ToolStripMenuItem ToolStripMenuItem ToolStripMenuItem ToolStripMenuItem Constructors

Définition

Surcharges

ToolStripMenuItem() ToolStripMenuItem() ToolStripMenuItem()

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class.

ToolStripMenuItem(Image) ToolStripMenuItem(Image) ToolStripMenuItem(Image)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le Image spécifié.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified Image.

ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte spécifié.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés et qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image and that does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[]) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[]) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[])

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés et qui contient la collection ToolStripItem spécifiée.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image and that contains the specified ToolStripItem collection.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem avec le nom spécifié qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class with the specified name that displays the specified text and image that does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés, qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem et qui affiche les touches de raccourci spécifiées.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image, does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked, and displays the specified shortcut keys.

ToolStripMenuItem() ToolStripMenuItem() ToolStripMenuItem()

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem();
public ToolStripMenuItem ();
Public Sub New ()

ToolStripMenuItem(Image) ToolStripMenuItem(Image) ToolStripMenuItem(Image)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le Image spécifié.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified Image.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::Drawing::Image ^ image);
public ToolStripMenuItem (System.Drawing.Image image);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : System.Drawing.Image -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem constructeur pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche une image dans la marge à côté du texte.Use the ToolStripMenuItem constructor to create a ToolStripMenuItem that displays an image in the margin alongside the text.

ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String) ToolStripMenuItem(String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte spécifié.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem
Public Sub New (text As String)

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre une utilisation de la ToolStripMenuItem constructeur.The following code example demonstrates a use of the ToolStripMenuItem constructor.

// Create a MenuStrip control with a new window.
MenuStrip ms = new MenuStrip();
ToolStripMenuItem windowMenu = new ToolStripMenuItem("Window");
ToolStripMenuItem windowNewMenu = new ToolStripMenuItem("New", null, new EventHandler(windowNewMenu_Click));
windowMenu.DropDownItems.Add(windowNewMenu);
((ToolStripDropDownMenu)(windowMenu.DropDown)).ShowImageMargin = false;
((ToolStripDropDownMenu)(windowMenu.DropDown)).ShowCheckMargin = true;

// Assign the ToolStripMenuItem that displays 
// the list of child forms.
ms.MdiWindowListItem = windowMenu;

// Add the window ToolStripMenuItem to the MenuStrip.
ms.Items.Add(windowMenu);

// Dock the MenuStrip to the top of the form.
ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top;

// The Form.MainMenuStrip property determines the merge target.
this.MainMenuStrip = ms;
' Create a MenuStrip control with a new window.
Dim ms As New MenuStrip()
Dim windowMenu As New ToolStripMenuItem("Window")
Dim windowNewMenu As New ToolStripMenuItem("New", Nothing, New EventHandler(AddressOf windowNewMenu_Click))
windowMenu.DropDownItems.Add(windowNewMenu)
CType(windowMenu.DropDown, ToolStripDropDownMenu).ShowImageMargin = False
CType(windowMenu.DropDown, ToolStripDropDownMenu).ShowCheckMargin = True

' Assign the ToolStripMenuItem that displays 
' the list of child forms.
ms.MdiWindowListItem = windowMenu

' Add the window ToolStripMenuItem to the MenuStrip.
ms.Items.Add(windowMenu)

' Dock the MenuStrip to the top of the form.
ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top

' The Form.MainMenuStrip property determines the merge target.
Me.MainMenuStrip = ms

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem constructeur pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem avec le nom spécifié.Use the ToolStripMenuItem constructor to create a ToolStripMenuItem with the specified name.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text, System::Drawing::Image ^ image);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text, System.Drawing.Image image);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string * System.Drawing.Image -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem constructeur pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem avec le nom spécifié et l’image.Use the ToolStripMenuItem constructor to create a ToolStripMenuItem with the specified name and image.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés et qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image and that does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text, System::Drawing::Image ^ image, EventHandler ^ onClick);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text, System.Drawing.Image image, EventHandler onClick);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string * System.Drawing.Image * EventHandler -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

onClick
EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler

Gestionnaire d'événements qui déclenche l'événement Click lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur le contrôle.An event handler that raises the Click event when the control is clicked.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre une utilisation de la ToolStripMenuItem constructeur.The following code example demonstrates a use of the ToolStripMenuItem constructor.

