The following example displays product tables for 10 numbers at a time starting with 1. Après chaque ensemble de 10 nombres, la Error propriété est utilisée pour demander à l’utilisateur s’il faut afficher le jeu suivant.After every set of 10 numbers, the Error property is used to ask the user whether to display the next set. Si la sortie standard est redirigée vers un fichier, l’utilisateur est toujours invité à indiquer si la routine doit générer le jeu de produits suivant.If the standard output is redirected to a file, the user is still asked whether the routine should generate the next set of products.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int increment = 0;
      bool exitFlag = false;

      while (! exitFlag) {
         if (Console.IsOutputRedirected)
            Console.Error.WriteLine("Generating multiples of numbers from {0} to {1}",
                                    increment + 1, increment + 10);

         Console.WriteLine("Generating multiples of numbers from {0} to {1}",
                           increment + 1, increment + 10);
         for (int ctr = increment + 1; ctr <= increment + 10; ctr++) {
            Console.Write("Multiples of {0}: ", ctr);
            for (int ctr2 = 1; ctr2 <= 10; ctr2++)
               Console.Write("{0}{1}", ctr * ctr2, ctr2 == 10 ? "" : ", ");

            Console.WriteLine();
         }
         Console.WriteLine();

         increment += 10;
         Console.Error.Write("Display multiples of {0} through {1} (y/n)? ",
                             increment + 1, increment + 10);
         Char response = Console.ReadKey(true).KeyChar;
         Console.Error.WriteLine(response);
         if (! Console.IsOutputRedirected)
            Console.CursorTop--;

         if (Char.ToUpperInvariant(response) == 'N')
            exitFlag = true;
      }
   }
}
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim increment As Integer = 0
      Dim exitFlag As Boolean = False
      
      Do While Not exitFlag
         If Console.IsOutputRedirected Then
            Console.Error.WriteLine("Generating multiples of numbers from {0} to {1}",
                                    increment + 1, increment + 10)
         End If
         Console.WriteLine("Generating multiples of numbers from {0} to {1}",
                           increment + 1, increment + 10)
         For ctr As Integer = increment + 1 To increment + 10
            Console.Write("Multiples of {0}: ", ctr)
            For ctr2 As Integer = 1 To 10
               Console.Write("{0}{1}", ctr * ctr2, If(ctr2 = 10, "", ", "))
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
         
         increment += 10
         Console.Error.Write("Display multiples of {0} through {1} (y/n)? ",
                             increment + 1, increment + 10)
         Dim response As Char = Console.ReadKey(True).KeyChar
         Console.Error.WriteLine(response)
         If Not Console.IsOutputRedirected Then
            Console.CursorTop = Console.CursorTop - 1
         End If
         If Char.ToUpperInvariant(response) = "N" Then exitFlag = True
      Loop
   End Sub
End Module

S’applique à

Voir aussi