TypeBuilder.CreateType Méthode

Définition

Crée un objet Type pour la classe.Creates a Type object for the class. Après avoir défini les champs et les méthodes sur la classe, CreateType est appelé pour charger son objet Type.After defining fields and methods on the class, CreateType is called in order to load its Type object.

public:
 Type ^ CreateType();
public Type CreateType ();
member this.CreateType : unit -> Type
Public Function CreateType () As Type

Retours

Retourne le nouvel objet Type pour cette classe.Returns the new Type object for this class.

Exceptions

Le type englobant n’a pas été créé.The enclosing type has not been created.

- ou --or-

Ce type est non abstrait et contient une méthode abstraite.This type is non-abstract and contains an abstract method.

- ou --or-

Ce type n’est pas une classe abstraite ni une interface et contient une méthode sans corps de méthode.This type is not an abstract class or an interface and has a method without a method body.

Contenu d’étiquette incorrect dans ILGenerator : Vous avez défini une étiquette sans appeler MarkLabel(Label).Bad label content in ILGenerator: You have defined a label without calling MarkLabel(Label).

Le type contient un code MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) non valide.The type contains invalid Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code.

- ou --or-

La cible de branche est spécifiée à l’aide d’un offset de 1 octet, mais la cible est à une distance supérieure à 127 octets de la branche.The branch target is specified using a 1-byte offset, but the target is at a distance greater than 127 bytes from the branch.

Impossible de charger le type.The type cannot be loaded. Par exemple, il contient une méthode static avec la convention d’appel HasThis.For example, it contains a static method that has the calling convention HasThis.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment définir un gestionnaire d’événements pour l’événement AppDomain.TypeResolve, afin d’appeler la méthode CreateType sur un type imbriqué pendant un appel de CreateType sur le type englobant.The following code example shows how to define an event handler for the AppDomain.TypeResolve event, in order to call the CreateType method on a nested type during a CreateType call on the enclosing type.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Resources;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::IO;

// Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
ref class TypeResolveHandler
{
private:
   Module^ m_Module;

public:
   TypeResolveHandler( Module^ mod )
   {
      m_Module = mod;
   }

   Assembly^ ResolveEvent( Object^ sender, ResolveEventArgs^ args );
};

ref class NestedEnum
{
internal:
   static TypeBuilder^ enumType = nullptr;
   static Type^ tNested = nullptr;
   static Type^ tNesting = nullptr;

public:
   static void Main()
   {
      AssemblyName^ asmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
      asmName->Name = "NestedEnum";
      AssemblyBuilder^ asmBuild = Thread::GetDomain()->DefineDynamicAssembly( asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::RunAndSave );
      ModuleBuilder^ modBuild = asmBuild->DefineDynamicModule( "ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll" );
      
      // Hook up the event listening.
      TypeResolveHandler^ typeResolveHandler = gcnew TypeResolveHandler( modBuild );
      
      // Add a listener for the type resolve events.
      AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
      ResolveEventHandler^ resolveHandler = gcnew ResolveEventHandler( typeResolveHandler, &TypeResolveHandler::ResolveEvent );
      currentDomain->TypeResolve += resolveHandler;
      TypeBuilder^ tb = modBuild->DefineType( "AType", TypeAttributes::Public );
      TypeBuilder^ eb = tb->DefineNestedType( "AnEnum", static_cast<TypeAttributes>(TypeAttributes::NestedPublic | TypeAttributes::Sealed), Enum::typeid, 0 );
      eb->DefineField( "value__", int::typeid, static_cast<FieldAttributes>(FieldAttributes::Private | FieldAttributes::SpecialName) );
      FieldBuilder^ fb = eb->DefineField( "Field1", eb, static_cast<FieldAttributes>(FieldAttributes::Public | FieldAttributes::Literal | FieldAttributes::Static) );
      fb->SetConstant( 1 );
      enumType = eb;
      
      // Comment out this field.
      // When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
      // of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
      // nested type is completed.
      tb->DefineField( "Field2", eb, FieldAttributes::Public );
      tNesting = tb->CreateType();
      if ( tNesting == nullptr )
            Console::WriteLine( "NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!" );

      try
      {
         tNested = eb->CreateType();
         if ( tNested == nullptr )
                  Console::WriteLine( "NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!" );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ) 
      {
         
