Microsoft Deployment Toolkit Samples Guide

This guide is part of Microsoft® Deployment Toolkit (MDT) 2013 and guides a specialist team through deploying Windows operating systems and Microsoft Office. Specifically, this guide is designed to provide sample configuration settings for specific deployment scenarios.

Note

In this document, Windows applies to the Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, and Windows Server 2008 R2 operating systems unless otherwise noted. MDT does not support ARM processor–based versions of Windows. Similarly, MDT refers to MDT 2013 unless otherwise stated.

To use this guide

Review the list of scenario topics in the Table of Contents.

  1. Select the scenario that most closely represents your organization’s deployment goals.

  2. Review the sample configuration settings for the selected scenario.

  3. Use the sample configuration settings as the foundation for the configuration settings in your environment.

  4. Customize the sample configuration settings for your environment.

    In many instances, more than one scenario might be necessary to complete the configuration settings for the environment.

    Because this guide contains only sample configuration settings, reviewing the guides listed in the following table can further assist in customizing the configuration settings for the environment.

    Guide This guide offers assistance to help
    Quick Start Guide for Microsoft System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Use System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager to install the Windows 8.1 operating system in a New Computer deployment scenario.
    Quick Start Guide for Lite Touch Installation Install the Windows 8.1 operating system through Lite Touch Installation (LTI) using bootable media in a New Computer deployment scenario.
    Quick Start Guide for User-Driven Installation Install the Windows 8.1 operating system with User-Driven Installation and System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager in a New Computer deployment scenario.
    Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit Further customize the configuration files used in Zero Touch Installation (ZTI) and LTI deployments. This guide also provides generic configuration guidance and a technical reference for configuration settings.

Deploying Windows 8 Applications Using MDT

MDT can deploy Windows 8 application packages, which have an .appx file extension. These application packages are new to Windows 8. For more information on these applications, see Windows Store App development.

Deploy Windows 8 applications using MDT by performing the following steps:

Deploying Windows 8 Applications Using LTI

You can deploy Windows 8 applications using LTI like any other application that initiates the installation process from a command line. You can add Windows 8 applications to LTI deployments in the Applications node in the Deployment Workbench.

To deploy a Windows 8 application using LTI

  1. Create a network shared folder in which to store the application.

  2. Copy the Windows 8 application into the network shared folder that you created in the previous step.

    Ensure that you copy the Windows 8 application .appx file and any other required files, such as a .cer file that contains the application certificate.

  3. Create an LTI application item for the Windows 8 application in the Applications node in the Deployment Workbench using the New Application Wizard.

    While completing the New Application Wizard, on the Command Details wizard page, in Command line, type app_file_name (where app_file_name is the name of the Windows 8 application).

    For more information about how to complete the New Application Wizard in the Deployment Workbench, see the following sections in the MDT document, Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit:

    • "Create a New Application That Is Deployed from the Deployment Share"

    • "Create a New Application That Is Deployed from Another Network Shared Folder"

  4. Select the LTI application item created in the previous step in an LTI task sequence.

Deploying Windows 8 Applications Using UDI

You can deploy Windows 8 applications using UDI like any other application that initiates the installation process from a command line. You can add Windows 8 applications to UDI deployments on the ApplicationPage wizard page in the UDI Wizard Designer.

Note

Deployment of Windows 8 and Windows 8 applications using UDI requires System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager.

To deploy a Windows 8 application using UDI

  1. Create a network shared folder in which to store the application.

    This folder will be the source folder for the Configuration Manager application that you will create later in the process.

  2. Copy the Windows 8 application into the network shared folder that you created in the previous step.

    Ensure that you copy the Windows 8 application .appx file and any other required files, such as a .cer file that contains the application certificate.

  3. Add the Windows 8 application as a Configuration Manager application

  4. Create a Configuration Manager application item for the Windows 8 application using the Create Application Wizard in the Configuration Manager console.

    While completing the Create Application Wizard, create a deployment type to deploy the Windows 8 application using the Create Deployment Type Wizard. In the Create Deployment Type Wizard, on the Content page, in Installation program, type app_file_name (where app_file_name is the name of the Windows 8 application).

    For more information about how to complete the Create Application Wizard in the Configuration Manager console, see the following sections in the Documentation Library for System Center 2012 Configuration Manager, which is included with Configuration Manager:

  5. Ensure that the user device affinity (UDA) feature in Configuration Manager is configured properly to support affinity between users and devices for Configuration Manager application deployment.

    For more information about how to configure UDA to support Configuration Manager application deployment, see How to Manage User Device Affinity in Configuration Manager.

  6. Deploy the application created in step 4 to the targeted users.

    For more information about how to deploy an application to user, see How to Deploy Applications in Configuration Manager.

  7. Configure the ApplicationPage wizard page to include the Configuration Manager application created in step 4 using the UDI Wizard Designer.

    For more information about how to configure the ApplicationPage wizard page using the UDI Wizard Designer, see the section, "Step 5-11: Customize the UDI Wizard Configuration File for the Target Computer", in the MDT document Quick start Guide for User-Driven Installation.

  8. Select the UDI application item created in the previous step in a UDI task sequence.

    Note

    The Windows 8 application is not installed by the task sequence but rather will be installed the first time the user logs on to the targeted computer (as defined by the UDA setting configured in step 5) using the User-Centric App Installer feature (AppInstall.exe) in UDI.

    For more information on the User-Centric App Installer feature in UDI, see the section, "User-Centric App Installer Reference", in the MDT document Toolkit Reference.

Managing MDT Using Windows PowerShell

You can manage MDT deployment shares using the Deployment Workbench and Windows PowerShell. MDT includes a Windows PowerShell™ snap-in—Microsoft.BDD.SnapIn—that must be loaded prior to using the MDT-specific features in Windows PowerShell. The MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in includes:

Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In

The MDT cmdlets are provided in a Windows PowerShell snap-in Microsoft.BDD.SnapIn that must be loaded prior to using the MDT cmdlets. You can load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in using any one of the following methods:

Load the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In Using the Import System Modules Task

The Import System Modules task automatically includes all the Windows PowerShell modules and snap-ins that are in the modules in the %Windir%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\1.0\Modules directory. MDT automatically installs the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in Microsoft.BDD.SnapIn in that folder during the MDT installation process.

Note

The Import System Modules task is available only in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 when Windows PowerShell 3.0 is not installed on the computer. Beginning with Windows PowerShell 3.0, modules are imported automatically the first time that you use a cmdlet in the module.

You can start a Windows PowerShell console with the Import System Modules task by performing one of the following procedures:

  • In the taskbar, right-click the Windows PowerShell icon, and then click Import System Modules.

  • Click Start, point to Administrative Tools and then click Windows PowerShell Modules.

    For more information on staring a Windows PowerShell console with Import System Modules, see Starting Windows PowerShell with Import System Modules.

Load the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In Using the Add-PSSnapIn Cmdlet

You can load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn from any Windows PowerShell environment using the Add-PSSnapIn cmdlet, as show in the following example:

Add-PSSnapin -Name Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  

Creating a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

You can create deployment shares using the MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets. The root folder for the deployment share is created and shared using standard Windows PowerShell cmdlets and calls to Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) class commands. The deployment share is populated using the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider and the NewPSDrive cmdlet. The MDTProvider Windows PowerShell drive is persisted using the Add-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet.

To prepare a deployment share using the MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Create the folder that will be the root of the new deployment share using the New-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example and described in Using the New-Item Cmdlet:

    New-Item "C:\MDTDeploymentShare$" -Type directory  
    

    The cmdlet displays the successful creation of the folder.

  3. Share the folder created in the previous step using the WMI win32_share class as sown in the following example:

    ([wmiclass]"win32_share").Create("C:\MDTDeploymentShare$", "MDTDeploymentShare$",0)  
    

    The call to the win32_share class returns the results of the call. If the value of ReturnValue is zero (0), then the call was successful.

  4. Specify the new shared folder as a deployment share using the NewPSDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider "MDTProvider" -Root "C:\MDTDeploymentShare$" -Description "MDT Deployment Share Created with Cmdlets" -NetworkPath "\\WDG-MDT-01\MDTDeploymentShare$" -Verbose  
    

    The cmdlet automatically starts creating the deployment share and copying the template information into the new deployment share. Upon completion of the copy process, the cmdlet displays the information for the new deployment share.

    Note

    The value provided in the Name parameter (DS002) must be unique and cannot be the same as an existing deployment share Windows PowerShell drive.

  5. Verify that the appropriate deployment share folders have been created using the dir command, as show in the following example:

    dir ds002:  
    

    The list of default folders in the root of the deployment share is displayed.

  6. Add the new deployment share to the list of persisted MDT deployment shares using the Add-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    $NewDS=Get-PSDrive "DS002"  
    Add-MDTPersistentDrive  -Name "DS002" -InputObject $NewDS Verbose  
    

    In this example, the $NewDS variable is used to pass the Windows PowerShell drive object for the new deployment share to the cmdlet.

    Alternatively, you could have combined the NewPSDrive and Add-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlets, as shown in the following example:

    New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider "MDTProvider" -Root "C:\MDTDeploymentShare$" -Description "MDT Deployment Share Created with Cmdlets" -NetworkPath "\\WDG-MDT-01\MDTDeploymentShare$" -Verbose | Add-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    In the previous example, the Windows PowerShell pipeline provides both the Name and InputObject parameters.

Viewing Deployment Share Properties Using Windows PowerShell

You can view the properties of MDT deployment shares using the Get-ItemProperty cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. These same properties can also be seen in the Deployment Workbench.

To view deployment share properties using the MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure the MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives that are provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. View the properties of the deployment share using the Get-ItemProperty cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-ItemProperty "DS002:"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3. The cmdlet returns the properties for the deployment share.

Viewing the List of Deployment Shares Using Windows PowerShell

You can view the list of MDT deployment shares using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. The same list of deployment shares can also be viewed in the Deployment Workbench.

To view a list of deployment shares using the MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. View the list of MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share.

Updating a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

You can update deployment shares using the Update-MDTDeploymentShare cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. Updating a deployment share creates the Windows PE boot images (WIM and International Organization for Standardization [ISO] files) necessary to start LTI deployment. You can perform the same process using the Deployment Workbench, as described in "Update a Deployment Share in the Deployment Workbench".

To update a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. Update the deployment share using the Update-MDTDeploymentShare cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Update-MDTDeploymentShare -Path "DS002:" -Force  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

    Note

    Updating the deployment share can take a long time. The progress of the cmdlet is shown at the top of the Windows PowerShell console.

    The cmdlet returns with no output if the update is successful.

Updating a Linked Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

You can update (replicate) linked deployment shares using the Update-MDTLinkedDS cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. Updating a linked deployment share replicates the content from the original deployment share to the linked deployment share. You can perform the same process using the Deployment Workbench, as described in "Replicate Linked Deployment Shares in the Deployment Workbench".

To update a linked deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. Update the deployment share using the Update-MDTDeploymentShare cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Update-MDTLinkedDS -Path "DS002:\Linked Deployment Shares\LINKED002"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

    Note

    Updating the linked deployment share can take a long time. The progress of the cmdlet is shown at the top of the Windows PowerShell console.

    The cmdlet returns with no output if the update is successful.

Updating Deployment Media Using Windows PowerShell

You can update (generate) deployment media using the Update-MDTMedia cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. Updating deployment media replicates the content from the original deployment share to the linked deployment share, and then generates .iso and .wim files. You can perform the same process using the Deployment Workbench, as described in "Generate Media Images in the Deployment Workbench".

When the Update-MDTMedia cmdlet finishes, the following files are created:

  • An .iso file in the media_folder folder (where media_folder is the name of the folder that you specified for the media)

    Generating the .iso file is an option that you configure by:

    • Selecting the Generate a Lite Touch bootable ISO image check box on the General tab of the media Properties dialog box (Clear this check box to reduce the time needed to generate the media unless you need to create bootable DVDs or start virtual machines [VMs] from the .iso file.)

    • Setting the same property using the Set-ItemProperty cmdlet

  • WIM files in the media_folder\Content\Deploy\Boot folder (where media_folder is the name of the folder that you specified for the media)

    To update a linked deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. Update the deployment share using the Update-MDTDeploymentShare cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Update-MDTLinkedDS -Path "DS002:\Linked Deployment Shares\LINKED002"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

    Note

    Updating the linked deployment share can take a long time. The progress of the cmdlet is shown at the top of the Windows PowerShell console.

    The cmdlet returns with no output if the update is successful.

Managing Items in a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

A deployment share contains items that are used to perform deployments, such as operating systems, applications, device drivers, operating system packages, and task sequences. These items can managed using cmdlets from Windows PowerShell and those provided with MDT.

For more information about manipulating items directly using Windows PowerShell cmdlets, see Manipulating Items Directly. The folder structure for a deployment share can also be managed using Windows PowerShell. For more information, see Managing Deployment Share Folders Using Windows PowerShell.

Import an Item into a Deployment Share

You can import each type of item, such as operating systems, applications, or device drivers, using MDT cmdlets. For each type of item, there is a specific MDT cmdlet. If you want to import multiple item into a deployment share using Windows PowerShell, see Automating Population of a Deployment Share.

The following table lists the MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets used to import items into a deployment share and provides a brief description of each cmdlet. Examples of how to use each cmdlet is provided in the section that corresponds to each cmdlet.

Cmdlet Description
Import-MDTApplication Imports an application into a deployment share
Import-MDTDriver Imports one or more device drivers into a deployment share
Import-MDTOperatingSystem Imports one or more operating systems into a deployment share
Import-MDTPackage Imports one or more operating system packages into a deployment share
Import-MDTTaskSequence Imports a task sequence into a deployment share

View the Properties of an Item in a Deployment Share

Each item in a deployment share has different set of properties. You can view the properties of an item in a deployment share using the Get-ItemProperty cmdlet. The Get-ItemProperty cmdlet uses the MDTProvider to display the properties for a specific item, just as you can see the properties in the Deployment Workbench.

If want wish to view the properties of multiple items in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell, see Automating Population of a Deployment Share.

To view the properties of an item in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. Return a list of the items for the type of item for which you are wanting to view the properties using the Get-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-Item "DS001:\Operating Systems\*" | Format-List  
    

    In the previous example, a list of all the operating systems in the deployment share is displayed. The output is piped to the Format-List cmdlet so that the long names of the operating systems can be seen. For more information on how to use the Format-List cmdlet, see Using the Format-List Cmdlet. The same process could be used to return the list of other types of items, such as device drivers or applications.

    Tip

    You could have also used the dir command to view the list of operating systems instead of the Get-Item cmdlet.

  5. View the properties of one of the items listed in the previous step using the Get-ItemProperty cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-ItemProperty -Path "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows 8 in Windows 8 x64 install.wim"  
    

    In this example, the value of the Path parameter is the fully qualified Windows PowerShell path to the item, including the file name that was returned in the previous step. You could use the same process to view the properties of other types of items, such as device drivers or applications.

Remove an Item from a Deployment Share

You can remove an item from a deployment share using the Remove-Item cmdlet. The Remove-Item cmdlet uses the MDTProvider to remove a specific item, just as you can remove an item in the Deployment Workbench. If you want to remove multiple items in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell, see Automating Population of a Deployment Share.

Note

Removing an item that a task sequence uses causes the task sequence to fail. Ensure that an item is not referenced by other items in the deployment share prior to removing the item. Once an item is removed, it cannot be recovered.

To remove an item from a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example.

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. Verify that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored properly using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed.

  4. Return a list of the items for the type of item for which you are wanting to view the properties using the Get-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-Item "DS001:\Operating Systems\*" | Format-List  
    

    In the previous example, a list of all the operating systems in the deployment share is displayed. The output is piped to the Format-List cmdlet so that the long names of the operating systems can be seen. For more information on how to use the Format-List cmdlet, see Using the Format-List Cmdlet. You could use the same process to return the list of other types of items, such as device drivers or applications.

    Tip

    You could have also used the dir command to view the list of operating systems instead of the Get-Item cmdlet.

  5. Remove one of the items listed in the previous step using the Remove-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Remove-Item -Path "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows 8 in Windows 8 x64 install.wim"  
    

    In this example, the value of the Path parameter is the fully qualified Windows PowerShell path to the item, including the file name that was returned in the previous step.

    You could use the same process to remove other types of items, such as device drivers or applications.

    Note

    Removing an item that a task sequence uses causes the task sequence to fail. Ensure that an item is not referenced by other items in the deployment share prior to removing the item.

Automating Population of a Deployment Share

The MDT Windows PowerShell cmdlets allow you to manage individual items. However, by using some of the scripting features in Windows PowerShell, the cmdlets can be used to automate the population of a deployment share.

For example, an organization may need to deploy multiple deployment shares for different business units, or an organization may provide operating system deployment services for other organizations. In both of these examples, the organizations need the ability to create and populate deployment shares that are configured consistently.

One method for managing multiple items would be to use a comma-separated values (CSV) file that contains a list of all the items you want to manage in a deployment share using the Import-CSV cmdlet.

The following is an excerpt of a Windows PowerShell script to import a list of applications based on information in a .csv file using the Import-CSV, ForEach-Object, and Import-MDTApplication cmdlets:

$List=Import-CSV "C:\MDT\Import-MDT-Apps.csv"  
ForEach-Object ($App in $List) {  
Import-MDTApplication –path $App.ApplicationFolder -enable "True" –Name $App.DescriptiveName –ShortName $App.Shortname –Version $App.Version –Publisher $App.Publisher –Language $App.Language –CommandLine $App.CommandLine –WorkingDirectory $App.WorkingDirectory –ApplicationSourcePath $App.SourceFolder –DestinationFolder $App.DestinationFolder –Verbose  
}  

In this example, the C:\MDT\Import-MDT-Apps.csv file contains a field for each variable necessary to import an application. For more information about how to create a .csv file for use with the Import-CSV cmdlet, see Using the Import-Csv Cmdlet.

