Styles et modèles ComboBoxComboBox Styles and Templates

Cette rubrique décrit les styles et modèles pour la ComboBox contrôle.This topic describes the styles and templates for the ComboBox control. Vous pouvez modifier la valeur par défaut ControlTemplate pour donner le contrôle une apparence unique.You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. Pour plus d’informations, consultez Personnalisation de l’apparence d’un contrôle existant en créant un ControlTemplate.For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

Parties de la zone de liste déroulanteComboBox Parts

Le tableau suivant répertorie les composants nommés pour le ComboBox contrôle.The following table lists the named parts for the ComboBox control.

ÉlémentPart TypeType DescriptionDescription
PART_EditableTextBoxPART_EditableTextBox TextBox Contient le texte de la ComboBox.Contains the text of the ComboBox.
PART_PopupPART_Popup Popup La liste déroulante qui contient les éléments dans la zone de liste déroulante.The drop-down that contains the items in the combo box.

Lorsque vous créez un ControlTemplate pour un ComboBox, votre modèle peut contenir un ItemsPresenter au sein d’un ScrollViewer.When you create a ControlTemplate for a ComboBox, your template might contain an ItemsPresenter within a ScrollViewer. (Le ItemsPresenter affiche chaque élément dans le ComboBox; le ScrollViewer permet le défilement dans le contrôle).(The ItemsPresenter displays each item in the ComboBox; the ScrollViewer enables scrolling within the control). Si le ItemsPresenter n’est pas l’enfant direct de la ScrollViewer, vous devez donner le ItemsPresenter le nom, ItemsPresenter.If the ItemsPresenter is not the direct child of the ScrollViewer, you must give the ItemsPresenter the name, ItemsPresenter.

États de la zone de liste déroulanteComboBox States

Le tableau suivant répertorie les États de la ComboBox contrôle.The following table lists the states for the ComboBox control.

Nom VisualStateVisualState Name Nom VisualStateGroupVisualStateGroup Name DescriptionDescription
NormaleNormal CommonStatesCommonStates État par défaut.The default state.
DésactivéDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates Le contrôle est désactivé.The control is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates Le pointeur de la souris est sur le ComboBox contrôle.The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.
Avec focusFocused FocusStatesFocusStates Le contrôle a le focus.The control has focus.
Sans focusUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates Le contrôle n’a pas le focus.The control does not have focus.
FocusedDropDownFocusedDropDown FocusStatesFocusStates La liste déroulante pour le ComboBox a le focus.The drop-down for the ComboBox has focus.
ValideValid ValidationStatesValidationStates Le contrôle utilise le Validation classe et le HasError propriété jointe est false.The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Le HasError propriété jointe est true a le contrôle a le focus.The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Le HasError propriété jointe est true a le contrôle n’a pas le focus.The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.
ModifiableEditable EditStatesEditStates La propriété IsEditable a la valeur true.The IsEditable property is true.
Non modifiablesUneditable EditStatesEditStates La propriété IsEditable a la valeur false.The IsEditable property is false.

Composants de ComboBoxItemComboBoxItem Parts

Le ComboBoxItem contrôle n’a pas de composants nommés.The ComboBoxItem control does not have any named parts.

États de ComboBoxItemComboBoxItem States

Le tableau suivant répertorie les États de la ComboBoxItem contrôle.The following table lists the states for the ComboBoxItem control.

Nom VisualStateVisualState Name Nom VisualStateGroupVisualStateGroup Name DescriptionDescription
NormaleNormal CommonStatesCommonStates État par défaut.The default state.
DésactivéDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates Le contrôle est désactivé.The control is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates Le pointeur de la souris est sur le ComboBox contrôle.The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.
Avec focusFocused FocusStatesFocusStates Le contrôle a le focus.The control has focus.
Sans focusUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates Le contrôle n’a pas le focus.The control does not have focus.
SelectedSelected SelectionStatesSelectionStates L’élément est actuellement sélectionné.The item is currently selected.
Non sélectionnéUnselected SelectionStatesSelectionStates L’élément n’est pas sélectionné.The item is not selected.
SelectedUnfocusedSelectedUnfocused SelectionStatesSelectionStates L’élément est sélectionné mais n’a pas le focus.The item is selected, but does not have focus.
ValideValid ValidationStatesValidationStates Le contrôle utilise le Validation classe et le HasError propriété jointe est false.The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Le HasError propriété jointe est true a le contrôle a le focus.The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates Le HasError propriété jointe est true a le contrôle n’a pas le focus.The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

Exemple de ControlTemplate de zone de liste déroulanteComboBox ControlTemplate Example

L’exemple suivant montre comment définir un ControlTemplate pour la ComboBox contrôle et les types associés.The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the ComboBox control and associated types.