         // This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
      }

      if ( tNested != nullptr )
      {
         Type^ x = tNested->DeclaringType;
         if ( x == nullptr )
                  Console::WriteLine( "Declaring type is null." );
         else
                  Console::WriteLine( x->Name );
      }

      asmBuild->Save( "NestedEnum.dll" );
      
      // Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
      currentDomain->TypeResolve -= resolveHandler;
   }

};

Assembly^ TypeResolveHandler::ResolveEvent( Object^ sender, ResolveEventArgs^ args )
{
   Console::WriteLine( args->Name );
   
   // Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
   try
   {
      NestedEnum::tNested = NestedEnum::enumType->CreateType();
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ) 
   {
      
      // This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
      // Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
      // and the type might be complete already.
   }

   
   // Complete the type.
   return m_Module->Assembly;
}

int main()
{
   NestedEnum::Main();
}


using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
using System.Threading;
using System.Text;
using System.Resources;
using System.Collections;
using System.IO;

internal class NestedEnum {    
    internal static TypeBuilder enumType = null;
    internal static Type tNested = null;   
    internal static Type tNesting = null;

    public static void Main(String[] args) {
    AssemblyName asmName = new AssemblyName();
    asmName.Name = "NestedEnum";
    AssemblyBuilder asmBuild = Thread.GetDomain().DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave);
    ModuleBuilder modBuild = asmBuild.DefineDynamicModule("ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll");       

    // Hook up the event listening.
    TypeResolveHandler typeResolveHandler = new TypeResolveHandler(modBuild);
    // Add a listener for the type resolve events.
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    ResolveEventHandler resolveHandler = new ResolveEventHandler(typeResolveHandler.ResolveEvent);
    currentDomain.TypeResolve += resolveHandler;

    TypeBuilder tb = modBuild.DefineType("AType", TypeAttributes.Public);
    TypeBuilder eb = tb.DefineNestedType("AnEnum", TypeAttributes.NestedPublic | TypeAttributes.Sealed, typeof(Enum), null);
    eb.DefineField("value__", typeof(int), FieldAttributes.Private | FieldAttributes.SpecialName);
    FieldBuilder fb = eb.DefineField("Field1", eb, FieldAttributes.Public | FieldAttributes.Literal | FieldAttributes.Static);
    fb.SetConstant(1);

    enumType = eb;

    // Comment out this field.
    // When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
    // of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
    // nested type is completed.
    tb.DefineField("Field2", eb, FieldAttributes.Public);        

    tNesting = tb.CreateType();
    if (tNesting == null)
        Console.WriteLine("NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!");	

    try {
        tNested = eb.CreateType();
        if (tNested == null)
        Console.WriteLine("NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!");	
    }
    catch {
        // This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
    }

    if (tNested != null) {
        Type x = tNested.DeclaringType;
        if (x == null)
        Console.WriteLine("Declaring type was null.");
        else 
        Console.WriteLine(x.Name);
    }

    asmBuild.Save( "NestedEnum.dll" );

    // Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
    currentDomain.TypeResolve -= resolveHandler;
    }
}

// Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
internal class TypeResolveHandler 
{
    private Module m_Module;

    public TypeResolveHandler(Module mod)
    {
    m_Module = mod;
    }

    public Assembly ResolveEvent(Object sender, ResolveEventArgs args)
    {
    Console.WriteLine(args.Name);
    // Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
    try {
        NestedEnum.tNested = NestedEnum.enumType.CreateType();
    }
    catch {
        // This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
        // Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
        // and the type might be complete already.
    }

    // Complete the type.		    
    return m_Module.Assembly;
    }
}
    
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Resources
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.IO

Friend Class NestedEnum
   Friend Shared enumType As TypeBuilder = Nothing
   Friend Shared tNested As Type = Nothing
   Friend Shared tNesting As Type = Nothing
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim asmName As New AssemblyName()
      asmName.Name = "NestedEnum"
      Dim asmBuild As AssemblyBuilder = Thread.GetDomain().DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave)
      Dim modBuild As ModuleBuilder = asmBuild.DefineDynamicModule("ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll")
      
