HttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) HttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) HttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) HttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) Method

Définition

Démarre une requête asynchrone adressée à une ressource Internet.Begins an asynchronous request to an Internet resource.

public:
 override IAsyncResult ^ BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback ^ callback, System::Object ^ state);
public override IAsyncResult BeginGetResponse (AsyncCallback callback, object state);
override this.BeginGetResponse : AsyncCallback * obj -> IAsyncResult
Public Overrides Function BeginGetResponse (callback As AsyncCallback, state As Object) As IAsyncResult

Paramètres

state
Object Object Object Object

Objet d'état de cette requête.The state object for this request.

Retours

IAsyncResult qui fait référence à la requête asynchrone d'une réponse.An IAsyncResult that references the asynchronous request for a response.

Exceptions

Le flux est déjà utilisé par un appel antérieur à BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object).The stream is already in use by a previous call to BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object)

- ou --or- TransferEncoding est défini sur une valeur, et SendChunked a pour valeur false.TransferEncoding is set to a value and SendChunked is false.

- ou --or- Le nombre de threads du pool de threads est insuffisant.The thread pool is running out of threads.

La propriété Method a la valeur GET ou HEAD et la propriété ContentLength est supérieure à zéro ou la propriété SendChunked est true.Method is GET or HEAD, and either ContentLength is greater than zero or SendChunked is true.

- ou --or- La propriété KeepAlive a la valeur true, la propriété AllowWriteStreamBuffering a la valeur false et la propriété ContentLength a la valeur -1, la propriété SendChunked a la valeur false et la propriété Method a la valeur POST ou PUT.KeepAlive is true, AllowWriteStreamBuffering is false, and either ContentLength is -1, SendChunked is false and Method is POST or PUT.

- ou --or- Le HttpWebRequest a un corps d'entité, mais la méthode BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) est appelée sans appeler la méthode BeginGetRequestStream(AsyncCallback, Object).The HttpWebRequest has an entity body but the BeginGetResponse(AsyncCallback, Object) method is called without calling the BeginGetRequestStream(AsyncCallback, Object) method.

ou-or- Le ContentLength est supérieur à zéro, mais l'application n'écrit pas toutes les données promises.The ContentLength is greater than zero, but the application does not write all of the promised data.

Abort() a déjà été appelé.Abort() was previously called.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant utilise BeginGetResponse la méthode pour effectuer une demande asynchrone pour une ressource Internet.The following code example uses the BeginGetResponse method to make an asynchronous request for an Internet resource.

Notes

Dans le cas de requêtes asynchrones, il incombe à l’application cliente d’implémenter son propre mécanisme de délai d’attente.In the case of asynchronous requests, it is the responsibility of the client application to implement its own time-out mechanism. L’exemple de code suivant montre comment procéder.The following code example shows how to do it.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Net;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Threading;
public ref class RequestState
{
private:

   // This class stores the State of the request.
   const int BUFFER_SIZE;

public:
   StringBuilder^ requestData;
   array<Byte>^BufferRead;
   HttpWebRequest^ request;
   HttpWebResponse^ response;
   Stream^ streamResponse;
   RequestState()
      : BUFFER_SIZE( 1024 )
   {
      BufferRead = gcnew array<Byte>(BUFFER_SIZE);
      requestData = gcnew StringBuilder( "" );
      request = nullptr;
      streamResponse = nullptr;
   }

};

ref class HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse
{
public:
   static ManualResetEvent^ allDone = gcnew ManualResetEvent( false );
   literal int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024;
   literal int DefaultTimeOut = 120000; // 2 minute timeout 

   // Abort the request if the timer fires.
   static void TimeoutCallback( Object^ state, bool timedOut )
   {
      if ( timedOut )
      {
         HttpWebRequest^ request = dynamic_cast<HttpWebRequest^>(state);
         if ( request != nullptr )
         {
            request->Abort();
         }
      }
   }

   static void RespCallback( IAsyncResult^ asynchronousResult )
   {
      try
      {
         
