DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler Délégué

Définition

Représente la méthode qui gérera l'événement CellContextMenuStripNeeded d'un DataGridView.Represents the method that will handle a CellContextMenuStripNeeded event of a DataGridView.

public delegate void DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler(object sender, DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs e);
type DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler = delegate of obj * DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler(sender As Object, e As DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs)

Paramètres

sender
Object

Source de l'événement.The source of the event.

Héritage
DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs utilise pour définir le menu contextuel sans annuler le partage de la ligne.The following code example uses DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs to set the context menu without unsharing the row.

ToolStripMenuItem^ wholeTable;
ToolStripMenuItem^ lookUp;
System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip^ strip;
String^ cellErrorText;

void dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/,
    DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs^ e )
{
    cellErrorText = String::Empty;
    if ( strip == nullptr )
    {
        strip = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ContextMenuStrip;
        lookUp->Text = L"Look Up";
        wholeTable->Text = L"See Whole Table";
        strip->Items->Add( lookUp );
        strip->Items->Add( wholeTable );
    }

    e->ContextMenuStrip = strip;
}

void wholeTable_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
    dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( L"Select * from employees", true );
}

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ theCellImHoveringOver;
void dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ e )
{
    theCellImHoveringOver = e;
}

DataGridViewCellEventArgs^ cellErrorLocation;
void lookUp_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
{
    try
    {
        dataGridView1->DataSource = Populate( String::Format( L"Select * from employees where {0} = '{1}'", dataGridView1->Columns[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Name, dataGridView1->Rows[ theCellImHoveringOver->RowIndex ]->Cells[ theCellImHoveringOver->ColumnIndex ]->Value ), true );
    }
    catch ( ... ) 
    {
        cellErrorText = L"Can't look this cell up";
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver;
    }

}

void dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded( Object^ /*sender*/, DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs^ e )
{
    if ( cellErrorLocation != nullptr )
    {
        if ( e->ColumnIndex == cellErrorLocation->ColumnIndex && e->RowIndex == cellErrorLocation->RowIndex )
        {
            e->ErrorText = cellErrorText;
        }
    }
}

DataTable^ Populate( String^ query, bool resetUnsharedCounter )
{
    if ( resetUnsharedCounter )
    {
        ResetCounter();
    }


    // Alter the data source as necessary
    SqlDataAdapter^ adapter = gcnew SqlDataAdapter( query,
        gcnew SqlConnection( L"Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;"
        L"Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source= localhost" ) );
    DataTable^ table = gcnew DataTable;
    adapter->Fill( table );
    return table;
}

Label^ count;
int unsharedRowCounter;
void ResetCounter()
{
    unsharedRowCounter = 0;
    count->Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString();
}
private ToolStripMenuItem wholeTable = new ToolStripMenuItem();
private ToolStripMenuItem lookUp = new ToolStripMenuItem();
private ContextMenuStrip strip;
private string cellErrorText;

private void dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded(object sender,
    DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs e)
{
    cellErrorText = String.Empty;

    if (strip == null)
    {
        strip = new ContextMenuStrip();
        lookUp.Text = "Look Up";
        wholeTable.Text = "See Whole Table";
        strip.Items.Add(lookUp);
        strip.Items.Add(wholeTable);
    }
    e.ContextMenuStrip = strip;
}

private void wholeTable_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees", true);
}

private DataGridViewCellEventArgs theCellImHoveringOver;

private void dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
{
    theCellImHoveringOver = e;
}

private DataGridViewCellEventArgs cellErrorLocation;

private void lookUp_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees where " +
            dataGridView1.Columns[theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex].Name + " = '" +
            dataGridView1.Rows[theCellImHoveringOver.RowIndex].
            Cells[theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex].Value + "'",
            true);
    }
    catch (SqlException)
    {
        cellErrorText = "Can't look this cell up";
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver;
    }
}

private void dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded(object sender,
    DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs e)
{
    if (cellErrorLocation != null)
    {
        if (e.ColumnIndex == cellErrorLocation.ColumnIndex &&
            e.RowIndex == cellErrorLocation.RowIndex)
        {
            e.ErrorText = cellErrorText;
        }
    }
}

private DataTable Populate(string query, bool resetUnsharedCounter)
{
    if (resetUnsharedCounter)
    {
        ResetCounter();
    }

    // Alter the data source as necessary
    SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(query,
        new SqlConnection("Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" +
        "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost"));

    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
    adapter.Fill(table);
    return table;
}

private Label count = new Label();
private int unsharedRowCounter;

private void ResetCounter()
{
    unsharedRowCounter = 0;
    count.Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString();
}
Private WithEvents wholeTable As New ToolStripMenuItem()
Private WithEvents lookUp As New ToolStripMenuItem()
Private strip As ContextMenuStrip
Private cellErrorText As String

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellContextMenuStripNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.CellContextMenuStripNeeded

    cellErrorText = String.Empty

    If strip Is Nothing Then
        strip = New ContextMenuStrip()
        lookUp.Text = "Look Up"
        wholeTable.Text = "See Whole Table"
        strip.Items.Add(lookUp)
        strip.Items.Add(wholeTable)
    End If
    e.ContextMenuStrip = strip
End Sub

Private Sub wholeTable_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles wholeTable.Click
    dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees", True)
End Sub

