ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler Délégué

Définition

Représente la méthode qui gérera l'événement Filtering du contrôle ObjectDataSource.Represents the method that will handle the Filtering event of the ObjectDataSource control.

public delegate void ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler(object sender, ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs e);
type ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler = delegate of obj * ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler(sender As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs)

Paramètres

sender
Object

La source de l'événement, le ObjectDataSource.The source of the event, the ObjectDataSource.

e
ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs

ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs qui contient les données d’événement.An ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs that contains the event data.

Exemples

Cette section contient deux exemples de code.This section contains two code examples. Le premier exemple de code montre comment afficher des données filtrées à l’aide d’un ObjectDataSource contrôle pour récupérer des données d’un objet métier de couche intermédiaire, puis à l’aide d’un GridView contrôle pour afficher les résultats.The first code example demonstrates how to display filtered data by using an ObjectDataSource control to retrieve data from a middle-tier business object, and then using a GridView control to display the results. Le deuxième exemple de code fournit un exemple d’objet métier de couche intermédiaire qui est utilisé par le premier exemple de code.The second code example provides an example of a middle-tier business object that is used by the first code example.

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment afficher des données filtrées à l’aide d’un ObjectDataSource contrôle pour récupérer des données d’un objet métier de couche intermédiaire, puis à l’aide d’un GridView contrôle pour afficher les résultats.The following code example demonstrates how to display filtered data by using an ObjectDataSource control to retrieve data from a middle-tier business object, and then using a GridView control to display the results. Le ObjectDataSource contrôle peut filtrer les données uniquement lorsque la méthode qui récupère les données les récupère en tant qu' DataSet DataTable objet ou.The ObjectDataSource control can filter data only when the method that retrieves the data retrieves it as a DataSet or DataTable object. C’est la raison pour SelectMethod laquelle la propriété identifie une méthode d’objet métier qui récupère les données sous la forme d’un DataSet DataTable objet ou.For this reason, the SelectMethod property identifies a business object method that retrieves data as a DataSet or DataTable object.

L’exemple de code se compose d’un TextBox contrôle, d’un GridView contrôle, du ObjectDataSource contrôle et d’un bouton Envoyer .The code example consists of a TextBox control, a GridView control, the ObjectDataSource control, and a Submit button. Par défaut, le TextBox contrôle est rempli avec le nom de l’un des employés de Northwind Traders.By default, the TextBox control is populated with the name of one of the employees at Northwind Traders. Le GridView contrôle affiche des informations sur l’employé identifié par le nom dans le TextBox .The GridView control displays information about the employee who is identified by the name in the TextBox. Pour récupérer les données d’un autre employé, TextBox tapez le nom complet de l’employé dans le contrôle, puis cliquez sur le bouton Envoyer .To retrieve data for another employee, in the TextBox control, type the full name of the employee, and then click the Submit button.

La FilterExpression propriété spécifie une expression utilisée pour filtrer les données récupérées par la méthode spécifiée par la SelectMethod propriété.The FilterExpression property specifies an expression that is used to filter the data that is retrieved by the method that is specified by the SelectMethod property. Elle utilise des espaces réservés de paramètres qui sont évalués aux paramètres contenus dans la FilterParameters collection.It uses parameter placeholders that are evaluated to the parameters that are contained in the FilterParameters collection. Dans cet exemple, l’espace réservé du paramètre est placé entre guillemets simples ('), car le type du paramètre est un type chaîne qui peut contenir des espaces.In this example, the parameter placeholder is enclosed by single quotation marks (') because the type of the parameter is a string type that might contain spaces. Si le type du paramètre est numérique ou date, les guillemets ne sont pas requis.If the type of the parameter is numeric or date, quotation marks are not required. La FilterParameters collection contient un paramètre, un FormParameter objet qui est lié au TextBox contrôle.The FilterParameters collection contains one parameter, a FormParameter object that is bound to the TextBox control.