         // State of request is asynchronous.
         RequestState^ myRequestState = dynamic_cast<RequestState^>(asynchronousResult->AsyncState);
         HttpWebRequest^ myHttpWebRequest = myRequestState->request;
         myRequestState->response = dynamic_cast<HttpWebResponse^>(myHttpWebRequest->EndGetResponse( asynchronousResult ));
         
         // Read the response into a Stream object.
         Stream^ responseStream = myRequestState->response->GetResponseStream();
         myRequestState->streamResponse = responseStream;
         
         // Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
         IAsyncResult^ asynchronousInputRead = responseStream->BeginRead( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, gcnew AsyncCallback( ReadCallBack ), myRequestState );
         return;
      }
      catch ( WebException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "\nRespCallback Exception raised!" );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      }

      allDone->Set();
   }

   static void ReadCallBack( IAsyncResult^ asyncResult )
   {
      try
      {
         RequestState^ myRequestState = dynamic_cast<RequestState^>(asyncResult->AsyncState);
         Stream^ responseStream = myRequestState->streamResponse;
         int read = responseStream->EndRead( asyncResult );
         
         // Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
         if ( read > 0 )
         {
            myRequestState->requestData->Append( Encoding::ASCII->GetString( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, read ) );
            IAsyncResult^ asynchronousResult = responseStream->BeginRead( myRequestState->BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, gcnew AsyncCallback( ReadCallBack ), myRequestState );
            return;
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "\nThe contents of the Html page are : " );
            if ( myRequestState->requestData->Length > 1 )
            {
               String^ stringContent;
               stringContent = myRequestState->requestData->ToString();
               Console::WriteLine( stringContent );
            }
            Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
            Console::ReadLine();
            responseStream->Close();
         }
      }
      catch ( WebException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "\nReadCallBack Exception raised!" );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
         Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      }

      allDone->Set();
   }

};

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Create a HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL.
      HttpWebRequest^ myHttpWebRequest = dynamic_cast<HttpWebRequest^>(WebRequest::Create( "http://www.contoso.com" ));
      
      /**
            * If you are behind a firewall and you do not have your browser proxy setup
            * you need to use the following proxy creation code.
      
            // Create a proxy object.
            WebProxy* myProxy = new WebProxy();
      
            // Associate a new Uri object to the _wProxy object, using the proxy address
            // selected by the user.
            myProxy.Address = new Uri(S"http://myproxy");
      
            // Finally, initialize the Web request object proxy property with the _wProxy
            // object.
            myHttpWebRequest.Proxy=myProxy;
            ***/
      // Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest
      // object to its request field.
      RequestState^ myRequestState = gcnew RequestState;
      myRequestState->request = myHttpWebRequest;
      
      // Start the asynchronous request.
      IAsyncResult^ result = dynamic_cast<IAsyncResult^>(myHttpWebRequest->BeginGetResponse( gcnew AsyncCallback( HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::RespCallback ), myRequestState ));
      
      // this line impliments the timeout, if there is a timeout, the callback fires and the request becomes aborted
      ThreadPool::RegisterWaitForSingleObject( result->AsyncWaitHandle, gcnew WaitOrTimerCallback( HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::TimeoutCallback ), myHttpWebRequest, HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::DefaultTimeOut, true );
      
      // The response came in the allowed time. The work processing will happen in the
      // callback function.
      HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse::allDone->WaitOne();
      
      // Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
      myRequestState->response->Close();
   }
   catch ( WebException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\nMain Exception raised!" );
      Console::WriteLine( "\nMessage: {0}", e->Message );
      Console::WriteLine( "\nStatus: {0}", e->Status );
      Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\nMain Exception raised!" );
      Console::WriteLine( "Source : {0} ", e->Source );
      Console::WriteLine( "Message : {0} ", e->Message );
      Console::WriteLine( "Press any key to continue.........." );
      Console::Read();
   }

