String.Normalize String.Normalize String.Normalize String.Normalize Method

Définition

Retourne une nouvelle chaîne dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans un formulaire particulier de normalisation Unicode.Returns a new string whose binary representation is in a particular Unicode normalization form.

Surcharges

Normalize() Normalize() Normalize() Normalize()

Retourne une nouvelle chaîne dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans un formulaire de normalisation C Unicode.Returns a new string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in Unicode normalization form C.

Normalize(NormalizationForm) Normalize(NormalizationForm) Normalize(NormalizationForm)

Retourne une nouvelle chaîne dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans le formulaire de normalisation Unicode spécifié.Returns a new string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in the specified Unicode normalization form.

Normalize() Normalize() Normalize() Normalize()

Retourne une nouvelle chaîne dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans un formulaire de normalisation C Unicode.Returns a new string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in Unicode normalization form C.

public:
 System::String ^ Normalize();
public string Normalize ();
member this.Normalize : unit -> string
Public Function Normalize () As String

Retours

Nouvelle chaîne normalisée dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans un formulaire de normalisation C Unicode.A new, normalized string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in normalization form C.

Exceptions

L’instance actuelle contient des caractères Unicode non valides.The current instance contains invalid Unicode characters.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant normalise une chaîne à chacun des quatre formulaires de normalisation, confirme que la chaîne a été normalisée selon le formulaire de normalisation spécifié, puis répertorie les points de code dans la chaîne normalisée.The following example normalizes a string to each of four normalization forms, confirms the string was normalized to the specified normalization form, then lists the code points in the normalized string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

void Show( String^ title, String^ s )
{
   Console::Write( "Characters in string {0} = ", title );
   for each (short x in s) {
      Console::Write("{0:X4} ", x);
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
   array<Char>^temp0 = {L'c',L'\u0301',L'\u0327',L'\u00BE'};
   String^ s1 = gcnew String( temp0 );
   String^ s2 = nullptr;
   String^ divider = gcnew String( '-',80 );
   divider = String::Concat( Environment::NewLine, divider, Environment::NewLine );

   Show( "s1", s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized() );
   Console::WriteLine( "A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1." );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0033 = DIGIT THREE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   s2 = s1->Normalize();
   Console::Write( "B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized() );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormC );
   Console::Write( "B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormD );
   Console::Write( "B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKC );
   Console::Write( "B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKD );
   Console::Write( "B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Example
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
       // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
       string s1 = new String( new char[] {'\u0063', '\u0301', '\u0327', '\u00BE'});
       string s2 = null;
       string divider = new String('-', 80);
       divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine);
   
       Show("s1", s1);
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA");
       Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized());
       Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
   
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.");
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize();
       Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized());
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC);
       Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD);
       Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC);
       Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD);
       Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
    }

    private static void Show(string title, string s)
    {
       Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title);
       foreach(short x in s) {
           Console.Write("{0:X4} ", x);
       }
       Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
Imports System.Text

Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {ChrW(&H0063), ChrW(&H0301), ChrW(&H0327), ChrW(&H00BE)})
      Dim s2 As String = Nothing
      Dim divider = New [String]("-"c, 80)
      divider = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine)
      
      Show("s1", s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA")
      Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS")

      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized())
      Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.")
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR")
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize()
      Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized())
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC)
      Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD)
      Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC)
      Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD)
      Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(title As String, s As String)
      Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title)
      For Each x As Char In s
         Console.Write("{0:X4} ", AscW(x))
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
End Class 
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE
'
'U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
'U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
'U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
'U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
'A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
'A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
'A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
'A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.
'
'U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
'U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
'U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
'U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE
'
'B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034
'
'B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034
'

Remarques

Certains caractères Unicode ont plusieurs représentations binaires équivalentes composées de jeux de caractères Unicode composites et/ou composites.Some Unicode characters have multiple equivalent binary representations consisting of sets of combining and/or composite Unicode characters. Par exemple, l’un des points de code suivants peut représenter la lettre « ắ » :For example, any of the following code points can represent the letter "ắ":

  • U + 1EAFU+1EAF

  • U+0103 U+0301U+0103 U+0301

  • U+0061 U+0306 U+0301U+0061 U+0306 U+0301

L’existence de plusieurs représentations pour un seul caractère complique la recherche, le tri, la correspondance et d’autres opérations.The existence of multiple representations for a single character complicates searching, sorting, matching, and other operations.

La norme Unicode définit un processus appelé normalisation qui retourne une représentation binaire en fonction de l’une des représentations binaires équivalentes d’un caractère.The Unicode standard defines a process called normalization that returns one binary representation when given any of the equivalent binary representations of a character. La normalisation peut être effectuée avec plusieurs algorithmes, appelés formulaires de normalisation, qui obéissent à différentes règles.Normalization can be performed with several algorithms, called normalization forms, that obey different rules. .NET prend en charge les quatre formulaires de normalisation (C, D, KC et KD) qui sont définis par la norme Unicode..NET supports the four normalization forms (C, D, KC, and KD) that are defined by the Unicode standard. Lorsque deux chaînes sont représentées dans le même formulaire de normalisation, elles peuvent être comparées à l’aide de la comparaison ordinale.When two strings are represented in the same normalization form, they can be compared by using ordinal comparison.