// Create a MenuStrip control with a new window.
MenuStrip ms = new MenuStrip();
ToolStripMenuItem windowMenu = new ToolStripMenuItem("Window");
ToolStripMenuItem windowNewMenu = new ToolStripMenuItem("New", null, new EventHandler(windowNewMenu_Click));
windowMenu.DropDownItems.Add(windowNewMenu);
((ToolStripDropDownMenu)(windowMenu.DropDown)).ShowImageMargin = false;
((ToolStripDropDownMenu)(windowMenu.DropDown)).ShowCheckMargin = true;

// Assign the ToolStripMenuItem that displays 
// the list of child forms.
ms.MdiWindowListItem = windowMenu;

// Add the window ToolStripMenuItem to the MenuStrip.
ms.Items.Add(windowMenu);

// Dock the MenuStrip to the top of the form.
ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top;

// The Form.MainMenuStrip property determines the merge target.
this.MainMenuStrip = ms;
' Create a MenuStrip control with a new window.
Dim ms As New MenuStrip()
Dim windowMenu As New ToolStripMenuItem("Window")
Dim windowNewMenu As New ToolStripMenuItem("New", Nothing, New EventHandler(AddressOf windowNewMenu_Click))
windowMenu.DropDownItems.Add(windowNewMenu)
CType(windowMenu.DropDown, ToolStripDropDownMenu).ShowImageMargin = False
CType(windowMenu.DropDown, ToolStripDropDownMenu).ShowCheckMargin = True

' Assign the ToolStripMenuItem that displays 
' the list of child forms.
ms.MdiWindowListItem = windowMenu

' Add the window ToolStripMenuItem to the MenuStrip.
ms.Items.Add(windowMenu)

' Dock the MenuStrip to the top of the form.
ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top

' The Form.MainMenuStrip property determines the merge target.
Me.MainMenuStrip = ms

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et une image et qui exécute l’action spécifiée lorsque le ToolStripMenuItem un clic sur.Use the ToolStripMenuItem to create a ToolStripMenuItem that displays both text and an image and that does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[]) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[]) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, ToolStripItem[])

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés et qui contient la collection ToolStripItem spécifiée.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image and that contains the specified ToolStripItem collection.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text, System::Drawing::Image ^ image, ... cli::array <System::Windows::Forms::ToolStripItem ^> ^ dropDownItems);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text, System.Drawing.Image image, params System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] dropDownItems);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string * System.Drawing.Image * System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

dropDownItems
ToolStripItem[]

Éléments de menu à afficher lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur le contrôle.The menu items to display when the control is clicked.

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem constructeur pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et une image et qui contient le texte spécifié ToolStripItem collection.Use the ToolStripMenuItem constructor to create a ToolStripMenuItem that displays text and an image and that contains the specified ToolStripItem collection.

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem avec le nom spécifié qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class with the specified name that displays the specified text and image that does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text, System::Drawing::Image ^ image, EventHandler ^ onClick, System::String ^ name);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text, System.Drawing.Image image, EventHandler onClick, string name);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string * System.Drawing.Image * EventHandler * string -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

onClick
EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler

Gestionnaire d'événements qui déclenche l'événement Click lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur le contrôle.An event handler that raises the Click event when the control is clicked.

name
String String String String

Nom de l'élément de menu.The name of the menu item.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre une utilisation de la ToolStripMenuItem constructeur.The following code example demonstrates a use of the ToolStripMenuItem constructor.