You can use this same method to import operating systems, device drivers, and other items in a deployment share by performing the following steps:

  1. Create a .csv file for each type of deployment share item that you want to populate.

  2. For more information about how to create a .csv file for use with the Import-CSV cmdlet, see Using the Import-Csv Cmdlet.

  3. Create a Windows PowerShell script file that will be used to automate the population of the deployment share.

    For more information about how to create a Windows PowerShell script, see Scripting with Windows PowerShell.

  4. Create any prerequisite folder structure required in the deployment share prior to importing the deployment share items.

    For more information, see Managing Deployment Share Folders Using Windows PowerShell.

  5. Add the Import-CSV cmdlet line for one of the .csv files created in step 1.

    For more information on the Import-CSV cmdlet, see Using the Import-Csv Cmdlet.

  6. Create a ForEach-Object cmdlet loop that processes each item from the .csv file referenced in the Import-CSV cmdlet in the previous step.

    For more information on the ForEach-Object cmdlet, see Using the ForEach-Object Cmdlet.

  7. Add the corresponding MDT cmdlet for importing the deployment share items inside the ForEach-Object cmdlet loop created in the previous step.

    For more information on the MDT cmdlets used for importing items into a deployment share, see Import an Item into a Deployment Share.

Managing Deployment Share Folders Using Windows PowerShell

You can manage folders in a deployment share using command-line tools, such as the mkdir command, or using Windows PowerShell cmdlets, such as the New-Item cmdlet and the MDTProvider Windows PowerShell provider. The same folder structure of deployment shares can also be seen and managed in the Deployment Workbench. For more information about manipulating items directly using Windows PowerShell cmdlets, see Manipulating Items Directly.

Create a Folder in a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

To create a folder in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. View the list of MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share

  4. Create a folder named Windows_8 in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the mkdir command, as shown in the following example:

    mkdir "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_8"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

  5. Verify that the folder is created correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_8 folder and any other existing folders in the Operating Systems folder is displayed.

  6. Create a folder named Windows_7 folder in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the New-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example and described in Using the New-Item Cmdlet:

    New-Item "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_7" -Type directory  
    

    The cmdlet displays the successful creation of the folder.

  7. Verify that the folder is created correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_7 folder and any other existing folders in the Operating Systems folder is displayed.

Delete a Folder in a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

To delete a folder in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. View the list of MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share.

  4. Delete (remove) a folder named Windows_8 in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the mkdir command, as shown in the following example:

    rmdir "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_8"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

  5. Verify that the folder is removed correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_8 folder is no longer displayed in the list of folders in the Operating Systems folder

  6. Delete (remove) a folder named Windows_7 folder in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the Remove-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Remove-Item "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_7"  
    

    The cmdlet displays the successful removal of the folder.

  7. Verify that the folder is created correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_7 folder is no longer displayed in the list of folders in the Operating Systems folder.

Rename a Folder in a Deployment Share Using Windows PowerShell

To rename a folder in a deployment share using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. View the list of MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet as follows:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share.

  4. Rename a folder named Windows_8 to Win_8 in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the ren command, as shown in the following example:

    ren "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_8" "Win_8"  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

  5. Verify that the folder is removed correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_8 folder is renamed to Win_8.

  6. Rename a folder named Windows_7 to Win-7 in the Operating Systems folder in a deployment share using the Rename-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Rename-Item "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows_7" "Win_7"  
    

    The cmdlet displays the successful rename of the folder.

  7. Verify that the folder is created correctly by typing the following command:

    dir "DS002:\Operating Systems"  
    

    The Windows_7 folder is renamed to Win_7.

Automating the Application of Operating System Service Packs in Deployment Shares

Operating system service packs are a normal part of the software life cycle. The existing operating systems in deployment shares need to be updated with these service packs to help ensure that newly deployed or refreshed computers are current with the latest security recommendations and configuration settings.

In instances where an organization has many deployment shares with multiple operating systems in each deployment share, the process for manually updating the operating systems in each deployment share with the service packs can be time consuming. The methods for automating the application of operating system service packs in deployment shares include:

Automating the Application of Operating System Service Packs from Updated Source Media

You can automate the process of updating operating system service packs using Windows PowerShell when you have source media that include the service pack, such as having a DVD that has Windows 7 with SP1 already integrated.

For this method, the operating system source media with the service pack is copied over the existing operating system files without the service pack in the deployment share using Windows PowerShell.

To automate the application of operating system service packs from updates source media using Windows PowerShell

  1. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  2. Ensure that the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  3. View the list of MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share.

  4. Remove the folder for the existing operating system from the deployment share using the Get-ChildItem and Remove-Item cmdlets, as shown in the following example:

    Get-ChildItem “DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows 7” –recurse | Remove-Item –recurse –force  
    

    In this example, DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

  5. Copy the contents of the operating system source files that have the service pack integrated using the Copy-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Copy-Item "E:\*" -Destination "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows 7"-Recurse -Force  
    

    In this example, the operating system source files are on drive E, and DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 3.

  6. Update any MDT deployment media based on deployment share using Update-MDTMedia cmdlet.

    For more information about how to update MDT deployment media based on deployment share using Update-MDTMedia cmdlet, see Updating Deployment Media Using Windows PowerShell.

Automating the Application of Operating System Service Packs Using a Reference Computer and Windows PowerShell

You can automate the process of updating operating system service packs using Windows PowerShell when you have only the service pack that is not yet integrated with the operating system, such as having SP1 for Windows 7 not yet integrated with a Windows 7 image.

For this method, deploy the operating system without the service pack to a reference computer. Then, apply the service pack to the reference computer. Next, capture an operating system image of the reference computer. Finally, copy the captured .wim file over the Install.wim file in the operating system in the deployment share using Windows PowerShell.

To automate the application of operating system service packs from updates source media using Windows PowerShell

  1. Deploy the target operating system to a reference computer.

    For more information on how to deploy a reference computer, see the following resources in the MDT document, Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit:

    • "Preparing for LTI Deployment to the Reference Computer"

    • "Deploying To and Capturing an Image of the Reference Computer in LTI"

  2. Install the desired service pack to the reference computer.

    For more information on how to install the service pack, see the documentation accompanying the service pack.

  3. Capture an image of the reference computer by creating and deploying a task sequence based on the Sysprep and Capture task sequence template.

    For more information about creating a task sequence based on the Sysprep and Capture task sequence template, see "Create a New Task Sequence in the Deployment Workbench".

  4. Load the MDT Windows PowerShell snap-in as described in Loading the MDT Windows PowerShell Snap-In.

  5. Ensure the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are restored using the Restore-MDTPersistentDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Restore-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

    Note

    If the MDT deployments that share Windows PowerShell drives are already restored, you will receive a warning message indicating that the cmdlet is unable to restore the drive.

  6. View the list of MDT deployments share Windows PowerShell drives, one for each deployment share, using the Get-PSDrive cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Get-PSDrive -PSProvider Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn\MDTProvider  
    

    The list of Windows PowerShell drives provided using the MDTProvider are listed, one for each deployment share.

  7. Copy the .wim file captured in step 3 over the Install.wim file in the operating system in the deployment share using the Copy-Item cmdlet, as shown in the following example:

    Copy-Item "DS002:\Captures\Win7SP1.wim" -Destination "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows 7\sources\Install.wim" Force  
    

    In this example, the captured operating system image file (Win7SP1.wim) in the Captures folder in the share DS002: is the name of a Windows PowerShell drive returned in step 6, and the existing Windows 7 operating system is stored in folder named Windows 7.

  8. Update any MDT deployment media based on deployment share using Update-MDTMedia cmdlet.

    For more information about how to update MDT deployment media based on deployment share using Update-MDTMedia cmdlet, see Updating Deployment Media Using Windows PowerShell.

Customizing Deployment Based on Chassis Type

You can customize the deployment based on the chassis type of the computer. The scripts create local variables that can be processed in the CustomSettings.ini file. The local variables IsLaptop, IsDesktop, and IsServer indicate whether the computer is a portable computer, desktop computer, or server, respectively.

Note

In earlier versions of the Deployment Workbench, the IsServer flag indicated that the existing operating system is a server operating system (such as Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition). This flag has been renamed to IsServerOS.

To implement local variables in the CustomSettings.ini file

  1. In the [Settings] section, on the Priority line, add a custom section to customize deployment based on the chassis type (ByChassisType in the following example, where Chassis represents the type of computer).

  2. Create the custom section that corresponds to the custom section defined in step 1 (ByChassisType in the example in following example, where Chassis represents the type of computer).

  3. Define a subsection for each chassis type to detect (Subsection=Laptop-%IsLaptop%, Subsection=Desktop-%IsDesktop%, Subsection=Server-%IsServer% in the following example).

  4. Create a subsection for each True and False state of each subsection defined in step 3 (such as [Laptop-True], [Laptop-False], [Desktop-True], [Desktop-False] in the following example).

  5. Under each True and False subsection, add the appropriate settings based on the chassis type.

    Listing 1. Example of Customizing Deployment Based on Chassis Type in the CustomSettings.ini File

[Settings]  

Priority=...,ByLaptopType,ByDesktopType,ByServerType  

[ByLaptopType]  
Subsection=Laptop-%IsLaptop%  

[ByDesktopType]  
Subsection=Desktop-%IsDesktop%  

[ByServerType]  
Subsection=Server-%IsServer%  
.  
.  
.  

[Laptop-True]  
.  
.  
.  

[Laptop-False]  
.  
.  
.  

[Desktop-True]  
.  
.  
.  

[Desktop-False]  
.  
.  
.  

[Server-True]  
.  
.  
.  

[Server-False]  
.  
.  
.  

Deploying Applications Based on Earlier Application Versions

Often, when installing an operating system on an existing computer, you will install the same applications you previously installed on the computer. Do this using MDT scripts (in particular, ZTIGather.wsf) to query two separate sources of information:

  • Configuration Manager software inventory feature. Contains one record for each application package—in this case, listings in Program and Features in Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2—installed the last time Configuration Manager inventoried the computer.

  • A mapping table. Describes which package and program need to be installed for each record (because the Program and Features or Add or Remove Programs records do not specify exactly which package installed the application, making it impossible to automatically select the package based on inventory alone).

    To perform a dynamic computer-specific application installation

  1. Use the table in the MDT DB to connect specific packages with applications listed in the target operating system.

  2. Populate the table with data that associates the appropriate package with the application listed in Program and Features or Add or Remove Programs.

    SQL Query to Populate the Table

    use [MDTDB]  
    go  
    INSERT INTO [PackageMapping] (ARPName, Packages) VALUES('Office12.0', 'XXX0000F:Install Office 2010 Professional Plus')  
    go  
    

    The inserted row connects any computer that has the entry Office12.0 with the Microsoft Office 2010 Professional Plus package.

    This means that Microsoft Office 2010 Professional Plus will be installed on any computer currently running the 2007 Microsoft Office system (Office 12.0). Add similar entries for any other packages. Any item for which there is no entry is ignored (no package will be installed).

  3. Create a stored procedure to simplify joining the information in the new table with the inventory data.

    use [MDTDB]  
    go  
    
    if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[RetrievePackages]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1)  
    drop procedure [dbo].[RetrievePackages]  
    go  
    
    CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[RetrievePackages]  
    @MacAddress CHAR(17)  
    AS  
    
    SET NOCOUNT ON  
    
    /* Select and return all the appropriate records based on current inventory */  
    SELECT * FROM PackageMapping  
    WHERE ARPName IN  
    (  
      SELECT ProdID0 FROM CM_DB.dbo.v_GS_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS a, CM_DB.dbo.v_GS_NETWORK_ADAPTER n  
      WHERE a.ResourceID = n.ResourceID AND  
      MACAddress0 = @MacAddress  
    )  
    go  
    

    The stored procedure in the preceeding example assumes that the Configuration Manager central primary site database resides on the computer on which SQL Server is running as the MDT DB. If the central primary site database resides on a different computer, the appropriate modifications need to be made to the stored procedure. In addition, the name of the database (CM_DB) must be updated. Also consider granting additional accounts Read access to the v_GS_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS view in the Configuration Manager database.

  4. Configure the CustomSettings.ini file to query this database table by specifying the name of a section ([DynamicPackages] in the Priority list) that points to the database information.

    [Settings]  
    …  
    Priority=MacAddress, DefaultGateway, DynamicPackages, Default  
    …  
    
  5. Create a [DynamicPackages] section to specify the name of a database section.

    [DynamicPackages]  
    SQLDefault=DB_DynamicPackages  
    
  6. Create a database section to specify the database information and query details.

    [DB_DynamicPackages]  
    SQLServer=SERVER1  
    Database=MDTDB  
    StoredProcedure=RetrievePackages  
    Parameters=MacAddress  
    SQLShare=Logs  
    Instance=SQLEnterprise2005  
    Port=1433  
    Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
    

    In the preceeding example, the MDT DB named MDTDB on the computer running the SQL Server instanced named SERVER1 will be queried. The database contains a stored procedure named RetrievePackages (created in step 3).

    When ZTIGather.wsf runs, a Structured Query Language (SQL) SELECT statement is automatically generated, and the value of the MakeModelQuery custom key is passed as a parameter to the query:

    EXECUTE RetrievePackages ?  
    

    The actual value of the MACAddress custom key will be substituted for the corresponding "?". This query returns a record set with the rows entered in step 2.

    A variable number of arguments cannot be passed to a stored procedure. As a result, when a computer has more than one MAC address, not all MAC addresses can be passed to the stored procedure. As an alternative, replace the stored procedure with a view that allows querying the view with a SELECT statement with an IN clause to pass all the MAC address values.

    Based on the scenario presented here, if the current computer has the value Office12.0 inserted into the table (step 2), the one row is returned (XXX0000F:Install Office 2010 Professional Plus). This indicates that package XXX0000F:Install Office 2001 Professional Plus will be installed by the ZTI process during the State Restore Phase.

Fully Automated LTI Deployment Scenario

The main purpose of LTI is to automate the deployment process as much as possible. Although ZTI provides full deployment automation using the MDT scripts and Windows Deployment Services, LTI is designed to work with fewer infrastructure requirements.

You can automate the Windows Deployment Wizard used in the LTI deployment process to reduce (or eliminate) the wizard pages displayed. You can skip the entire Windows Deployment Wizard by specifying the SkipWizard property in CustomSettings.ini. To skip individual wizard pages, use the following properties:

  • SkipAdminPassword

  • SkipApplications

  • SkipBDDWelcome

  • SkipBitLocker

  • SkipBitLockerDetails

  • SkipTaskSequence

  • SkipCapture

  • SkipComputerBackup

  • SkipComputerName

  • SkipDomainMembership

  • SkipFinalSummary

  • SkipLocaleSelection

  • SkipPackageDisplay

  • SkipProductKey

  • SkipSummary

  • SkipTimeZone

  • SkipUserData

For more information about these individual properties, see the corresponding property in the MDT document Toolkit Reference.

For each wizard page skipped, provide the values for the corresponding properties that are typically collected through the wizard page in the CustomSettings.ini and BootStrap.ini files. For more information about the properties that must be configured in these files, see the section, "Providing Properties for Skipped Deployment Wizard Pages", in the MDT document Toolkit Reference.

Fully Automated LTI Deployment for a Refresh Computer Scenario

The following illustrates a CustomSettings.ini file used for a Refresh Computer scenario to skip all Windows Deployment Wizard pages. In this sample, the properties to provide when skipping the wizard page are immediately beneath the property that skips the wizard page.

[Settings]  
Priority=Default  
Properties=MyCustomProperty  

[Default]  
OSInstall=Y  
ScanStateArgs=/v:5 /o /c  
LoadStateArgs=/v:5 /c /lac /lae  
SkipCapture=YES  
SkipAdminPassword=YES  
SkipProductKey=YES  

DeploymentType=REFRESH  

SkipDomainMembership=YES  
JoinDomain=DomainName  
DomainAdmin=Administrator  
DomainAdminDomain=DomainName  
DomainAdminPassword=a_secure_password  

SkipUserData=yes  
UserDataLocation=AUTO  
UDShare=\\Servername\Sharename\Directory  
UDDir=%ComputerName%  

SkipComputerBackup=YES  
ComputerBackuplocation=AUTO  
BackupShare=\\Servername\Backupsharename  
BackupDir=%ComputerName%  

SkipTaskSequence=YES  
TaskSequenceID=Enterprise  

SkipComputerName=YES  
OSDComputerName=%ComputerName%  

SkipPackageDisplay=YES  
LanguagePacks001={3af4e3ce-8122-41a2-9cf9-892145521660}  
LanguagePacks002={84fc70d4-db4b-40dc-a660-d546a50bf226}  

SkipLocaleSelection=YES  
UILanguage=en-US  
UserLocale=en-CA  
KeyboardLocale=0409:00000409  

SkipTimeZone=YES  
TimeZoneName=China Standard Time  

SkipApplications=YES  
Applications001={a26c6358-8db9-4615-90ff-d4511dc2feff}  
Applications002={7e9d10a0-42ef-4a0a-9ee2-90eb2f4e4b98}  
UserID=Administrator  
UserDomain=DomainName  
UserPassword=P@ssw0rd  

SkipBitLocker=YES  
SkipSummary=YES  
Powerusers001=DomainName\Username  

Fully Automated LTI Deployment for a New Computer Scenario

The following is an example of a CustomSettings.ini file used for a New Computer scenario to skip all Windows Deployment Wizard pages. In this sample, the properties to provide when skipping the wizard page are immediately beneath the property that skips the wizard page.

