FieldInfo.IsInitOnly Propriété

Définition

Obtient une valeur indiquant si le champ peut uniquement être défini dans le corps du constructeur.Gets a value indicating whether the field can only be set in the body of the constructor.

public:
 property bool IsInitOnly { bool get(); };
public bool IsInitOnly { get; }
member this.IsInitOnly : bool
Public ReadOnly Property IsInitOnly As Boolean

Valeur de propriété

Boolean

true si l'attribut InitOnly du champ est défini ; sinon, false.true if the field has the InitOnly attribute set; otherwise, false.

Implémente

Exemples

Dans l’exemple suivant, deux champs sont créés.In the following example, two fields are created. Le deuxième champ est en lecture seule, n’a pas d’accesseur Set et IsInitOnly a la valeur true .The second field is read-only, having no set accessor, and IsInitOnly is set to true.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

//Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
public ref class Myfielda
{
public:
   String^ field;
   Myfielda()
      : field( "A - public field" )
   {}


   property String^ Field 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return field;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         if ( field != value )
         {
            field = value;
         }
      }

   }

};

public ref class Myfieldb
{
private:
   String^ const field;

public:
   Myfieldb()
      : field( "B - readonly field" )
   {}


   property String^ Field 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return field;
      }

   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\nReflection.FieldInfo" );
   Myfielda^ myfielda = gcnew Myfielda;
   Myfieldb^ myfieldb = gcnew Myfieldb;
   
   //Get the Type and FieldInfo.
   Type^ MyTypea = Type::GetType( "Myfielda" );
   FieldInfo^ Myfieldinfoa = MyTypea->GetField( "field", static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::Public | BindingFlags::Instance) );
   Type^ MyTypeb = Type::GetType( "Myfieldb" );
   FieldInfo^ Myfieldinfob = MyTypeb->GetField( "field", static_cast<BindingFlags>(BindingFlags::NonPublic | BindingFlags::Instance) );
   
   //Modify the fields.
   //Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
   //read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
   myfielda->field = "A- modified";
   
   //Myfieldb.field = "B- modified";
   //For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
   Console::Write( "\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypea->FullName, Myfieldinfoa->GetValue( myfielda ), Myfieldinfoa->IsInitOnly );
   
   //For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
   Console::Write( "\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypeb->FullName, Myfieldinfob->GetValue( myfieldb ), Myfieldinfob->IsInitOnly );
   return 0;
}


using System;
using System.Reflection;

 //Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
public class Myfielda
{
    public string field = "A - public modifiable field";
}
public class Myfieldb
{
    public readonly string field = "B - readonly field";
}

public class Myfieldinfo
{
    public static int Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\nReflection.FieldInfo");
        Myfielda Myfielda = new Myfielda();
        Myfieldb Myfieldb = new Myfieldb();

        //Get the Type and FieldInfo.
        Type MyTypea = typeof(Myfielda);
        FieldInfo Myfieldinfoa = MyTypea.GetField("field",
            BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);
        Type MyTypeb = typeof(Myfieldb);
        FieldInfo Myfieldinfob = MyTypeb.GetField("field",
            BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance);

        //Modify the fields.
        //Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
        //read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
        Myfielda.field = "A - modified";
        //Myfieldb.field = "B - modified";

        //For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.Write("\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ",
            MyTypea.FullName,
            Myfieldinfoa.GetValue(Myfielda),
            Myfieldinfoa.IsInitOnly);

        //For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.Write("\n{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ",
            MyTypeb.FullName,
            Myfieldinfob.GetValue(Myfieldb),
            Myfieldinfob.IsInitOnly);

        return 0;
    }
}
Imports System.Reflection

'Make two fields, one public and one read-only.
Public Class Myfielda
    Public field As String = "A - public modifiable field"
End Class

Public Class Myfieldb
    Public ReadOnly field As String = "B - readonly field"
End Class

Public Class Myfieldinfo
    Public Shared Function Main() As Integer
        Console.WriteLine("Reflection.FieldInfo")
        Console.WriteLine()
        Dim Myfielda As New Myfielda()
        Dim Myfieldb As New Myfieldb()

        'Get the Type and FieldInfo.
        Dim MyTypea As Type = GetType(Myfielda)
        Dim Myfieldinfoa As FieldInfo = MyTypea.GetField("field", _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance)
        Dim MyTypeb As Type = GetType(Myfieldb)
        Dim Myfieldinfob As FieldInfo = MyTypeb.GetField("field", _
            BindingFlags.Public Or BindingFlags.Instance)

        'Modify the fields.
        'Note that Myfieldb is not modified, as it is
        'read-only (IsInitOnly is True).
        Myfielda.field = "A - modified"
        'For the first field, get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypea.FullName, _
            Myfieldinfoa.GetValue(Myfielda), Myfieldinfoa.IsInitOnly)
        'For the second field get and display the name, field, and IsInitOnly state.
        Console.WriteLine("{0} - {1}, IsInitOnly = {2} ", MyTypeb.FullName, _
            Myfieldinfob.GetValue(Myfieldb), Myfieldinfob.IsInitOnly)

        Return 0
    End Function 'Main
End Class

Ce code génère la sortie suivante :This code produces the following output:

Reflection.FieldInfo  

Myfielda - A- modified, IsInitOnly = False  

Myfieldb - B readonly field, IsInitOnly = True

Remarques

Si la valeur retournée est true , le champ peut uniquement être initialisé, et est en lecture seule par la suite.If the returned value is true, the field can only be initialized, and is read-only thereafter.

Pour récupérer la IsInitOnly propriété, commencez par récupérer la classe Type .To get the IsInitOnly property, first get the class Type. À partir de la Type , récupérez le FieldInfo .From the Type, get the FieldInfo. À partir de la FieldInfo , récupérez la IsInitOnly propriété.From the FieldInfo, get the IsInitOnly property. Pour accéder à un champ non public, effectuez une combinaison BindingFlags.NonPublic avec, ou les deux, BindingFlags.Static et BindingFlags.Instance dans la GetField méthode.To access a non-public field, combine BindingFlags.NonPublic with either or both of BindingFlags.Static and BindingFlags.Instance in the GetField method.

La IsInitOnly propriété est définie lorsque l' FieldAttributes.InitOnly attribut est défini.The IsInitOnly property is set when the FieldAttributes.InitOnly attribute is set.

S’applique à

Voir aussi