// This code example demonstrates how to handle the Opening event.
// It also demonstrates dynamic item addition and dynamic 
// SourceControl determination with reuse.
class Form3 : Form
{
    // Declare the ContextMenuStrip control.
    private ContextMenuStrip fruitContextMenuStrip;

    public Form3()
    {
        // Create a new ContextMenuStrip control.
        fruitContextMenuStrip = new ContextMenuStrip();

        // Attach an event handler for the 
        // ContextMenuStrip control's Opening event.
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Opening += new System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler(cms_Opening);

        // Create a new ToolStrip control.
        ToolStrip ts = new ToolStrip();

        // Create a ToolStripDropDownButton control and add it
        // to the ToolStrip control's Items collections.
        ToolStripDropDownButton fruitToolStripDropDownButton = new ToolStripDropDownButton("Fruit", null, null, "Fruit");
        ts.Items.Add(fruitToolStripDropDownButton);

        // Dock the ToolStrip control to the top of the form.
        ts.Dock = DockStyle.Top;

        // Assign the ContextMenuStrip control as the 
        // ToolStripDropDownButton control's DropDown menu.
        fruitToolStripDropDownButton.DropDown = fruitContextMenuStrip;

        // Create a new MenuStrip control and add a ToolStripMenuItem.
        MenuStrip ms = new MenuStrip();
        ToolStripMenuItem fruitToolStripMenuItem = new ToolStripMenuItem("Fruit", null, null, "Fruit");
        ms.Items.Add(fruitToolStripMenuItem);

        // Dock the MenuStrip control to the top of the form.
        ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top;

        // Assign the MenuStrip control as the 
        // ToolStripMenuItem's DropDown menu.
        fruitToolStripMenuItem.DropDown = fruitContextMenuStrip;

        // Assign the ContextMenuStrip to the form's 
        // ContextMenuStrip property.
        this.ContextMenuStrip = fruitContextMenuStrip;

        // Add the ToolStrip control to the Controls collection.
        this.Controls.Add(ts);

        //Add a button to the form and assign its ContextMenuStrip.
        Button b = new Button();
        b.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(60, 60);
        this.Controls.Add(b);
        b.ContextMenuStrip = fruitContextMenuStrip;

        // Add the MenuStrip control last.
        // This is important for correct placement in the z-order.
        this.Controls.Add(ms);
    }

    // This event handler is invoked when the ContextMenuStrip
    // control's Opening event is raised. It demonstrates
    // dynamic item addition and dynamic SourceControl 
    // determination with reuse.
    void cms_Opening(object sender, System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
    {
        // Acquire references to the owning control and item.
        Control c = fruitContextMenuStrip.SourceControl as Control;
        ToolStripDropDownItem tsi = fruitContextMenuStrip.OwnerItem as ToolStripDropDownItem;

        // Clear the ContextMenuStrip control's Items collection.
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Clear();

        // Check the source control first.
        if (c != null)
        {
            // Add custom item (Form)
            fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Source: " + c.GetType().ToString());
        }
        else if (tsi != null)
        {
            // Add custom item (ToolStripDropDownButton or ToolStripMenuItem)
            fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Source: " + tsi.GetType().ToString());
        }

        // Populate the ContextMenuStrip control with its default items.
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("-");
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Apples");
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Oranges");
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Pears");

        // Set Cancel to false. 
        // It is optimized to true based on empty entry.
        e.Cancel = false;
    }
}
' This code example demonstrates how to handle the Opening event.
' It also demonstrates dynamic item addition and dynamic 
' SourceControl determination with reuse.
Class Form3
    Inherits Form

   ' Declare the ContextMenuStrip control.
   Private fruitContextMenuStrip As ContextMenuStrip
   
   
   Public Sub New()
      ' Create a new ContextMenuStrip control.
      fruitContextMenuStrip = New ContextMenuStrip()
      
      ' Attach an event handler for the 
      ' ContextMenuStrip control's Opening event.
      AddHandler fruitContextMenuStrip.Opening, AddressOf cms_Opening
      
      ' Create a new ToolStrip control.
      Dim ts As New ToolStrip()
      
      ' Create a ToolStripDropDownButton control and add it
      ' to the ToolStrip control's Items collections.
      Dim fruitToolStripDropDownButton As New ToolStripDropDownButton("Fruit", Nothing, Nothing, "Fruit")
      ts.Items.Add(fruitToolStripDropDownButton)
      
      ' Dock the ToolStrip control to the top of the form.
      ts.Dock = DockStyle.Top
      
      ' Assign the ContextMenuStrip control as the 
      ' ToolStripDropDownButton control's DropDown menu.
      fruitToolStripDropDownButton.DropDown = fruitContextMenuStrip
      
