AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute Classe

Définition

Permet à un assembly d'être appelé par du code d'un niveau de confiance partiel.Allows an assembly to be called by partially trusted code. Sans cette déclaration, seuls des appelants présentant un niveau de confiance suffisant sont en mesure d'utiliser l'assembly.Without this declaration, only fully trusted callers are able to use the assembly. Cette classe ne peut pas être héritée.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Assembly, AllowMultiple=false, Inherited=false)]
public sealed class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute : Attribute
public sealed class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Assembly, AllowMultiple=false, Inherited=false)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute : Attribute
type AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Héritage
AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute
Attributs

Exemples

L'exemple suivant illustre la classe AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.The following example shows how to use the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute class.

// The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
//
//  <OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
//  height="300" style="font-size:12;">
// To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and
// a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.
// The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
// Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the
// requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified
// resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore,
// it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert
// command to restore the security settings.
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Data.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Data;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Runtime::CompilerServices;

// This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.
// The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
// This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
// Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.
// The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

[assembly:AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")];
[assembly:AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")];
[assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers];
public ref class UserControl1: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
private:
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ textBox1;
   System::Windows::Forms::ListBox^ listBox1;

   // Required designer variable.
   System::ComponentModel::Container^ components;

public:
// Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
[ZoneIdentityPermission(SecurityAction::Demand, Zone = SecurityZone::Intranet)]
   UserControl1()
   {
      
      // This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
      InitializeComponent();
      
      // The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
      OpenFileDialog^ fileDialog = gcnew OpenFileDialog;
      if ( fileDialog->ShowDialog() == DialogResult::OK )
      {
         
         // Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
         // and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
         // have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
         // control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
         // that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
         // The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
         // inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
         // The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
         // is completed.
         (gcnew FileIOPermission( PermissionState::Unrestricted ))->Assert();
         textBox1->Text = fileDialog->FileName;

         // Display the contents of the file in the text box.
         FileStream^ fsIn = gcnew FileStream( textBox1->Text,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read,FileShare::Read );
         StreamReader^ sr = gcnew StreamReader( fsIn );
         
         // Process every line in the file
         for ( String ^ Line = sr->ReadLine(); Line != nullptr; Line = sr->ReadLine() )
         {
            listBox1->Items->Add( Line );

         }

         // file operations.
         FileIOPermission::RevertAssert();
      }
   }

private:

   /// <summary>
   /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
   /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
   /// </summary>
   void InitializeComponent()
   {
      this->textBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->listBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ListBox;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      
      // 
      // textBox1
      // 
      this->textBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 208, 112 );
      this->textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
      this->textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 320, 20 );
      this->textBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->textBox1->Text = "textBox1";
      this->textBox1->TextChanged += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&UserControl1::textBox1_TextChanged );
      
      // 
      // listBox1
      // 
      this->listBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 200, 184 );
      this->listBox1->Name = "listBox1";
      this->listBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 336, 108 );
      this->listBox1->TabIndex = 1;
      
      // 
      // UserControl1
      // 
      this->Controls->Add( this->listBox1 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->textBox1 );
      this->Name = "UserControl1";
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 592, 400 );
      this->Load += gcnew System::EventHandler( this,&UserControl1::UserControl1_Load );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

   void UserControl1_Load( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ ){}

   void textBox1_TextChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ ){}

};

// The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
//
//		<OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
//		height="300" style="font-size:12;">

// To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and 
// a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.

// The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
// the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
// contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

// Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the 
// requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified 
// resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore, 
// it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert 
// command to restore the security settings.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Data;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;
using System.Security;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

// This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.
[assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")]
[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")]

// The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
// This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
// Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.
[assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]
namespace UserControl
{
    // The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
    // the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
    // contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
    public class UserControl1 : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox listBox1;
        // Required designer variable.
        private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

              // Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
              [ZoneIdentityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Zone = SecurityZone.Intranet)]
        public UserControl1()
        {
            // This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
            InitializeComponent();

            // The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
            OpenFileDialog fileDialog = new OpenFileDialog();
            if(fileDialog.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                // Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
                // and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
                // have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
                // control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
                // that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
                // The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
                // inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
                // The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
                // is completed.
                new FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted).Assert();
                textBox1.Text = fileDialog.FileName;
                // Display the contents of the file in the text box.
                FileStream fsIn = new FileStream(textBox1.Text, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, 
                    FileShare.Read);
                StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(fsIn);
            
                // Process every line in the file
                for (String Line = sr.ReadLine(); Line != null; Line = sr.ReadLine()) 
                {
                    listBox1.Items.Add(Line);
                }
                // It is very important to call RevertAssert to restore the stack walk for
                // file operations.
                FileIOPermission.RevertAssert();
            }
        }

        // Clean up any resources being used.
        protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
        {
            if( disposing )
            {
                if( components != null )
                    components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose( disposing );
        }

