ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue>.TryAdd(TKey, TValue) Metodo

Definizione

Tenta di aggiungere la chiave e il valore specificati a ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue>.Attempts to add the specified key and value to the ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue>.

public:
 bool TryAdd(TKey key, TValue value);
public bool TryAdd (TKey key, TValue value);
member this.TryAdd : 'Key * 'Value -> bool
Public Function TryAdd (key As TKey, value As TValue) As Boolean

Parametri

key
TKey

Chiave dell'elemento da aggiungere.The key of the element to add.

value
TValue

Valore dell'elemento da aggiungere.The value of the element to add. Il valore può essere null per i tipi riferimento.The value can be null for reference types.

Restituisce

true se la coppia chiave/valore è stata aggiunta all'oggetto ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue> correttamente; false se la chiave esiste già.true if the key/value pair was added to the ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue> successfully; false if the key already exists.

Eccezioni

key è null.key is null.

Il dizionario contiene già il numero massimo di elementi (MaxValue).The dictionary already contains the maximum number of elements (MaxValue).

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come chiamare il ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue>.TryAdd metodo:The following example shows how to call the ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue>.TryAdd method:

class CD_TryXYZ
{
        // Demonstrates:
        //      ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryAdd()
        //      ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryUpdate()
        //      ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryRemove()
        static void Main()
        {
            int numFailures = 0; // for bookkeeping

            // Construct an empty dictionary
            ConcurrentDictionary<int, String> cd = new ConcurrentDictionary<int, string>();

            // This should work
            if (!cd.TryAdd(1, "one"))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryAdd() failed when it should have succeeded");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // This shouldn't work -- key 1 is already in use
            if (cd.TryAdd(1, "uno"))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryAdd() succeeded when it should have failed");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // Now change the value for key 1 from "one" to "uno" -- should work
            if (!cd.TryUpdate(1, "uno", "one"))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryUpdate() failed when it should have succeeded");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // Try to change the value for key 1 from "eine" to "one" 
            //    -- this shouldn't work, because the current value isn't "eine"
            if (cd.TryUpdate(1, "one", "eine"))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryUpdate() succeeded when it should have failed");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // Remove key/value for key 1.  Should work.
            string value1;
            if (!cd.TryRemove(1, out value1))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryRemove() failed when it should have succeeded");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // Remove key/value for key 1.  Shouldn't work, because I already removed it
            string value2;
            if (cd.TryRemove(1, out value2))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("CD.TryRemove() succeeded when it should have failed");
                numFailures++;
            }

            // If nothing went wrong, say so
            if (numFailures == 0) Console.WriteLine("  OK!");
        }
}
'Imports System.Collections.Concurrent

Class CD_TryXYZ

    ' Demonstrates:
    ' ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryAdd()
    ' ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryUpdate()
    ' ConcurrentDictionary<TKey, TValue>.TryRemove()
    Shared Sub Main()
        Dim numFailures As Integer = 0
        ' for bookkeeping
        ' Construct an empty dictionary
        Dim cd As ConcurrentDictionary(Of Integer, [String]) = New ConcurrentDictionary(Of Integer, String)()

        ' This should work
        If Not cd.TryAdd(1, "one") Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryAdd() failed when it should have succeeded")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' This shouldn't work -- key 1 is already in use
        If cd.TryAdd(1, "uno") Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryAdd() succeeded when it should have failed")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' Now change the value for key 1 from "one" to "uno" -- should work
        If Not cd.TryUpdate(1, "uno", "one") Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryUpdate() failed when it should have succeeded")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' Try to change the value for key 1 from "eine" to "one" 
        ' -- this shouldn't work, because the current value isn't "eine"
        If cd.TryUpdate(1, "one", "eine") Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryUpdate() succeeded when it should have failed")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' Remove key/value for key 1. Should work.
        Dim value1 As String = ""
        If Not cd.TryRemove(1, value1) Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryRemove() failed when it should have succeeded")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' Remove key/value for key 1. Shouldn't work, because I already removed it
        Dim value2 As String = ""
        If cd.TryRemove(1, value2) Then
            Console.WriteLine("CD.TryRemove() succeeded when it should have failed")
            numFailures += 1
        End If

        ' If nothing went wrong, say so
        If numFailures = 0 Then
            Console.WriteLine(" OK!")
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Commenti

Questo metodo restituisce false se la chiave esiste già.This method returns false if the key already exists. Usare il TryUpdate metodo AddOrUpdate o per aggiornare il valore nel caso in cui sia già presente una chiave.Use the TryUpdate or AddOrUpdate method to update the value in case a key already exists.

Si applica a

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