OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating Événement

Définition

Se produit pendant une opération de Update(DataSet), avant l'exécution d'une commande sur la source de données. La tentative de mise à jour a lieu. Par conséquent, l'événement se produit.

public:
 event System::Data::OleDb::OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler ^ RowUpdating;
public event System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
public event System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler? RowUpdating;
[System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")]
public event System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
[<System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")>]
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowUpdating As OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 

Type d'événement

OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple suivant montre les RowUpdating RowUpdated événements et utilisés.

public static void CreateDataAdapter(
    string connectionString)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        OleDbDataAdapter adapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand = new OleDbCommand(
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)",
            connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID");
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName");

        connection.Open();

        DataSet custDS = new DataSet();
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers");

        DataRow custRow = custDS.Tables["Customers"].NewRow();
        custRow["CustomerID"] = "NEWCO";
        custRow["CompanyName"] = "New Company";
        custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows.Add(custRow);

        // add handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating += new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated += new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers");

        // remove handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating -= new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated -= new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        foreach (DataRow row in custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows)
        {
            if (row.HasErrors)
                Console.WriteLine(row.RowError);
        }
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdating(object sender,
    OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.StatementType == StatementType.Insert)
    {
        System.IO.TextWriter writer = System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log");
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.",
            DateTime.Now, args.Row["CustomerID"]);
        writer.Close();
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdated(object sender, OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.Status == UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred)
    {
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message;
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow;
    }
}
Public Sub CreateDataAdapter(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        Dim adapter As New OleDbDataAdapter( _
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand = New OleDbCommand( _
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)", _
            connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID")
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName")

        connection.Open()

        Dim custDS As New DataSet()
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers")

        Dim custRow As DataRow = custDS.Tables("Customers").NewRow()
        custRow("CustomerID") = "NEWCO"
        custRow("CompanyName") = "New Company"
        custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows.Add(custRow)

        ' add handlers
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers")

        ' remove handlers
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        Dim row As DataRow
        For Each row In custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows
            If row.HasErrors Then Console.WriteLine(row.RowError)
        Next
    End Using
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs)

    If args.StatementType = StatementType.Insert Then
        Dim writer As System.IO.TextWriter = _
            System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log")
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.", _
            DateTime.Now, args.Row("CustomerID"))
        writer.Close()
    End If
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs)

    If args.Status = UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred Then
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow
    End If
End Sub

Remarques

Lorsque vous utilisez Update , deux événements se produisent pour chaque ligne de données mise à jour. L’ordre d’exécution est le suivant :

  1. Les valeurs dans le DataRow sont déplacées vers les valeurs de paramètre.

  2. L'événement OnRowUpdating est déclenché.

  3. La commande s’exécute.

  4. Si la commande a la valeur FirstReturnedRecord , le premier résultat retourné est placé dans le DataRow .

  5. S’il existe des paramètres de sortie, ceux-ci sont placés dans le DataRow .

  6. L'événement OnRowUpdated est déclenché.

  7. AcceptChanges est appelée.

S’applique à

Voir aussi