Pour normaliser et comparer deux chaînes, procédez comme suit :To normalize and compare two strings, do the following:

  1. Obtenir les chaînes à comparer à partir d’une source d’entrée, telle qu’un fichier ou un appareil d’entrée utilisateur.Obtain the strings to be compared from an input source, such as a file or a user input device.

  2. Appelez la Normalize() méthode pour normaliser les chaînes dans le formulaire de normalisation C.Call the Normalize() method to normalize the strings to normalization form C.

  3. Pour comparer deux chaînes, appelez une méthode qui prend en Compare(String, String, StringComparison) charge la comparaison de StringComparison.Ordinal chaînes ordinale, telle que la méthode, et fournissez StringComparison une valeur ou StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase comme argument.To compare two strings, call a method that supports ordinal string comparison, such as the Compare(String, String, StringComparison) method, and supply a value of StringComparison.Ordinal or StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase as the StringComparison argument. Pour trier un tableau de chaînes normalisées, transmettez comparer une valeur StringComparer.Ordinal de StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase ou à une surcharge appropriée Array.Sortde.To sort an array of normalized strings, pass a comparer value of StringComparer.Ordinal or StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase to an appropriate overload of Array.Sort.

  4. Émettez les chaînes dans la sortie triée en fonction de l’ordre indiqué par l’étape précédente.Emit the strings in the sorted output based on the order indicated by the previous step.

Pour obtenir une description des formulaires de normalisation Unicode pris en System.Text.NormalizationFormcharge, consultez.For a description of supported Unicode normalization forms, see System.Text.NormalizationForm.

Notes pour les appelants

La IsNormalized méthode retourne false dès qu’elle rencontre le premier caractère non normalisé dans une chaîne.The IsNormalized method returns false as soon as it encounters the first non-normalized character in a string. Par conséquent, si une chaîne contient des caractères non normalisés suivis de caractères Unicode non Normalize valides, la ArgumentException méthode lève falseune, bien que IsNormalized retourne.Therefore, if a string contains non-normalized characters followed by invalid Unicode characters, the Normalize method will throw an ArgumentException although IsNormalized returns false.

Voir aussi

Normalize(NormalizationForm) Normalize(NormalizationForm) Normalize(NormalizationForm)

Retourne une nouvelle chaîne dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans le formulaire de normalisation Unicode spécifié.Returns a new string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in the specified Unicode normalization form.

public:
 System::String ^ Normalize(System::Text::NormalizationForm normalizationForm);
public string Normalize (System.Text.NormalizationForm normalizationForm);
member this.Normalize : System.Text.NormalizationForm -> string

Paramètres

normalizationForm
NormalizationForm NormalizationForm NormalizationForm NormalizationForm

Formulaire de normalisation Unicode.A Unicode normalization form.

Retours

Nouvelle chaîne dont la valeur textuelle est identique à celle de cette chaîne, mais dont la représentation binaire se trouve dans le formulaire de normalisation spécifié par le paramètre normalizationForm.A new string whose textual value is the same as this string, but whose binary representation is in the normalization form specified by the normalizationForm parameter.

Exceptions

L’instance actuelle contient des caractères Unicode non valides.The current instance contains invalid Unicode characters.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant normalise une chaîne à chacun des quatre formulaires de normalisation, confirme que la chaîne a été normalisée selon le formulaire de normalisation spécifié, puis répertorie les points de code dans la chaîne normalisée.The following example normalizes a string to each of four normalization forms, confirms the string was normalized to the specified normalization form, then lists the code points in the normalized string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

void Show( String^ title, String^ s )
{
   Console::Write( "Characters in string {0} = ", title );
   for each (short x in s) {
      Console::Write("{0:X4} ", x);
   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
   array<Char>^temp0 = {L'c',L'\u0301',L'\u0327',L'\u00BE'};
   String^ s1 = gcnew String( temp0 );
   String^ s2 = nullptr;
   String^ divider = gcnew String( '-',80 );
   divider = String::Concat( Environment::NewLine, divider, Environment::NewLine );

   Show( "s1", s1 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized() );
   Console::WriteLine( "A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1." );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0033 = DIGIT THREE" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH" );
   Console::WriteLine( "U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR" );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   s2 = s1->Normalize();
   Console::Write( "B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized() );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormC );
   Console::Write( "B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormD );
   Console::Write( "B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKC );
   Console::Write( "B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKC ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   s2 = s1->Normalize( NormalizationForm::FormKD );
   Console::Write( "B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: " );
   Console::WriteLine( s2->IsNormalized( NormalizationForm::FormKD ) );
   Show( "s2", s2 );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Example
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
       // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
       string s1 = new String( new char[] {'\u0063', '\u0301', '\u0327', '\u00BE'});
       string s2 = null;
       string divider = new String('-', 80);
       divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine);
   
