Console.SetOut(TextWriter) Méthode

Définition

Définit la propriété Out pour cibler l’objet TextWriter.Sets the Out property to target the TextWriter object.

public:
 static void SetOut(System::IO::TextWriter ^ newOut);
public static void SetOut (System.IO.TextWriter newOut);
static member SetOut : System.IO.TextWriter -> unit
Public Shared Sub SetOut (newOut As TextWriter)

Paramètres

newOut
TextWriter

TextWriter à utiliser comme nouvelle sortie standard.A text writer to be used as the new standard output.

Exceptions

newOut a la valeur null.newOut is null.

L'appelant n'a pas l'autorisation requise.The caller does not have the required permission.

Exemples

L'exemple suivant illustre l'utilisation de la méthode SetOut.The following example illustrates the use of the SetOut method. Remplace quatre espaces consécutifs d'une chaîne par une tabulation.It replaces four consecutive space characters in a string with a tab character. Pour l’exécuter, vous devez fournir deux arguments de ligne de commande.To run it, you must supply two command line arguments. Le premier est le nom d'un fichier texte existant vers lequel rediriger le flux d'entrée standard.The first is the name of an existing text file to redirect the standard input stream to. Le deuxième est le nom du fichier vers lequel rediriger le flux de sortie standard.The second is the name of a file to redirect the standard output stream to. Ce fichier n'a pas besoin d'exister.This file need not exist. Si tel est le cas, son contenu est remplacé.If it does, its contents will be overwritten.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;

int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   const int tabSize = 4;
   String^ usageText = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";
   StreamWriter^ writer = nullptr;
   if ( args->Length < 3 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( usageText );
      return 1;
   }

   try
   {
      // Attempt to open output file.
      writer = gcnew StreamWriter( args[ 2 ] );
      // Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
      Console::SetOut( writer );
      // Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
      Console::SetIn( gcnew StreamReader( args[ 1 ] ) );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ e ) 
   {
      TextWriter^ errorWriter = Console::Error;
      errorWriter->WriteLine( e->Message );
      errorWriter->WriteLine( usageText );
      return 1;
   }

   String^ line;
   while ( (line = Console::ReadLine()) != nullptr )
   {
      String^ newLine = line->Replace( ((String^)"")->PadRight( tabSize, ' ' ), "\t" );
      Console::WriteLine( newLine );
   }

   writer->Close();
   
   // Recover the standard output stream so that a 
   // completion message can be displayed.
   StreamWriter^ standardOutput = gcnew StreamWriter( Console::OpenStandardOutput() );
   standardOutput->AutoFlush = true;
   Console::SetOut( standardOutput );
   Console::WriteLine( "INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {0}.", args[ 1 ] );
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.IO;

public class InsertTabs
{
    private const int tabSize = 4;
    private const string usageText = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt";
    public static int Main(string[] args)
    {
        if (args.Length < 2)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(usageText);
            return 1;
        }

        try
        {
            // Attempt to open output file.
            using (var writer = new StreamWriter(args[1]))
            {
                using (var reader = new StreamReader(args[0]))
                {
                    // Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
                    Console.SetOut(writer);
                    // Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
                    Console.SetIn(reader);
                    string line;
                    while ((line = Console.ReadLine()) != null)
                    {
                        string newLine = line.Replace(("").PadRight(tabSize, ' '), "\t");
                        Console.WriteLine(newLine);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch(IOException e)
        {
            TextWriter errorWriter = Console.Error;
            errorWriter.WriteLine(e.Message);
            errorWriter.WriteLine(usageText);
            return 1;
        }

        // Recover the standard output stream so that a 
        // completion message can be displayed.
        var standardOutput = new StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput());
        standardOutput.AutoFlush = true;
        Console.SetOut(standardOutput);
        Console.WriteLine($"INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {args[0]}.");
        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Public Module InsertTabs
    Private Const tabSize As Integer = 4
    Private Const usageText As String = "Usage: INSERTTABS inputfile.txt outputfile.txt"
   
    Public Function Main(args As String()) As Integer
        If args.Length < 2 Then
            Console.WriteLine(usageText)
            Return 1
        End If
      
        Try
            ' Attempt to open output file.
            Using writer As New StreamWriter(args(1))
                Using reader As New StreamReader(args(0))
                    ' Redirect standard output from the console to the output file.
                    Console.SetOut(writer)
                    ' Redirect standard input from the console to the input file.
                    Console.SetIn(reader)
                    Dim line As String = Console.ReadLine()
                    While line IsNot Nothing
                        Dim newLine As String = line.Replace("".PadRight(tabSize, " "c), ControlChars.Tab)
                        Console.WriteLine(newLine)
                        line = Console.ReadLine()
                    End While
                End Using
            End Using
        Catch e As IOException
            Dim errorWriter As TextWriter = Console.Error
            errorWriter.WriteLine(e.Message)
            errorWriter.WriteLine(usageText)
            Return 1
        End Try

        ' Recover the standard output stream so that a 
        ' completion message can be displayed.
        Dim standardOutput As New StreamWriter(Console.OpenStandardOutput())
        standardOutput.AutoFlush = True
        Console.SetOut(standardOutput)
        Console.WriteLine($"INSERTTABS has completed the processing of {args(0)}.")
        Return 0
    End Function 
End Module

Remarques

Par défaut, la Out propriété est définie sur le flux de sortie standard.By default, the Out property is set to the standard output stream.

Un StreamWriter qui encapsule un FileStream peut être utilisé pour envoyer la sortie vers un fichier.A StreamWriter that encapsulates a FileStream can be used to send output to a file. Par exemple :For example:

Console::WriteLine("Hello World");
FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode::Create);
// First, save the standard output.
TextWriter^ tmp = Console::Out;
StreamWriter^ sw = gcnew StreamWriter(fs);
Console::SetOut(sw);
Console::WriteLine("Hello file");
Console::SetOut(tmp);
Console::WriteLine("Hello World");
sw->Close();
Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
FileStream fs = new FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode.Create);
// First, save the standard output.
TextWriter tmp = Console.Out;
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fs);
Console.SetOut(sw);
Console.WriteLine("Hello file");
Console.SetOut(tmp);
Console.WriteLine("Hello World");
sw.Close();
Console.WriteLine("Hello World")
Dim fs As New FileStream("Test.txt", FileMode.Create)
' First, save the standard output.
Dim tmp as TextWriter = Console.Out
Dim sw As New StreamWriter(fs)
Console.SetOut(sw)
Console.WriteLine("Hello file")
Console.SetOut(tmp)
Console.WriteLine("Hello World")
sw.Close()

L’objet réel retourné par Out peut être un wrapper synchronisé autour du writer de texte fourni.The actual object returned by Out may be a synchronized wrapper around the provided text writer.

Sécurité

SecurityPermission
pour appeler du code non managé.for calling unmanaged code. Énumération associée:UnmanagedCodeAssociated enumeration: UnmanagedCode

S’applique à

Voir aussi