Procédure : lier un contrôle Windows Forms à un objet de fabriqueHow to: Bind a Windows Forms Control to a Factory Object

Quand vous créez des contrôles qui interagissent avec des données, vous devez parfois lier un contrôle à un objet ou à une méthode qui génère d'autres objets.When you are building controls that interact with data, you will sometimes find it necessary to bind a control to an object or method that generates other objects. Un tel objet ou une telle méthode porte le nom de fabrique.Such an object or method is called a factory. Votre source de données peut par exemple être la valeur de retour d'un appel de méthode, plutôt qu'un objet en mémoire ou un type.Your data source might be, for example, the return value from a method call, instead of an object in memory or a type. Vous pouvez lier un contrôle à ce genre de source de données tant que la source retourne une collection.You can bind a control to this kind of data source as long as the source returns a collection.

Vous pouvez facilement lier un contrôle à un objet de fabrique à l'aide du contrôle BindingSource.You can easily bind a control to a factory object by using the BindingSource control.

ExempleExample

L'exemple suivant montre comment lier un contrôle DataGridView à une méthode de fabrique à l'aide d'un contrôle BindingSource.The following example demonstrates how to bind a DataGridView control to a factory method by using a BindingSource control. La méthode de fabrique se nomme GetOrdersByCustomerId et retourne toutes les commandes pour un client donné dans la base de données Northwind.The factory method is named GetOrdersByCustomerId, and it returns all the orders for a given customer in the Northwind database.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Data.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.EnterpriseServices.dll>
#using <System.Transactions.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Data;
using namespace System::Data::Common;
using namespace System::Data::SqlClient;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

// This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind to a factory
// object.
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:

   // This is the TextBox for entering CustomerID values.
   static TextBox^ customerIdTextBox = gcnew TextBox;

   // This is the DataGridView that displays orders for the
   // specified customer.
   static DataGridView^ customersDataGridView = gcnew DataGridView;

   // This is the BindingSource for binding the database query
   // result set to the DataGridView.
   static BindingSource^ ordersBindingSource = gcnew BindingSource;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      // Set up the CustomerID TextBox.
      this->customerIdTextBox->Dock = DockStyle::Bottom;
      this->customerIdTextBox->Text =
         L"Enter a valid Northwind CustomerID, for example: ALFKI,"

      L" then TAB or click outside the TextBox";
      this->customerIdTextBox->Leave += gcnew EventHandler(
         this, &Form1::customerIdTextBox_Leave );
      this->Controls->Add( this->customerIdTextBox );
      
      // Set up the DataGridView.
      customersDataGridView->Dock = DockStyle::Top;
      this->Controls->Add( customersDataGridView );
      
      // Set up the form.
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 800, 800 );
      this->Load += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::Form1_Load );
   }

private:
   // This event handler binds the BindingSource to the DataGridView
   // control's DataSource property.
   void Form1_Load(
      System::Object^ /*sender*/,
      System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.
      this->customersDataGridView->DataSource =
         this->ordersBindingSource;
   }

public:
   // This is a static factory method. It queries the Northwind
   // database for the orders belonging to the specified
   // customer and returns an IList.
   static System::Collections::IList^ GetOrdersByCustomerId( String^ id )
   {
      // Open a connection to the database.
      String^ connectString = L"Integrated Security=SSPI;"
      L"Persist Security Info=False;Initial Catalog=Northwind;"
      L"Data Source= localhost";
      SqlConnection^ connection = gcnew SqlConnection;
      connection->ConnectionString = connectString;
      connection->Open();
      
      // Execute the query.
      String^ queryString = String::Format(
         L"Select * From Orders where CustomerID = '{0}'", id );
      SqlCommand^ command = gcnew SqlCommand( queryString,connection );
      SqlDataReader^ reader = command->ExecuteReader(
         CommandBehavior::CloseConnection );
      
      // Build an IList from the result set.
      List< DbDataRecord^ >^ list = gcnew List< DbDataRecord^ >;
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ e = reader->GetEnumerator();
      while ( e->MoveNext() )
      {
         list->Add( dynamic_cast<DbDataRecord^>(e->Current) );
      }

      return list;
   }

   // This event handler is called when the user tabs or clicks
   // out of the customerIdTextBox. The database is then queried
   // with the CustomerID in the customerIdTextBox.Text property.
private:
   void customerIdTextBox_Leave( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Attach the data source to the BindingSource control.
      this->ordersBindingSource->DataSource = GetOrdersByCustomerId(
         this->customerIdTextBox->Text );
   }

public:
   [STAThread]
   static void main()
   {
      Application::EnableVisualStyles();
      Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
   }
};
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Windows.Forms;

// This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind to a factory
// object. 
public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
    // This is the TextBox for entering CustomerID values.
    private TextBox customerIdTextBox = new TextBox();

    // This is the DataGridView that displays orders for the 
    // specified customer.
    private DataGridView customersDataGridView = new DataGridView();

    // This is the BindingSource for binding the database query
    // result set to the DataGridView.
    private BindingSource ordersBindingSource = new BindingSource();

    public Form1()
    {
        // Set up the CustomerID TextBox.
        this.customerIdTextBox.Location = new Point(100, 200);
        this.customerIdTextBox.Size = new Size(500, 30);
        this.customerIdTextBox.Text =
            "Enter a valid Northwind CustomerID, for example: ALFKI," +
            " then RETURN or click outside the TextBox";
        this.customerIdTextBox.Leave +=
            new EventHandler(customerIdTextBox_Leave);
        this.customerIdTextBox.KeyDown +=
            new KeyEventHandler(customerIdTextBox_KeyDown);
        this.Controls.Add(this.customerIdTextBox);
       