       Show("s1", s1);
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA");
       Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized());
       Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", 
                                    s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
   
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.");
       Console.WriteLine();
       Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE");
       Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH");
       Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR");
       Console.WriteLine(divider);
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize();
       Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized());
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC);
       Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD);
       Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC);
       Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
   
       s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD);
       Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ");
       Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
       Show("s2", s2);
       Console.WriteLine();
    }

    private static void Show(string title, string s)
    {
       Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title);
       foreach(short x in s) {
           Console.Write("{0:X4} ", x);
       }
       Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/
Imports System.Text

Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {ChrW(&H0063), ChrW(&H0301), ChrW(&H0327), ChrW(&H00BE)})
      Dim s2 As String = Nothing
      Dim divider = New [String]("-"c, 80)
      divider = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine)
      
      Show("s1", s1)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA")
      Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS")

      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized())
      Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.")
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE")
      Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH")
      Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR")
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize()
      Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized())
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC)
      Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD)
      Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC)
      Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD)
      Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ")
      Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD))
      Show("s2", s2)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
   
   Private Shared Sub Show(title As String, s As String)
      Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title)
      For Each x As Char In s
         Console.Write("{0:X4} ", AscW(x))
      Next 
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub 
End Class 
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE
'
'U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
'U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
'U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
'U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
'A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
'A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
'A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
'A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.
'
'U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
'U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
'U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
'U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR
'
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE
'
'B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE
'
'B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034
'
'B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
'Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034
'

Remarques

Certains caractères Unicode ont plusieurs représentations binaires équivalentes composées de jeux de caractères Unicode composites et/ou composites.Some Unicode characters have multiple equivalent binary representations consisting of sets of combining and/or composite Unicode characters. L’existence de plusieurs représentations pour un seul caractère complique la recherche, le tri, la correspondance et d’autres opérations.The existence of multiple representations for a single character complicates searching, sorting, matching, and other operations.

La norme Unicode définit un processus appelé normalisation qui retourne une représentation binaire en fonction de l’une des représentations binaires équivalentes d’un caractère.The Unicode standard defines a process called normalization that returns one binary representation when given any of the equivalent binary representations of a character. La normalisation peut être effectuée avec plusieurs algorithmes, appelés formulaires de normalisation, qui obéissent à différentes règles.Normalization can be performed with several algorithms, called normalization forms, that obey different rules. .NET prend en charge les quatre formulaires de normalisation (C, D, KC et KD) qui sont définis par la norme Unicode..NET supports the four normalization forms (C, D, KC, and KD) that are defined by the Unicode standard. Lorsque deux chaînes sont représentées dans le même formulaire de normalisation, elles peuvent être comparées à l’aide de la comparaison ordinale.When two strings are represented in the same normalization form, they can be compared by using ordinal comparison.

Pour normaliser et comparer deux chaînes, procédez comme suit :To normalize and compare two strings, do the following:

  1. Obtenir les chaînes à comparer à partir d’une source d’entrée, telle qu’un fichier ou un appareil d’entrée utilisateur.Obtain the strings to be compared from an input source, such as a file or a user input device.

  2. Appelez la Normalize(NormalizationForm) méthode pour normaliser les chaînes dans un formulaire de normalisation spécifié.Call the Normalize(NormalizationForm) method to normalize the strings to a specified normalization form.

  3. Pour comparer deux chaînes, appelez une méthode qui prend en Compare(String, String, StringComparison) charge la comparaison de StringComparison.Ordinal chaînes ordinale, telle que la méthode, et fournissez StringComparison une valeur ou StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase comme argument.To compare two strings, call a method that supports ordinal string comparison, such as the Compare(String, String, StringComparison) method, and supply a value of StringComparison.Ordinal or StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase as the StringComparison argument. Pour trier un tableau de chaînes normalisées, transmettez comparer une valeur StringComparer.Ordinal de StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase ou à une surcharge appropriée Array.Sortde.To sort an array of normalized strings, pass a comparer value of StringComparer.Ordinal or StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase to an appropriate overload of Array.Sort.

  4. Émettez les chaînes dans la sortie triée en fonction de l’ordre indiqué par l’étape précédente.Emit the strings in the sorted output based on the order indicated by the previous step.

Pour obtenir une description des formulaires de normalisation Unicode pris en System.Text.NormalizationFormcharge, consultez.For a description of supported Unicode normalization forms, see System.Text.NormalizationForm.

Notes pour les appelants

La IsNormalized méthode retourne false dès qu’elle rencontre le premier caractère non normalisé dans une chaîne.The IsNormalized method returns false as soon as it encounters the first non-normalized character in a string. Par conséquent, si une chaîne contient des caractères non normalisés suivis de caractères Unicode non Normalize valides, la ArgumentException méthode peut falselever une, bien que IsNormalized retourne.Therefore, if a string contains non-normalized characters followed by invalid Unicode characters, the Normalize method may throw an ArgumentException although IsNormalized returns false.

Voir aussi

S’applique à