        #region Component Designer generated code
        /// <summary>
        /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
        /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
        /// </summary>
        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
            this.listBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // textBox1
            // 
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(208, 112);
            this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(320, 20);
            this.textBox1.TabIndex = 0;
            this.textBox1.Text = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.TextChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.textBox1_TextChanged);
            // 
            // listBox1
            // 
            this.listBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(200, 184);
            this.listBox1.Name = "listBox1";
            this.listBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(336, 108);
            this.listBox1.TabIndex = 1;
            // 
            // UserControl1
            // 
            this.Controls.Add(this.listBox1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
            this.Name = "UserControl1";
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(592, 400);
            this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.UserControl1_Load);
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
        }
        #endregion

        private void UserControl1_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
        }

        private void textBox1_TextChanged(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
        }
    }
}
' The following HTML code can be used to call the user control in this sample.
'
'		<OBJECT id="usercontrol" classid="usercontrol.dll#UserControl.UserControl1" width="800"
'		height="300" style="font-size:12;">
' To run this test control you must create a strong name key, snkey.snk, and 
' a code group that gives full trust to assemblies signed with snkey.snk.
' The user control displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
' the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
' contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.
' Caution  This sample demonstrates the use of the Assert method.  Calling Assert removes the 
' requirement that all code in the call chain must be granted permission to access the specified 
' resource, it can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or inappropriately. Therefore, 
' it should be used with great caution.  Assert should always be followed with a RevertAssert 
' command to restore the security settings.

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

' This strong name key is used to create a code group that gives permissions to this assembly.

<Assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("snKey.snk")> 

<Assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")> 
' The AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute requires the assembly to be signed with a strong name key.
' This attribute is necessary since the control is called by either an intranet or Internet
' Web page that should be running under restricted permissions.

<Assembly: AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers()> 

' The userControl1 displays an OpenFileDialog box, then displays a text box containing the name of 
' the file selected and a list box that displays the contents of the file.  The selected file must 
' contain text in order for the control to display the data properly.

'Demand the zone requirement for the calling application.
<ZoneIdentityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Zone:=SecurityZone.Intranet)> _
Public Class UserControl1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    Private WithEvents textBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
    Private listBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox
    ' Required designer variable.
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.Container = Nothing


    Public Sub New()
        ' This call is required by the Windows.Forms Form Designer.
        InitializeComponent()

        ' The OpenFileDialog box should not require any special permissions.
        Dim fileDialog As New OpenFileDialog
        If fileDialog.ShowDialog() = DialogResult.OK Then
            ' Reading the name of the selected file from the OpenFileDialog box
            ' and reading the file requires FileIOPermission.  The user control should 
            ' have this permission granted through its code group; the Web page that calls the 
            ' control should not have this permission.  The Assert command prevents a stack walk 
            ' that would fail because the caller does not have the required FileIOPermission.  
            ' The use of Assert can open up security vulnerabilities if used incorrectly or 
            ' inappropriately. Therefore, it should be used with great caution.
            ' The Assert command should be followed by a RevertAssert as soon as the file operation 
            ' is completed.
            Dim fileIOPermission As New FileIOPermission(PermissionState.Unrestricted)
            fileIOPermission.Assert()
            textBox1.Text = fileDialog.FileName
            ' Display the contents of the file in the text box.
            Dim fsIn As New FileStream(textBox1.Text, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read)
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(fsIn)

            ' Process every line in the file
            Dim Line As String
            Line = sr.ReadLine()
            While Not (Line Is Nothing)
                listBox1.Items.Add(Line)
                Line = sr.ReadLine()
            End While
            ' It is very important to call RevertAssert to restore the stack walk for
            ' file operations.
            fileIOPermission.RevertAssert()
        End If
    End Sub


    ' Clean up any resources being used.
    Protected Overloads Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                components.Dispose()
            End If
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub


    ' Required method for Designer support - do not modify 
    ' the contents of this method with the code editor.
    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.textBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.listBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        ' 
        ' textBox1
        ' 
        Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(208, 112)
        Me.textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
        Me.textBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(320, 20)
        Me.textBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.textBox1.Text = "textBox1"
        ' 
        ' listBox1
        ' 
        Me.listBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(200, 184)
        Me.listBox1.Name = "listBox1"
        Me.listBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(336, 108)
        Me.listBox1.TabIndex = 1
        ' 
        ' UserControl1
        ' 
        Me.Controls.Add(listBox1)
        Me.Controls.Add(textBox1)
        Me.Name = "UserControl1"
        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(592, 400)
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Private Sub UserControl1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load
    End Sub

    Private Sub textBox1_TextChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.TextChanged
    End Sub
End Class

Remarques

Important

Le code partiellement fiable n’est plus pris en charge.Partially trusted code is no longer supported. Cet attribut n’a aucun effet dans .NET Core.This attribute has no effect in .NET Core.

