Application.ThreadException Événement

Définition

Se produit lorsqu'une exception non gérée est levée sur un thread.Occurs when an untrapped thread exception is thrown.

public:
 static event System::Threading::ThreadExceptionEventHandler ^ ThreadException;
public static event System.Threading.ThreadExceptionEventHandler ThreadException;
member this.ThreadException : System.Threading.ThreadExceptionEventHandler 
Public Shared Custom Event ThreadException As ThreadExceptionEventHandler 

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant définit des gestionnaires d’événements pour les exceptions qui se produisent sur les threads Windows Forms et les exceptions qui se produisent sur d’autres threads.The following code example sets event handlers for exceptions that occur on Windows Forms threads and exceptions that occur on other threads. Il définit SetUnhandledExceptionMode afin que toutes les exceptions soient gérées par l’application, quels que soient les paramètres dans le fichier de configuration de l’application utilisateur.It sets SetUnhandledExceptionMode so that all exceptions are handled by the application, regardless of the settings in the application's user configuration file. Il utilise l'événement ThreadException pour gérer les exceptions de thread d’interface utilisateur et l'événement UnhandledException pour gérer les exceptions issues de threads autres que celui de l’interface utilisateur.It uses the ThreadException event to handle UI thread exceptions, and the UnhandledException event to handle non-UI thread exceptions. Dans la mesure où UnhandledException ne peut pas empêcher une application de se terminer, l’exemple enregistre simplement l’erreur dans le journal des événements d’application avant l’arrêt.Since UnhandledException cannot prevent an application from terminating, the example simply logs the error in the application event log before termination.

Cet exemple suppose que vous avez défini deux contrôles Button, button1 et button2, dans votre classe Form.This example assumes that you have defined two Button controls, button1 and button2, on your Form class.

   // Creates a class to throw the error.
public:
   ref class ErrorHandler: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
   {
      // Inserts the code to create a form with a button.

      // Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
   private:
      void button1_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      {
         throw gcnew ArgumentException( "The parameter was invalid" );
      }

   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Creates an instance of the methods that will handle the exception.
         CustomExceptionHandler ^ eh = gcnew CustomExceptionHandler;
         
         // Adds the event handler to the event.
         Application::ThreadException += gcnew ThreadExceptionEventHandler( eh, &Form1::CustomExceptionHandler::OnThreadException );
         
         // Runs the application.
         Application::Run( gcnew ErrorHandler );
      }
   };

   // Creates a class to handle the exception event.
internal:
   ref class CustomExceptionHandler
   {
      // Handles the exception event.
   public:
      void OnThreadException( Object^ /*sender*/, ThreadExceptionEventArgs^ t )
      {
         System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult result = ::DialogResult::Cancel;
         try
         {
            result = this->ShowThreadExceptionDialog( t->Exception );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ) 
         {
            try
            {
               MessageBox::Show( "Fatal Error", "Fatal Error", MessageBoxButtons::AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon::Stop );
            }
            finally
            {
               Application::Exit();
            }
         }
         
         // Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
         if ( result == ::DialogResult::Abort )
         {
            Application::Exit();
         }
      }

      // Creates the error message and displays it.
   private:
      System::Windows::Forms::DialogResult ShowThreadExceptionDialog( Exception^ e )
      {
         String^ errorMsg = "An error occurred please contact the adminstrator with the following information:\n\n";
         errorMsg = String::Concat( errorMsg, e->Message, "\n\nStack Trace:\n", e->StackTrace );
         return MessageBox::Show( errorMsg, "Application Error", MessageBoxButtons::AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon::Stop );
      }
   };
Thread newThread = null;

// Starts the application. 
[SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag.ControlAppDomain)]
public static void Main(string[] args)
{
    // Add the event handler for handling UI thread exceptions to the event.
    Application.ThreadException += new ThreadExceptionEventHandler(ErrorHandlerForm.Form1_UIThreadException);

    // Set the unhandled exception mode to force all Windows Forms errors to go through
    // our handler.
    Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException);

    // Add the event handler for handling non-UI thread exceptions to the event. 
    AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException +=
        new UnhandledExceptionEventHandler(CurrentDomain_UnhandledException);