[Settings]  
Priority=Default  
Properties=MyCustomProperty  

[Default]  
OSInstall=Y  
ScanStateArgs=/v:5 /o /c  
LoadStateArgs=/v:5 /c /lac /lae  

SkipCapture=YES  
ComputerBackupLocation=\\WDG-MDT-01\Backup$\  
BackupFile=MyCustomImage.wim  

SkipAdminPassword=YES  
SkipProductKey=YES  

SkipDomainMembership=YES  
JoinDomain=WOODGROVEBANK  
DomainAdmin=Administrator  
DomainAdminDomain=WOODGROVEBANK  
DomainAdminPassword=P@ssw0rd  

SkipUserData=Yes  
UserDataLocation=\\WDG-MDT-01\UserData$\Directory\usmtdata  

SkipTaskSequence=YES  
TaskSequenceID=Enterprise  

SkipComputerName=YES  
OSDComputerName=%SerialNumber%  

SkipPackageDisplay=YES  
LanguagePacks001={3af4e3ce-8122-41a2-9cf9-892145521660}  
LanguagePacks002={84fc70d4-db4b-40dc-a660-d546a50bf226}  

SkipLocaleSelection=YES  
UILanguage=en-US  
UserLocale=en-CA  
KeyboardLocale=0409:00000409  

SkipTimeZone=YES  
TimeZoneName=China Standard Time  

SkipApplications=YES  
Applications001={a26c6358-8db9-4615-90ff-d4511dc2feff}  
Applications002={7e9d10a0-42ef-4a0a-9ee2-90eb2f4e4b98}  

SkipBitLocker=YES  
SkipSummary=YES  
Powerusers001=WOODGROVEBANK\PilarA  
CaptureGroups=YES  
SLShare=\\WDG-MDT-01\UserData$\Logs  
Home_page=http://www.microsoft.com/NewComputer  

Calling Web Services in MDT

In earlier versions of MDT, rules processing was supported through CustomSettings.ini and databases, from which you could retrieve values from the local computer—typically using WMI—to make decisions on what needed to be done on each computer during deployment. In addition, you could make SQL queries and stored procedure calls to retrieve additional information from external databases. There were challenges with that approach, though—especially with making secure SQL connections.

To help with this problem, MDT has the ability to make web service calls based on simple rules defined in CustomSettings.ini. These web service requests do not require any special security context and can use whatever TCP/IP port is needed to simplify firewall configurations.

The following shows how to configure CustomSettings.ini to call a particular web service. In this scenario, the web service is chosen at random from an Internet search. It takes a postal code as input and returns the city, state, area code, and time zone (as a letter) for the specified postal code.

[Settings]  
Priority=Default, USZipService  
Properties=USZip, City, State, Zip, Area_Code, Time_Zones   
[Default]  
USZip=98052   
[USZipService]  
WebService=http://www.webservicex.net/uszip.asmx/GetInfoByZIP  
Parameters=USZip  

Executing this code produces output similar to the following:

Added new custom property USZIP  
Added new custom property CITY  
Added new custom property STATE  
Added new custom property ZIP  
Added new custom property AREA_CODE  
Added new custom property TIME_ZONES  
Using from [Settings]: Rule Priority = DEFAULT, USZIPSERVICE  
------ Processing the [DEFAULT] section ------  
Property USZIP is now = 98052  
Using from [DEFAULT]: USZIP = 98052  
------ Processing the [USZIPSERVICE] section ------  
Using COMMAND LINE ARG: Ini file = CustomSettings.ini  
CHECKING the [USZIPSERVICE] section  
About to execute web service call to http://www.webservicex.net/uszip.asmx/GetInfoByZIP: USZip=98052  
Response from web service: 200 OK  
Successfully executed the web service.  
Property CITY is now = Redmond  
Obtained CITY value from web service:  CITY = Redmond  
Property STATE is now = WA  
Obtained STATE value from web service:  STATE = WA  
Property ZIP is now = 98052  
Obtained ZIP value from web service:  ZIP = 98052  
Property AREA_CODE is now = 425  
Obtained AREA_CODE value from web service:  AREA_CODE = 425  
------ Done processing CustomSettings.ini ------  

There are a few minor complications to watch for when running a web service:

  • Do not do anything special with proxy servers. If there is an anonymous proxy present, use it, but authenticating proxies could cause problems. In most cases, a web service will not be called.

  • CustomSettings.ini or ZTIGather.xml searches for properties defined in the XML markup returned as a result of the web service call (just as with a database query or other rule). However, the XML search is case sensitive. Fortunately, the web service described here returns all uppercase property names, which is what ZTIGather.xml expects. It is possible to remap lowercase or mixed-case entries to get around this.

  • A POST request to the web service is recommended, so the web service call must be able to support a POST.

Connecting to Network Resources

During LTI and ZTI deployment processes, you might require access to a network resource on a server different from the server hosting the deployment share. You must be authenticated on the other server so that you can access shared folders or services there. For example, you can install an application from a shared folder on a server other than the server hosting the deployment share that the MDT scripts use.

Note

To query SQL Server databases hosted on a server other than the server hosting the deployment share, see the Database, DBID, DBPwd, Instance, NetLib, Order, Parameters, ParameterCondition, SQLServer, SQLShare, and Table properties in the MDT document Toolkit Reference.

Using the ZTIConnect.wsf script, you can connect to other servers and access resources on them. The syntax for the ZTIConnect.wsf script is as follows (where unc_path is a Universal Naming Convention [UNC] path to connect to the server):

Cscript.exe “%SCRIPTROOT%\ZTIConnect.wsf” /uncpath:unc_path  

In most instances, you run the ZTIConnect.wsf script as a Task Sequencer task. Run the ZTIConnect.wsf script prior to tasks requiring access to a server other than the server hosting the deployment share.

To add the ZTIConnect.wsf script as a task to the task sequence of a build

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the details pane, click task_sequence (where task_sequence is the task sequence to modify).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  5. Click the Task Sequence tab, browse to group (where group is the group in which to run the ZTIConnec.wsf script), and click Add. Click General, and then click Run Command Line.

    Note

    Add the task before adding any tasks that require access to resources on the target server.

  6. Complete the Properties tab of the new task using the following information:

    In this box Do this
    Name Type Connect to server (where server is the name of the server to which to connect).
    Description Type text that explains why the connection needs to be made.
    Command Type Cscript.exe “%SCRIPTROOT%\ZTIConnect.wsf” /uncpath:unc_path (where unc_path is the UNC path to a shared folder on the server).
  7. Complete the Options tab of the new task using the following information. Unless specified, accept default values, and then click OK.

    In this box Do this
    Success codes Type 0 3010. (The ZTIConnect.wsf script returns these codes upon successful completion.)
    Conditions list box Add any conditions that might be necessary. (In most instances this task requires no conditions.)

    After adding the task that will run the ZTIConnect.wsf script, subsequent tasks can access network resources on the server specified in the /uncpath option of the ZTIConnect.wsf script.

Deploying the Correct Device Drivers to Computers with the Same Hardware Devices but Different Make and Model

Variations on model numbers and names can exist with virtually no difference in the driver set. These variations in model numbers and names can unnecessarily increase time spent making multiple database entries for a given model. The following procedure shows how to define a new property using a user exit function call that returns a substring of the model number.

To create model aliases

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. In the Properties dialog box, click the Rules tab.

  5. Create aliases for hardware types in the Make and Model sections of the MDT DB. Truncate the model type at the open parentheses “(” in the model name. For example, HP DL360 (G112) becomes HP DL360.

  6. Add the custom variable ModelAlias to each section.

  7. Create a new [SetModel] section.

  8. Add the [SetModel] section to the Priority settings in the [Settings] section.

  9. Add a line to the ModelAlias section to refer to a user exit script that will truncate the model name at the “(”.

  10. Create an MMApplications database lookup where ModelAlias is equal to Model.

  11. Create a user exit script and place it in the same directory as the CustomSettings.ini file to truncate the model name.

    The following shows a CustomSettings.ini and the user exit script, respectively.

    CustomSettings.ini:

    [Settings]   
    Priority=SetModel, MMApplications, Default   
    Properties= ModelAlias   
    [SetModel]   
    ModelAlias=#SetModelAlias()#   
    Userexit=Userexit.vbs   
    [MMApplications]   
    SQLServer=Server1  
    Database=MDTDB   
    Netlib=DBNMPNTW   
    SQLShare=logs   
    Table= MakeModelSettings    
    Parameters=Make, ModelAlias   
    ModelAlias=Model   
    Order=Sequence  
    

    User Exit Script:

    Function UserExit(sType, sWhen, sDetail, bSkip)   
      UserExit = Success   
    End Function   
    
    Function SetModelAlias()   
      If Instr(oEnvironment.Item("Model"), "(") <> 0 Then   
        SetModelAlias = Left(oEnvironment.Item("Model"), _  
                          Instr(oEnvironment.Item("Model"), _  
                            "(") - 1)   
        oLogging.CreateEntry "USEREXIT – " & _  
          "ModelAlias has been set to " & SetModelAlias, _  
          LogTypeInfo  
      Else   
        SetModelAlias = oEnvironment.Item("Model")   
        oLogging.CreateEntry " USEREXIT - " & _  
          "ModelAlias has not been changed.", LogTypeInfo   
      End if   
    End Function  
    

Configuring Conditional Task Sequence Steps

In some scenarios, consider running a task sequence step conditionally based on defined criteria. Any combinations of these conditions can be added to determine whether the task sequence step should run. For example, use the value of a task sequence variable and the value of a registry setting to determine whether a task sequence step should run.

Using MDT, run a task sequence conditionally based on:

  • One or more IF statements

  • A task sequence variable

  • The version of the target operating system

  • The Boolean results of a WMI query

  • A registry setting

  • The software installed on the target computer

  • The properties of a folder

  • The properties of a file

Configuring a Conditional Task Sequence Step

Conditional task sequence steps are configured in the Deployment Workbench, on the Options tab of a task sequence step. You can add one or more conditions to the task sequence step to create the appropriate condition for running or not running the step.

Note

Every conditional task sequence step needs at least one IF statement.

To view the Options tab of a task sequence step

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the details pane, click task_sequence (where task_sequence is the name of the task sequence to configure).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  5. In the task_sequence Properties dialog box, on the Task Sequence tab, click step (where step is the name of the task sequence step to configure), and then click the Options tab.

    On the Options tab of the task sequence step, perform the following actions:

  • Add. Click this button to add a condition to the task sequence step.

  • Remove. Click this button to remove an existing condition in a task sequence step.

  • Edit. Click this button to modify an existing condition in a task sequence step.

IF Statements in Conditions

All task sequence conditions include one or more IF statements. IF statements are the foundation for creating conditional task sequence steps. A task sequence step condition can include only one IF statement, but multiple IF statements can be nested beneath the top-level IF statement to create more complex conditions.

An IF statement can be based on the conditions listed in the following table, which are configured in the IF Statement Properties dialog box.

Condition Select this option to run the task sequence if
All conditions All the conditions beneath this IF statement must be true.
Any conditions Any the conditions beneath this IF statement are true.
None None the conditions beneath this IF statement are true.

Complete the condition for running the task sequence step by adding other criteria to the conditions (for example, task sequence variables or values in a registry setting).

To add an IF statement condition to a task sequence step

  1. On the step Option tab (where step is the name of the task sequence step to configure), click Add, and then click If statement.

  2. In the If Statement Properties dialog box, click condition (where condition is one of the conditions listed in the previous table), and then click OK.

Task Sequence Variables in Conditions

Use the Task Sequence Variable condition to evaluate any task sequence variable created by a Set Task Sequence Variable task or by any task in the task sequence. For example, consider a network that contains Windows XP client computers that are part of a domain and some that are in a workgroup. Knowing that the current domain policy forces all user settings to be saved on the network, user settings may need to be saved only for computers that are not part of the domain—that is, computers that are in the workgroup. In such case, add a condition to the Capture User Files and Settings task that targets the computers in the workgroup.

To add a condition based on a task sequence variable

  1. On the step Options tab (where step is the name of the task sequence step to configure), click Add Condition, and then click Task Sequence Variable.

  2. In the Task Sequence Variable Condition dialog box, in the Variable box, type OSDJoinType.

    Note

    This variable is set to 0 for computers that are joined to a domain and to 1 for those in a workgroup.

  3. In the Condition box, click equal.

  4. In the Value box, type 1, and then click OK.

Operating System Version in Conditions

Use the Operating System Version condition to verify the existing operating system version of a target computer or the existing client (when capturing an image). For instance, consider a network that contains several servers that will be upgraded from Windows Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008. Network settings should be copied and applied only to servers that are running Windows Server 2003. All other servers will have the default network settings that Windows Server 2008 uses.

To add a condition based on operating system version

  1. In the Task Sequence Editor, click the Capture Network Settings task.

  2. Click Add Condition, and then click Operating System Version.

  3. In the Architecture box, click the relevant server. For this example, click x86.

  4. In the Operating system box, click the operating system and version for which to set a condition. For this example, click x86 Windows 2003.

  5. In the Condition box, click the relevant condition, and then click OK.

File Properties in Conditions

Use the File Properties condition to verify the version and/or times tamp of a given file to determine whether or not to run a task or a group of tasks. In this example, the production environment contains a Windows Server 2003 image that is constantly updated and used for every new server that is added to the network. All server computers in the environment run a custom application that requires the Digital Access Object (DAO) application programming interface (API) version 3.60.6815.

All existing servers are working properly. However, each new server added to the network with the image is unable to run the application. Because it is the responsibility of a different group to maintain and update images, you decide that the deployment task sequence be changed to install the relevant version of DAO if the existing version of DAO deployed with the image is incorrect.

To add a File Properties condition to a task sequence step in Configuration Manager 2007 R3

  1. In Configuration Manager 2007 R3, create a package to install DAO 3.60.6815. Call this package DAO, with a program called InstallDAO. To learn more about creating packages, see How to Create a Package.

  2. Create an Install Software step to deploy the DAO package.

  3. Click the Install Software task sequence step created in step 2, and then click the Options tab.

  4. Click Add Condition, and then click File Properties.

  5. In the Path box, type C:\Program Files\Microsoft Shared\DAO\dao360.dll.

  6. Select the Check the version check box, and then click not equals for the condition.

  7. In the Version box, type 3.60.6815.

  8. In this case, clear the Check the timestamp check box, and then click OK.

Folder Properties in Conditions

Use the Folder Properties condition to verify the time stamp of a given folder to determine whether to run a task or a group of tasks. For instance, consider a situation in which an internally developed application has been updated to work with Windows 8. However, not all of the computers in the network have the most recent version of the application installed, and you must perform a data-conversion process before you can upgrade the application.

If the time stamp of the folder in which the application is installed is 12/31/2007 or earlier, then the target computer is running the incompatible version of the application, and you should run the data-conversion process on the target computer. Conditionally, run a task sequence step to run the data-conversion process on computers that have an earlier version of the application.

To add a Folder Properties condition to a task sequence step

  1. In the Configuration Manager console or in the Deployment Workbench, in the task sequence editor, edit task_sequence (where task sequence is the task sequence you want to edit).

  2. Create a Command Line task to perform the data-conversion process.

  3. Click the task created in step 1.

  4. Click Add Condition, and then click Folder Properties.

  5. In the Path box, type the path of the folder that contains the application.

  6. Select the Check the timestamp check box.

  7. Click Less than or equals for the condition.

  8. In the Date box, click 12/31/2007.

  9. In the Time box, click 12:00:00 AM, and then click OK.

Registry Settings in Conditions

Use the Registry Setting condition to verify the existence of keys and values in the registry and the corresponding data stored in registry values. For instance, consider a case in which an application currently used on a small set of computers cannot run on Windows 8, and a Windows 8 deployment is in place to upgrade computers that currently are running Windows XP. Create a condition on the very first task in a sequence to check the registry for an entry for the incompatible application and to interrupt the deployment process for that computer if it is found.

To add a Registry Setting condition to a task sequence step

  1. In the Configuration Manager console or in the Deployment Workbench, in the task sequence editor, edit task_sequence (where task sequence is the task sequence that deploys Windows 8).

  2. Click the first task in the sequence, and then click the Options tab.

  3. Click Add Condition, and then click Registry Setting.

  4. In the Root key list, click HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

  5. In the Key box, type SOFTWARE\WOODGROVE.

  6. Click not exists for the condition. In this case, the task will run, and the sequence continue only if the key does not exist.

  7. Optionally, the condition could check for the nonexistence of a value if the value name is typed in the Value name box.

  8. If a condition other than exists/not exists was used, specify a value and value type.

  9. Click OK.

WMI Queries in Conditions

Use the WMI Query condition to run any WMI query. The condition is evaluated as True if the query returns at least one result. For example, consider that a deployment team needs to upgrade the operating system of all servers of a given model—Dell 1950, for instance. You can use a WMI query to check each computer’s model and proceed with the deployment only if the right model is found.

To add a WMI Query condition to a task sequence step

  1. In the Configuration Manager console or in the Deployment Workbench, in the task sequence editor, edit task_sequence (where task sequence is the task sequence that will upgrade the servers).

  2. Click the first task in the sequence, and then click the Options tab.

  3. Click Add Condition, and then click Query WMI.

  4. In the WMI Namespace box, type root\cimv2.

  5. In the WQL Query box, type Select * From Win32_ComputerSystem WHERE Model LIKE "%Dell%%1950%". Click OK.

Installed Software in Conditions

Use an Installed Software condition to check if a particular piece of software is currently installed on a target computer. Only software installed using Microsoft Installer (MSI) files can be evaluated using this condition. As an example, imagine that you want to upgrade the operating system of all servers except those running Microsoft SQL Server 2012.