Si aucun nom n’est spécifié dans le TextBox contrôle, un nouveau paramètre est ajouté à la ParameterValues collection afin que la recherche réussisse.If no name is specified in the TextBox control, a new parameter is added to the ParameterValues collection so that the search is successful.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    protected void ObjectDataSource1_Filtering(object sender, ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs e)
    {
        if (Textbox1.Text == "")
        {
            e.ParameterValues.Clear();
            e.ParameterValues.Add("FullName", "Nancy Davolio");
        }
    }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <p>Show all users with the following name.</p>

        <asp:textbox id="Textbox1" runat="server" text="Nancy Davolio" />

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratecolumns="False">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="ID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Name" datafield="FullName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Street Address" datafield="Address" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <!-- Security Note: The ObjectDataSource uses a FormParameter,
             Security Note: which does not perform validation of input from the client. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployeesAsDataSet"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic"
          filterexpression="FullName='{0}'" OnFiltering="ObjectDataSource1_Filtering">
            <filterparameters>
              <asp:formparameter name="FullName" formfield="Textbox1" defaultvalue="Nancy Davolio" />
            </filterparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:button id="Button1" runat="server" text="Search" /></p>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    Protected Sub ObjectDataSource1_Filtering(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventArgs)
        If Textbox1.Text = "" Then
            e.ParameterValues.Clear()
            e.ParameterValues.Add("FullName", "Nancy Davolio")
        End If
    End Sub
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <p>Show all users with the following name.</p>

        <asp:textbox id="Textbox1" runat="server" text="Nancy Davolio" />

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratecolumns="False">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="ID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Name" datafield="FullName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Street Address" datafield="Address" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <!-- Security Note: The ObjectDataSource uses a FormParameter,
             Security Note: which does not perform validation of input from the client. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployeesAsDataSet"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic"
          filterexpression="FullName='{0}'" OnFiltering="ObjectDataSource1_Filtering">
            <filterparameters>
              <asp:formparameter name="FullName" formfield="Textbox1" defaultvalue="Nancy Davolio" />
            </filterparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:button id="Button1" runat="server" text="Search" /></p>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

L’exemple de code suivant fournit un exemple d’objet métier de couche intermédiaire utilisé par l’exemple de code précédent.The following code example provides an example of a middle-tier business object that the preceding code example uses. L’exemple de code se compose de deux classes de base : EmployeeLogic et NorthwindEmployee .The code example consists of two basic classes: EmployeeLogic and NorthwindEmployee. La EmployeeLogic classe encapsule la logique métier et la NorthwindEmployee classe est une classe de modèle qui contient uniquement les fonctionnalités de base nécessaires au chargement et à la persistance des données à partir de la couche données.The EmployeeLogic class encapsulates business logic and the NorthwindEmployee class is a model class that contains only the basic functionality that is required to load and persist data from the data tier. Par souci de simplicité, la EmployeeLogic classe crée un ensemble statique de données au lieu de récupérer les données d’une couche de données.For simplicity, the EmployeeLogic class creates a static set of data, rather than retrieving the data from a data tier. Pour obtenir un exemple fonctionnel complet, vous devez compiler et utiliser ces classes avec les exemples de code Web Forms fournis.For a complete working example, you must compile and use these classes with the Web Forms code examples that are provided.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Data;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates 
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList data = new ArrayList();
           
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(1,"Nancy","Davolio","507 - 20th Ave. E. Apt. 2A"));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(2,"Andrew","Fuller","908 W. Capital Way"));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(3,"Janet","Leverling","722 Moss Bay Blvd."));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(4,"Margaret","Peacock","4110 Old Redmond Rd."));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(5,"Steven","Buchanan","14 Garrett Hill"));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(6,"Michael","Suyama","Coventry House Miner Rd."));
      data.Add(new NorthwindEmployee(7,"Robert","King","Edgeham Hollow Winchester Way"));
      
      return data;
    }
    
    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      ArrayList data = GetAllEmployees() as ArrayList;     
      int empID = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());      
      return data[empID] as NorthwindEmployee;
    }

    // 
    // To support basic filtering, the employees cannot
    // be returned as an array of objects, rather as a 
    // DataSet of the raw data values. 
    public static DataSet GetAllEmployeesAsDataSet () {
      ICollection employees = GetAllEmployees();
      
      DataSet ds = new DataSet("Table");
      
      // Create the schema of the DataTable.
      DataTable dt = new DataTable();
      DataColumn dc;
      dc = new DataColumn("EmpID",   typeof(int));    dt.Columns.Add(dc);
      dc = new DataColumn("FullName",typeof(string)); dt.Columns.Add(dc);
      dc = new DataColumn("Address", typeof(string)); dt.Columns.Add(dc);
      