<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxToggleButton"
                 TargetType="{x:Type ToggleButton}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition />
      <ColumnDefinition Width="20" />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
      <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
        <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
        <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
        <VisualState x:Name="Pressed" />
        <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledControlDarkColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                (SolidColorBrush.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Arrow">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.BorderBrush).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledBorderDarkColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
      </VisualStateGroup>
      <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CheckStates">
        <VisualState x:Name="Checked">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
        <VisualState x:Name="Unchecked" />
        <VisualState x:Name="Indeterminate" />
      </VisualStateGroup>
    </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
    <Border x:Name="Border"
            Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
            CornerRadius="2"
            BorderThickness="1">
      <Border.BorderBrush>
        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0,1"
                             StartPoint="0,0">
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                        Offset="0" />
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                        Offset="1" />
        </LinearGradientBrush>
      </Border.BorderBrush>
      <Border.Background>

        <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                             EndPoint="0,1">
          <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            <GradientStopCollection>
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                            Offset="1.0" />
            </GradientStopCollection>
          </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
        </LinearGradientBrush>

      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Border Grid.Column="0"
            CornerRadius="2,0,0,2"
            Margin="1" >
      <Border.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"/>
      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Path x:Name="Arrow"
          Grid.Column="1"
          HorizontalAlignment="Center"
          VerticalAlignment="Center"
          Data="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z" >
      <Path.Fill>
          <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}"/>
      </Path.Fill>
    </Path>
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxTextBox"
                 TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}">
  <Border x:Name="PART_ContentHost"
          Focusable="False"
          Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
</ControlTemplate>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ComboBox}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="MinWidth"
          Value="120" />
  <Setter Property="MinHeight"
          Value="20" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(TextElement.Foreground).
                      (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="EditStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Editable">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.Visibility)"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox">
                    <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                            Value="{x:Static Visibility.Visible}" />
                  </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                      Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.Visibility)"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetName="ContentSite">
                    <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                            Value="{x:Static Visibility.Hidden}" />
                  </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Uneditable" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <ToggleButton x:Name="ToggleButton"
                        Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxToggleButton}"
                        Grid.Column="2"
                        Focusable="false"
                        ClickMode="Press"
                        IsChecked="{Binding IsDropDownOpen, Mode=TwoWay, 
              RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"/>
          <ContentPresenter x:Name="ContentSite"
                            IsHitTestVisible="False"
                            Content="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItem}"
                            ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItemTemplate}"
                            ContentTemplateSelector="{TemplateBinding ItemTemplateSelector}"
                            Margin="3,3,23,3"
                            VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                            HorizontalAlignment="Left">
          </ContentPresenter>
          <TextBox x:Name="PART_EditableTextBox"
                   Style="{x:Null}"
                   Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxTextBox}"
                   HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                   VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                   Margin="3,3,23,3"
                   Focusable="True"
                   Background="Transparent"
                   Visibility="Hidden"
                   IsReadOnly="{TemplateBinding IsReadOnly}" />
          <Popup x:Name="Popup"
                 Placement="Bottom"
                 IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsDropDownOpen}"
                 AllowsTransparency="True"
                 Focusable="False"
                 PopupAnimation="Slide">
            <Grid x:Name="DropDown"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
                  MinWidth="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}"
                  MaxHeight="{TemplateBinding MaxDropDownHeight}">
              <Border x:Name="DropDownBorder"
                      BorderThickness="1">
                <Border.BorderBrush>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}" />
                </Border.BorderBrush>
                <Border.Background>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                </Border.Background>
              </Border>
              <ScrollViewer Margin="4,6,4,6"
                            SnapsToDevicePixels="True">
                <StackPanel IsItemsHost="True"
                            KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Contained" />
              </ScrollViewer>
            </Grid>
          </Popup>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="HasItems"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="MinHeight"
                    Value="95" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
                    Value="false" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger SourceName="Popup"
                   Property="AllowsTransparency"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="CornerRadius"
                    Value="4" />
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="Margin"
                    Value="0,2,0,0" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}">
        <Border x:Name="Border"
                Padding="2"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Background="Transparent">
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="SelectionStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Unselected" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Selected">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedBackgroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="SelectedUnfocused">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedUnfocusedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <ContentPresenter />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

L’exemple précédent utilise une ou plusieurs des ressources suivantes.The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

Pour voir l’exemple complet, consultez Styling with ControlTemplates Sample (Exemple de style avec ControlTemplates).For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

Voir aussiSee also