SecurityElement Classe

Définition

Représente le modèle d’objet XML pour l’encodage des objets de sécurité.Represents the XML object model for encoding security objects. Cette classe ne peut pas être héritée.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class SecurityElement sealed
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public sealed class SecurityElement
type SecurityElement = class
Public NotInheritable Class SecurityElement
Héritage
SecurityElement
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple suivant illustre l’utilisation des membres de la SecurityElement classe.The following example shows the use of members of the SecurityElement class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Collections;
ref class SecurityElementMembers
{
public:

   [STAThread]
   int TestSecurityElementMembers()
   {
      SecurityElement^ xmlRootElement = gcnew SecurityElement( L"RootTag",L"XML security tree" );

      AddAttribute( xmlRootElement, L"creationdate", DateTime::Now.ToString() );
      AddChildElement( xmlRootElement, L"destroytime", DateTime::Now.AddSeconds( 1.0 ).ToString() );
      
      SecurityElement^ windowsRoleElement = gcnew SecurityElement( L"WindowsMembership.WindowsRole" );

      windowsRoleElement->AddAttribute( L"version", L"1.00" );

      // Add a child element and a creationdate attribute.
      AddChildElement( windowsRoleElement, L"BabyElement", L"This is a child element" );
      AddAttribute( windowsRoleElement, L"creationdate", DateTime::Now.ToString() );
      
      xmlRootElement->AddChild( windowsRoleElement );

      CompareAttributes( xmlRootElement, L"creationdate" );
      ConvertToHashTable( xmlRootElement );
      DisplaySummary( xmlRootElement );

      // Determine if the security element is too old to keep.
      xmlRootElement = DestroyTree( xmlRootElement );
      if ( xmlRootElement != nullptr )
      {
         String^ elementInXml = xmlRootElement->ToString();

         Console::WriteLine( elementInXml );
      }

      Console::WriteLine( L"This sample completed successfully; "
      L"press Enter to exit." );
      Console::ReadLine();
      return 1;
   }


private:

   // Add an attribute to the specified security element.
   static SecurityElement^ AddAttribute( SecurityElement^ xmlElement, String^ attributeName, String^ attributeValue )
   {
      if ( xmlElement != nullptr )
      {
         // Verify that the attribute name and value are valid XML formats.
         if ( SecurityElement::IsValidAttributeName( attributeName ) &&
                SecurityElement::IsValidAttributeValue( attributeValue ) )
         {
            // Add the attribute to the security element.
            xmlElement->AddAttribute( attributeName, attributeValue );
         }
      }

      return xmlElement;
   }


   // Add a child element to the specified security element.
   static SecurityElement^ AddChildElement( SecurityElement^ parentElement, String^ tagName, String^ tagText )
   {
      if ( parentElement != nullptr )
      {
         // Ensure that the tag text is in valid XML format.
         if (  !SecurityElement::IsValidText( tagText ) )
         {
            // Replace invalid text with valid XML text 
            // to enforce proper XML formatting.
            tagText = SecurityElement::Escape( tagText );
         }

         // Determine whether the tag is in valid XML format.
         if ( SecurityElement::IsValidTag( tagName ) )
         {
            SecurityElement^ childElement;
            childElement = parentElement->SearchForChildByTag( tagName );
            if ( childElement != nullptr )
            {
               String^ elementText;
               elementText = parentElement->SearchForTextOfTag( tagName );
               if (  !elementText->Equals( tagText ) )
               {
                  // Add child element to the parent security element.
                  parentElement->AddChild( gcnew SecurityElement( tagName,tagText ) );
               }
            }
            else
            {
               // Add child element to the parent security element.
               parentElement->AddChild( gcnew SecurityElement( tagName,tagText ) );
            }
         }
      }

      return parentElement;
   }


   // Create and display a summary sentence 
   // about the specified security element.
   static void DisplaySummary( SecurityElement^ xmlElement )
   {
      // Retrieve tag name for the security element.
      String^ xmlTreeName = xmlElement->Tag->ToString();
      // Retrieve tag text for the security element.
      String^ xmlTreeDescription = xmlElement->Text;
      // Retrieve value of the creationdate attribute.
      String^ xmlCreationDate = xmlElement->Attribute(L"creationdate");
      // Retrieve the number of children under the security element.
      String^ childrenCount = xmlElement->Children->Count.ToString();
      String^ outputMessage = String::Format( L"The security XML tree named {0}", xmlTreeName );
      outputMessage = String::Concat( outputMessage, String::Format( L"({0})", xmlTreeDescription ) );
      outputMessage = String::Concat( outputMessage, String::Format( L" was created on {0} and ", xmlCreationDate ) );
      outputMessage = String::Concat( outputMessage, String::Format( L"contains {0} child elements.", childrenCount ) );
      Console::WriteLine( outputMessage );
   }