      ' Hook up the event listening.
      Dim typeResolveHandler As New TypeResolveHandler(modBuild)
      ' Add a listener for the type resolve events.
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim resolveHandler As ResolveEventHandler = AddressOf typeResolveHandler.ResolveEvent
      AddHandler currentDomain.TypeResolve, resolveHandler 
      
      Dim tb As TypeBuilder = modBuild.DefineType("AType", TypeAttributes.Public)
      Dim eb As TypeBuilder = tb.DefineNestedType("AnEnum", TypeAttributes.NestedPublic Or TypeAttributes.Sealed, GetType([Enum]))
      eb.DefineField("value__", GetType(Integer), FieldAttributes.Private Or FieldAttributes.SpecialName)
      Dim fb As FieldBuilder = eb.DefineField("Field1", eb, FieldAttributes.Public Or FieldAttributes.Literal Or FieldAttributes.Static)
      fb.SetConstant(1)
      
      enumType = eb
      
      ' Comment out this field.
      ' When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
      ' of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
      ' nested type is completed.
      tb.DefineField("Field2", eb, FieldAttributes.Public)
      
      tNesting = tb.CreateType()
      If tNesting Is Nothing Then
         Console.WriteLine("NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!")
      End If 
      Try
         tNested = eb.CreateType()
         If tNested Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!")
         End If
      Catch
      End Try ' This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
      
      If Not (tNested Is Nothing) Then
         Dim x As Type = tNested.DeclaringType
         If x Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("Declaring type is Nothing.")
         Else
            Console.WriteLine(x.Name)
         End If
      End If 
      asmBuild.Save("NestedEnum.dll")
      
      ' Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
      RemoveHandler currentDomain.TypeResolve, resolveHandler 
   End Sub
End Class


' Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
Friend Class TypeResolveHandler
   Private m_Module As [Module]
   
   
   Public Sub New([mod] As [Module])
      m_Module = [mod]
   End Sub
   
   
   Public Function ResolveEvent(sender As [Object], args As ResolveEventArgs) As [Assembly]
      Console.WriteLine(args.Name)
      ' Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
      Try
         NestedEnum.tNested = NestedEnum.enumType.CreateType()
      Catch
      End Try ' This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
      ' Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
      ' and the type might be complete already.
      
      ' Complete the type.		    
      Return m_Module.Assembly
   End Function 'ResolveEvent
End Class

Remarques

Si ce type est un type imbriqué, la méthode CreateType doit être appelée sur le type englobant avant d’être appelée sur le type imbriqué.If this type is a nested type, the CreateType method must be called on the enclosing type before it is called on the nested type.

Si le type actuel dérive d’un type incomplet ou implémente des interfaces incomplètes, appelez la méthode CreateType sur le type parent et les types d’interface avant de l’appeler sur le type actuel.If the current type derives from an incomplete type or implements incomplete interfaces, call the CreateType method on the parent type and the interface types before calling it on the current type.

Si le type englobant contient un champ qui est un type valeur défini en tant que type imbriqué (par exemple, un champ qui est une énumération définie en tant que type imbriqué), l’appel de la méthode CreateType sur le type englobant génère un événement AppDomain.TypeResolve.If the enclosing type contains a field that is a value type defined as a nested type (for example, a field that is an enumeration defined as a nested type), calling the CreateType method on the enclosing type will generate a AppDomain.TypeResolve event. Cela est dû au fait que le chargeur ne peut pas déterminer la taille du type englobant tant que le type imbriqué n’est pas terminé.This is because the loader cannot determine the size of the enclosing type until the nested type has been completed. L’appelant doit définir un gestionnaire pour l’événement TypeResolve pour terminer la définition du type imbriqué en appelant CreateType sur l’objet TypeBuilder qui représente le type imbriqué.The caller should define a handler for the TypeResolve event to complete the definition of the nested type by calling CreateType on the TypeBuilder object that represents the nested type. L’exemple de code de cette rubrique montre comment définir un gestionnaire d’événements de ce type.The code example for this topic shows how to define such an event handler.

Un type n’est créé qu’une seule fois, quel que soit le nombre de fois que la méthode CreateType est appelée.A type is created only once, no matter how many times the CreateType method is called. Tous les appels retournent le même Type objet.All calls return the same Type object.

S’applique à