StringBuilder.Capacity StringBuilder.Capacity StringBuilder.Capacity StringBuilder.Capacity Property

Définition

Obtient ou définit le nombre maximal de caractères que peut contenir la mémoire allouée par l'instance actuelle.Gets or sets the maximum number of characters that can be contained in the memory allocated by the current instance.

public:
 property int Capacity { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int Capacity { get; set; }
member this.Capacity : int with get, set
Public Property Capacity As Integer

Valeur de propriété

Nombre maximal de caractères que peut contenir la mémoire allouée par l'instance actuelle.The maximum number of characters that can be contained in the memory allocated by the current instance. Sa valeur peut varier de Length à MaxCapacity.Its value can range from Length to MaxCapacity.

Exceptions

La valeur spécifiée pour une opération set est inférieure à la longueur actuelle de cette instance.The value specified for a set operation is less than the current length of this instance.

- ou --or-

La valeur spécifiée pour une opération set est supérieure à la capacité maximale.The value specified for a set operation is greater than the maximum capacity.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant illustre la Capacity propriété.The following example demonstrates the Capacity property.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   StringBuilder^ sb1 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc" );
   StringBuilder^ sb2 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc",16 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "a1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters." );
   sb1->EnsureCapacity( 50 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "b1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the length of sb1 to zero." );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters." );
   sb1->Length = 0;
   sb2->Capacity = 51;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "c1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
}

/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 16
a2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
a3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 50
b2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
b3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1->Length = 0, sb1->Capacity = 50
c2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 51
c3) sb1 = "", sb2 = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    StringBuilder sb1 = new StringBuilder("abc");
    StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder("abc", 16);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.");
    sb1.EnsureCapacity(50);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.");
    Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.");
    sb1.Length = 0;
    sb2.Capacity = 51;

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));
    }
}
/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim sb1 As New StringBuilder("abc")
      Dim sb2 As New StringBuilder("abc", 16)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.")
      sb1.EnsureCapacity(50)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.")
      Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.")
      sb1.Length = 0
      sb2.Capacity = 51
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
   End Sub 
End Class
'The example displays the following output:
'       a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
'       a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       a4) sb1 equals sb2: True
'       
'       Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.
'       
'       b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       b4) sb1 equals sb2: False
'       
'       Set the length of sb1 to zero.
'       Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.
'       
'       c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
'       c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       c4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Remarques

Capacityn’affecte pas la valeur de chaîne de l’instance actuelle.Capacity does not affect the string value of the current instance. Capacitypeut être réduit tant qu’il n’est pas inférieur à Length.Capacity can be decreased as long as it is not less than Length.

Le StringBuilder alloue dynamiquement plus d’espace lorsque nécessaire et augmente Capacity en conséquence.The StringBuilder dynamically allocates more space when required and increases Capacity accordingly. Pour des raisons de performances StringBuilder , un peut allouer plus de mémoire que nécessaire.For performance reasons, a StringBuilder might allocate more memory than needed. La quantité de mémoire allouée est spécifique à l’implémentation.The amount of memory allocated is implementation-specific.

S’applique à