   // Compare the first two occurrences of an attribute 
   // in the specified security element.
   static void CompareAttributes( SecurityElement^ xmlElement, String^ attributeName )
   {
      // Create a hash table containing the security element's attributes.
      Hashtable^ attributeKeys = xmlElement->Attributes;
      String^ attributeValue = attributeKeys[ attributeName ]->ToString();
      IEnumerator^ myEnum = xmlElement->Children->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         SecurityElement^ xmlChild = safe_cast<SecurityElement^>(myEnum->Current);
         if ( attributeValue->Equals( xmlChild->Attribute(attributeName) ) )
         {
            // The security elements were created at the exact same time.
         }
      }
   }

   // Convert the contents of the specified security element 
   // to hash codes stored in a hash table.
   static void ConvertToHashTable( SecurityElement^ xmlElement )
   {
      // Create a hash table to hold hash codes of the security elements.
      Hashtable^ xmlAsHash = gcnew Hashtable;
      int rootIndex = xmlElement->GetHashCode();
      xmlAsHash->Add( rootIndex, L"root" );
      int parentNum = 0;
      IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = xmlElement->Children->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
      {
         SecurityElement^ xmlParent = safe_cast<SecurityElement^>(myEnum1->Current);
         parentNum++;
         xmlAsHash->Add( xmlParent->GetHashCode(), String::Format( L"parent{0}", parentNum ) );
         if ( (xmlParent->Children != nullptr) && (xmlParent->Children->Count > 0) )
         {
            int childNum = 0;
            IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = xmlParent->Children->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
            {
               SecurityElement^ xmlChild = safe_cast<SecurityElement^>(myEnum2->Current);
               childNum++;
               xmlAsHash->Add( xmlChild->GetHashCode(), String::Format( L"child{0}", childNum ) );
            }
         }
      }
   }

   // Delete the specified security element if the current time is past
   // the time stored in the destroytime tag.
   static SecurityElement^ DestroyTree( SecurityElement^ xmlElement )
   {
      SecurityElement^ localXmlElement = xmlElement;
      SecurityElement^ destroyElement = localXmlElement->SearchForChildByTag( L"destroytime" );
      
      // Verify that a destroytime tag exists.
      if ( localXmlElement->SearchForChildByTag( L"destroytime" ) != nullptr )
      {
         // Retrieve the destroytime text to get the time 
         // the tree can be destroyed.
         String^ storedDestroyTime = localXmlElement->SearchForTextOfTag( L"destroytime" );
         DateTime destroyTime = DateTime::Parse( storedDestroyTime );
         if ( DateTime::Now > destroyTime )
         {
            localXmlElement = nullptr;
            Console::WriteLine( L"The XML security tree has been deleted." );
         }
      }

      
      // Verify that xmlElement is of type SecurityElement.
      if ( xmlElement->GetType()->Equals( System::Security::SecurityElement::typeid ) )
      {
         // Determine whether the localXmlElement object 
         // differs from xmlElement.
         if ( xmlElement->Equals( localXmlElement ) )
         {
            // Verify that the tags, attributes and children of the
            // two security elements are identical.
            if ( xmlElement->Equal( localXmlElement ) )
            {
               // Return the original security element.
               return xmlElement;
            }
         }
      }

      // Return the modified security element.
      return localXmlElement;
   }

};

int main()
{
   SecurityElementMembers^ sem = gcnew SecurityElementMembers;
   sem->TestSecurityElementMembers();
}

//
// This sample produces the following output:
// 
// The security XML tree named RootTag(XML security tree) 
// was created on 2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM and contains 2 child elements.
//<RootTag creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">XML security tree
//   <destroytime>2/23/2004 1:23:01 PM</destroytime>
//   <WindowsMembership.WindowsRole version="1.00"
//                                  creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">
//      <BabyElement>This is a child element.</BabyElement>
//
//This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.
using System;
using System.Security;
using System.Collections;

class SecurityElementMembers
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        SecurityElement xmlRootElement = 
            new SecurityElement("RootTag", "XML security tree");