To add an Installed Software condition to a task sequence step

  1. In the Configuration Manager console or in the Deployment Workbench, in the task sequence editor, edit task_sequence (where task sequence is the task sequence that will upgrade the servers).

  2. Click the first task in the sequence, and then click the Options tab.

  3. Click Add Condition, and then click Installed Software.

  4. Click Browse, and then click the MSI file for SQL Server 2012.

  5. Select the Match this specific product check box to specify that only computers with SQL Server 2012 and not any other versions are the target computers this query should detect.

  6. Click OK.

Complex Conditions

Multiple conditions can be grouped using IF statements to create complex conditions. For instance, imagine that a particular step should only be run for Contoso 1950 computers running Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2008. Written as a programmatic IF statement, it would look similar to the following:

IF ((Computer Model IS “Contoso 1950”) AND (operating system=2003 OR operating system=2008))  

To add a complex condition

  1. In the Configuration Manager console or in the Deployment Workbench, in the task sequence editor, edit task_sequence (where task sequence is the task sequence that will upgrade the servers).

  2. Click the task sequence step to which to add the condition, and then click the Options tab.

  3. Click Add condition, click If Statement, and then click All conditions. Click OK.

  4. Click the condition statement, click Add condition, and then click WMI Query.

  5. Ensure root\cimv2 is specified as the WMI namespace, and then, in the WQL Query box, type SELECT * FROM Win32_ComputerSystem WHERE ComputerModel LIKE “%Contoso%1950%”. Click OK.

  6. Click the IF statement, and then click Add condition. Click If statement, and then click Any condition. Click OK.

  7. Click the second IF statement. Click Add condition, and then click Operating System Version.

  8. In the Architecture box, click the architecture for the servers. For this example, click x86.

  9. In the Operating system box, click the operating system and version. For this example, click x86 Windows 2003 original release. Click OK.

  10. Click the second IF statement. Click Add condition, and then click Operating System Version.

  11. In the Architecture box, click the architecture for the servers. For this example, click x86.

  12. In the Operating system box, click the operating system and version. For this example, click x86 Windows 2008 original release. Click OK.

Creating a Highly Scalable LTI Deployment Infrastructure

In this scenario, no electronic software distribution is available for the deployment infrastructure to leverage, so you use MDT to build a fully automated LTI deployment infrastructure. The scalable LTI infrastructure uses SQL Server, Windows Deployment Services, and Windows Server 2003 Distributed File System Replication (DFS-R) technologies.

Scale the LTI infrastructure by:

Ensuring That the Appropriate Infrastructure Exists

The highly scalable LTI deployment infrastructure uses a hub-and-spoke topology for replication of content; therefore, first nominate a deployment server in the production environment that will perform the role of the master deployment server. The following lists the required components for the master deployment server.

Required component Purpose/comment
Windows Server 2003 R2 Required to support DFS-R
MDT Contains the master copy of the deployment share
SQL Server 2005 Must be a full version to allow replication of the MDT DB
DFS-R Required for replication of the deployment share
Windows Deployment Services Required to allow network PXE-based installations to be initiated

When you have selected the master deployment server, provision additional servers at each site to support LTI deployments. The following lists the required components for the child deployment server.

Required component Purpose/comment
Windows Server 2003 R2 Required to support DFS-R
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition Receives replicated copies of the MDT DB
DFS-R Required for replication of deployment share
Windows Deployment Services Required to allow network PXE-based installations to be initiated

Note

Windows Deployment Services must be set up and configured on each child server, but it is not necessary to add boot or installation images.

Adding Content to MDT

Populate the master deployment server with content using the Deployment Workbench, and create and populate the MDT DB as described in the following sections. For information on populating the database with:

  • Applications, see the section, "Configuring Applications in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Operating systems, see the section, "Configuring Operating Systems in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Operating system packages, see the section, "Configuring Packages in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Device drivers, see the section, "Configuring Device Drivers in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Task sequences, see the section, "Configuring Task Sequences in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

Note

Ensure that the LiteTouchPE_x86.wim file created when the deployment share is updated has been added to Windows Deployment Services.

Preparing Windows Deployment Services

Because the LiteTouchPE_x86.wim file will be replicated on a periodic basis through the DFS-R replication group, the boot configuration data store must be updated periodically to reflect the newly replicated Windows PE environment. Perform the following steps on each of the deployment servers.

To prepare Windows Deployment Services

  1. Open a Command Prompt window.

  2. Type WDSUtil/set-server/BCDRefreshPolicy/Enabled:yes/RefreshPeriod:60, and then press ENTER.

Note

In the example presented here, the refresh period is set to 60 minutes; however, you could configure this value to replicate during a period equal to that of the DFS-R.

Configuring Distributed File System Replication

When scaling the LTI deployment architecture, you use DFS-R as the basis for replicating the content from both the MDT deployment share and the Windows PE Lite Touch boot environment and from the master deployment server to the child deployment servers.

Note

Ensure that DFS-R is installed before performing the following steps.

To configure DFS-R to replicate the deployment content

  1. Open DFS Management console.

  2. In the DFS Management console, expand DFS Management.

  3. Right-click Replication, and then click New Replication Group.

  4. In the New Replication Group Wizard, on the Replication Group Type page, click New Multipurpose Replication Group.

  5. Click Next.

  6. On the Name and Domain page, type the following information:

    • In the Name for replication group box, type a name for the replication group—for example, MDT 2010 Replication Group.

    • In the Optional description of replication group box, type a description of the replication group—for example, Group for replication of MDT 2010 data.

    • Ensure that the Domain box contains the correct domain name.

  7. Click Next.

  8. On the Replication Group Members page, perform these steps:

    1. Click Add.

    2. Type the names of all servers that are to be members of this replication group—for example, all child deployment servers and the master deployment server.

    3. Click OK.

  9. Click Next.

  10. On the Topology Selection page, click Hub and Spoke, and then click Next.

  11. On the Hub Members page, click the master deployment server, and then click Add.

  12. Click Next.

  13. On the Hub and Spoke Connections page, ensure that for each child deployment server the master deployment server listed is the Required Hub Member.

  14. Click Next.

  15. On the Replication Group Schedule and Bandwidth page, specify a schedule for replicating the content between servers.

  16. Click Next.

  17. On the Primary Member page, in the Primary Member box, click the master deployment server.

  18. Click Next.

  19. On the Folders to Replicate page, click Add, and then perform these steps:

    1. In the Local Path of the folder to replicate box, click Browse to go to the X:\Deployment folder (where X is the drive letter on the deployment server).

    2. Click Use name based on path.

    3. Click OK.

    4. Click Add.

    5. In the Add Folder to Replicate dialog box, click Browse to go to the X:\RemoteInstall\Boot folder.

    6. Click Use name based on path.

  20. Click Next.

  21. On the Local Path of Distribution on Other Members page, perform these steps:

    1. Select all the members in the distribution group, and then click Edit.

    2. In the Edit Local Path dialog box, click Enabled.

    3. Type the path where the Deployment Share folder should be stored on the child deployment server—for example, X:\Deployment (where X is the drive letter on the deployment server).

    4. Click OK.

  22. Click Next.

  23. On the Local Path of Boot on Other Members page, perform these steps:

    1. Select all the members in the distribution group, and then click Edit.

    2. In the Edit Local Path dialog box, click Enabled.

    3. Type the path where the Boot folder should be stored on the child deployment server—for example, X:\RemoteInstall\Boot (where X is the drive letter on the deployment server).

    4. Click OK.

  24. Click Next.

  25. On the Remote Settings and Create Replication Group page, click Create to complete the New Replication Group Wizard.

  26. On the Confirmation page, click Close to close the wizard.

Note

Ensure that the new replication group is now listed beneath the Replication node.

Preparing for SQL Server Replication

Before SQL Server replication can be configured, complete several pre-configuration steps to ensure that the deployment servers are correctly configured.

To prepare for SQL Server replication on the master deployment server

  1. Create a folder to store the database snapshots, and then configure the folder as a share.

    Note

    For more information about securing the snapshot folder, see Securing the Snapshot Folder.

  2. Ensure that the SQL Server Browser service is enabled and set to Automatic.

  3. In the SQL Server Surface Area Configuration box, click Local and Remote connections.

    To prepare for SQL Server replication on the child deployment server

  4. In the SQL Server Surface Area Configuration box, click Local and Remote connections.

  5. Optionally, create an empty database to host the replicated MDT DB.

Note

This database must be given the same name as the MDT DB on the master deployment server. For example, if the MDT DB on the master deployment server is called MDTDB, create an empty database called MDTDB on the child deployment server.

Configuring SQL Server Replication

After configuring the replication of files and folders required to build the deployment infrastructure, configure SQL Server to replicate the MDT DB.

Note

It is also possible to maintain only a single central MDT DB; however, by maintaining a replicated version of the MDT DB, greater control can be maintained over data transferring across the wide area network (WAN).

SQL Server 2005 uses a replication model that is similar to a magazine distribution model:

  1. A magazine is made available (published) by a publisher.

  2. Distributors are used to distribute the publication.

  3. Readers can subscribe to a publication so that publication is delivered to the subscriber periodically (a push subscription).

    This terminology is used through the SQL Server replication setup and configuration wizards.

Configure a SQL Server Publisher

To configure the master deployment server as a SQL Server publisher, perform these steps:

  1. Open SQL Server Management Studio.

  2. Right-click the Replication node, and then click Configure Distribution.

  3. In the Configure Distribution Wizard, click Next.

  4. On the Distributor page, click will act as its own Distributor; SQL Server will create a distribution database and log, and then click Next.

  5. On the Snapshot Folder page, in the Preparing for SQL Server Replication section, type the UNC path to the snapshot folder created.

  6. On the Distribution Database page, click Next.

  7. On the Publishers page, click the master deployment server to set it as the distributor, and then click Next.

  8. On the Wizard Actions page, click Configure Distribution, and then click Next.

  9. Click Finish, and then click Close when the wizard is finished.

Enable the MDT DB for Replication

To enable the MDT DB for replication on the master deployment server, perform these steps:

  1. In SQL Server Management Studio, right-click the Replication node, and then click Publisher Properties.

  2. On the Publisher Properties page, perform these steps:

    1. Click Publisher Databases.

    2. Click the MDT DB, and then click Transactional.

    3. Click OK.

    The MDT DB is now configured for transactional and snapshot replication.

Create a Publication of the MDT DB

To create a publication of the MDT DB to which the child deployment servers can subscribe, perform these steps:

  1. In SQL Server Management Studio, expand Replication, right-click Local Publications, and then click New Publication.

  2. In the New Publication Wizard, click Next.

  3. On the Publication Database page, click the MDT DB, and then click Next.

  4. On the Publication Type page, click Snapshot publication, and then click Next.

  5. On the Articles page, select all Tables, Stored Procedures, and Views, and then click Next.

  6. On the Articles Issues page, click Next.

  7. On the Filter Table Rows page, click Next.

  8. On the Snapshot Agent page, perform these steps:

    1. Select Create a snapshot immediately and keep the snapshot available to initialize subscriptions.

    2. Click Schedule the Snapshot Agent to run at the following times.

    3. Click Change.

    Note

    Specify a schedule that will occur one hour before the database replicates.

  9. Click Next.

  10. On the Agent Security page, click the account under which the snapshot agent will run, and then click Next.

  11. On the Wizard Actions page, click Create the publication, and then click Next.

  12. On the Complete the Wizard page, in the publication name box, type a descriptive publication name.

  13. Click Finish to complete the wizard, and then click Close when the wizard has created the publication.

    Note

    The publication will now be visible beneath the Local Publications node in SQL Server Management Studio.

Subscribe Child Deployment Servers to the Published MDT DB

Now that the MDT DB has been published, you can add the child deployment servers as subscribers to this publication; that is, that they will receive a copy of the database on a schedule so that during a deployment the client computers can query a database that is local to the network instead of going across the WAN.

To subscribe the child deployment servers to the MDT DB publication

  1. In SQL Server Management Studio, go to Replication/Local Publications.

  2. Right-click the publication created in the previous section, and then click New Subscriptions.

  3. In the New Subscriptions Wizard, click Next.

  4. On the Publication page, click the publication created in the previous section.

  5. On the Distribution Agent Location page, click Run all agents at the Distributor SERVERNAME (push subscriptions), and then click Next.

  6. On the Subscribers page, add each of the child deployment servers by performing the following steps:

    1. Click Add Subscriber, and then click Add SQL Server Subscriber.

    2. Add each child deployment server.

    3. For each child deployment server added, in the Subscription Database box, click the empty MDT DB on that child deployment server.

    Note

    If the empty MDT DB has not yet been created, in the Subscription Database box, select the option to create a new database.

    Note

    This database must be given the same name as the MDT DB on the master deployment server. For example, if the MDT DB on the master deployment server is called MDTDB, create an empty database called MDTDB on the child deployment server.

  7. Click Next.

  8. On the Distribution Agent Security page, click to open the Distribution Agent Security dialog box.

  9. Type the details of the account to use for the distribution agent, and then click Next.

  10. On the Synchronization Schedule page, perform these steps:

    1. In the Agent Schedule box, click <Define schedule>.

    2. Specify the schedule that should be used to replicate the database between master and child deployment servers, and then click Next.

  11. On the Initialize Subscription page, click Next.

  12. On the Wizard Actions page, click Create the subscription(s), and then click Next.

  13. Click Finish, and then click Close when the wizard has successfully finished.

    SQL Server replication is now configured, and the MDT DB will be replicated from the master deployment server to all child deployment servers that have been subscribed to it on a periodic basis.

Configure CustomSettings.ini

The LTI deployment infrastructure has now been successfully created, and each location will contain an LTI deployment server, with a replicated copy of:

  • The deployment share

  • The MDT DB

  • The LiteTouchPE_x86 Windows PE environment that has been added to Windows Deployment Services

    Now, you can configure the CustomSettings.ini file for the deployment share to use the deployment content (deployment share and database) from its local deployment server, the server that delivers the LiteTouchPE_x86.wim environment through Windows Deployment Services.

    When the LiteTouchPE_x86.wim file is delivered from Windows Deployment Services, a registry key is configured with the name of the Windows Deployment Services server you are using. MDT captures this server name in a variable (%WDSServer%) that you can use to configure CustomSettings.ini.

    To always use the local LTI deployment server

Note

The following procedure assumes that the deployment share has been created and set as the Deployment$ share.

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. Click the Rules tab, and then modify the CustomSettings.ini file to configure the following properties:

    • For each SQL Server section added, configure SQLServer to use the server name %WDSServer%—for example, SQLServer=%WDSServer%.

    • If configuring DeployRoot, configure DeployRoot to use the %WDSServer% variable—for example, DeployRoot=\\%WDSServer%\Deployment$.

  5. Click Edit Bootstrap.ini.

  6. Configure BootStrap.ini to use the %WDSServer% property by adding or changing the DeployRoot value to DeployRoot=\\%WDSServer%\Deployment$.

  7. Click File, and then click Save to save the changes to the BootStrap.ini file.

  8. Click OK.

    The deployment share and LiteTouchPE_x86.wim Windows PE environment need to be updated.

  9. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  10. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  11. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  12. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    The following example illustrates CustomSettings.ini after performing the steps outlined in this section.

    Sample CustomSettings.ini Configured for Scalable LTI Deployment Infrastructure

[Settings]  
Priority=CSettings,CPackages, CApps, CAdmins, CRoles, Default  
Properties=MyCustomProperty  

[Default]  
OSInstall=Y  
ScanStateArgs=/v:5 /o /c  
LoadStateArgs=/v:5 /c /lac  

[CSettings]  
SQLServer=%WDSServer%  
Instance=  
Database=MDTDB  
Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
SQLShare=  
Table=ComputerSettings  
Parameters=UUID, AssetTag, SerialNumber, MacAddress  
ParameterCondition=OR  

[CPackages]  
SQLServer=%WDSServer%  
Database=MDTDB  
Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
SQLShare=  
Table=ComputerPackages  
Parameters=UUID, AssetTag, SerialNumber, MacAddress  
ParameterCondition=OR  
Order=Sequence  

[CApps]  
SQLServer=%WDSServer%  
Database=MDTDB  
Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
SQLShare=  
Table=ComputerApplications  
Parameters=UUID, AssetTag, SerialNumber, MacAddress  
ParameterCondition=OR  
Order=Sequence  

[CAdmins]  
SQLServer=%WDSServer%  
Database=MDTDB  
Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
SQLShare=  
Table=ComputerAdministrators  
Parameters=UUID, AssetTag, SerialNumber, MacAddress  
ParameterCondition=OR  

[CRoles]  
SQLServer=%WDSServer%  
Database=MDTDB  
Netlib=DBNMPNTW  
SQLShare=  
Table=ComputerRoles  
Parameters=UUID, AssetTag, SerialNumber, MacAddress  
ParameterCondition=OR  

Selecting a Local MDT Server When Multiple Servers Exist

In this scenario, multiple MDT servers are being used to support a high volume of simultaneous deployments and deployments across multiple sites. When an LTI deployment is initialized, the default behavior is to request a path to the MDT server to connect to and access the required files to begin the deployment process.

The Windows Deployment Wizard can use the LocalServer.xml file to present a choice of known deployment servers for each location.

Use the LocationServer.xml file by:

Understanding LocationServer.xml

First, you must understand How MDT uses LocationServer.xml. During LTI, MDT scripts read and process the BootStrap.ini file to gather initial information about the deployment. This happens before a connection has been made to the deployment server. Therefore, the DeployRoot property is commonly used to specify in the BootStrap.ini file the deployment server to which it should make a connection.