}

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;


public class RequestState
{
  // This class stores the State of the request.
  const int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024;
  public StringBuilder requestData;
  public byte[] BufferRead;
  public HttpWebRequest request;
  public HttpWebResponse response;
  public Stream streamResponse;
  public RequestState()
  {
    BufferRead = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
    requestData = new StringBuilder("");
    request = null;
    streamResponse = null;
  }
}

class HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse
{
  public static ManualResetEvent allDone= new ManualResetEvent(false);
  const int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024;
  const int DefaultTimeout = 2 * 60 * 1000; // 2 minutes timeout
 
  // Abort the request if the timer fires.
  private static void TimeoutCallback(object state, bool timedOut) { 
      if (timedOut) {
          HttpWebRequest request = state as HttpWebRequest;
          if (request != null) {
              request.Abort();
          }
      }
  }

  static void Main()
  {  
   
    try
    {
      // Create a HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL. 
      HttpWebRequest myHttpWebRequest= (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com");

    
  /**
    * If you are behind a firewall and you do not have your browser proxy setup
    * you need to use the following proxy creation code.

      // Create a proxy object.
      WebProxy myProxy = new WebProxy();

      // Associate a new Uri object to the _wProxy object, using the proxy address
      // selected by the user.
      myProxy.Address = new Uri("http://myproxy");
       
        
      // Finally, initialize the Web request object proxy property with the _wProxy
      // object.
      myHttpWebRequest.Proxy=myProxy;
    ***/

      // Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest
      // object to its request field.  
      RequestState myRequestState = new RequestState();  
      myRequestState.request = myHttpWebRequest;


      // Start the asynchronous request.
      IAsyncResult result=
        (IAsyncResult) myHttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(new AsyncCallback(RespCallback),myRequestState);

      // this line implements the timeout, if there is a timeout, the callback fires and the request becomes aborted
      ThreadPool.RegisterWaitForSingleObject (result.AsyncWaitHandle, new WaitOrTimerCallback(TimeoutCallback), myHttpWebRequest, DefaultTimeout, true);

      // The response came in the allowed time. The work processing will happen in the 
      // callback function.
      allDone.WaitOne();
      
      // Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
      myRequestState.response.Close();
    }
    catch(WebException e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("\nMain Exception raised!");
      Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
      Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("\nMain Exception raised!");
      Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} " , e.Source);
      Console.WriteLine("Message :{0} " , e.Message);
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
      Console.Read();
    }
  }
  private static void RespCallback(IAsyncResult asynchronousResult)
  {  
    try
    {
      // State of request is asynchronous.
      RequestState myRequestState=(RequestState) asynchronousResult.AsyncState;
      HttpWebRequest  myHttpWebRequest=myRequestState.request;
      myRequestState.response = (HttpWebResponse) myHttpWebRequest.EndGetResponse(asynchronousResult);
      
      // Read the response into a Stream object.
      Stream responseStream = myRequestState.response.GetResponseStream();
      myRequestState.streamResponse=responseStream;
      
      // Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
      IAsyncResult asynchronousInputRead = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, new AsyncCallback(ReadCallBack), myRequestState);
      return;
    }
    catch(WebException e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("\nRespCallback Exception raised!");
      Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
      Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
    }
    allDone.Set();
  }
  private static  void ReadCallBack(IAsyncResult asyncResult)
  {
    try
    {

    RequestState myRequestState = (RequestState)asyncResult.AsyncState;
    Stream responseStream = myRequestState.streamResponse;
    int read = responseStream.EndRead( asyncResult );
    // Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
    if (read > 0)
    {
      myRequestState.requestData.Append(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, read));
      IAsyncResult asynchronousResult = responseStream.BeginRead( myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, BUFFER_SIZE, new AsyncCallback(ReadCallBack), myRequestState);
      return;
    }
    else
    {
      Console.WriteLine("\nThe contents of the Html page are : ");
      if(myRequestState.requestData.Length>1)
      {
        string stringContent;
        stringContent = myRequestState.requestData.ToString();
        Console.WriteLine(stringContent);
      }
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........");
      Console.ReadLine();
      
      responseStream.Close();
    }

    }
    catch(WebException e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("\nReadCallBack Exception raised!");
      Console.WriteLine("\nMessage:{0}",e.Message);
      Console.WriteLine("\nStatus:{0}",e.Status);
    }
    allDone.Set();