        AddAttribute(xmlRootElement,"creationdate",DateTime.Now.ToString());
        AddChildElement(xmlRootElement,"destroytime",
            DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(1.0).ToString());

        SecurityElement windowsRoleElement = 
            new SecurityElement("WindowsMembership.WindowsRole");
        
        windowsRoleElement.AddAttribute("version","1.00");

        // Add a child element and a creationdate attribute.
        AddChildElement(windowsRoleElement,"BabyElement",
            "This is a child element");
        AddAttribute(windowsRoleElement,"creationdate",
            DateTime.Now.ToString());

        xmlRootElement.AddChild(windowsRoleElement);

        CompareAttributes(xmlRootElement, "creationdate");
        ConvertToHashTable(xmlRootElement);

        DisplaySummary(xmlRootElement);

        // Determine if the security element is too old to keep.
        xmlRootElement = DestroyTree(xmlRootElement);
        if (xmlRootElement != null)
        {
            string elementInXml = xmlRootElement.ToString();
            Console.WriteLine(elementInXml);
        }
        
        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
            "press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Add an attribute to the specified security element.
    private static SecurityElement AddAttribute(
        SecurityElement xmlElement,
        string attributeName,
        string attributeValue)
    {
        if (xmlElement != null)
        {
            // Verify that the attribute name and value are valid XML formats.
            if (SecurityElement.IsValidAttributeName(attributeName) &&
                SecurityElement.IsValidAttributeValue(attributeValue))
            {
                // Add the attribute to the security element.
                xmlElement.AddAttribute(attributeName, attributeValue);
            }
        }
        return xmlElement;
    }

    // Add a child element to the specified security element.
    private static SecurityElement AddChildElement(
        SecurityElement parentElement,
        string tagName,
        string tagText)
    {
        if (parentElement != null)
        {
            // Ensure that the tag text is in valid XML format.
            if (!SecurityElement.IsValidText(tagText))
            {
                // Replace invalid text with valid XML text 
                // to enforce proper XML formatting.
                tagText = SecurityElement.Escape(tagText);
            }

            // Determine whether the tag is in valid XML format.
            if (SecurityElement.IsValidTag(tagName))
            {
                SecurityElement childElement;
                childElement = parentElement.SearchForChildByTag(tagName);

                if (childElement != null)
                {
                    String elementText;
                    elementText = parentElement.SearchForTextOfTag(tagName);

                    if (!elementText.Equals(tagText))
                    {
                        // Add child element to the parent security element.
                        parentElement.AddChild(
                            new SecurityElement(tagName, tagText));
                    }
                }
                else 
                {
                    // Add child element to the parent security element.
                    parentElement.AddChild(
                        new SecurityElement(tagName, tagText));
                }
            }
        }
        return parentElement;
    }

    // Create and display a summary sentence 
    // about the specified security element.
    private static void DisplaySummary(SecurityElement xmlElement)
    {
        // Retrieve tag name for the security element.
        string xmlTreeName = xmlElement.Tag.ToString();

        // Retrieve tag text for the security element.
        string xmlTreeDescription = xmlElement.Text;
        
        // Retrieve value of the creationdate attribute.
        string xmlCreationDate = xmlElement.Attribute("creationdate");
        
        // Retrieve the number of children under the security element.
        string childrenCount = xmlElement.Children.Count.ToString();

        string outputMessage = "The security XML tree named " + xmlTreeName;
        outputMessage += "(" + xmlTreeDescription + ")";
        outputMessage += " was created on " + xmlCreationDate + " and ";
        outputMessage += "contains " + childrenCount + " child elements.";

        Console.WriteLine(outputMessage);
    }

    // Compare the first two occurrences of an attribute 
    // in the specified security element.
    private static void CompareAttributes(
        SecurityElement xmlElement, string attributeName)
    {
        // Create a hash table containing the security element's attributes.
        Hashtable attributeKeys = xmlElement.Attributes;
        string attributeValue = attributeKeys[attributeName].ToString();

        foreach(SecurityElement xmlChild in xmlElement.Children)
        {
            if (attributeValue.Equals(xmlChild.Attribute(attributeName)))
            {
                // The security elements were created at the exact same time.
            }
        }
    }