If the BootStrap.ini file does not contain a DeployRoot property, MDT scripts load a wizard page to prompt the user for a path to the deployment server. While initializing the HTML Application (HTA) wizard page, MDT scripts check for the existence of the LocationServer.xml file and, if it exists, use LocationServer.xml to display available deployment servers.

Understand When to Use LocationServer.xml

MDT offers multiple ways to determine which server to connect to during an LTI deployment. Different methods for locating the deployment server are best suited for different scenarios; therefore, it is important to understand when to use LocationServer.xml.

MDT provides several methods for automatically discovering and using the most appropriate deployment server. These methods are listed in the following table.

Method Details
%WDSServer% This method is used when the MDT server is co-hosted on the Windows Deployment Services server.

When an LTI deployment is initiated from Windows Deployment Services, an environmental variable—%WDSServer%—is created and populated with the name of the Windows Deployment Services server.

The DeployRoot variable can use this variable to automatically connect to a deployment share on the Windows Deployment Services server—for example:

DeployRoot=\\%WDSServer%\Deployment$
Location-based automation MDT can use location-based automation in the BootStrap.ini file to determine the server to which it should deploy.

Use the Default Gateway property to distinguish between different locations; for each Default Gateway, a different MDT server is specified.

For more information about using location-based automation, refer to "Selecting the Methods for Applying Configuration Settings".

Each approach listed in the preceeding table offers one way to automate the selection of the deployment server at a given location for certain scenarios. These approaches are targeted to specific scenarios—for example, when the MDT server is co-hosted with Windows Deployment Services.

There are other scenarios in which these approaches are not suitable—for example, if there are multiple deployment servers at a given location or automation logic is not possible (for example, the network is not segmented enough to allow location determination or the MDT server is separated from Windows Deployment Services).

In these scenarios, the LocationServer.xml file provides a flexible way to present this information at deployment time without requiring knowledge of server names and deployment share names.

Creating the LocationServer.xml File

To present a list of available deployment servers during an LTI deployment, create a LocationServer.xml file that contains details about each server. There is no default LocationServer.xml file in MDT, so create one using the following guidance.

Create a LocationServer.xml File to Support Multiple Locations

The simplest method for creating and using LocationServer.xml is to create a LocationServer.xml file and add entries for each deployment server in the environment (this can be either at the same location or at different locations).

Construct the LocationServer.xml file by creating a new section for each server, and then adding the following information:

  • A unique identifier

  • A location name, used to present an easily identifiable name for that location

  • A UNC path to the MDT server for that location

    The folowing illustrates how the LocationServer.xml file is created using each of these properties using a sample LocationServer.xml file configured for multiple locations.

    Example LocationServer.xml File to Support Multiple Locations

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<servers>  
    <QueryDefault></QueryDefault>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>1</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso HQ, Seattle, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <UNCPath>\\STLDS01\Deployment$</UNCPath>  
    </server>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>2</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso NYC, New York, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <UNCPath>\\NYCDS01\Deployment$</UNCPath>  
    </server>   
</servers>  

Using this format, specify different server entries for each location or for situations in which there are multiple servers within a single location by specifying a different server entry for each server at that location, as shown in the following example.

Example LocationServer.xml File to Support Multiple Servers at Multiple Locations

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<servers>  
    <QueryDefault></QueryDefault>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>1</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso HQ DS1, Seattle, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <UNCPath>\\STLDS01\Deployment$</UNCPath>  
    </server>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>2</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso HQ DS2, Seattle, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <UNCPath>\\STLDS02\Deployment$</UNCPath>  
    </server>   
</servers>  

Create a LocationServer.xml File to Load Balance Multiple Servers at Different Locations

Using LocationServer.xml, specify multiple servers per location entry, and then perform basic load balancing so that when a location is chosen, MDT automatically selects a deployment server from the list of available servers. To provide this functionality, the LocationServer.xml file supports specifying a weighting metric.

The following illustrates a sample LocationServer.xml file configured for multiple servers at different locations.

Example LocationServer.xml File for Different Locations

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<servers>  
    <QueryDefault></QueryDefault>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>1</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso HQ, Seattle, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <Server1>\\STLDS01\Deployment$</Server1>  
        <Server2>\\STLDS02\Deployment$</Server2>  
        <Server3>\\STLDS03\Deployment$</Server3>  
        <Server weight=”1”>\\STLDS01\Deployment$</Server>  
        <Server weight=”2”>\\STLDS02\Deployment$</Server>  
        <Server weight=”4”>\\STLDS03\Deployment$</Server>  
    </server>  
    <server>  
        <serverid>2</serverid>  
        <friendlyname>  
          Contoso NYC, New York, USA  
        </friendlyname>  
        <UNCPath>\\NYCDS01\Deployment$</UNCPath>  
    </server>   
</servers>  

Specify the weighting metric by using the <server weight> tag, which MDT uses in the server-selection process. The likelihood of a server being selected is calculated by:

Server weight/sum of all server weights

In the previous example, the three servers at Contoso HQ are listed as 1, 2, and 4. The likelihood of a server with a weighting of 2 being selected becomes 2 in 7. Therefore, to use the weighting system, determine the capacity of the servers available at a location, and weight each server by the server’s capacity in relation to each of the other servers.

Adding the LocationServer.xml File to the Extra Files Directory

After you have created the LocationServer.xml file, add it to the LiteTouch_x86 and LiteTouch_x64 Windows PE boot images in the X:\Deploy\Control folder. Using the Deployment Workbench, add other files and folders to these Windows PE images by specifying an additional directory to add in the deployment share properties.

To add LocationServer.xml to the deployment share

  1. Create a folder called Extra Files in the root deployment share folder (for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Extra Files).

  2. Create a folder structure in the Extra Files folder that mirrors the Windows PE location where the additional file should reside.

    For example, the LocationServer.xml file must reside in the \Deploy\Control folder in Windows PE; therefore, create the same folder structure under Extra Files (for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Extra Files\Deploy\Control).

  3. Copy LocationServer.xml to the deployment_share\Extra Files\Deploy\Control folder (where deployment_share is the fully qualified path to the root folder of the deployment share).

  4. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  5. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  6. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  7. In the deployment_shareProperties dialog box (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share), perform these steps:

    1. Click the Windows PE platform Settings tab (where platform is the architecture of the Windows PE image to be configured).

    2. In the Windows PE Customizations section, in the Extra directory to add box, type path (where path is the fully qualified path to the Extra Files folder—for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Extra Files), and then click OK.

Updating the BootStrap.ini File

When you create a deployment share using the Deployment Workbench, a DeployRoot property is automatically created and populated in the BootStrap.ini file. Because the LocationServer.xml file is used to populate the DeployRoot property, you must remove this value from the BootStrap.ini file.

To remove the DeployRoot property from BootStrap.ini

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. In the deployment_shareProperties dialog box (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share), click the Rules tab, and then click Edit BootStrap.ini.

  5. Remove the DeployRoot value (for example, DeployRoot=\\Server\Deployment$).

  6. Click File, and then click Save to save the changes to the BootStrap.ini file.

  7. Click OK to submit the changes.

Updating the Deployment Share

The deployment share must next be updated to generate a new LiteTouch_x86 and LiteTouch_x64 boot environment that contains the LocationServer.xml file and the updated BootStrap.ini file.

To update the deployment share

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  4. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  5. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  6. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

Note

When the update process has finished, add the new LiteTouch_x86 and LiteTouch_x64 Windows PE environments back into Windows Deployment Services, or burn them to boot media to use during deployment.

Replacing an Existing Computer with a New Computer Using Lite Touch Installation

You can use MDT to deploy an image to a new computer that will substitute an existing computer in the enterprise architecture. This situation could arise when upgrading from one operating system to another (a new operating system could require new hardware) or if the organization needs newer, faster computers for existing applications.

When replacing an existing computer with a new computer, Microsoft recommends taking into account all settings that will be migrated from one computer to another, such as user accounts and user state data. In addition, it is important to create a recovery solution in case the migration fails.

In this sample deployment, replace the existing computer (WDG-EXIST-01) with a new computer (WDG-NEW-02) in the CORP domain by capturing user state data from WDG-EXIST-01 and saving it to a network share. Then, deploy an existing image to WDG-NEW-02, and finally restore the captured user state data to WDG-NEW-02. The deployment will be performed from a deployment server (WDG-MDT-01).

In MDT, use the Standard Client Replace Task Sequence template to create a task sequence that will perform all the necessary deployment tasks.

This demonstration assumes that:

  • MDT has been installed on the deployment server (WDG MDT 01)

  • The deployment share has already been created and populated, including operating system images, applications, and device drivers

  • An image of a reference computer has already been captured and will be deployed to the new computer (WDG NEW 02)

  • A network shared folder (UserStateCapture$) has been created and shared on the deployment server (WDG MDT 01) with the appropriate share permissions

    A deployment share should exist prior to beginning this sample. For more information about creating a deployment share, see the section, "Managing Deployment Shares in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

Step 1: Create a Task Sequence to Capture the User State

Create MDT task sequences in the Task Sequences node in the Deployment Workbench using the New Task Sequence Wizard. To perform the first part of the Replace Computer deployment scenario (capturing the user state on the existing computer), select the Standard Client Replace Task Sequence template in the New Task Sequence Wizard.

To create a task sequence to capture the user state in the Replace Computer deployment scenario

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/ deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click New Task Sequence.

    The New Task Sequence Wizard starts.

  4. Complete the New Task Sequence Wizard by using the following information. Accept the default values unless otherwise specified.

    On this wizard page Do this
    General Settings 1. In Task sequence ID, type VISTA_EXIST.
    2. In Task sequence name, type Perform Replace Computer Scenario on Existing Computer.
    3. Click Next.
    Select Template In The following task sequence templates are available. Select the one you would like to use as a starting point, select Standard Client Replace Task Sequence, and then click Next.
    Summary Verify that the configuration details are correct, and then click Next.
    Confirmation Click Finish.

    The New Task Sequence Wizard finishes, and the VISTA_EXIST task sequence is added to the list of task sequences.

Step 2: Create a Task Sequence to Deploy Operating System and Restore the User State

Create MDT task sequences in the Task Sequences node in the Deployment Workbench by using the New Task Sequence Wizard. To perform the second part of the Replace Computer deployment scenario (deploying the operating system, and then restoring the user state on the existing computer), select the Standard Client Task Sequence template in the New Task Sequence Wizard.

To create a task sequence to deploy the user state in the Replace Computer deployment scenario

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click New Task Sequence.

    The New Task Sequence Wizard starts.

  4. Complete the New Task Sequence Wizard by using the following information. Accept the default values unless otherwise specified.

    On this wizard page Do this
    General Settings 1. In Task sequence ID, type VISTA_NEW.
    2. In Task sequence name, type Perform Replace Computer Scenario on New Computer.
    3. Click Next.
    Select Template In The following task sequence templates are available. Select the one you would like to use as a starting point, select Standard Client Task Sequence, and then click Next.
    Select OS In The following operating system images are available to be deployed with this task sequence. Select one to use, select captured_vista_image (where captured_vista_image is the captured image the reference computer added to the Operating Systems node in the Deployment Workbench), and then click Next.
    Specify Product Key Select Do not specify a product key at this time, and then click Next.
    OS Settings 1. In Full Name, type Woodgrove Employee.
    2. In Organization, type Woodgrove Bank.
    3. In Internet Explorer Home Page, type http://www.woodgrovebank.com.
    4. Click Next.
    Admin Password In Administrator Password and Please confirm Administrator Password, type P@ssw0rd, and then click Finish.
    Confirmation Click Finish.

    The New Task Sequence Wizard finishes, and the VISTA_NEW task sequence is added to the list of task sequences.

Step 3: Customize the MDT Configuration Files

When the MDT task sequence has been created, customize the MDT configuration files that provide the configuration settings for capturing user state information. Specifically, customize the CustomSettings.ini file by modifying the file in the properties of the deployment share created earlier in the deployment process. In a later step, the deployment share will be updated to ensure that the configuration file is updated in the deployment share.

To customize the MDT configuration files for capturing user state information

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

    The Properties dialog box appears.

  4. In the Properties dialog box, click the Rules tab.

  5. On the Rules tab, modify the CustomSettings.ini file to reflect the necessary changes as shown in the following exampple. Make any additional modifications the environment requires.

    Customized CustomSettings.ini File

    [Settings]  
    Priority=Default  
    Properties=MyCustomProperty  
    
    [Default]  
    OSInstall=Y  
    
    UDShare=\\WDG-MDT-01\UserStateCapture$  
    UDDir=%OSDCOMPUTERNAME%  
    UserDataLocation=NETWORK  
    SkipCapture=NO  
    SkipAdminPassword=YES  
    SkipProductKey=YES  
    
    
  6. In the Properties dialog box, click OK.

  7. Close all open windows and dialog boxes.

Step 4: Configure the Windows PE Options for the Deployment Share

Configure the Windows PE options for the deployment share in the Deployment Shares node in the Deployment Workbench.

Note

If the device drivers for the existing computer (WDG-EXIST-01) and the new computer (WDG-NEW-01) are included with Windows Vista, skip this step and proceed with the following step.

To configure the Windows PE options for the deployment share

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

    The Properties dialog box appears.

  4. In the Properties dialog box, on the Windows PE platform Components tab (where platform is the architecture of the Windows PE image to be configured), in Selection profile, select device_drivers (where device_drivers is the name of the device driver selection profile), and then click OK.

Step 5: Update the Deployment Share

After configuring the Windows PE options for the deployment share, update the deployment share. Updating the deployment share updates all the MDT configuration files and generates a customized version of Windows PE. The customized version of Windows PE is used to start the reference computer and initiate the LTI deployment process.

To update the deployment share in the Deployment Workbench

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Update DeploymentShare.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  4. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  5. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  6. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    The Deployment Workbench starts updating the deployment share. The Deployment Workbench creates the LiteTouchPE_x86.iso and LiteTouchPE_x86.wim files (for 32-bit target computers) or LiteTouchPE_x64.iso and LiteTouchPE_x64.wim files (for 64-bit target computers) in the deployment_share\Boot folder (where deployment_share is the shared folder used as the deployment share).

Step 6: Create the LTI Bootable Media

Provide a method for starting the computer with the customized version of Windows PE created when the deployment share was updated. The Deployment Workbench creates the LiteTouchPE_x86.iso and LiteTouchPE_x86.wim files (for 32-bit target computers) or LiteTouchPE_x64.iso and LiteTouchPE_x64.wim files (for 64-bit target computers) in the deployment_share\Boot folder (where deployment_share is the shared folder used as the deployment share). Create the appropriate LTI bootable media from one of these images.

To create the LTI bootable media

  1. In Windows Explorer, navigate to deployment_share\Boot folder (where deployment_share is the shared folder used as the deployment share).

  2. Based on the type of computer used for the existing computer (WDG-EXIST-01) and new computer (WDG-NEW-02), perform one of the following tasks:

    • If the reference computer is a physical computer, create a CD or DVD of the ISO file.

    • If the reference computer is a VM, start the VM directly from the ISO file or from a CD or DVD of the ISO file.

Step 7: Start the Existing Computer with the LTI Bootable Media

Start the existing computer (WDG-EXIST-01) with the LTI bootable media created earlier in the process. This CD starts Windows PE on the existing computer and initiates the MDT deployment process. At the end of the MDT deployment process, the user state migration information is stored in the UserStateCapture$ shared folder.

Note

You can also initiate the MDT process by starting the target computer from Windows Deployment Services. For more information, see the section, "Preparing Windows Deployment Services", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

To start the existing computer with the LTI bootable media

  1. Start WDG-EXIST-01 with the LTI bootable media created earlier in the process.

    Windows PE starts, and then the Windows Deployment Wizard starts.

  2. Complete the Windows Deployment Wizard using the following information. Accept the default values unless otherwise specified.

    On this wizard page Do this
    Welcome to Deployment Click Run the Deployment Wizard to install a new operating system, and then click Next.
    Specify Credentials for connecting to network shares. 1. In User Name, type Administrator.
    2. In Password, type P@ssw0rd.
    3. In Domain, type CORP.
    4. Click OK.
    Select a task sequence to execute on this computer. Click Perform Replace Computer Scenario on Existing Computer, and then click Next.
    Specify where to save your data and settings Click Next.
    Specify where to save a complete computer backup Click Do not back up the existing computer, and then click Next.
    Ready to begin Click Begin.

    If any errors or warnings occur, consult the MDT document Troubleshooting Reference.

  3. In the Deployment Summary dialog box, click Details.

    If any errors or warnings occurred, review the errors or warnings and record any diagnostic information.

  4. In the Deployment Summary dialog box, click Finish.

    The user state migration information is captured and is stored in the network shared folder (UserStateCapture$) created earlier in the process.

Step 8: Start the New Computer with the LTI Bootable Media

Start the new computer (WDG-NEW-02) with the LTI bootable media created earlier in the process. This CD starts Windows PE on the reference computer and initiates the MDT deployment process. At the end of the MDT deployment process, Windows Vista is deployed on the new computer and the captured user state migration information is restored to the new computer.

Note

You can also initiate the MDT process by starting the target computer from Windows Deployment Services. For more information, see the section, "Preparing Windows Deployment Services", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

To start the new computer with the LTI bootable media

  1. Start WDG-NEW-02 with the LTI bootable media created earlier in the process.

    Windows PE starts, and then the Windows Deployment Wizard starts.

  2. Complete the Windows Deployment Wizard by using the following information. Accept the default values unless otherwise specified.

