ComboBoxRenderer Classe

Définition

Fournit des méthodes utilisées pour restituer un contrôle zone de liste déroulante avec des styles visuels.Provides methods used to render a combo box control with visual styles. Cette classe ne peut pas être héritée.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class ComboBoxRenderer sealed
public sealed class ComboBoxRenderer
type ComboBoxRenderer = class
Public NotInheritable Class ComboBoxRenderer
Héritage
ComboBoxRenderer

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment créer un contrôle personnalisé qui utilise les méthodes DrawTextBox et DrawDropDownButton pour dessiner une zone de liste déroulante qui répond aux clics de souris.The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the DrawTextBox and DrawDropDownButton methods to draw a combo box that responds to mouse clicks.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms::VisualStyles;

namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
{
    ref class CustomComboBox: public Control
    {
    private:
        System::Drawing::Size arrowSize;
        Rectangle arrowRectangle;
        Rectangle topTextBoxRectangle;
        Rectangle bottomTextBoxRectangle;
        ComboBoxState textBoxState;
        ComboBoxState arrowState;
        String^ bottomText;
        bool isActivated;
        int minHeight;
        int minWidth;

    public:
        CustomComboBox() : Control()

          {
              minHeight = 38;
              minWidth = 40; 
              this->Location = Point(10, 10);
              this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(140, 38);
              this->Font = SystemFonts::IconTitleFont;
              this->Text = "Click the button";
              textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
              bottomText = "Using ComboBoxRenderer";
              arrowState = ComboBoxState::Normal;

              // Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo
              // box control.
              arrowSize = System::Drawing::Size(18, 20);
              arrowRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X +
                  ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1,
                  ClientRectangle.Y + 1,
                  arrowSize.Width,
                  arrowSize.Height);
              topTextBoxRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                  ClientRectangle.Y,
                  ClientRectangle.Width,
                  arrowSize.Height + 2);
              bottomTextBoxRectangle = Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                  ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height,
                  ClientRectangle.Width,
                  topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6);
          }

          // Draw the combo box in the current state.
    protected:
        virtual void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnPaint(e);

            if (!ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                this->Parent->Text = "Visual Styles Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this->Parent->Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled";

            // Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their
            // current states
            ComboBoxRenderer::DrawTextBox(e->Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle,
                this->Text, this->Font, textBoxState);
            ComboBoxRenderer::DrawDropDownButton(e->Graphics, arrowRectangle,
                arrowState);

            // Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked
            if (isActivated)
            {
                ComboBoxRenderer::DrawTextBox(e->Graphics,
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, this->Font,
                    textBoxState);
            }
        }

    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnMouseDown(e);

            // Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e->Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                // Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState::Pressed;

                // The user has activated the combo box.
                if (!isActivated)
                {
                    this->Text = "Clicked!";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Pressed;
                    isActivated = true;
                }

                // The user has deactivated the combo box.
                else
                {
                    this->Text = "Click here";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
                    isActivated = false;
                }

                // Redraw the control.
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

    protected:
        virtual void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs^ e) override 
        {
            Control::OnMouseUp(e);

            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e->Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer::IsSupported)
            {
                arrowState = ComboBoxState::Normal;
                Invalidate();
            }
        }
    };

    ref class Form1 : public Form
    {
    public:
        Form1() : Form()
        {
            this->Size = System::Drawing::Size(300, 300);
            CustomComboBox^ ComboBox1 = gcnew CustomComboBox();
            Controls->Add(ComboBox1);
        }

    };

}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
    // whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
    // styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
    Application::EnableVisualStyles();
    Application::Run(gcnew ComboBoxRendererSample::Form1());

}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles;

namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
{
    class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
            : base()
        {
            this.Size = new Size(300, 300);
            CustomComboBox ComboBox1 = new CustomComboBox();
            Controls.Add(ComboBox1);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
            // whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
            // styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    public class CustomComboBox : Control
    {
        private Size arrowSize;
        private Rectangle arrowRectangle;
        private Rectangle topTextBoxRectangle;
        private Rectangle bottomTextBoxRectangle;
        private ComboBoxState textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
        private ComboBoxState arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
        private String bottomText = "Using ComboBoxRenderer";
        private bool isActivated = false;
        private const int minHeight = 38;
        private const int minWidth = 40;

        public CustomComboBox()
            : base()
        {
            this.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.Size = new Size(140, 38);
            this.Font = SystemFonts.IconTitleFont;
            this.Text = "Click the button";

            // Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo 
            // box control.
            arrowSize = new Size(18, 20);
            arrowRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X +
                ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1,
                ClientRectangle.Y + 1,
                arrowSize.Width,
                arrowSize.Height);
            topTextBoxRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y,
                ClientRectangle.Width,
                arrowSize.Height + 2);
            bottomTextBoxRectangle = new Rectangle(ClientRectangle.X,
                ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height,
                ClientRectangle.Width,
                topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6);
        }

        // Draw the combo box in the current state.
        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnPaint(e);

            if (!ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                this.Parent.Text = "Visual Styles Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this.Parent.Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled";

            // Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their 
            // current states
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle,
                this.Text, this.Font, textBoxState);
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawDropDownButton(e.Graphics, arrowRectangle,
                arrowState);

            // Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked
            if (isActivated)
            {
                ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics,
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, this.Font,
                    textBoxState);
            }
        }

        protected override void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseDown(e);

            // Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                // Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Pressed;

                // The user has activated the combo box.
                if (!isActivated)
                {
                    this.Text = "Clicked!";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Pressed;
                    isActivated = true;
                }

                // The user has deactivated the combo box.
                else
                {
                    this.Text = "Click here";
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
                    isActivated = false;
                }

                // Redraw the control.
                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        protected override void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseUp(e);

            if (arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) &&
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal;
                Invalidate();
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles

Namespace ComboBoxRendererSample
    Class Form1
        Inherits Form

        Public Sub New()
            Me.Size = New Size(300, 300)
            Dim ComboBox1 As New CustomComboBox()
            Controls.Add(ComboBox1)
        End Sub

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            ' The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect
            ' whether ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual
            ' styles are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub
    End Class

    Public Class CustomComboBox
        Inherits Control

        Private arrowSize As Size
        Private arrowRectangle As Rectangle
        Private topTextBoxRectangle As Rectangle
        Private bottomTextBoxRectangle As Rectangle
        Private textBoxState As ComboBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
        Private arrowState As ComboBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
        Private bottomText As String = "Using ComboBoxRenderer"
        Private isActivated As Boolean = False
        Private minHeight As Integer = 38
        Private minWidth As Integer = 40

        Public Sub New()
            Me.Location = New Point(10, 10)
            Me.Size = New Size(140, 38)
            Me.Font = SystemFonts.IconTitleFont
            Me.Text = "Click the button"

            ' Initialize the rectangles to look like the standard combo 
            ' box control.
            arrowSize = New Size(18, 20)
            arrowRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X + _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Width - arrowSize.Width - 1, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y + 1, arrowSize.Width, _
                arrowSize.Height)
            topTextBoxRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y, Me.ClientRectangle.Width, _
                arrowSize.Height + 2)
            bottomTextBoxRectangle = New Rectangle(Me.ClientRectangle.X, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Y + topTextBoxRectangle.Height, _
                Me.ClientRectangle.Width, topTextBoxRectangle.Height - 6)
        End Sub

        ' Draw the combo box in the current state.
        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnPaint(e)

            If Not ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then
                Me.Parent.Text = "Visual Styles	Disabled"
                Return
            End If

            Me.Parent.Text = "CustomComboBox Enabled"

            ' Always draw the main text box and drop down arrow in their 
            ' current states.
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, topTextBoxRectangle, _
                Me.Text, Me.Font, textBoxState)
            ComboBoxRenderer.DrawDropDownButton(e.Graphics, arrowRectangle, _
                arrowState)

            ' Only draw the bottom text box if the arrow has been clicked.
            If isActivated Then
                ComboBoxRenderer.DrawTextBox(e.Graphics, _
                    bottomTextBoxRectangle, bottomText, Me.Font, textBoxState)
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseDown(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnMouseDown(e)

            ' Check whether the user clicked the arrow.
            If arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) And _
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then

                ' Draw the arrow in the pressed state.
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Pressed