    // Runs the application.
    Application.Run(new ErrorHandlerForm());
}

// Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    throw new ArgumentException("The parameter was invalid");
}

// Start a new thread, separate from Windows Forms, that will throw an exception.
private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    ThreadStart newThreadStart = new ThreadStart(newThread_Execute);
    newThread = new Thread(newThreadStart);
    newThread.Start();
}

// The thread we start up to demonstrate non-UI exception handling. 
void newThread_Execute()
{
    throw new Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.");
}

// Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
// or not they wish to abort execution.
private static void Form1_UIThreadException(object sender, ThreadExceptionEventArgs t)
{
    DialogResult result = DialogResult.Cancel;
    try
    {
        result = ShowThreadExceptionDialog("Windows Forms Error", t.Exception);
    }
    catch
    {
        try
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Windows Forms Error",
                "Fatal Windows Forms Error", MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
        }
        finally
        {
            Application.Exit();
        }
    }

    // Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
    if (result == DialogResult.Abort)
        Application.Exit();
}

// Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
// or not they wish to abort execution.
// NOTE: This exception cannot be kept from terminating the application - it can only 
// log the event, and inform the user about it. 
private static void CurrentDomain_UnhandledException(object sender, UnhandledExceptionEventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        Exception ex = (Exception)e.ExceptionObject;
        string errorMsg = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " +
            "with the following information:\n\n";

        // Since we can't prevent the app from terminating, log this to the event log.
        if (!EventLog.SourceExists("ThreadException"))
        {
            EventLog.CreateEventSource("ThreadException", "Application");
        }

        // Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
        EventLog myLog = new EventLog();
        myLog.Source = "ThreadException";
        myLog.WriteEntry(errorMsg + ex.Message + "\n\nStack Trace:\n" + ex.StackTrace);
    }
    catch (Exception exc)
    {
        try
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Non-UI Error",
                "Fatal Non-UI Error. Could not write the error to the event log. Reason: "
                + exc.Message, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
        }
        finally
        {
            Application.Exit();
        }
    }
}

// Creates the error message and displays it.
private static DialogResult ShowThreadExceptionDialog(string title, Exception e)
{
    string errorMsg = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " +
        "with the following information:\n\n";
    errorMsg = errorMsg + e.Message + "\n\nStack Trace:\n" + e.StackTrace;
    return MessageBox.Show(errorMsg, title, MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore,
        MessageBoxIcon.Stop);
}
Private newThread As Thread = Nothing

' Starts the application. 
<SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags:=SecurityPermissionFlag.ControlAppDomain)> _
Public Shared Sub Main()
    ' Add the event handler for handling UI thread exceptions to the event.
    AddHandler Application.ThreadException, AddressOf ErrorHandlerForm.Form1_UIThreadException

    ' Set the unhandled exception mode to force all Windows Forms errors to go through
    ' our handler.
    Application.SetUnhandledExceptionMode(UnhandledExceptionMode.CatchException)

    ' Add the event handler for handling non-UI thread exceptions to the event. 
    AddHandler AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException, AddressOf CurrentDomain_UnhandledException

    ' Runs the application.
    Application.Run(New ErrorHandlerForm())
End Sub


' Programs the button to throw an exception when clicked.
Private Sub button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles button1.Click
    Throw New ArgumentException("The parameter was invalid")
End Sub

' Start a new thread, separate from Windows Forms, that will throw an exception.
Private Sub button2_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles button2.Click
    Dim newThreadStart As New ThreadStart(AddressOf newThread_Execute)
    newThread = New Thread(newThreadStart)
    newThread.Start()
End Sub


' The thread we start up to demonstrate non-UI exception handling. 
Sub newThread_Execute()
    Throw New Exception("The method or operation is not implemented.")
End Sub


' Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
' or not they wish to abort execution.
Private Shared Sub Form1_UIThreadException(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal t As ThreadExceptionEventArgs)
    Dim result As System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult = _
        System.Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Cancel
    Try
        result = ShowThreadExceptionDialog("Windows Forms Error", t.Exception)
    Catch
        Try
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Windows Forms Error", _
                "Fatal Windows Forms Error", MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
        Finally
            Application.Exit()
        End Try
    End Try