    // Convert the contents of the specified security element 
    // to hash codes stored in a hash table.
    private static void ConvertToHashTable(SecurityElement xmlElement)
    {
        // Create a hash table to hold hash codes of the security elements.
        Hashtable xmlAsHash = new Hashtable();
        int rootIndex = xmlElement.GetHashCode();
        xmlAsHash.Add(rootIndex, "root");

        int parentNum = 0;

        foreach(SecurityElement xmlParent in xmlElement.Children)
        {
            parentNum++;
            xmlAsHash.Add(xmlParent.GetHashCode(), "parent" + parentNum);
            if ((xmlParent.Children != null) && 
                (xmlParent.Children.Count > 0))
            {
                int childNum = 0;
                foreach(SecurityElement xmlChild in xmlParent.Children)
                {
                    childNum++;
                    xmlAsHash.Add(xmlChild.GetHashCode(), "child" + childNum);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    // Delete the specified security element if the current time is past
    // the time stored in the destroytime tag.
    private static SecurityElement DestroyTree(SecurityElement xmlElement)
    {
        SecurityElement localXmlElement = xmlElement;
        SecurityElement destroyElement = 
            localXmlElement.SearchForChildByTag("destroytime");

        // Verify that a destroytime tag exists.
        if (localXmlElement.SearchForChildByTag("destroytime") != null)
        {
            // Retrieve the destroytime text to get the time 
            // the tree can be destroyed.
            string storedDestroyTime =
                localXmlElement.SearchForTextOfTag("destroytime");

            DateTime destroyTime = DateTime.Parse(storedDestroyTime);
            if (DateTime.Now > destroyTime)
            {
                localXmlElement = null;
                Console.WriteLine("The XML security tree has been deleted.");
            }
        }

        // Verify that xmlElement is of type SecurityElement.
        if (xmlElement.GetType().Equals(
            typeof(System.Security.SecurityElement)))
        {
            // Determine whether the localXmlElement object 
            // differs from xmlElement.
            if (xmlElement.Equals(localXmlElement))
            {
                // Verify that the tags, attributes and children of the
                // two security elements are identical.
                if (xmlElement.Equal(localXmlElement))
                {
                    // Return the original security element.
                    return xmlElement;
                }
            }
        }

        // Return the modified security element.
        return localXmlElement;
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
// 
// The security XML tree named RootTag(XML security tree) 
// was created on 2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM and contains 2 child elements.
//<RootTag creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">XML security tree
//   <destroytime>2/23/2004 1:23:01 PM</destroytime>
//   <WindowsMembership.WindowsRole version="1.00"
//                                  creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">
//      <BabyElement>This is a child element.</BabyElement>
//
//This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Collections



Class SecurityElementMembers

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Dim xmlRootElement As New SecurityElement("RootTag", "XML security tree")
        AddAttribute(xmlRootElement, "creationdate", DateTime.Now.ToString())
        AddChildElement(xmlRootElement, "destroytime", DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(1.0).ToString())

        Dim windowsRoleElement As New SecurityElement("WindowsMembership.WindowsRole")
        windowsRoleElement.AddAttribute("version", "1.00")
        ' Add a child element and a creationdate attribute.
        AddChildElement(windowsRoleElement, "BabyElement", "This is a child element")
        AddAttribute(windowsRoleElement, "creationdate", DateTime.Now.ToString())

        xmlRootElement.AddChild(windowsRoleElement)
        CompareAttributes(xmlRootElement, "creationdate")
        ConvertToHashTable(xmlRootElement)

        DisplaySummary(xmlRootElement)

        ' Determine if the security element is too old to keep.
        xmlRootElement = DestroyTree(xmlRootElement)
        If Not (xmlRootElement Is Nothing) Then
            Dim elementInXml As String = xmlRootElement.ToString()
            Console.WriteLine(elementInXml)
        End If

        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " + "press Enter to exit.")
        Console.ReadLine()

