BigInteger.DivRem(BigInteger, BigInteger, BigInteger) Méthode

Définition

Divise une valeur BigInteger par une autre, retourne le résultat, puis retourne le modulo dans un paramètre de sortie.Divides one BigInteger value by another, returns the result, and returns the remainder in an output parameter.

public:
 static System::Numerics::BigInteger DivRem(System::Numerics::BigInteger dividend, System::Numerics::BigInteger divisor, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::Numerics::BigInteger % remainder);
public static System.Numerics.BigInteger DivRem (System.Numerics.BigInteger dividend, System.Numerics.BigInteger divisor, out System.Numerics.BigInteger remainder);
static member DivRem : System.Numerics.BigInteger * System.Numerics.BigInteger * BigInteger -> System.Numerics.BigInteger
Public Shared Function DivRem (dividend As BigInteger, divisor As BigInteger, ByRef remainder As BigInteger) As BigInteger

Paramètres

dividend
BigInteger

Valeur à diviser.The value to be divided.

divisor
BigInteger

Valeur par laquelle diviser.The value to divide by.

remainder
BigInteger

Lorsque cette méthode est retournée, contient une valeur BigInteger qui représente le modulo de la division.When this method returns, contains a BigInteger value that represents the remainder from the division. Ce paramètre est passé sans être initialisé.This parameter is passed uninitialized.

Retours

Quotient de la division.The quotient of the division.

Exceptions

divisor est égal à 0 (zéro).divisor is 0 (zero).

Exemples

L’exemple suivant crée un tableau de valeurs BigInteger.The following example creates an array of BigInteger values. Il utilise ensuite chaque élément comme quotient dans une opération de division qui utilise la méthode Divide, l’opérateur de division (/) et la méthode DivRem.It then uses each element as the quotient in a division operation that uses the Divide method, the division operator (/), and the DivRem method.

using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      BigInteger divisor = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2);
      
      BigInteger[] dividends = { BigInteger.Multiply((BigInteger) Single.MaxValue, 2), 
                                 BigInteger.Parse("90612345123875509091827560007100099"), 
                                 BigInteger.One, 
                                 BigInteger.Multiply(Int32.MaxValue, Int64.MaxValue),
                                 divisor + BigInteger.One };

      // Divide each dividend by divisor in three different ways.
      foreach (BigInteger dividend in dividends)
      {
         BigInteger quotient;
         BigInteger remainder = 0;
         
         Console.WriteLine("Dividend: {0:N0}", dividend);
         Console.WriteLine("Divisor:  {0:N0}", divisor);
         Console.WriteLine("Results:");
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Divide method:     {0:N0}", 
                           BigInteger.Divide(dividend, divisor));
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Division operator: {0:N0}", 
                           dividend / divisor);
         quotient = BigInteger.DivRem(dividend, divisor, out remainder);
         Console.WriteLine("   Using DivRem method:     {0:N0}, remainder {1:N0}", 
                           quotient, remainder);

         Console.WriteLine();
      }            
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Dividend: 680,564,693,277,057,719,623,408,366,969,033,850,880
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     7
//       Using Division operator: 7
//       Using DivRem method:     7, remainder 85,070,551,165,415,408,691,630,012,479,406,342,137
//    
//    Dividend: 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//    
//    Dividend: 1
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 1
//    
//    Dividend: 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//    
//    Dividend: 85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,250
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     1
//       Using Division operator: 1
//       Using DivRem method:     1, remainder 1
Imports System.Numerics

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim divisor As BigInteger = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2)
      
      Dim dividends() As BigInteger = { BigInteger.Multiply(CType(Single.MaxValue, BigInteger), 2), 
                                        BigInteger.Parse("90612345123875509091827560007100099"), 
                                        BigInteger.One, 
                                        BigInteger.Multiply(Int32.MaxValue, Int64.MaxValue),
                                        divisor + BigInteger.One }

      ' Divide each dividend by divisor in three different ways.
      For Each dividend As BigInteger In dividends
         Dim quotient As BigInteger
         Dim remainder As BigInteger = 0
         
         ' Divide using division operator.
         Console.WriteLine("Dividend: {0:N0}", dividend)
         Console.WriteLine("Divisor:  {0:N0}", divisor)
         Console.WriteLine("Results:")
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Divide method:     {0:N0}", 
                           BigInteger.Divide(dividend, divisor))
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Division operator: {0:N0}", 
                           dividend / divisor)
         quotient = BigInteger.DivRem(dividend, divisor, remainder)
         Console.WriteLine("   Using DivRem method:     {0:N0}, remainder {1:N0}", 
                           quotient, remainder)
         
         Console.WriteLine()         
      Next                                        
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Dividend: 680,564,693,277,057,719,623,408,366,969,033,850,880
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     7
'       Using Division operator: 7
'       Using DivRem method:     7, remainder 85,070,551,165,415,408,691,630,012,479,406,342,137
'    
'    Dividend: 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
'    
'    Dividend: 1
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 1
'    
'    Dividend: 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     0
'       Using Division operator: 0
'       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
'    
'    Dividend: 85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,250
'    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
'    Results:
'       Using Divide method:     1
'       Using Division operator: 1
'       Using DivRem method:     1, remainder 1

Remarques

Cette méthode conserve à la fois le quotient et le reste qui résultent de la Division d’entier.This method preserves both the quotient and the remainder that results from integer division. Si vous n’êtes pas intéressé par le reste, utilisez la méthode Divide ou l’opérateur de division ; Si vous êtes uniquement intéressé par le reste, utilisez la méthode Remainder.If you are not interested in the remainder, use the Divide method or the division operator; if you are only interested in the remainder, use the Remainder method.

Le signe de la valeur remainder retournée est le même que le signe du paramètre dividend.The sign of the returned remainder value is the same as the sign of the dividend parameter.

Le comportement de la méthode DivRem est identique à celui de la méthode Math.DivRem.The behavior of the DivRem method is identical to that of the Math.DivRem method.

S’applique à