    ' Exits the program when the user clicks Abort.
    If result = DialogResult.Abort Then
        Application.Exit()
    End If
End Sub

' Handle the UI exceptions by showing a dialog box, and asking the user whether
' or not they wish to abort execution.
' NOTE: This exception cannot be kept from terminating the application - it can only 
' log the event, and inform the user about it. 
Private Shared Sub CurrentDomain_UnhandledException(ByVal sender As Object, _
ByVal e As UnhandledExceptionEventArgs)
    Try
        Dim ex As Exception = CType(e.ExceptionObject, Exception)
        Dim errorMsg As String = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " & _
            "with the following information:" & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf

        ' Since we can't prevent the app from terminating, log this to the event log.
        If (Not EventLog.SourceExists("ThreadException")) Then
            EventLog.CreateEventSource("ThreadException", "Application")
        End If

        ' Create an EventLog instance and assign its source.
        Dim myLog As New EventLog()
        myLog.Source = "ThreadException"
        myLog.WriteEntry((errorMsg + ex.Message & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf & _
            "Stack Trace:" & ControlChars.Lf & ex.StackTrace))
    Catch exc As Exception
        Try
            MessageBox.Show("Fatal Non-UI Error", "Fatal Non-UI Error. Could not write the error to the event log. " & _
                "Reason: " & exc.Message, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
        Finally
            Application.Exit()
        End Try
    End Try
End Sub


' Creates the error message and displays it.
Private Shared Function ShowThreadExceptionDialog(ByVal title As String, ByVal e As Exception) As DialogResult
    Dim errorMsg As String = "An application error occurred. Please contact the adminstrator " & _
 "with the following information:" & ControlChars.Lf & ControlChars.Lf
    errorMsg = errorMsg & e.Message & ControlChars.Lf & _
 ControlChars.Lf & "Stack Trace:" & ControlChars.Lf & e.StackTrace

    Return MessageBox.Show(errorMsg, title, MessageBoxButtons.AbortRetryIgnore, MessageBoxIcon.Stop)
End Function

Remarques

Cet événement permet à votre application Windows Forms de gérer les exceptions non prises en charge qui se produisent dans les threads de Windows Forms.This event allows your Windows Forms application to handle otherwise unhandled exceptions that occur in Windows Forms threads. Attachez votre gestionnaire d’événements à l’événement ThreadException pour traiter ces exceptions, ce qui permet de rendre votre application dans un état inconnu.Attach your event handler to the ThreadException event to deal with these exceptions, which will leave your application in an unknown state. Dans la mesure du possible, les exceptions doivent être gérées localement par un bloc structuré de gestion des exceptions.Where possible, exceptions should be handled by a structured exception handling block.

Vous pouvez choisir si ce rappel doit être utilisé pour les exceptions Windows Forms non gérées en définissant SetUnhandledExceptionMode.You can change whether this callback is used for unhandled Windows Forms thread exceptions by setting SetUnhandledExceptionMode. Pour intercepter les exceptions qui se produisent dans les threads non créés et détenus par Windows Forms, utilisez l'événement UnhandledException.To catch exceptions that occur in threads not created and owned by Windows Forms, use the UnhandledException event handler.

Notes

Pour garantir qu’aucune activation de cet événement ne soit manquée, vous devez attacher un gestionnaire avant d’appeler Application.Run.To guarantee that no activations of this event are missed, you must attach a handler before you call Application.Run.

Notes

Un seul gestionnaire peut être joint à cet événement.Only one handler can be attached to this event. Si plusieurs gestionnaires sont ajoutés, seul le gestionnaire ajouté le plus récemment sera appelé sur une exception non gérée.If multiple handlers are added, only the most recently added handler will be called on an unhandled exception.

Attention

S'agissant d'un événement statique, vous devez détacher vos gestionnaires d’événements lorsque votre application est supprimée, faute de quoi des fuites mémoire vont se produire.Because this is a static event, you must detach your event handlers when your application is disposed, or memory leaks will result.

S’applique à