    End Sub


    ' Add an attribute to the specified security element.
    Private Shared Function AddAttribute(ByVal xmlElement As SecurityElement, ByVal attributeName As String, ByVal attributeValue As String) As SecurityElement
        If Not (xmlElement Is Nothing) Then
            ' Verify that the attribute name and value are valid XML formats.
            If SecurityElement.IsValidAttributeName(attributeName) AndAlso SecurityElement.IsValidAttributeValue(attributeValue) Then
                ' Add the attribute to the security element.
                xmlElement.AddAttribute(attributeName, attributeValue)
            End If
        End If
        Return xmlElement

    End Function 'AddAttribute


    ' Add a child element to the specified security element.
    Private Shared Function AddChildElement(ByVal parentElement As SecurityElement, ByVal tagName As String, ByVal tagText As String) As SecurityElement
        If Not (parentElement Is Nothing) Then
            ' Ensure that the tag text is in valid XML format.
            If Not SecurityElement.IsValidText(tagText) Then
                ' Replace invalid text with valid XML text 
                ' to enforce proper XML formatting.
                tagText = SecurityElement.Escape(tagText)
            End If

            ' Determine whether the tag is in valid XML format.
            If SecurityElement.IsValidTag(tagName) Then
                Dim childElement As SecurityElement
                childElement = parentElement.SearchForChildByTag(tagName)
                If Not (childElement Is Nothing) Then
                    Dim elementText As String
                    elementText = parentElement.SearchForTextOfTag(tagName)
                    If Not elementText.Equals(tagText) Then
                        ' Add child element to the parent security element.
                        parentElement.AddChild(New SecurityElement(tagName, tagText))
                    End If
                Else
                    ' Add child element to the parent security element.
                    parentElement.AddChild(New SecurityElement(tagName, tagText))
                End If
            End If
        End If
        Return parentElement

    End Function 'AddChildElement


    ' Create and display a summary sentence 
    ' about the specified security element.
    Private Shared Sub DisplaySummary(ByVal xmlElement As SecurityElement)
        ' Retrieve tag name for the security element.
        Dim xmlTreeName As String = xmlElement.Tag.ToString()
        ' Retrieve tag text for the security element.
        Dim xmlTreeDescription As String = xmlElement.Text
        ' Retrieve value of the creationdate attribute.
        Dim xmlCreationDate As String = xmlElement.Attribute("creationdate")
        ' Retrieve the number of children under the security element.
        Dim childrenCount As String = xmlElement.Children.Count.ToString()
        Dim outputMessage As String = "The security XML tree named " + xmlTreeName
        outputMessage += "(" + xmlTreeDescription + ")"
        outputMessage += " was created on " + xmlCreationDate + " and "
        outputMessage += "contains " + childrenCount + " child elements."

        Console.WriteLine(outputMessage)

    End Sub


    ' Compare the first two occurrences of an attribute 
    ' in the specified security element.
    Private Shared Sub CompareAttributes(ByVal xmlElement As SecurityElement, ByVal attributeName As String)
        ' Create a hash table containing the security element's attributes.
        Dim attributeKeys As Hashtable = xmlElement.Attributes
        Dim attributeValue As String = attributeKeys(attributeName).ToString()
        Dim xmlChild As SecurityElement
        For Each xmlChild In xmlElement.Children
            If attributeValue.Equals(xmlChild.Attribute(attributeName)) Then
            End If
        Next xmlChild
        ' The security elements were created at the exact same time.
    End Sub


    ' Convert the contents of the specified security element 
    ' to hash codes stored in a hash table.
    Private Shared Sub ConvertToHashTable(ByVal xmlElement As SecurityElement)
        ' Create a hash table to hold hash codes of the security elements.
        Dim xmlAsHash As New Hashtable()
        Dim rootIndex As Integer = xmlElement.GetHashCode()
        xmlAsHash.Add(rootIndex, "root")
        Dim parentNum As Integer = 0

        Dim xmlParent As SecurityElement
        For Each xmlParent In xmlElement.Children
            parentNum += 1
            xmlAsHash.Add(xmlParent.GetHashCode(), "parent" + parentNum.ToString())
            If Not (xmlParent.Children Is Nothing) AndAlso xmlParent.Children.Count > 0 Then
                Dim childNum As Integer = 0
                Dim xmlChild As SecurityElement
                For Each xmlChild In xmlParent.Children
                    childNum += 1
                    xmlAsHash.Add(xmlChild.GetHashCode(), "child" + childNum.ToString())
                Next xmlChild
            End If
        Next xmlParent

