TimerCallback Délégué

Définition

Représente la méthode qui gère des appels d'un Timer.Represents the method that handles calls from a Timer.

public delegate void TimerCallback(System::Object ^ state);
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public delegate void TimerCallback(object state);
type TimerCallback = delegate of obj -> unit
Public Delegate Sub TimerCallback(state As Object)

Paramètres

state
Object

Objet contenant des informations spécifiques à l'application et concernant la méthode appelée par ce délégué, ou null.An object containing application-specific information relevant to the method invoked by this delegate, or null.

Héritage
TimerCallback
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment créer le délégué utilisé avec la Timer classe.The following code example shows how to create the delegate used with the Timer class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;

ref class StatusChecker
{
private:
    int invokeCount, maxCount;

public:
    StatusChecker(int count)
    {
        invokeCount  = 0;
        maxCount = count;
    }

    // This method is called by the timer delegate.
    void CheckStatus(Object^ stateInfo)
    {
        AutoResetEvent^ autoEvent = dynamic_cast<AutoResetEvent^>(stateInfo);
        Console::WriteLine("{0:h:mm:ss.fff} Checking status {1,2}.",
                           DateTime::Now, ++invokeCount);

        if (invokeCount == maxCount) {
            // Reset the counter and signal the waiting thread.
            invokeCount  = 0;
            autoEvent->Set();
        }
    }
};

ref class TimerExample
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create an AutoResetEvent to signal the timeout threshold in the
        // timer callback has been reached.
        AutoResetEvent^ autoEvent = gcnew AutoResetEvent(false);

        StatusChecker^ statusChecker = gcnew StatusChecker(10);

        // Create a delegate that invokes methods for the timer.
        TimerCallback^ tcb =
           gcnew TimerCallback(statusChecker, &StatusChecker::CheckStatus);

        // Create a timer that invokes CheckStatus after one second, 
        // and every 1/4 second thereafter.
        Console::WriteLine("{0:h:mm:ss.fff} Creating timer.\n",
                           DateTime::Now);
        Timer^ stateTimer = gcnew Timer(tcb, autoEvent, 1000, 250);

        // When autoEvent signals, change the period to every half second.
        autoEvent->WaitOne(5000, false);
        stateTimer->Change(0, 500);
        Console::WriteLine("\nChanging period to .5 seconds.\n");

        // When autoEvent signals the second time, dispose of the timer.
        autoEvent->WaitOne(5000, false);
        stateTimer->~Timer();
        Console::WriteLine("\nDestroying timer.");
    }
};

int main()
{
    TimerExample::Main();
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       11:59:54.202 Creating timer.
//       
//       11:59:55.217 Checking status  1.
//       11:59:55.466 Checking status  2.
//       11:59:55.716 Checking status  3.
//       11:59:55.968 Checking status  4.
//       11:59:56.218 Checking status  5.
//       11:59:56.470 Checking status  6.
//       11:59:56.722 Checking status  7.
//       11:59:56.972 Checking status  8.
//       11:59:57.223 Checking status  9.
//       11:59:57.473 Checking status 10.
//       
//       Changing period to .5 seconds.
//       
//       11:59:57.474 Checking status  1.
//       11:59:57.976 Checking status  2.
//       11:59:58.476 Checking status  3.
//       11:59:58.977 Checking status  4.
//       11:59:59.477 Checking status  5.
//       11:59:59.977 Checking status  6.
//       12:00:00.478 Checking status  7.
//       12:00:00.980 Checking status  8.
//       12:00:01.481 Checking status  9.
//       12:00:01.981 Checking status 10.
//       
//       Destroying timer.
using System;
using System.Threading;

class TimerExample
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create an AutoResetEvent to signal the timeout threshold in the
        // timer callback has been reached.
        var autoEvent = new AutoResetEvent(false);
        
        var statusChecker = new StatusChecker(10);

        // Create a timer that invokes CheckStatus after one second, 
        // and every 1/4 second thereafter.
        Console.WriteLine("{0:h:mm:ss.fff} Creating timer.\n", 
                          DateTime.Now);
        var stateTimer = new Timer(statusChecker.CheckStatus, 
                                   autoEvent, 1000, 250);

        // When autoEvent signals, change the period to every half second.
        autoEvent.WaitOne();
        stateTimer.Change(0, 500);
        Console.WriteLine("\nChanging period to .5 seconds.\n");

        // When autoEvent signals the second time, dispose of the timer.
        autoEvent.WaitOne();
        stateTimer.Dispose();
        Console.WriteLine("\nDestroying timer.");
    }
}

class StatusChecker
{
    private int invokeCount;
    private int  maxCount;

    public StatusChecker(int count)
    {
        invokeCount  = 0;
        maxCount = count;
    }

    // This method is called by the timer delegate.
    public void CheckStatus(Object stateInfo)
    {
        AutoResetEvent autoEvent = (AutoResetEvent)stateInfo;
        Console.WriteLine("{0} Checking status {1,2}.", 
            DateTime.Now.ToString("h:mm:ss.fff"), 
            (++invokeCount).ToString());

        if(invokeCount == maxCount)
        {
            // Reset the counter and signal the waiting thread.
            invokeCount = 0;
            autoEvent.Set();
        }
    }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       11:59:54.202 Creating timer.
//       
//       11:59:55.217 Checking status  1.
//       11:59:55.466 Checking status  2.
//       11:59:55.716 Checking status  3.
//       11:59:55.968 Checking status  4.
//       11:59:56.218 Checking status  5.
//       11:59:56.470 Checking status  6.
//       11:59:56.722 Checking status  7.
//       11:59:56.972 Checking status  8.
//       11:59:57.223 Checking status  9.
//       11:59:57.473 Checking status 10.
//       
//       Changing period to .5 seconds.
//       
//       11:59:57.474 Checking status  1.
//       11:59:57.976 Checking status  2.
//       11:59:58.476 Checking status  3.
//       11:59:58.977 Checking status  4.
//       11:59:59.477 Checking status  5.
//       11:59:59.977 Checking status  6.
//       12:00:00.478 Checking status  7.
//       12:00:00.980 Checking status  8.
//       12:00:01.481 Checking status  9.
//       12:00:01.981 Checking status 10.
//       
//       Destroying timer.
Imports System.Threading