    On this wizard page Do this
    Welcome to Deployment Click Run the Deployment Wizard to install a new operating system, and then click Next.
    Specify Credentials for connecting to network shares. 1. In User Name, type Administrator.
    2. In Password, type P@ssw0rd.
    3. In Domain, type CORP.
    4. Click OK.
    Select a task sequence to execute on this computer. Click Perform Replace Computer Scenario on New Computer, and then click Next.
    Configure the computer name In Computer name, type WDG-NEW-02, and then click Next.
    Join the computer to a domain or workgroup Click Next.
    Specify whether to restore user data 1. Click Specify a location.
    2. In Location, type \\WDG-MDT-01\UserStateCapture$\WDG-EXIST-01.
    3. Click Next.
    Locale Selection Click Next.
    Set the Time Zone Click Next.
    Specify whether to capture an image Click Do not capture an image of this computer, and then click Next.
    Specify the BitLocker configuration Click Do not enable BitLocker for this computer, and then click Next.
    Ready to begin Click Begin.

    If any errors or warnings should occur, consult the MDT document Troubleshooting Reference.

  3. In the Deployment Summary dialog box, click Details.

    If any errors or warnings occurred, review the errors or warnings and record any diagnostic information.

  4. In the Deployment Summary dialog box, click Finish.

    Windows Vista is now installed on the new computer and the captured user state migration information is also restored.

Integrating Custom Deployment Code into MDT

It is common for a deployment team to have complex requirements, specific to their target environment, that are not met by the Deployment Workbench predefined task sequence actions or by default MDT configuration files. In this situation, implement custom code to meet their requirements.

Integrate custom deployment code into MDT by:

Choosing the Appropriate Scripting Language

Although any code that can be run on Windows or Windows PE can be called as an application installation or through an MDT task sequence step, Microsoft recommends using scripts in the form of .vbs or .wsf files.

The advantage of using .wsf files is built-in logging in addition to some other predefined functions already used by the ZTI and LTI processes. These functions are available in the ZTIUtility script distributed with MDT.

When referenced from a custom script, the ZTIUtility script initializes the MDT environment and setup classes. These classes are available:

  • Logging. This class provides the logging functionality that all MDT scripts use. It also creates a single log file for each script run during deployment and a consolidated log file of all scripts. These log files are created in a format designed to be read by TRACE32; this tool is available in the System Center Configuration Manager 2007 Toolkit V2.

  • Environment. This class configures environment variables gathered through WMI and MDT rule processing and allows them to be referenced directly from the script. This allows deployment properties to be read, giving access to all the configuration information used by the ZTI and LTI processes.

  • Utility. This class provides general utilities that are used throughout ZTI and LTI scripts. Microsoft recommends that any time custom code is developed this class should be examined to see if any code can simply be reused. Additional information about some of the functionality provided in this class is included later in this section.

  • Database. This class performs functions like connecting to databases and reading information from databases. In general, accessing the database class directly is not recommended; instead, rule processing should be used to perform database lookups.

  • Strings. This class performs common string processing routines like creating a delimited list of items, displaying a hex value, trimming white space from a string, right aligning a string, left aligning a string, forcing a value to string format, forcing a value to array format, generating a random globally unique identifier (GUID), and Base64 conversions.

  • FileHandling. This class performs functions like normalizing paths and copying, moving, and deleting files and folders.

  • clsRegEx. This class performs regular expression functions.

    In MDT, a couple of changes have been implemented to the script architecture to make client Microsoft Visual Basic® Scripting Edition (VBScript) more robust and reliable. These changes include:

  • Extensive changes to ZTIUtility.vbs (the main script library), including new APIs and better error handling

  • A new look to the overall structure of the ZTI_xxx.wsf scripts

    The overall structure of the MDT scripts has also changed. Most MDT scripts are now encapsulated within VBScript Class objects. The class is initialized and called with the RunNewInstance function.

Note

Most existing MDT 2008 Update 1 scripts will work as-is in MDT, even with the extensive changes to ZTIUtility.vbs, as most MDT scripts will include ZTIUtility.vbs.

Understanding How to Leverage ZTIUtility

The ZTIUtility.vbs file contains object classes that can be leveraged in your custom code. Integrate custom code with MDT by using the:

Use the ZTIUtility Logging Class

The logging class in ZTIUtiliy.vbs provides a simple mechanism for custom code to log status information, warnings, and errors in the same manner as other scripts during a ZTI or LTI deployment. This standardization also ensures that the LTI Deployment Summary dialog box correctly reports the status of any custom code that is run.

The following illustrates an example custom code script that uses the oLogging.CreateEntry and TestAndFail functions to log different types of messages, depending on the results of the various script actions.

Example Script Using ZTIUtility Logging: ZTI_Example.wsf

<job id="ZTI_Example">  
<script language="VBScript" src="ZTIUtility.vbs"/>  
<script language="VBScript">  

' //*******************************************************  
' //  
' // Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved  
' // Microsoft Deployment Toolkit Solution Accelerator  
' // File: ZTI_Example.wsf  
' //  
' // Purpose: Example of scripting with the  
' //          Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.  
' //  
' // Usage: cscript ZTI_Example.wsf [/debug:true]  
' //  
' //*******************************************************  

Option Explicit  
RunNewInstance  

'//--------------------------------------------------------  
'// Main Class  
'//--------------------------------------------------------  
Class ZTI_Example  

'//--------------------------------------------------------  
'// Main routine  
'//--------------------------------------------------------  

Function Main()  

  Dim iRetVal  
  Dim sScriptPath  

  iRetVal = SUCCESS  

  oLogging.CreateEntry "Begin example script…", _  
    LogTypeInfo  

  ' %ServerA% is a generic variable available within  
  ' every CustomSettings.ini file.  

  sScriptPath = "\\" & oEnvironment.Item("ServerA") & _  
    "\public\products\Applications\User\Technet\USEnglish"  

  ' Validate a connection to server, net connect with  
  ' credentials if necessary.  
  iRetVal = oUtility.ValidateConnection( sScriptPath )  
  TestAndFail iRetVal, 9991, "Validate Connection to [" & _  
    sScriptPath & "]"  

  'Run Setup Program  

  iRetVal = oUtility.RunWithHeartbeat( """" & _  
    sScriptPath & "\setup.exe"" /?" )  
  TestAndFail iRetVal, 9991, "RunWithHeartbeat [" & _  
    sScriptPath & "]"  

  'Perform any cleanup from installation process  

  oShell.RegWrite "HKLM\Software\Microsoft\SomeValue", _  
    "Done with Execution of XXX.", "REG_SZ"  

  Main = iRetVal  

End Function  

End Class  

</script>  
</job>  

Note

If you want to continue using scripts that call ZTIProcess() with ProcessResults(), you can continue to do so. However, certain enhanced error-handling features will not be enabled.

Use the ZTIUtility Environment Class

The environment class in ZTIUtiliy.vbs provides access to, and the ability to update, MDT properties. In preceeding example, oEnvironment.Item("Memory") is used to retrieve the amount of available RAM; this can also be used to retrieve the value of any of the properties described in the MDT document Toolkit Reference.

Use the ZTIUtility Utility Class

The ZTIUtility.vbs script contains a number of commonly used utilities that any custom deployment script can use. You can add these utilities to any script the same way as the oLogging and oEnvironment classes.

The following table details some useful functions available, and their output. For a full list of available functions, refer to the ZTIUtility.vbs file.

Function Output
oUtility.LocalRootPath Returns the path of the root folder being used by the deployment process on the target computer—for example, C:\MININT
oUtility.BootDevice Returns the system boot device—for example, MULTI(0)DISK(0)RDISK(0)PARTITION(1)
oUtility.LogPath Returns the path to the logs folder being used during the deployment—for example, C:\MININT\SMSOSD\OSDLOGS
oUtility.StatePath Returns the path of the currently configured state store—for example, C:\MININT\StateStore
oUtility.ScriptName Returns the name of the script calling the function—for example, Z-RAMTest
oUtility.ScriptDir Returns the path to the script that is calling the function—for example, \\server_name\Deployment$\Scripts
oUtility.ComputerName Determines the computer name that will be used during the build process—for example, computer_name
oUtility.ReadIni(file, section, item) Allows the specified item to be read from an .ini file
oUtility.WriteIni(file, section, item, value) Allows the specified item to be written to an .ini file
oUtility.Sections(file) Reads the sections of an .ini file and stores them in an object for reference
oUtility.SectionContents(file, section) Reads the contents of the specified .ini file and stores them in an object
oUtility.RunWithHeartbeat(sCmd) When the command is run, write heartbeat information to the logs every 0.5 seconds
oUtility.FindFile

(sFilename,sFoundPath)
Searches for the specified file in the DeployRoot folder and standard subfolders, including Servicing, Tools, USMT, Templates, Scripts, and Control
oUtility.findMappedDrive(sServerUNC) Checks to see whether a drive is mapped to the specified UNC path and returns the drive letter
oUtility.ValidateConnection(sServerUNC) Checks to see whether there is an existing connection to the server specified and, if there is not, attempts to create one
MapNetworkDrive

(sShare, SDomID, sDomPwd)
Maps a drive letter to the UNC path specified as the share and returns the drive letter used; returns an error if unsuccessful
VerifyPathExists(strPath) Verifies that the specified path exists
oEnvironment.Substitute(sVal) Given a string, expands any variables or functions within that string
oEnvironment.Item

(sName)
Reads or writes a variable to a persistent store
oEnvironment.Exists

(sName)
Tests to see whether the variable exists
oEnvironment.ListItem

(sName)
Reads or writes a variable of type array to a persistent store
oLogging.ReportFailure

(sMessage, iError)
Used to perform a structured exit if an unrecoverable error is detected
oLogging.CreateEvent

(iEventID, iType, sMessage, arrParms)
Writes a message to the log file and posts the event to a defined server
oLogging.CreateEntry

(sLogMsg, iType)
Writes a message to the log file
TestAndFail(iRc, iError, sMessage) Exits the script with iError if iRc is false or fail
TestAndLog(iRc , sMessage) Logs a warning only if iRc is false or fail

Integrating Custom Deployment Code

Custom deployment code can be integrated into the MDT process in several ways; however, regardless of the method used, the following two rules should be met:

  • The custom deployment code script name should always begin with the letter Z.

  • The custom deployment code should be placed in the Scripts folder on the deployment share—for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Scripts.

    The most frequently used methods for integrating custom code that also ensure consistent logging are:

  • Deploy the code as an MDT application

  • Launch the code as an MDT task sequence command

  • Launch the code as a user exit script

Deploy Custom Code as an MDT Application

Custom deployment code can be imported into the Deployment Workbench and managed the same way as any other application.

To create a new application to run custom deployment code

  1. Copy the custom deployment code to the deployment_share\Scripts folder (where deployment_share is the fully qualified path to the deployment share).

  2. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  3. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Applications (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  4. In the Actions pane, click New Application.

    The New Application Wizard starts.

  5. Complete the New Application Wizard using the following information. Accept defaults unless otherwise specified.

    On this wizard page Do this
    Application Type Click Application without source files or elsewhere on the network, and then click Next.
    Details Complete this page based on the information from the application, and then click Next.
    Command Details 1. In the Command line box, type cscript.exe %SCRIPTROOT%\custom_code (where custom_code is the name of the custom code that has been developed).
    2. In the Working directory box, type working_directory (where working_directory is the name of the working directory of the custom code; this is typically the same folder specified in the Command line box).
    3. Click Next.
    Summary Verify that the configuration settings are correct, and then click Next.
    Confirmation Click Finish.

    The application appears in the Applications node in the Deployment Workbench.

Add the Custom Code as a Task Sequence Step

Custom deployment code can be called directly from any point within a task sequence; this gives access to the usual task sequence rules and options.

To add the custom deployment code to an existing task sequence

  1. Copy the custom deployment code to the deployment_share\Scripts folder (where deployment_share is the fully qualified path to the deployment share).

  2. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  3. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  4. In the details pane, click task_sequence (where task_sequence is the name of the task sequence that runs the custom code).

  5. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  6. In the task_sequenceProperties dialog box, click the Task Sequence tab.

  7. In the console tree, go to group (where group is the group to add the task sequence step).

  8. Click Add, click General, and then click Run Command Line.

  9. In the console tree, click Run Command Line, and then click the Properties tab.

  10. In the Name box, type name (where name is a descriptive name of the custom code).

  11. On the Properties tab, in the Command line box, type command_line (where command_line is the command to run the custom code—for example, cscript.exe %SCRIPTROOT%\CustomCode.vbs).

  12. In the Start in box, type path (where path is the fully qualified path to the working folder of the custom code; typically, this is the same path specified in the Command line box), and then click OK.

    The newly created task sequence step appears in the list of task sequence steps.

Run Custom Code as a User Exit Script

It also is possible to run the custom code as a user exit script from CustomSettings.ini using the UserExit directive. This provides a mechanism for information to be passed into the CustomSettings.ini rule validation process and provides a dynamic update of MDT properties

For more information on user exit scripts and the UserExit directive, see the section, "User Exit Scripts in the CustomSettings.ini File", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

Installing Device Drivers Using Various Installation Methods

In this scenario, you use MDT to deploy an operating system to different types of hardware. As part of the deployment process, identify and install device drivers so that each hardware type will function correctly. There are two main types of device drivers; each must be handled differently during the deployment process:

Determining Which Method to Use to Install a Device Driver

Hardware manufacturers release device drivers in one of two forms:

  • As a package that you can extract and that contains .inf files used to import the driver into the Deployment Workbench

  • As an application that you must install using traditional application installation processes

    Device driver packages that can be extracted to access .inf files can use the MDT automatic driver detection and installation process by first importing the driver into the Out-of-Box Drivers node in the Deployment Workbench.

    Device driver packages that cannot be extracted to isolate .inf files or those that do not work correctly without first being installed using an application installer such as an MSI or Setup.exe file can use the MDT Install Application feature and install the device driver during the deployment process just as for any normal application.

Installing Device Drivers Using the Out-of-Box Drivers Method

You can import device driver packages that include an .inf file to the Deployment Workbench and install them automatically as part of the deployment process. To implement this type of device driver deployment, first add the device driver to the Deployment Workbench.

To add the device driver to the Deployment Workbench

  1. Download the device drivers required for the hardware types to be deployed, and extract the device driver package to a temporary location.

  2. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  3. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Out-of-Box Drivers (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Import Drivers.

    The Import Device Driver Wizard starts.

  5. On the Specify Directory page, in the Drive source directory section, click Browse to go to the folder that contains the new device drivers, and then click Next.

    Note

    The New Device Driver Wizard will search all subdirectories of the driver source directory; therefore, if there are multiple drivers to install, extract them into folders within the same root directory, and then set the driver source directory as the root directory that holds all of the driver source folders.

  6. On the Summary page, verify that the settings are correct, and then click Next to import the drivers into the Deployment Workbench.

  7. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    If the device drivers contain boot-critical drivers such as mass storage or network class drivers, the deployment share must next be updated to generate a new LiteTouch_x86 and LiteTouch_x64 boot environment that contains the new drivers.

    To add device drivers to the Lite Touch Windows PE images

  8. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  9. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  10. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  11. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  12. On the Summary page, verify that the details are correct, and then click Next.

  13. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

Installing Device Drivers as Applications

Device drivers that are packaged as applications and that you cannot extract to a folder containing an .inf file, in addition to driver files, should be added to the Deployment Workbench as an application for installation during the deployment process.

Applications can be specified as a task sequence step or specified in CustomSettings.ini; however, device driver applications should be installed only when the task sequence is run on a computer with the devices. To ensure this, run the task sequence step for deploying the relevant device driver applications as a conditional task sequence step. The conditional criteria can be specified for running the task sequence step using WMI queries for the device on the target computer.

Add the Device Driver Application to the Deployment Workbench

Each device driver application must first be imported into the Deployment Workbench.

Note

Configure whether the application should is visible during deployment on the Properties dialog box of any application by selecting or clearing the Hide this application in the Deployment Wizard check box. Repeat this process for each device driver application used during deployment.

To add the device driver application to the Deployment Workbench

  1. Download the device driver application, and save it to a temporary location.

  2. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  3. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Applications (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  4. In the Actions pane, click New Application.

    The New Application Wizard starts.

  5. On the Application Type page, click Application with source files, and then click Next.

  6. On the Details page, type relevant details about the application, and then click Next.

  7. On the Source page, in the Source directory section, click Browse to go to, and then click the directory that contains the device driver application source files. Click OK.

  8. Click Next.

  9. On the Destination page, type a name for the destination directory, and then click Next.

  10. On the Command Details page, in the Command line section, type the command that allows silent installation of the device driver application.

  11. On the Summary page, verify the settings are correct, and then click Next to import the device driver application into the Deployment Workbench.

  12. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    After the applications are imported into the Deployment Workbench, add them to the deployment process using the appropriate logic to ensure that the application installs only when running on the correct hardware. There are different methods for achieving this:

  • Specify the device driver application as part of a deployment task sequence.

  • Specify the device driver application in CustomSettings.ini.

  • Specify the device driver application in the MDT DB.

    Each approach is discussed in more detail in the following sections.

Specify the Device Driver Application as Part of a Task Sequence

The first method for adding a device driver application to the deployment process is to use a task sequence to add steps for each device driver application.

There are two main approaches for managing device driver applications in the task sequence:

  • Create a new task sequence group for each hardware model, and then add a query to run that group of actions if the computer matches a specific hardware type.

  • Create a task sequence group for hardware-specific applications, and then add queries for each task sequence action so that each task sequence step is evaluated against the hardware type and will run only if a match is found.

