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The List schema of Introduction to Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML) is used to define the metadata for creating lists. The list schema includes field definitions (Field element), view definitions (View Schema), and a toolbar definition, as well as specifying content types, forms, and a default description for lists that are created. The definition for a list is contained within a Schema.xml file that is located in Local_Drive:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extenstions\12\TEMPLATE\FEATURES.
Lists can be created or modified programmatically through the object model (for example, members of the SPList and SPListCollection classes), through the Lists Web service (methods of the Lists class), and through Remote Procedure Call (RPC) protocol (see Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services RPC Methods).
[see View Schema]