                ' The user has activated the combo box.
                If Not isActivated Then
                    Me.Text = "Clicked!"
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Pressed
                    isActivated = True

                ' The user has deactivated the combo box.
                Else
                    Me.Text = "Click here"
                    textBoxState = ComboBoxState.Normal
                    isActivated = False
                End If

                ' Redraw the control.
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

        Protected Overrides Sub OnMouseUp(ByVal e As MouseEventArgs)
            MyBase.OnMouseUp(e)
            If arrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location) And _
                ComboBoxRenderer.IsSupported Then
                arrowState = ComboBoxState.Normal
                Invalidate()
            End If
        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace

Remarques

La classe ComboBoxRenderer fournit un ensemble de static méthodes qui peuvent être utilisées pour restituer un contrôle zone de liste déroulante avec le style visuel actuel du système d’exploitation.The ComboBoxRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render a combo box control with the current visual style of the operating system. Le rendu d’un contrôle fait référence au dessin de l’interface utilisateur d’un contrôle.Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. Cela est utile si vous dessinez un contrôle personnalisé qui doit avoir l’apparence du style visuel actuel.This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style. Pour dessiner une zone de liste déroulante, utilisez la méthode DrawTextBox pour dessiner la zone de texte et la méthode DrawDropDownButton pour dessiner la flèche déroulante.To draw a combo box, use the DrawTextBox method to draw the text box and the DrawDropDownButton method to draw the drop-down arrow.

Si les styles visuels sont activés dans le système d’exploitation et que les styles visuels sont appliqués à la zone cliente des fenêtres d’application, DrawTextBox et DrawDropDownButton dessinent la zone de liste déroulante avec le style visuel actuel.If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, DrawTextBox and DrawDropDownButton will draw the combo box with the current visual style. Dans le cas contraire, ces méthodes lèvent une InvalidOperationException.Otherwise, these methods will throw an InvalidOperationException. Pour déterminer si les membres de cette classe peuvent être utilisés, vous pouvez vérifier la valeur de la propriété IsSupported.To determine whether the members of this class can be used, you can check the value of the IsSupported property.

Cette classe encapsule les fonctionnalités d’un System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer qui a la valeur de l’un des éléments exposés par les classes System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ComboBox.DropDownButton et System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TextBox.TextEdit.This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ComboBox.DropDownButton and System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.TextBox.TextEdit classes. Pour plus d’informations, consultez Rendu des contrôles avec les styles visuels.For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.

Propriétés

IsSupported

Obtient une valeur indiquant si la classe ComboBoxRenderer peut être utilisée pour dessiner une zone de liste déroulante avec des styles visuels.Gets a value indicating whether the ComboBoxRenderer class can be used to draw a combo box with visual styles.

Méthodes

DrawDropDownButton(Graphics, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une flèche de déroulement avec le style visuel actuel du système d'exploitation.Draws a drop-down arrow with the current visual style of the operating system.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une zone de texte dans l'état et les limites spécifiés.Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une zone de texte dans l'état et les limites spécifiés, avec le texte spécifié.Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, Rectangle, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une zone de texte dans l'état et les limites spécifiés, avec le texte et les limites de texte spécifiés.Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and text bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, Rectangle, TextFormatFlags, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une zone de texte dans l'état et les limites spécifiés, avec le texte, la mise en forme du texte et les limites de texte spécifiés.Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text, text formatting, and text bounds.

DrawTextBox(Graphics, Rectangle, String, Font, TextFormatFlags, ComboBoxState)

Dessine une zone de texte dans l'état et les limites spécifiés, avec le texte et la mise en forme du texte spécifiés.Draws a text box in the specified state and bounds, with the specified text and text formatting.

Equals(Object)

Détermine si l'objet spécifié est égal à l'objet actuel.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Hérité de Object)
GetHashCode()

Sert de fonction de hachage par défaut.Serves as the default hash function.

(Hérité de Object)
GetType()

Obtient le Type de l'instance actuelle.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Hérité de Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Crée une copie superficielle du Object actuel.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Hérité de Object)
ToString()

Retourne une chaîne qui représente l'objet actif.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Hérité de Object)

S’applique à

Voir aussi