  }

Imports System.Net
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Threading

Public Class RequestState
   ' This class stores the State of the request.
   Private BUFFER_SIZE As Integer = 1024
   Public requestData As StringBuilder
   Public BufferRead() As Byte
   Public request As HttpWebRequest
   Public response As HttpWebResponse
   Public streamResponse As Stream
   
   Public Sub New()
      BufferRead = New Byte(BUFFER_SIZE) {}
      requestData = New StringBuilder("")
      request = Nothing
      streamResponse = Nothing
   End Sub
End Class 'RequestState


Class HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse

   Public Shared allDone As New ManualResetEvent(False)
   Private BUFFER_SIZE As Integer = 1024
   Private DefaultTimeout As Integer = 2 * 60 * 1000

    ' 2 minutes timeout
   ' Abort the request if the timer fires.
   Private Shared Sub TimeoutCallback(state As Object, timedOut As Boolean)
      If timedOut Then
         Dim request As HttpWebRequest = state 
        
         If Not (request Is Nothing) Then
            request.Abort()
         End If
      End If
   End Sub
   
   
   Shared Sub Main()
     
      Try
         ' Create a HttpWebrequest object to the desired URL. 
            Dim myHttpWebRequest As HttpWebRequest = WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com")
         
         ' Create an instance of the RequestState and assign the previous myHttpWebRequest
         ' object to its request field.  
         
         Dim myRequestState As New RequestState()
         myRequestState.request = myHttpWebRequest

         Dim myResponse As New HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse()
         
         ' Start the asynchronous request.
         Dim result As IAsyncResult = CType(myHttpWebRequest.BeginGetResponse(New AsyncCallback(AddressOf RespCallback), myRequestState), IAsyncResult)
         
            ' this line implements the timeout, if there is a timeout, the callback fires and the request aborts.
         ThreadPool.RegisterWaitForSingleObject(result.AsyncWaitHandle, New WaitOrTimerCallback(AddressOf TimeoutCallback), myHttpWebRequest, myResponse.DefaultTimeout, True)
         
         ' The response came in the allowed time. The work processing will happen in the 
         ' callback function.
         allDone.WaitOne()
         
         ' Release the HttpWebResponse resource.
         myRequestState.response.Close()
      Catch e As WebException
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Main Exception raised!")
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
         Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
      Catch e As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Main Exception raised!")
         Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} ", e.Source)
         Console.WriteLine("Message :{0} ", e.Message)
         Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
         Console.Read()
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub RespCallback(asynchronousResult As IAsyncResult)
      Try
         ' State of request is asynchronous.
         Dim myRequestState As RequestState = CType(asynchronousResult.AsyncState, RequestState)
         Dim myHttpWebRequest As HttpWebRequest = myRequestState.request
         myRequestState.response = CType(myHttpWebRequest.EndGetResponse(asynchronousResult), HttpWebResponse)
         
         ' Read the response into a Stream object.
         Dim responseStream As Stream = myRequestState.response.GetResponseStream()
         myRequestState.streamResponse = responseStream
         
         ' Begin the Reading of the contents of the HTML page and print it to the console.
         Dim asynchronousInputRead As IAsyncResult = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, 1024, New AsyncCallback(AddressOf ReadCallBack), myRequestState)
         Return
      Catch e As WebException
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "RespCallback Exception raised!")
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
      End Try
      allDone.Set()
   End Sub
   