        // Set up the DataGridView.
        customersDataGridView.Dock = DockStyle.Top;
        this.Controls.Add(customersDataGridView);

        // Set up the form.
        this.Size = new Size(800, 500);
        this.Load += new EventHandler(Form1_Load);
    }

    // This event handler binds the BindingSource to the DataGridView
    // control's DataSource property.
    private void Form1_Load(
        System.Object sender,
        System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.
        this.customersDataGridView.DataSource =
            this.ordersBindingSource;
    }

    // This is a static factory method. It queries the Northwind 
    // database for the orders belonging to the specified
    // customer and returns an IEnumerable.
    public static IEnumerable GetOrdersByCustomerId(string id)
    {
        // Open a connection to the database.
        string connectString = "Integrated Security=SSPI;" +
            "Persist Security Info=False;Initial Catalog=Northwind;" +
            "Data Source= localhost";
        SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection();
       
        connection.ConnectionString = connectString;
        connection.Open();

        // Execute the query.
        string queryString =
            String.Format("Select * From Orders where CustomerID = '{0}'",
            id);
        SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(queryString, connection);
        SqlDataReader reader =
            command.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);
        return reader;
               
    }

    // These event handlers are called when the user tabs or clicks
    // out of the customerIdTextBox or hits the return key.
    // The database is then queried with the CustomerID
    //  in the customerIdTextBox.Text property.
    void customerIdTextBox_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Attach the data source to the BindingSource control.
        this.ordersBindingSource.DataSource =
            GetOrdersByCustomerId(this.customerIdTextBox.Text);
    }

    void customerIdTextBox_KeyDown(object sender, KeyEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.KeyCode == Keys.Return)
        {
            // Attach the data source to the BindingSource control.
            this.ordersBindingSource.DataSource =
                GetOrdersByCustomerId(this.customerIdTextBox.Text);
        }
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.Common
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Windows.Forms

' This form demonstrates using a BindingSource to bind to a factory
' object. 

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
    ' This is the TextBox for entering CustomerID values.
    Private WithEvents customerIdTextBox As New TextBox()
    
    ' This is the DataGridView that displays orders for the 
    ' specified customer.
    Private customersDataGridView As New DataGridView()
    
    ' This is the BindingSource for binding the database query
    ' result set to the DataGridView.
    Private ordersBindingSource As New BindingSource()
    
    Public Sub New() 

        ' Set up the CustomerID TextBox.
        Me.customerIdTextBox.Location = New Point(100, 200)
        Me.customerIdTextBox.Size = New Size(500, 30)
        Me.customerIdTextBox.Text = _
            "Enter a valid Northwind CustomerID, for example: ALFKI," & _
            " then RETURN or click outside the TextBox"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.customerIdTextBox)
        
        ' Set up the DataGridView.
        customersDataGridView.Dock = DockStyle.Top
        Me.Controls.Add(customersDataGridView)
        
        ' Set up the form.
        Me.Size = New Size(800, 500)
    End Sub
    
    ' This event handler binds the BindingSource to the DataGridView
    ' control's DataSource property.
    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load

        ' Attach the BindingSource to the DataGridView.
        Me.customersDataGridView.DataSource = Me.ordersBindingSource

    End Sub
    
    ' This is a static factory method. It queries the Northwind 
    ' database for the orders belonging to the specified
    ' customer and returns an IEnumerable.
    Public Shared Function GetOrdersByCustomerId(ByVal id As String) _
        As IEnumerable

        ' Open a connection to the database.
        Dim connectString As String = "Integrated Security=SSPI;" & _
             "Persist Security Info=False;Initial Catalog=Northwind;" & _
             "Data Source= localhost"
        Dim connection As New SqlConnection()

        connection.ConnectionString = connectString
        connection.Open()

        ' Execute the query.
        Dim queryString As String = _
            String.Format("Select * From Orders where CustomerID = '{0}'", id)
        Dim command As New SqlCommand(queryString, connection)
        Dim reader As SqlDataReader = _
            command.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection)
        Return reader

    End Function
     
    ' These event handlers are called when the user tabs or clicks
    ' out of the customerIdTextBox or hits the return key.
    ' The database is then queried with the CustomerID
    '  in the customerIdTextBox.Text property.
    Private Sub customerIdTextBox_Leave(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles customerIdTextBox.Leave

        ' Attach the data source to the BindingSource control.
        Me.ordersBindingSource.DataSource = _
            GetOrdersByCustomerId(Me.customerIdTextBox.Text)

    End Sub
    
    
    Private Sub customerIdTextBox_KeyDown(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As KeyEventArgs) Handles customerIdTextBox.KeyDown

        If e.KeyCode = Keys.Return Then

            ' Attach the data source to the BindingSource control.
            Me.ordersBindingSource.DataSource = _
                GetOrdersByCustomerId(Me.customerIdTextBox.Text)
        End If

    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New Form1())

    End Sub
End Class

Compilation du codeCompiling the Code

Cet exemple nécessite :This example requires:

  • Références aux assemblys System, System.Data, System.Drawing et System.Windows.Forms.References to the System, System.Data, System.Drawing and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

Voir aussiSee also