    To create a new task sequence group for each type of hardware

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the details pane, click task_sequence (where task_sequence is the deployment task sequence that will be required to install the device driver application).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  5. In the task_sequenceProperties dialog box, on the Task Sequence tab, in the details pane, go to State Restore/Windows Update (Pre-Application Installation).

  6. On the Task Sequence tab, click Add, and then click New Group.

    This creates a new task sequence group in the task sequence. Use this new task sequence group to create the steps for installing the hardware-specific device driver applications.

  7. In the details pane, click New Group.

  8. On the Properties tab, in the Name box, type group_name (where group_name is the name of the group; for example, Hardware Specific Applications – Dell Computer Corporation).

  9. On the Options tab, click Add, and then click Query WMI.

  10. In the Task Sequence WMI Condition dialog box, type the following details:

    • In the WMI namespace box, type root\cimv2.

    • In the WQL query box, type a WMI Query Language (WQL) query using the Win32_ComputerSystem class to ensure that the application is installed only for a specific application type—for example:

      Select * FROM Win32_ComputerSystem WHERE Model LIKE %hardware_model% AND Manufacturer LIKE %hardware_manufacturer%

      In this example, hardware_model is the name of the computer model (such as Latitude D620) and hardware_manufacturer is the name of the computer make (such as Dell Corporation).

      The % symbol is a wildcard character that is included in the names to allow administrators to return any computer models or manufactures that contains the value specified for hardware_model or hardware_manufacturer.

      For more information about WMI and WQL queries, see the section, "Add WMI Queries to Task Sequence Step Conditions", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and see Querying with WQL.

  11. Click OK to submit the query, and then click OK to submit changes to the task sequence.

Note

This process must be repeated for each hardware type of each device driver application to be installed.

After the hardware-specific task sequence groups have been created, device driver applications can be added to each group.

To add device driver applications to hardware-specific task sequence groups

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the details pane, click task_sequence (where task_sequence is the deployment task sequence that will be required to install the device driver application).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  5. In the task_sequenceProperties dialog box, click the Task Sequence tab.

  6. In the details pane, go to State Restore/hardware_specific_group (where hardware_specific_group is the name of the hardware-specific group where the task sequence step will be added to install the device driver application).

  7. On the Task Sequence tab, click Add, click General, and then click Install Application.

    The Install Application task sequence step appears in the details pane.

  8. In the details pane, click Install Application.

  9. On the Properties tab, click Install a single application, and in the Application to install list, select hardware_application (where hardware_application is the application for installing the hardware-specific application).

Note

This process must be repeated for each device driver application that needs to be used during a deployment.

Specify the Device Driver Application in CustomSettings.ini

When an LTI or ZTI deployment begins, one of the first actions to be completed is the processing of the BootStrap.ini and CustomSettings.ini control files. Both of these files contain rules that can be used to dynamically customize the deployment.

Because of the way MDT processes the CustomSettings.ini file, you can use it to add applications based on specific conditions. This logic will be used to add device driver–specific applications during deployment based on specific hardware types. Applications are referenced in CustomSettings.ini by the application’s GUID, located in the Applications.xml file in the deployment share.

To locate an imported application’s GUID

  1. In the deployment share of the deployment server, open the Control folder—for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Control.

  2. Locate and open the Applications.xml file.

  3. Locate the required application.

  4. Locate the application GUID by locating the line enclosed in the application <guid> tags; for example, <application guid={c303fa6e-3a4d-425e-8102-77db9310e4d0}>.

    As part of the initialization process, both the LTI and ZTI process gather information about the computer on which it is running. As part of this process, WMI queries are performed and the values from the Win32_ComputerSystem class for make and manufacturer are populated as variables %Make% and %Model%, respectively.

    These values can be used during processing the CustomSettings.ini file to dynamically read sections of the file depending on the make and model detected. The folowing sample shows an example of the CustomSettings.ini file.

    Sample CustomSettings.ini Configured for a Hardware-Specific Application Installation

[Settings]  
Priority=Make, Default  
Properties=MyCustomProperty  

[Default]  
OSInstall=Y  

[Dell Computer Corporation]  
Subsection=Dell-%Model%  

[Dell-Latitude D620]  
MandatoryApplications001={1D7DF331-47B7-472C-87B3-442597EC2F7D}  

[Dell-Latitude D610]  
MandatoryApplications001={c303fa6e-3a4d-425e-8102-77db9310e4d0}  

Use the following properties to specify applications in CustomSettings.ini:

  • Applications. This property can be used when deployment administrators do not want to present an application wizard as part of the deployment process by specifying SkipApplications=YES in CustomSettings.ini.

  • MandatoryApplications. This property can be used if deployment administrators want to present the application wizard during the deployment to allow deployment engineers to select additional applications to be installed during the deployment.

    If the application wizard is used without the MandatoryApplications property (for example, SkipApplications=NO), it will overwrite applications specified by the Applications property.

    The previousi sampole shows how to use the %Make% and %Model% variable values to dynamically manipulate how the applications list is built. The values for the make and model of each type of hardware can be located using one of the following methods:

  • The System Information tool. Use the System Summary node in this tool to identify the System Manufacturer (make) and System Model (model).

  • Windows PowerShell. Use the Get-WMIObject –class Win32_ComputerSystem cmdlet to determine the make and model of the computer.

  • Windows Management Instrumentation Command Line. Use CSProduct Get Name, Vendor to return the name (model) and vendor (make) of the computer.

    To modify CustomSettings.ini to add hardware-specific logic

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. Click the Rules tab.

  5. Information typed on this tab is stored in the CustomSettings.ini file. Modify the CustomSettings.ini file entries to add logic for each hardware model that has a device driver–specific application, as described in Specify the Device Driver Application as Part of a Task Sequence.

  6. Click OK to submit the changes.

  7. In the details pane, click deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  8. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  9. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  10. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  11. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    By default, all available applications are displayed in the Windows Deployment Wizard during an LTI deployment. Because device driver–specific applications are applicable only to specific hardware types, you might not want them displayed all the time. By specifying the device driver–specific application package in CustomSettings.ini, the application can be hidden using the Hide the application in the Deployment Wizard option in the application configuration.

    To hide an application in the Deployment Wizard

  12. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  13. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Applications (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  14. In the details pane, click device_driver_application (where device_driver_application is the application to be hidden from the Deployment Wizard).

  15. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  16. On the General tab, select the Hide the application in the Deployment Wizard check box.

  17. Click Apply, and then close the Properties dialog box.

Specify the Device Driver Application in the MDT DB

The MDT DB is a database version of the CustomSettings.ini file and can be queried at deployment time for information to be used during the deployment. For more information about using the MDT DB, see "Selecting the Methods for Applying Configuration Settings".

When querying the MDT DB at deployment time, three methods are available for identifying the target computer:

  • Search for the individual computer (using the MAC address, asset tag, or similar).

  • Search for the location of the computer (using the default gateway).

  • Search for the make and model of the computer (using WMI manufacturer or make and model queries).

    For each database entry you create, you can specify deployment properties, applications, whether to use Configuration Manager packages, and administrators. By creating make and model entries in the database, you can add the required hardware-specific device driver applications.

    To create entries in the MDT DB to allow installation of device driver applications

Note

Repeat this process for each hardware make and model that requires a device driver application.

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Advanced Configuration/Database/Make and Model (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click New.

  4. In the Properties dialog box, on the Identity tab, in the Make box, type make_name (where make_name is an easily identified name to associate with the manufacturer of the target computer).

  5. In the Model box, type model_name (where model_name is an easily identified name to associate with the model of the target computer).

  6. On the Applications tab, add each of the device driver applications required for that model of hardware.

Initiating MDT Using Windows Deployment Services

Windows Server 2008 uses Windows Deployment Services as an updated and redesigned version of Remote Installation Services, the default deployment tool in Windows Server 2003 with SP2. Using Windows Deployment Services, you can deploy Windows operating systems—particularly Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 or later operating systems—across a network using either a computer’s PXE-enabled network adapter or boot media.

Before deploying Windows Deployment Services, determine which of the following integration options best suits your environment:

  • Option 1. Boot computers in PXE to initiate the LTI process.

  • Option 2. Deploy an operating system image from the Windows Deployment Services image store.

  • Option 3. Use multicasting with MDT and the Windows Server 2008 Windows Deployment Services server role.

Option 1: Boot Computers in PXE to Initiate the LTI Process

Help minimize the cost of managing operating system deployments by starting the MDT deployment process using Windows Deployment Services in conjunction with Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This removes the requirement of creating and delivering bootable media to each target computer.

Create and Import the Deployment Workbench Windows PE Image into Windows Deployment Services

When creating a new MDT deployment share or modifying an existing MDT deployment share, you can create a customized Windows PE boot image. When the deployment share is updated, the Windows PE boot image is automatically generated and updated with information about the deployment share, and it will inject any additional drivers or components specified during the deployment share configuration.

The Windows PE boot image is generated as both an ISO image file, which you can write to a CD or DVD, and a bootable WIM file. You can import the WIM file to Windows Deployment Services so that computers that can boot in PXE can download and run the LTI Windows PE boot image across a network used to initialize an installation.

To create a bootable Windows PE image in the Deployment Workbench

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

    In the deployment_shareProperties dialog box, click the Windows PE platform Settings tab (where platform is the architecture of the Windows PE image to be configured).

  4. In the Lite Touch Boot Image Settings area, select the Generate a Lite Touch bootable RAM disk ISO image check box.

  5. Click the Windows PE platform Components tab (where platform is the architecture of the Windows PE image to be configured).

  6. In the Driver Injection section, click the appropriate driver types to include.

    Note

    This step is not necessary if Windows PE already includes the necessary device drivers.

  7. In the Driver Injection section, in the Selection profile list, select the appropriate driver selection profile.

  8. In the Properties dialog box, click OK.

    Note

    This step is not necessary if Windows PE already includes the necessary device drivers.

  9. In the details pane, click deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  10. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  11. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  12. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  13. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    When this process is complete, the Boot folder in the deployment share will contain a number of boot images—for example:

    D:\Production Deployment Share\Boot\LiteTouchPE_x64.iso

    D:\Production Deployment Share\Boot\LiteTouchPE_x64.wim

    D:\Production Deployment Share\Boot\LiteTouchPE_x86.iso

    D:\Production Deployment Share\Boot\LiteTouchPE_x86.wim

    You can write the ISO files that have been generated directly to CD or DVD or use them to initialize the LTI process on new hardware. You can import the boot WIM files into Windows Deployment Services, as well, so that new computers can initialize the LTI deployment process without requiring any physical media.

    To import the Windows PE image into Windows Deployment Services

  14. Start the Windows Deployment Services console, and then connect to Windows Deployment Services.

  15. In the console tree, right-click Boot Images, and then click Add Boot Image.

  16. Browse to the WIM image to be imported—for example, D:\Production Deployment Share\Boot\LiteTouchPE_x86.wim.

  17. The import process automatically reads the metadata from the boot image, but the Image Name and Image Description values can also be edited; the Image Name affects the boot option information displayed by Windows Boot Manager when the client boots in PXE.

  18. When the boot image has been imported, any computer that boots in PXE and receives a reply from Windows Deployment Services will be able to download the LTI boot image and initiate an LTI installation.

    Installing and configuring Windows Deployment Services is not covered in this guide. For additional information about Windows Deployment Services, see the Windows Deployment Services Guide.

Use Windows Deployment Services to Automatically Detect the Deployment Server

An additional option is available when using Windows Deployment Services to host MDT boot images when the MDT deployment share is hosted on the same server as Windows Deployment Services.

When a PXE client loads the MDT boot image, the name of the Windows Deployment Services server hosting the boot image is captured and placed in the MDTProperty WDSServer. You can then reference this property in the boot image’s BootStrap.ini file and in the deployment share’s CustomSettings.ini file by the DeployRoot property. Doing so results in a client that boots from Windows Deployment Services automatically using the deployment share hosted on the Windows Deployment Services server. This eliminates the need to specify a server name in any configuration file.

To set the local Windows Deployment Services server as the deployment server

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Advanced Configuration/Database (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. Click the Rules tab.

    Information typed on this tab is stored in the CustomSettings.ini file.

  5. Configure the DeployRoot property to use the %WDSServer% variable—for example, DeployRoot=\\%WDSServer%\Deployment$.

  6. Click Edit Bootstrap.ini.

  7. Configure BootStrap.ini to use the %WDSServer% property by adding or changing the DeployRoot value to DeployRoot=\\%WDSServer%\Deployment$.

  8. On the File menu, click Save to save the changes to the BootStrap.ini file.

  9. Click OK.

    The deployment share needs to be updated.

  10. In the details pane, click deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  11. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  12. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  13. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  14. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

  15. Import the updated boot WIM into Windows Deployment Services.

Option 2: Deploy an Operating System Image from the Windows Deployment Services Store

If you are already using Windows Deployment Services for operating system deployment, extend the functionality of MDT by configuring it to reference the Windows Deployment Services operating system images already in use rather than using its own store and to supplement Windows Deployment Services deployments with driver management, application deployment, update installation, rule processing, and other MDT functionality. After MDT has reference a Windows Deployment Services operating system image, you can treat it like any operating system that has been staged to an MDT deployment share.

To reference a Windows Deployment Services operating system image

Note

The following steps require that at least one operating system image has previously been imported into the Windows Deployment Services server.

  1. Update MDT to be able to access Windows Deployment Services images by copying the following files from the Sources folder of the Windows media to the C:\Program Files\Microsoft Deployment Toolkit\bin folder on the Windows Deployment Services server:

    • Wdsclientapi.dll

    • Wdscsl.dll

    • Wdsimage.dll

    • Wdstptc.dll (this is only applicable if copying from the Windows Server 2008 source directories)

    Note

    The Windows source directory being used must match the platform of the operating system running on the computer where MDT is installed.

  2. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  3. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Operating Systems (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  4. In the Actions pane, click Import Operating System.

    The New OS Wizard starts.

  5. On the OS Type page, click Windows Deployment Services images, and then click Next.

  6. On the WDS Server page, type the name of the Windows Deployment Services server to be referenced—for example, WDSSvr001—and then click Next.

  7. On the Summary page, verify the settings are correct, and then click Next.

  8. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    All of the images available on the Windows Deployment Services server will now be available to MDT task sequences.

Note

Importing images from Windows Deployment Services does not copy the source files from the Windows Deployment Services server to the deployment share. MDT continues to use the source files from their original location.

Option 3: Use Multicasting with MDT and the Windows Server 2008 Windows Deployment Services Role

With the release of Windows Server 2008, Windows Deployment Services was enhanced to support the deployment of images using multicast transmissions. MDT also includes updates to integrate MDT with Windows Deployment Services multicasting.

In addition, an updated Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK), version 1.1, includes Wdsmcast.exe. This allows multicast sessions to be joined manually and allows the client launching Wdsmcast.exe to copy files from an active multicast session.

The LTIApply.wsf script uses Wdsmcast.exe when it accesses operating system source files from the deployment share. LTIApply.wsf looks for Wdsmcast.exe on the deployment share either in the deployment_share\Tools\x86 or the deployment_share\Tools\x64 folder (where deployment_share is the name of the file system folder that contains the deployment share), depending on the version of Windows PE that is running.

When LTIApply.wsf runs it will always attempt to access and download WIM images from an existing multicast stream, but it will fall back to a standard file copy if a multicast stream does not exist.

Note

This process applies only to WIM image files.

The deployment server prerequisites for preparing for MDT multicasting are:

  • The deployment server must be running Windows Server 2008 or later

  • The Windows Deployment Services role must be installed from the Server Management console

  • Windows AIK 1.1 for Windows Server 2008 must be installed

  • MDT must be installed

  • As with any deployment using MDT, at least one operating system WIM image must have been imported, either as a full set of source files or as a custom image with setup files

Note

It is important to use the latest version of Windows AIK for multicasting; the copy of Windows PE included in earlier versions of Windows AIK—for example, Windows AIK 1.0—does not support downloading from a multicast server.

To configure MDT for multicasting from an existing deployment share

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share to configure).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. On the General tab, select the Enable multicast for this deployment share (requires Windows Server 2008 Windows Deployment Services) check box.

  5. Click OK.

  6. In the Actions pane, click Update Deployment Share.

    The Update Deployment Share Wizard starts.

  7. On the Options page, select the desired options for updating the deployment share, and then click Next.

  8. On the Summary page, verify the details are correct, and then click Next.

  9. On the Confirmation page, click Finish.

    The deployment share is now configured for Windows Deployment Services multicast transmission.

    This process creates an Auto-Cast Windows Deployment Services multicast transmission that directly uses the existing MDT deployment share. MDT does not create Scheduled-Cast transmissions. Also note that no additional images are imported into Windows Deployment Services and that it is not possible to use multicast for boot images, because the multicast client cannot be loaded until after Windows PE is running.

    To verify that the multicast transmission has been generated in Windows Deployment Services

  10. Click Start, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Windows Deployment Services.

  11. In the Windows Deployment Services console tree, right-click Servers, and then click Add Server.

  12. In the Add Servers(s) dialog box, click Local computer, and then click OK.

  13. In the Windows Deployment Services console tree, click Servers, then click server_name (where server_name is the name of the computer running Windows Deployment Services). Click Multicast Transmissions.

  14. In the details pane, a new Auto-Cast transmission for the deployment share will be listed—for example, BDD Share Deployment$.

  15. Verify that the status of the BDD Share Deployment$ Auto-Cast transmission is set to Active.

    After a computer has been deployed, verify that the operating system was downloaded from a multicast transmission by examining the BDD.log file in the \Windows\Temp\DeploymentLogs folder.