      ' Create a new MenuStrip control and add a ToolStripMenuItem.
      Dim ms As New MenuStrip()
      Dim fruitToolStripMenuItem As New ToolStripMenuItem("Fruit", Nothing, Nothing, "Fruit")
      ms.Items.Add(fruitToolStripMenuItem)
      
      ' Dock the MenuStrip control to the top of the form.
      ms.Dock = DockStyle.Top
      
      ' Assign the MenuStrip control as the 
      ' ToolStripMenuItem's DropDown menu.
      fruitToolStripMenuItem.DropDown = fruitContextMenuStrip
      
      ' Assign the ContextMenuStrip to the form's 
      ' ContextMenuStrip property.
      Me.ContextMenuStrip = fruitContextMenuStrip
      
      ' Add the ToolStrip control to the Controls collection.
        Me.Controls.Add(ts)

        'Add a button to the form and assign its ContextMenuStrip.
        Dim b As New Button()
        b.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(60, 60)
        Me.Controls.Add(b)
        b.ContextMenuStrip = fruitContextMenuStrip
      
      ' Add the MenuStrip control last.
      ' This is important for correct placement in the z-order.
      Me.Controls.Add(ms)
    End Sub
   
   ' This event handler is invoked when the ContextMenuStrip
   ' control's Opening event is raised. It demonstrates
   ' dynamic item addition and dynamic SourceControl 
   ' determination with reuse.
    Sub cms_Opening(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs)

        ' Acquire references to the owning control and item.
        Dim c As Control = fruitContextMenuStrip.SourceControl
        Dim tsi As ToolStripDropDownItem = fruitContextMenuStrip.OwnerItem 

        ' Clear the ContextMenuStrip control's 
        ' Items collection.
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Clear()

        ' Check the source control first.
        If (c IsNot Nothing) Then
            ' Add custom item (Form)
            fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add(("Source: " + c.GetType().ToString()))
        ElseIf (tsi IsNot Nothing) Then
            ' Add custom item (ToolStripDropDownButton or ToolStripMenuItem)
            fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add(("Source: " + tsi.GetType().ToString()))
        End If

        ' Populate the ContextMenuStrip control with its default items.
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("-")
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Apples")
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Oranges")
        fruitContextMenuStrip.Items.Add("Pears")

        ' Set Cancel to false. 
        ' It is optimized to true based on empty entry.
        e.Cancel = False
    End Sub
End Class

ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys) ToolStripMenuItem(String, Image, EventHandler, Keys)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et l'image spécifiés, qui exécute l'action spécifiée lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur ToolStripMenuItem et qui affiche les touches de raccourci spécifiées.Initializes a new instance of the ToolStripMenuItem class that displays the specified text and image, does the specified action when the ToolStripMenuItem is clicked, and displays the specified shortcut keys.

public:
 ToolStripMenuItem(System::String ^ text, System::Drawing::Image ^ image, EventHandler ^ onClick, System::Windows::Forms::Keys shortcutKeys);
public ToolStripMenuItem (string text, System.Drawing.Image image, EventHandler onClick, System.Windows.Forms.Keys shortcutKeys);
new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem : string * System.Drawing.Image * EventHandler * System.Windows.Forms.Keys -> System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem

Paramètres

text
String String String String

Texte à afficher sur l'élément de menu.The text to display on the menu item.

image
Image Image Image Image

Image à afficher dans le contrôle.The Image to display on the control.

onClick
EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler EventHandler

Gestionnaire d'événements qui déclenche l'événement Click lorsque l'utilisateur clique sur le contrôle.An event handler that raises the Click event when the control is clicked.

shortcutKeys
Keys Keys Keys Keys

Une des valeurs de Keys qui représente la touche de raccourci pour le ToolStripMenuItem.One of the values of Keys that represents the shortcut key for the ToolStripMenuItem.

Remarques

Utilisez le ToolStripMenuItem constructeur pour créer un ToolStripMenuItem qui affiche le texte et une image, exécute l’action spécifiée lorsque vous cliquez sur et la touche de raccourci spécifiée.Use the ToolStripMenuItem constructor to create a ToolStripMenuItem that displays text and an image, performs the specified action when clicked, and has the specified shortcut key.

S’applique à