    End Sub


    ' Delete the specified security element if the current time is past
    ' the time stored in the destroytime tag.
    Private Shared Function DestroyTree(ByVal xmlElement As SecurityElement) As SecurityElement
        Dim localXmlElement As SecurityElement = xmlElement
        Dim destroyElement As SecurityElement = localXmlElement.SearchForChildByTag("destroytime")

        ' Verify that a destroytime tag exists.
        If Not (localXmlElement.SearchForChildByTag("destroytime") Is Nothing) Then
            ' Retrieve the destroytime text to get the time 
            ' the tree can be destroyed.
            Dim storedDestroyTime As String = localXmlElement.SearchForTextOfTag("destroytime")
            Dim destroyTime As DateTime = DateTime.Parse(storedDestroyTime)
            If DateTime.Now > destroyTime Then
                localXmlElement = Nothing
                Console.WriteLine("The XML security tree has been deleted.")
            End If
        End If

        ' Verify that xmlElement is of type SecurityElement.
        If xmlElement.GetType().Equals(GetType(System.Security.SecurityElement)) Then
            ' Determine whether the localXmlElement object 
            ' differs from xmlElement.
            If xmlElement.Equals(localXmlElement) Then
                ' Verify that the tags, attributes and children of the
                ' two security elements are identical.
                If xmlElement.Equal(localXmlElement) Then
                    ' Return the original security element.
                    Return xmlElement
                End If
            End If
        End If

        ' Return the modified security element.
        Return localXmlElement

    End Function 'DestroyTree
End Class
'
' This sample produces the following output:
' 
' The security XML tree named RootTag(XML security tree) 
' was created on 2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM and contains 2 child elements.
'<RootTag creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">XML security tree
'   <destroytime>2/23/2004 1:23:01 PM</destroytime>
'   <WindowsMembership.WindowsRole version="1.00"
'                                  creationdate="2/23/2004 1:23:00 PM">
'      <BabyElement>This is a child element.</BabyElement>
'
'This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.

Remarques

Cette classe est destinée à être une implémentation légère d’un modèle objet XML simple à utiliser dans le système de sécurité, et non à une utilisation en tant que modèle d’objet XML général.This class is intended to be a lightweight implementation of a simple XML object model for use within the security system, and not for use as a general XML object model. Cette documentation suppose une connaissance de base de XML.This documentation assumes a basic knowledge of XML.

Le modèle objet XML simple d’un élément se compose des éléments suivants:The simple XML object model for an element consists of the following parts:

  • La balise est le nom de l’élément.The tag is the element name.

  • Les attributs représentent zéro ou plusieurs paires d’attributs nom/valeur sur l’élément.The attributes are zero or more name/value attribute pairs on the element.

  • Les enfants sont zéro, un ou plusieurs éléments imbriqués </tag>dans <tag> et.The children are zero or more elements nested within <tag> and </tag>.

Il est fortement recommandé d’utiliser la représentation XML basée sur les attributs pour exprimer les éléments de sécurité et leurs valeurs.It is strongly suggested that attribute based XML representation is used to express security elements and their values. Cela signifie que les propriétés d’un élément sont exprimées en tant qu’attributs et que les valeurs de propriété sont exprimées en tant que valeurs d’attribut.This means properties of an element are expressed as attributes and property values are expressed as attribute values. Évitez d’imbriquer du texte dans des balises.Avoid nesting text within tags. Pour toute <tag>text</tag> représentation, une représentation de <tag value="text"/> type est généralement disponible.For any <tag>text</tag> representation a representation of type <tag value="text"/> is usually available. L’utilisation de cette représentation XML basée sur les attributs augmente la lisibilité et permet une portabilité WMI facile pour la sérialisation XML résultante.Using this attribute-based XML representation increases readability and allows easy WMI portability of the resulting XML serialization.

Un nom d’attribut doit avoir un caractère ou plus et ne peut nullpas être.An attribute name must be one character or longer, and cannot be null. Si la représentation de valeur basée sur un élément est utilisée, éléments avec une chaîne null de texte qui est <tag/> représentée sous la forme; sinon, le texte est <tag> délimité </tag> par les jetons et.If element-based value representation is used, elements with a text string that is null are represented in the <tag/> form; otherwise, text is delimited by the <tag> and </tag> tokens. Les deux formes peuvent être combinées avec des attributs, qui sont affichés s’ils sont présents.Both forms can be combined with attributes, which are shown if present.