    There will be two entries in the logs folder, both beginning with Multicast transfer; check them to verify that the transfer was successful. For more information on multicast transmissions with MDT and Windows Deployment Services, see the section, "Enable Windows Deployment Services Multicast Deployment for LTI Deployments", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

Performing Staged Deployments Using MDT (OEM Preload)

In many organizations, computers are loaded with the operating system image before deployment to the production network. In some instances, loading the operating system image is performed by a team within the organization that is responsible for building the computers in a staging environment. In other instances, loading the operating system image is performed by the computer hardware vendor, also known as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM).

Note

The OEM preload process is supported in MDT only for deployments performed using LTI. For Configuration Manager, use the prestaged media feature.

Overview of the OEM Preload Process in MDT

The OEM preload process is divided into three phases:

  • Phase 1. Create a media-based image of the reference computer to be applied in the staging environment.

  • Phase 2. Apply the reference computer image to the target computer in a staging environment.

  • Phase 3. Complete deployment of the target computer in the production environment.

    Phase 1 and Phase 3 are typically performed by the deployment organization. Depending on the use of the OEM preload process in the organization, Phase 2 may be performed by the organization or by the computer hardware vendor that supplies the computers. If the organization performs Phase 2, then the staging environment is within the organization. If an OEM performs Phase 2, then the staging environment is in the OEM’s environment.

Overview of MDT Configuration Files in the OEM Preload Process

Separate MDT configuration files (CustomSettings.ini and Bootstrap.ini) are used by the task sequences run during Phase 1 and Phase 3 of the OEM preload process. However, both configuration files exist simultaneously in different folder structures.

In the first phase, the configuration files are used during the creation of the reference computer and are stored in the folder specific to the task sequence used in that phase. The configuration files used in the third and last phase of the OEM preload process are stored in the folder that is specific to the task sequence used in that phase.

When making modifications to the configuration files, ensure that changes to the configuration file are made that corresponds to the appropriate task sequence in each OEM preload process phase.

Overview of MDT Log Files in the OEM Preload Process

Separate MDT log files are generated during Phase 1 and Phase 3 of the OEM preload process:

  • The MDT log files for Phase 1 are stored in the C:\MININT and C:\SMSTSLog folders.

  • The MDT log files for Phase 3 are stored in the %WINDIR%\System32\CCM\Logs folder for x86-based deployments or in the %WINDIR%\SysWow64\CCM\Logs folder for x64-based deployments.

    Use the appropriate folder when diagnosing or troubleshooting MDT-related deployment problems.

Staged Deployments Using LTI

For LTI deployments, perform the OEM preload process using a Removable media (Media) deployment share type. Other deployment share types are not supported for the OEM preload process.

To perform the OEM preload process, create a task sequence based on the Litetouch OEM Task Sequence task sequence template, in addition to any task sequences that will be used to deploy the target operating system. Then, create a Removable media (Media) deployment share that will ultimately create an ISO file of the deployment share contents, specifically the LiteTouchPE_x86.iso file or LiteTouchPE_x64.iso file (based on the target computer’s processor platform). The deployment share update process also creates a folder structure that can be used to create Universal Disk Format media.

LTI OEM Preload Process—Phase 1: Create a Media-Based Image

The deployment organization performs the first phase in the OEM preload process. The final deliverable of this phase is a bootable image (such as an ISO file) or media (such as a DVD) that is sent to the OEM or to the staging environment within the deployment organization. Most of these steps are performed in the Deployment Workbench.

To create a media-based image for delivery to the OEM or to the staging environment within the deployment organization

  1. Populate the following nodes for the deployment share in the Deployment Workbench:

    • Operating Systems

    • Applications

    • Packages

    • Out-of-Box Drivers

      For more information about performing this step, see the section, "Managing Deployment Shares in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  2. Create a new task sequence based on the Litetouch OEM Task Sequence task sequence template in the Deployment Workbench.

    For more information about performing this step, see the section, "Configuring Task Sequences in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  3. Create one or more task sequences that will be used to deploy the target operating system on the target computer after deployment in the production environment.

    For more information about performing this step, see the section, "Configuring Task Sequences in the Deployment Workbench", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  4. Create a selection profile that includes the applications, operating systems, drivers, packages, and task sequences required for the OEM deployment.

    For more information about performing this step, see the section, "Manage Selection Profiles", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  5. Create deployment media.

    For more information on performing this step, see the section, "Manage LTI Deployment Media", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  6. Update the deployment media created in the Deployment Workbench in the previous step.

    When you update the deployment media, the Deployment Workbench creates the LiteTouchMedia.iso file. For more information about performing this step, see the section, "Manage LTI Deployment Media", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

  7. Burn a DVD of the LiteTouchMedia.iso file created in the previous step.

    Note

    If delivering the ISO file to the OEM or to the organization’s staging environment, this step is not necessary.

  8. Deliver the ISO file or the DVD to the OEM or to the organization’s staging environment.

LTI OEM Preload Process—Phase 2: Apply the Image to the Target Computer

The second phase of the OEM preload process is performed by the OEM or by the deployment team in the staging environment of the deployment organization. During this phase of the process, the .iso file or DVD created in Phase 1 is applied to the target computers. The deliverable of this phase is the image deployed on the target computers so that they are ready for deployment in the production environment.

To apply the image to the target computers

  1. Start a target computer with the media created in the Phase 1.

    Windows PE starts, and then the Windows Deployment Wizard starts.

  2. In the Windows Deployment Wizard, click the OEM Preinstallation Task Sequence for Staging Environment task sequence.

    The task sequence will start and the contents of the bootable media will be copied to the local hard disk of the target computer.

  3. When the Windows Deployment Wizard is complete for the OEM Preinstallation Task Sequence for Staging Environment task sequence, the hard disk will be ready to initiate the remainder of the deployment process by running the Windows Deployment Wizard for the other task sequences that are used to deploy the operating system.

    The OEM Preinstallation Task Sequence for Staging Environment task sequence is responsible for deploying the image to the target computer and initiating the LTI process. The Windows Deployment Wizard will start a second time to run the task sequences used to deploy the operating system on the target computer.

  4. Clone the contents of the first hard disk to as many target computers in the staging environment as required.

  5. The target computers are delivered to the production environment for deployment.

LTI OEM Preload Process—Phase 3: Complete Target Computer Deployment

The third and final phase of the OEM preload process is performed in the deployment organization’s production environment. During this phase of the process, the target computer is started and the bootable media image, placed on the hard disk in the staging environment during the previous phase, starts.

To complete deployment of the target computers in the production environment

  1. Start the target computer.

    Windows PE starts, and then the Windows Deployment Wizard starts.

  2. Complete the Windows Deployment Wizard using the specific configuration information for each target computer.

    For more information about completing this step, see the section, "Running the Deployment Wizard", in the MDT document Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.

    When this phase is complete, the target computer will be ready to use in the production environment.

Using Windows PowerShell to Perform Common Tasks

The MDT administration tasks in the Deployment Workbench are performed by underlying Windows PowerShell cmdlets, which you can use to automate administrative tasks such as those in the following sections.

You can automate MDT administration by performing the following steps:

Creating a New Deployment Share

The following Windows PowerShell commands create a new deployment share at D:\Production Deployment Share named Production$. The new deployment share will be displayed in the Deployment Workbench as Production.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider "MDTProvider" -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share" -Description "Production" -NetworkPath "\\Deployment_Server\Production$" -Verbose | add-MDTPersistentDrive -Verbose  
    

Creating a Folder

The following Windows PowerShell commands create an Adobe folder in the Deployment Workbench console tree at Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/Production/Applications.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • New-item -path "DS002:\Applications" -enable "True" -Name "Adobe" -Comments "This folder contains Adobe software" -ItemType "folder" -Verbose remove-psdrive DS001 -Verbose  
    

    Note

    Adding "remove-psdrive" to the script ensures that the background process finishes before proceeding.

Deleting a Folder

The following Windows PowerShell commands delete the Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/Production/Applications/Adobe folder.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Remove-item -path "DS002:\Applications\Adobe" -Verbose  
    

Note

The script will fail if the folder is not empty.

Importing a Device Driver

The following Windows PowerShell commands will import the Dell 2407 WFP monitor device driver into the Production deployment share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Import-mdtdriver -path "DS002:\Out-of-Box Drivers\Monitor" -SourcePath "D:\Drivers\Dell\2407 WFP" -Verbose  
    

Deleting a Device Driver

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the Dell 2407 WFP monitor driver from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Out-of-Box Drivers\Dell Inc. Monitor 2407WFP.INF 1.0" -Verbose  

Importing an Operating System Package

The following Windows PowerShell commands import all operating system packages located under D:\Updates\Microsoft\Vista. These operating system packages will be stored in the Production deployment share, which is in D:\Production Deployment Share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Import-mdtpackage -path "DS002:\Packages" -SourcePath "D:\Updates\Microsoft\Vista" -Verbose  
    

Deleting an Operating System Package

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the specified operating system package from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Packages\Package_1_for_KB940105 neutral x86 6.0.1.0 KB940105" -Verbose  

Importing an Operating System

The following Windows PowerShell commands import the Windows Vista operating system located in D:\Operating Systems\Windows Vista x86. The operating system will be stored in the Production deployment share, which is in D:\Production Deployment Share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Import-mdtoperatingsystem -path "DS002:\Operating Systems" -SourcePath "D:\Operating Systems\Windows Vista x86" -DestinationFolder "Windows Vista x86" -Verbose  
    

Deleting an Operating System

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the Windows Vista HOMEBASIC operating system from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows Vista HOMEBASIC in Windows Vista x86 install.wim" -Verbose  

Creating an Application

The following Windows PowerShell commands create the Adobe Reader 9 application using source files from D:\Software\Adobe\Reader 9. The application will be stored in the Production deployment share, which is in D:\Production Deployment Share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Import-MDTApplication -path "DS002:\Applications" -enable "True" -Name "Adobe Reader 9" -ShortName "Reader" -Version "9" -Publisher "Adobe" -Language "" -CommandLine "setup.exe" -WorkingDirectory ".\Applications\Adobe Reader 9" -ApplicationSourcePath "D:\Software\Adobe\Reader 9" -DestinationFolder "Adobe Reader 9" -Source ".\Applications\Adobe Reader 9" -Verbose  
    

Deleting an Application

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the Adobe Reader 9 application from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Applications\Adobe Reader 9" -Verbose  

Creating a Task Sequence

The following Windows PowerShell commands create the Windows Vista Production Build task sequence in the Production deployment share, which is located in D:\Production Deployment Share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Import-mdttasksequence -path "DS002:\Task Sequences" -Name "Windows Vista Business Production Build" -Template "Client.xml" -Comments "Approved for use in the production environment.  This task sequence uses the Standard Client task sequence template" -ID "Vista_Ref" -Version "1.0" -OperatingSystemPath "DS002:\Operating Systems\Windows Vista BUSINESS in Windows Vista x86 install.wim" -FullName "Fabrikam User" -OrgName "Fabrikam" -HomePage "http://www.Fabrikam.com" -AdminPassword "secure_password" -Verbose  
    

Deleting a Task Sequence

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the Windows Vista Production Build task sequence from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Task Sequences\Windows Vista Business Production Build" -force -Verbose  

Creating an MDT DB

The following Windows PowerShell commands create a new MDT DB on the deployment_server server for the Production deployment share. The database connection will be via TCP/IP.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • New-MDTDatabase -path "DS002:" -SQLServer "DeploymentServer" -Netlib "DBMSSOCN" -Database "MDT2010" -SQLShare "DB_Connect" -Force -Verbose  
    

Creating a Selection Profile

The following Windows PowerShell commands create a new Applications selection profile.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • New-item -path "DS002:\Selection Profiles" -enable "True" -Name "Applications" -Comments "" -Definition "<SelectionProfile><Include path="Applications" /></SelectionProfile>" -ReadOnly "False" -Verbose  
    

Updating a Deployment Share

The following Windows PowerShell commands update the Production deployment share, which is in D:\Production Deployment Share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Update\-MDTDeploymentShare \-path "DS002:" \-Verbose  
    

Creating a Linked Deployment Share

The following Windows PowerShell commands create a deployment share that is linked to the Production deployment share and resides under the \\remote_server_name\Deployment$ share. The Everything selection profile is used to determine which content is replicated to the linked deployment share. Content from the Production deployment share will be merged with content that already exists in the \\remote_server_name\Deployment$ share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • New-item -path "DS002:\Linked Deployment Shares" -enable "True" -Name "LINKED001" -Comments "" -Root "\\RemoteServerName\Deployment$" -SelectionProfile "Everything" -Replace "False" -Verbose  
    

Updating a Linked Deployment Share

The following Windows PowerShell commands update the LINKED001 deployment share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Replicate-MDTContent -path "DS002:\Linked Deployment Shares\LINKED001" -Verbose  
    

Deleting a Linked Deployment Share

The following Windows PowerShell commands delete the LINKED001 deployment share.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn

  • Remove-item -path "DS002:\Linked Deployment Shares\LINKED001" -Verbose  
    

Creating Media

The following Windows PowerShell commands create a source folder that contains content used to create bootable media. The Production deployment share will be used as the source. The Everything selection profile determines what content is placed in the media content folder. The LiteTouchMedia.iso file will be created when the media is generated. The media will support both x86 and x64 platforms.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • New-item -path "DS002:\Media" -enable "True" -Name "MEDIA001" -Comments "some comment here" -Root "D:\Media" -SelectionProfile "Everything" -SupportX86 "True" -SupportX64 "True" -GenerateISO "True" -ISOName "LiteTouchMedia.iso" -Verbose  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "MEDIA001" -PSProvider "MDTProvider" -Root "D:\Media\Content" -Description "Embedded media deployment share" -Force -Verbose  
    

Generating Media

The following Windows PowerShell commands create the LiteTouchMedia.iso file in D:\Media, which will use content from the MEDIA001 media source folder.

  • Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.BDD.PSSnapIn  
    
  • New-PSDrive -Name "DS002" -PSProvider MDTProvider -Root "D:\Production Deployment Share"  
    
  • Generate-MDTMedia -path "DS002:\Media\MEDIA001" -Verbose  
    

Deleting Media

The following Windows PowerShell command deletes the MEDIA001 media from the Production deployment share.

Remove-item -path "DS002:\Media\MEDIA001" -Verbos  

Delaying Domain Join to Avoid Application of Group Policy Objects

Group Policy is a rich and flexible technology providing the capability to efficiently manage a large number of Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) computer and user objects through a centralized, one-to-many model. Group Policy settings are contained in a Group Policy object (GPO) and linked to one or more AD DS service containers—sites, domains, and organizational units (OUs).

Some organizations have Group Policy settings that are restrictive and could cause problems during operating system deployments. For example, the following Group Policy settings can interrupt an automated logon process:

  • Autologon restrictions

  • Administrator account renaming

  • Legal banners and captions

  • Restrictive security policies (for example, the Specialized Security – Limited Functionality [SSLF] policy)

    One option to overcome the issues that a GPO might cause during deployment is to join the computer to the domain as late as possible in the deployment process. This join can be done using a custom task sequence step that runs the ZTIDomainJoin.wsf script.

    To join the target computer to the domain, the ZTIDomainJoin.wsf script uses the DomainAdmin, DomainAdminDomain, DomainAdminPassword, JoinDomain, and MachineObjectOU properties. You can declare these properties using the Windows Deployment Wizard, deployment share rules, the MDT DB, and Configuration Manager computer and collection rules. The account used must have the rights required to create and delete computer objects in the domain.

    Typically, the ZTIConfigure.wsf script updates the Unattend.xml or Unattend.txt file with the values that these properties specify. These settings are then parsed by the Windows Setup program, and the system attempts to join to the domain early in the deployment process. Doing so subjects the target computer to settings specified in domain GPOs and can possibly cause the deployment process to fail.

    To intentionally delay joining the target computer to the domain during the deployment process, you can remove certain elements from the Unattend.xml file. The ZTIConfigure.wsf script will skip over writing properties to the Unattend.xml file if the associated property element is missing from the file.

Note

This sample work-around is only valid when deploying the Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, or Windows Server 2008 R2 operating systems.

Prepare the unattend.xml file so the target computer does not attempt to join the domain during Windows Setup

  1. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  2. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences/task_sequence (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share and task_sequence is the name of the task sequence to be configured).

  3. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  4. On the OS Info tab, click Edit Unattend.xml.

    The Windows System Image Manager (Windows SIM) starts.

  5. In the Answer File pane, go to 4 specialize/Identification/Credentials. Right-click Credentials, and then click Delete.

  6. Click Yes.

  7. Save the answer file, and then exit Windows SIM.

  8. Click OK on the task sequence Properties dialog box.

    With the Credentials elements missing from the unattend.xml file, the ZTIConfigure.wsf script is not able to populate the domain join information in the Unattend.xml file, which will prevent Windows Setup from attempting to join the domain.

    To add a task sequence step that joins the target computer to the domain

  9. Click Start, and then point to All Programs. Point to Microsoft Deployment Toolkit, and then click Deployment Workbench.

  10. In the Deployment Workbench console tree, go to Deployment Workbench/Deployment Shares/deployment_share/Task Sequences/task_sequence (where deployment_share is the name of the deployment share and task_sequence is the name of the task sequence to be configured).

  11. In the Actions pane, click Properties.

  12. On the Task Sequence tab, go to and expand the State Restore node.

  13. Verify that the Recover From Domain task sequence step is present. If yes, proceed to step 9.

  14. In the task sequence Properties dialog box, click Add, go to Settings, and click Recover From Domain.

  15. Add the Recover From Domain task sequence step to the task sequence editor. Verify that the step is in the desired location in the task sequence.

  16. Verify that the settings for the Recover From Domain task sequence step are configured to meet your needs.

  17. Click OK on the task sequence Properties dialog box to save the task sequence.