Notes

L' .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 introduit de nouvelles règles de sécurité qui affectent le comportement de l’attribut AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (consultez code transparent de sécurité, niveau 2).The .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 introduces new security rules that affect the behavior of the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute attribute (see Security-Transparent Code, Level 2). Dans le .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4, l’ensemble du code est défini par défaut sur la sécurité, autrement dit, de confiance partielle.In the .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4, all code defaults to security-transparent, that is, partially trusted. Toutefois, vous pouvez annoter des types et des membres individuels pour leur assigner d’autres attributs de transparence.However, you can annotate individual types and members to assign them other transparency attributes. Pour cela et d’autres modifications de sécurité, consultez modifications de sécurité.For this and other security changes, see Security Changes.

Les assemblys .NET Framework version 2,0 () doivent avoir un nom fort pour utiliser efficacement l’attribut AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA)..NET Framework version 2.0 () assemblies must be strong-named to effectively use the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA) attribute. les assemblys .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 () ne doivent pas nécessairement avoir un nom fort pour que l’attribut APTCA soit effectif, et ils peuvent contenir du code transparent, critique de sécurité et critique sécurisé..NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 () assemblies do not have to be strong-named for the APTCA attribute to be effective, and they can contain transparent, security-critical and security-safe-critical code. Pour plus d’informations sur l’application d’attributs au niveau de l’assembly, consultez application d’attributs.For more information about applying attributes at the assembly level, see Applying Attributes.

Par défaut, si un assembly avec nom fort n’applique pas explicitement cet attribut au niveau de l’assembly, il ne peut être appelé que par d’autres assemblys disposant d’une confiance totale.By default, if a strong-named, assembly does not explicitly apply this attribute at the assembly level, it can be called only by other assemblies that are granted full trust. Cette restriction est appliquée en plaçant un LinkDemand pour FullTrust sur chaque méthode publique ou protégée sur chaque classe accessible publiquement de l’assembly.This restriction is enforced by placing a LinkDemand for FullTrust on every public or protected method on every publicly accessible class in the assembly. Les assemblys destinés à être appelés par du code de confiance partielle peuvent déclarer leur intention par le biais de l’utilisation de AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.Assemblies that are intended to be called by partially trusted code can declare their intent through the use of AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute. Un exemple de la déclaration dans C# est [assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]; Voici un exemple de Visual Basic <assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers>.An example of the declaration in C# is [assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers]; an example in Visual Basic is <assembly:AllowPartiallyTrustedCallers>.

Attention

La présence de cet attribut au niveau de l’assembly empêche le comportement par défaut de placer FullTrustLinkDemand les vérifications de sécurité et rend l’assembly pouvant être appelé à partir de tout autre assembly (partiellement ou totalement fiable).The presence of this assembly-level attribute prevents the default behavior of placing FullTrustLinkDemand security checks, and makes the assembly callable from any other (partially or fully trusted) assembly.

Lorsque l’attribut APTCA est présent, toutes les autres vérifications de sécurité fonctionnent comme prévu, y compris tous les attributs de sécurité déclaratifs au niveau de la classe ou de la méthode qui sont présents.When the APTCA attribute is present, all other security checks function as intended, including any class-level or method-level declarative security attributes that are present. Cet attribut bloque uniquement la demande d’appelant de confiance totale implicite.This attribute blocks only the implicit, fully trusted caller demand.

Il ne s’agit pas d’un attribut de sécurité déclaratif, mais d’un attribut normal (il dérive de System.Attribute, pas de System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAttribute).This is not a declarative security attribute, but a regular attribute (it derives from System.Attribute, not from System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAttribute).

Pour plus d’informations, consultez utilisation de bibliothèques à partir de code partiellement fiable.For more information, see Using Libraries from Partially Trusted Code.

Constructeurs

AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute()

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute class.

Propriétés

PartialTrustVisibilityLevel

Obtient ou définit la visibilité de confiance partielle par défaut du code marqué par l'attribut AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA).Gets or sets the default partial trust visibility for code that is marked with the AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute (APTCA) attribute.

TypeId

Lors de l'implémentation dans une classe dérivée, obtient un identificateur unique pour l'objet Attribute.When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Hérité de Attribute)

Méthodes

Equals(Object)

Retourne une valeur qui indique si cette instance est égale à un objet spécifié.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Hérité de Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Retourne le code de hachage de cette instance.Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Hérité de Attribute)
GetType()

Obtient le Type de l'instance actuelle.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Hérité de Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

En cas de substitution dans une classe dérivée, indique si la valeur de cette instance est la valeur par défaut pour la classe dérivée.When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Hérité de Attribute)
Match(Object)

En cas de substitution dans une classe dérivée, retourne une valeur indiquant si cette instance équivaut à un objet spécifié.When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Hérité de Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Crée une copie superficielle du Object actuel.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Hérité de Object)
ToString()

Retourne une chaîne qui représente l'objet actif.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Hérité de Object)

Implémentations d’interfaces explicites

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Mappe un jeu de noms avec un jeu correspondant d'identificateurs de dispatch.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Récupère les informations de type pour un objet, qui peuvent être utilisées pour obtenir les informations de type d'une interface.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Récupère le nombre d'interfaces d'informations de type fourni par un objet (0 ou 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Fournit l'accès aux propriétés et aux méthodes exposées par un objet.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Hérité de Attribute)

S’applique à