Les balises, les attributs et le texte des éléments, s’ils sont présents, sont toujours sensibles à la casse.The tags, attributes, and text of elements, if present, are always case-sensitive. Le formulaire XML contient des citations et des séquences d’échappement si nécessaire.The XML form contains quotations and escapes where necessary. Les valeurs de chaîne qui incluent des caractères non valides pour une ArgumentExceptionutilisation dans XML génèrent un.String values that include characters invalid for use in XML result in an ArgumentException. Ces règles s’appliquent à toutes les propriétés et méthodes.These rules apply to all properties and methods.

Notes

Pour des raisons de performances, la validité des caractères est vérifiée uniquement lorsque l’élément est encodé au format texte XML, et non sur chaque ensemble d’une propriété ou d’une méthode.For performance reasons, character validity is only checked when the element is encoded into XML text form, and not on every set of a property or method. Les méthodes statiques permettent une vérification explicite si nécessaire.Static methods allow explicit checking where needed.

Constructeurs

SecurityElement(String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe SecurityElement avec la balise spécifiée.Initializes a new instance of the SecurityElement class with the specified tag.

SecurityElement(String, String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe SecurityElement avec la balise et le texte spécifiés.Initializes a new instance of the SecurityElement class with the specified tag and text.

Propriétés

Attributes

Obtient ou définit les attributs d'un élément XML en tant que paires de nom/valeur.Gets or sets the attributes of an XML element as name/value pairs.

Children

Obtient ou définit le tableau des éléments enfants de l'élément XML.Gets or sets the array of child elements of the XML element.

Tag

Obtient ou définit le nom de balise d'un élément XML.Gets or sets the tag name of an XML element.

Text

Obtient ou définit le texte d'un élément XML.Gets or sets the text within an XML element.

Méthodes

AddAttribute(String, String)

Ajoute un attribut nom/valeur à un élément XML.Adds a name/value attribute to an XML element.

AddChild(SecurityElement)

Ajoute un élément enfant à l'élément XML.Adds a child element to the XML element.

Attribute(String)

Recherche un attribut par nom dans un élément XML.Finds an attribute by name in an XML element.

Copy()

Crée et retourne une copie identique de l'objet SecurityElement en cours.Creates and returns an identical copy of the current SecurityElement object.

Equal(SecurityElement)

Compare si deux objets éléments XML sont égaux.Compares two XML element objects for equality.

Equals(Object)

Détermine si l'objet spécifié est égal à l'objet actuel.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Hérité de Object)
Escape(String)

Remplace les caractères XML non valides dans une chaîne par leur équivalent XML valide.Replaces invalid XML characters in a string with their valid XML equivalent.

FromString(String)

Crée un élément de sécurité à partir d’une chaîne codée en XML.Creates a security element from an XML-encoded string.

GetHashCode()

Sert de fonction de hachage par défaut.Serves as the default hash function.

(Hérité de Object)
GetType()

Obtient le Type de l'instance actuelle.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Hérité de Object)
IsValidAttributeName(String)

Détermine si une chaîne est un nom d'attribut valide.Determines whether a string is a valid attribute name.

IsValidAttributeValue(String)

Détermine si une chaîne est une valeur d'attribut valide.Determines whether a string is a valid attribute value.

IsValidTag(String)

Détermine si une chaîne est une balise valide.Determines whether a string is a valid tag.

IsValidText(String)

Détermine si une chaîne correspond à du texte valide dans un élément XML.Determines whether a string is valid as text within an XML element.

MemberwiseClone()

Crée une copie superficielle du Object actuel.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Hérité de Object)
SearchForChildByTag(String)

Recherche un enfant par son nom de balise.Finds a child by its tag name.

SearchForTextOfTag(String)

Recherche un enfant par son nom de balise et retourne le texte qu'il contient.Finds a child by its tag name and returns the contained text.

ToString()

Produit une représentation sous forme de chaîne d'un élément XML et les attributs, éléments enfants et texte qui la composent.Produces a string representation of an XML element and its constituent attributes, child elements, and text.

S’applique à