      // Add rows to the DataTable.
      DataRow row;
            
      foreach (NorthwindEmployee ne in employees) {                
        row = dt.NewRow();
        row["EmpID"]    = ne.EmpID;
        row["FullName"] = ne.FullName;
        row["Address"]  = ne.Address;
        dt.Rows.Add(row);
      } 
      // Add the complete DataTable to the DataSet.
      ds.Tables.Add(dt);
      
      return ds;
    }    
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee (int anID, 
                              string aFirstName,
                              string aLastName,
                              string anAddress) {
      ID = anID;
      firstName = aFirstName;
      lastName = aLastName;   
      address = anAddress;
    }

    private object ID;
    public string EmpID {
      get { return ID.ToString();  }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }
    
    public string FullName {
      get { return FirstName  + " " +  LastName; }
    }
    
    private string address;
    public string Address {
      get { return address; }
      set { address = value;  }
    }    
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB
'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates 
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
'
Public Class EmployeeLogic
   
   ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection
      Dim data As New ArrayList()
      
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(1, "Nancy", "Davolio", "507 - 20th Ave. E. Apt. 2A"))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(2, "Andrew", "Fuller", "908 W. Capital Way"))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(3, "Janet", "Leverling", "722 Moss Bay Blvd."))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(4, "Margaret", "Peacock", "4110 Old Redmond Rd."))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(5, "Steven", "Buchanan", "14 Garrett Hill"))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(6, "Michael", "Suyama", "Coventry House Miner Rd."))
      data.Add(New NorthwindEmployee(7, "Robert", "King", "Edgeham Hollow Winchester Way"))
      
      Return data
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees
   
   
   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      Dim data As ArrayList = CType(GetAllEmployees(), ArrayList)
      Dim empID As Integer = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Return CType(data(empID),NorthwindEmployee)   
   End Function 'GetEmployee
   
   
   ' To support basic filtering, the employees cannot
   ' be returned as an array of objects, rather as a 
   ' DataSet of the raw data values. 
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployeesAsDataSet() As DataSet
      Dim employees As ICollection = GetAllEmployees()
      
      Dim ds As New DataSet("Table")
      
      ' Create the schema of the DataTable.
      Dim dt As New DataTable()
      Dim dc As DataColumn
      dc = New DataColumn("EmpID", GetType(Integer))
      dt.Columns.Add(dc)
      dc = New DataColumn("FullName", GetType(String))
      dt.Columns.Add(dc)
      dc = New DataColumn("Address", GetType(String))
      dt.Columns.Add(dc)
      
      ' Add rows to the DataTable.
      Dim row As DataRow
      Dim ne As NorthwindEmployee
      For Each ne In employees         
         row = dt.NewRow()
         row("EmpID") = ne.EmpID
         row("FullName") = ne.FullName
         row("Address") = ne.Address
         dt.Rows.Add(row)
      Next
      ' Add the complete DataTable to the DataSet.
      ds.Tables.Add(dt)
      
      Return ds
   End Function 'GetAllEmployeesAsDataSet
      
End Class


Public Class NorthwindEmployee
   
   Public Sub New(anID As Integer, aFirstName As String, aLastName As String, anAddress As String)
      ID = anID
      Me.aFirstName = aFirstName
      Me.aLastName = aLastName
      Me.aAddress = anAddress
   End Sub
   
   Private ID As Object   
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As String
      Get
         Return ID.ToString()
      End Get
   End Property 

   Private aLastName As String   
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property 

   Private aFirstName As String   
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property 
   
   Public ReadOnly Property FullName() As String
      Get
         Return FirstName & " " & LastName
      End Get
   End Property 
  
   Private aAddress As String  
   Public Property Address() As String
      Get
         Return aAddress
      End Get
      Set
         aAddress = value
      End Set
   End Property 
   
End Class
End Namespace

Remarques

Lorsque vous créez un délégué ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler, vous identifiez la méthode qui gérera l'événement.When you create an ObjectDataSourceFilteringEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Pour associer l'événement au gestionnaire d'événements, ajoutez une instance du délégué à l'événement.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Le gestionnaire d'événements est appelé chaque fois qu'un événement se produit, sauf si vous supprimez le délégué.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Pour plus d’informations sur la façon de gérer les événements, consultez gestion et déclenchement d’événements.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Méthodes d’extension

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtient un objet qui représente la méthode représentée par le délégué spécifié.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

S’applique à

Voir aussi