Private theCellImHoveringOver As DataGridViewCellEventArgs

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellMouseEnter(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DataGridViewCellEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.CellMouseEnter

    theCellImHoveringOver = e
End Sub

Private cellErrorLocation As DataGridViewCellEventArgs

Private Sub lookUp_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles lookUp.Click
    Try
        dataGridView1.DataSource = Populate("Select * from employees where " & _
            dataGridView1.Columns(theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex).Name & " = '" & _
            dataGridView1.Rows(theCellImHoveringOver.RowIndex).Cells(theCellImHoveringOver.ColumnIndex).Value.ToString() & _
            "'", True)
    Catch ex As SqlException
        cellErrorText = "Can't look this cell up"
        cellErrorLocation = theCellImHoveringOver
    End Try
End Sub

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellErrorTextNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
            ByVal e As DataGridViewCellErrorTextNeededEventArgs) _
            Handles dataGridView1.CellErrorTextNeeded
    If (Not cellErrorLocation Is Nothing) Then
        If e.ColumnIndex = cellErrorLocation.ColumnIndex AndAlso _
            e.RowIndex = cellErrorLocation.RowIndex Then
            e.ErrorText = cellErrorText
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Private Function Populate(ByVal query As String, ByVal resetUnsharedCounter As Boolean) As DataTable

    If resetUnsharedCounter Then
        ResetCounter()
    End If

    ' Alter the data source as necessary
    Dim adapter As New SqlDataAdapter(query, _
        New SqlConnection("Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" & _
        "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost"))

    Dim table As New DataTable()
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
    adapter.Fill(table)
    Return table
End Function

Private count As New Label()
Private unsharedRowCounter As Integer

Private Sub ResetCounter()
    unsharedRowCounter = 0
    count.Text = unsharedRowCounter.ToString()
End Sub

Remarques

L' CellContextMenuStripNeeded événement se produit uniquement lorsque DataGridView la DataSource propriété du contrôle est définie VirtualMode ou que truesa propriété est.The CellContextMenuStripNeeded event occurs only when the DataGridView control DataSource property is set or its VirtualMode property is true.

Lorsque vous gérez l' CellContextMenuStripNeeded événement, le menu contextuel que vous spécifiez dans le gestionnaire s’affiche chaque fois que l’utilisateur clique avec le bouton droit sur une cellule.When you handle the CellContextMenuStripNeeded event, the shortcut menu that you specify in the handler is shown whenever the user right-clicks a cell. Cela est utile lorsque vous souhaitez afficher des menus contextuels déterminés par l’état actuel ou la valeur d’une cellule.This is useful when you want to display shortcut menus determined by the current state or value of a cell.

L' CellContextMenuStripNeeded événement se produit également chaque fois que la DataGridViewCell.ContextMenuStrip valeur de la propriété est récupérée, soit par programme, soit lorsque l’utilisateur clique avec le bouton droit sur la cellule.The CellContextMenuStripNeeded event also occurs whenever the value of the DataGridViewCell.ContextMenuStrip property is retrieved, either programmatically or when the user right-clicks the cell.

Vous pouvez utiliser les ColumnIndex propriétés RowIndex et pour déterminer l’État ou la valeur d’une cellule, et utiliser ces informations pour définir ContextMenuStrip la propriété.You can use the ColumnIndex and RowIndex properties to determine the state or value of a cell, and use this information to set the ContextMenuStrip property. Cette propriété est initialisée avec la valeur de la propriété ContextMenuStrip de cellule, que la valeur d’événement remplace.This property is initialized with the value of the cell ContextMenuStrip property, which the event value overrides.

Gérez l' CellContextMenuStripNeeded événement lorsque vous travaillez avec de grandes quantités de données pour éviter les pénalités de performances ContextMenuStrip de la définition de la valeur de cellule pour plusieurs cellules.Handle the CellContextMenuStripNeeded event when working with large amounts of data to avoid the performance penalties of setting the cell ContextMenuStrip value for multiple cells. Pour plus d'informations, consultez Meilleures pratiques pour la mise à l'échelle du contrôle DataGridView Windows Forms.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

Vous pouvez également spécifier des menus contextuels pour des lignes individuelles plutôt que des cellules ContextMenuStrip individuelles en définissant DataGridView la propriété RowContextMenuStripNeeded Row ou en gérant l’événement du contrôle.You can also specify shortcut menus for individual rows rather than individual cells by setting the row ContextMenuStrip property or handling the DataGridView control's RowContextMenuStripNeeded event. Le paramètre ContextMenuStrip de propriété de cellule remplace le paramètre ContextMenuStrip de propriété Row et l' CellContextMenuStripNeeded événement remplace à la fois l' RowContextMenuStripNeeded événement et le paramètre ContextMenuStrip de propriété Row.The cell ContextMenuStrip property setting overrides the row ContextMenuStrip property setting, and the CellContextMenuStripNeeded event overrides both the RowContextMenuStripNeeded event and the row ContextMenuStrip property setting. Vous pouvez toutefois null spécifier pour un menu contextuel de cellule pour empêcher le remplacement d’un menu contextuel de ligne.You can specify null for a cell shortcut menu, however, to prevent a row shortcut menu from being overridden.

Pour plus d’informations sur la façon de gérer les événements, consultez gestion et déclenchement d’événements.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Lorsque vous créez un délégué DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler, vous identifiez la méthode qui gérera l'événement.When you create a DataGridViewCellContextMenuStripNeededEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Pour associer l'événement au gestionnaire d'événements, ajoutez une instance du délégué à l'événement.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Le gestionnaire d'événements est appelé chaque fois qu'un événement se produit, sauf si vous supprimez le délégué.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Pour plus d’informations sur les délégués de gestionnaires d’événements, consultez gestion et déclenchement d’événements.For more information about event-handler delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Méthodes d’extension

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtient un objet qui représente la méthode représentée par le délégué spécifié.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

S’applique à

Voir aussi