   Private Shared Sub ReadCallBack(asyncResult As IAsyncResult)
      Try
         
         Dim myRequestState As RequestState = CType(asyncResult.AsyncState, RequestState)
         Dim responseStream As Stream = myRequestState.streamResponse
         Dim read As Integer = responseStream.EndRead(asyncResult)
         ' Read the HTML page and then print it to the console.
         If read > 0 Then
            myRequestState.requestData.Append(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, read))
            Dim asynchronousResult As IAsyncResult = responseStream.BeginRead(myRequestState.BufferRead, 0, 1024, New AsyncCallback(AddressOf ReadCallBack), myRequestState)
            Return
         Else
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "The contents of the Html page are : ")
            If myRequestState.requestData.Length > 1 Then
               Dim stringContent As String
               stringContent = myRequestState.requestData.ToString()
               Console.WriteLine(stringContent)
            End If
            Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue..........")
            Console.ReadLine()
            
            responseStream.Close()
         End If
      
      Catch e As WebException
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "ReadCallBack Exception raised!")
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Message:{0}", e.Message)
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Status:{0}", e.Status)
      End Try
      allDone.Set()
   End Sub
End Class 'HttpWebRequest_BeginGetResponse

Remarques

La BeginGetResponse méthode démarre une requête asynchrone pour une réponse de la ressource Internet.The BeginGetResponse method starts an asynchronous request for a response from the Internet resource. La méthode de rappel asynchrone utilise EndGetResponse la méthode pour retourner le WebResponseréel.The asynchronous callback method uses the EndGetResponse method to return the actual WebResponse.

Une ProtocolViolationException exception est levée dans plusieurs cas lorsque les propriétés définies sur HttpWebRequest la classe sont en conflit.A ProtocolViolationException is thrown in several cases when the properties set on the HttpWebRequest class are conflicting. Cette exception se produit si une application affecte ContentLength à la propriété SendChunked et à truela propriété la valeur, puis envoie une requête http.This exception occurs if an application sets the ContentLength property and the SendChunked property to true, and then sends an HTTP GET request. Cette exception se produit si une application tente d’envoyer un segment à un serveur qui ne prend en charge que le protocole HTTP 1,0, où cela n’est pas pris en charge.This exception occurs if an application tries to send chunked to a server that only supports HTTP 1.0 protocol, where this is not supported. Cette exception se produit si une application tente d’envoyer des données sans ContentLength définir la propriété SendChunked ou false si est lorsque la mise en mémoire tampon est désactivée KeepAlive et sur trueune connexion KeepAlive (la propriété a la valeur)..This exception occurs if an application tries to send data without setting the ContentLength property or the SendChunked is false when buffering is disabled and on a keepalive connection (the KeepAlive property is true).

Si une WebException exception est levée, utilisez Response les Status propriétés et de l’exception pour déterminer la réponse du serveur.If a WebException is thrown, use the Response and Status properties of the exception to determine the response from the server.

La BeginGetResponse méthode nécessite des tâches d’installation synchrones (résolution DNS, détection de proxy et connexion de socket TCP, par exemple) avant que cette méthode devienne asynchrone.The BeginGetResponse method requires some synchronous setup tasks to complete (DNS resolution, proxy detection, and TCP socket connection, for example) before this method becomes asynchronous. Par conséquent, cette méthode ne doit jamais être appelée sur un thread d’interface utilisateur, car elle peut prendre beaucoup de temps (jusqu’à plusieurs minutes en fonction des paramètres réseau) pour effectuer les tâches d’installation synchrones initiales avant qu’une exception ne soit levée pour une erreur ou la méthode est réussie.As a result, this method should never be called on a user interface (UI) thread because it might take considerable time (up to several minutes depending on network settings) to complete the initial synchronous setup tasks before an exception for an error is thrown or the method succeeds.

Pour en savoir plus sur le pool de threads, consultez pool de threads managés.To learn more about the thread pool, see The managed thread pool.

Notes

Votre application ne peut pas mélanger des méthodes synchrones et asynchrones pour une requête particulière.Your application cannot mix synchronous and asynchronous methods for a particular request. Si vous appelez la BeginGetRequestStream méthode, vous devez utiliser la BeginGetResponse méthode pour récupérer la réponse.If you call the BeginGetRequestStream method, you must use the BeginGetResponse method to retrieve the response.

Notes

Ce membre génère des informations de traçage lorsque vous activez le traçage réseau dans votre application.This member outputs trace information when you enable network tracing in your application. Pour plus d’informations, consultez la page traçage réseau dans le .NET Framework.For more information, see Network Tracing in the .NET Framework.

S’applique à

Voir aussi