Public Module Example
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Use an AutoResetEvent to signal the timeout threshold in the
        ' timer callback has been reached.
        Dim autoEvent As New AutoResetEvent(False)

        Dim statusChecker As New StatusChecker(10)

        ' Create a timer that invokes CheckStatus after one second, 
        ' and every 1/4 second thereafter.
        Console.WriteLine("{0:h:mm:ss.fff} Creating timer." & vbCrLf, 
                          DateTime.Now)
        Dim stateTimer As New Timer(AddressOf statusChecker.CheckStatus, 
                                    autoEvent, 1000, 250)

        ' When autoEvent signals, change the period to every half second.
        autoEvent.WaitOne()
        stateTimer.Change(0, 500)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Changing period to .5 seconds." & vbCrLf)

        ' When autoEvent signals the second time, dispose of the timer.
        autoEvent.WaitOne()
        stateTimer.Dispose()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Destroying timer.")
    End Sub
End Module

Public Class StatusChecker
    Dim invokeCount, maxCount As Integer 

    Sub New(count As Integer)
        invokeCount  = 0
        maxCount = count
    End Sub

    ' The timer callback method.
    Sub CheckStatus(stateInfo As Object)
        Dim autoEvent As AutoResetEvent = DirectCast(stateInfo, AutoResetEvent)
        invokeCount += 1
        Console.WriteLine("{0:h:mm:ss.fff} Checking status {1,2}.", 
                          DateTime.Now, invokeCount)
        If invokeCount = maxCount Then
            ' Reset the counter and signal the waiting thread.
            invokeCount = 0
            autoEvent.Set()
        End If
    End Sub
End Class
' The example displays output like the following:
'       11:59:54.202 Creating timer.
'       
'       11:59:55.217 Checking status  1.
'       11:59:55.466 Checking status  2.
'       11:59:55.716 Checking status  3.
'       11:59:55.968 Checking status  4.
'       11:59:56.218 Checking status  5.
'       11:59:56.470 Checking status  6.
'       11:59:56.722 Checking status  7.
'       11:59:56.972 Checking status  8.
'       11:59:57.223 Checking status  9.
'       11:59:57.473 Checking status 10.
'       
'       Changing period to .5 seconds.
'       
'       11:59:57.474 Checking status  1.
'       11:59:57.976 Checking status  2.
'       11:59:58.476 Checking status  3.
'       11:59:58.977 Checking status  4.
'       11:59:59.477 Checking status  5.
'       11:59:59.977 Checking status  6.
'       12:00:00.478 Checking status  7.
'       12:00:00.980 Checking status  8.
'       12:00:01.481 Checking status  9.
'       12:00:01.981 Checking status 10.
'       
'       Destroying timer.

Remarques

Utilisez un TimerCallback délégué pour spécifier la méthode qui est appelée par un Timer.Use a TimerCallback delegate to specify the method that is called by a Timer. Cette méthode ne s’exécute pas dans le thread qui a créé la minuterie. Il s’exécute dans un thread de pool de threads distinct fourni par le système.This method does not execute in the thread that created the timer; it executes in a separate thread pool thread that is provided by the system. Le TimerCallback délégué appelle la méthode une fois après l’expiration de l’heure de début et continue à l’appeler une fois par intervalle de Dispose minuterie jusqu’à ce que la méthode Timer.Change soit appelée, ou jusqu’à ce Infiniteque la méthode soit appelée avec la valeur d’intervalle.The TimerCallback delegate invokes the method once after the start time elapses, and continues to invoke it once per timer interval until the Dispose method is called, or until the Timer.Change method is called with the interval value Infinite.

Notes

Les rappels peuvent se produire Dispose() après l’appel de la surcharge de méthode, car la minuterie met en file d’attente les rappels pour l’exécution par les threads de pool de threads.Callbacks can occur after the Dispose() method overload has been called, because the timer queues callbacks for execution by thread pool threads. Vous pouvez utiliser la Dispose(WaitHandle) surcharge de méthode pour attendre la fin de tous les rappels.You can use the Dispose(WaitHandle) method overload to wait until all callbacks have completed.

Le délégué de minuteur est spécifié lorsque la minuterie est construite et ne peut pas être modifié.The timer delegate is specified when the timer is constructed, and cannot be changed. L’heure de début d' Timer un est passée dans dueTime le paramètre des Timer constructeurs et le point est passé dans le period paramètre.The start time for a Timer is passed in the dueTime parameter of the Timer constructors, and the period is passed in the period parameter. Pour obtenir un exemple qui illustre la création et TimerCallback l’utilisation d' System.Threading.Timerun délégué, consultez.For an example that demonstrates creating and using a TimerCallback delegate, see System.Threading.Timer.

Méthodes d’extension

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtient un objet qui représente la méthode représentée par le délégué spécifié.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

S’applique à

Voir aussi