KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> Class

Definizione

Fornisce la classe base astratta per una raccolta le cui chiavi sono incorporate nei valori.Provides the abstract base class for a collection whose keys are embedded in the values.

generic <typename TKey, typename TItem>
public ref class KeyedCollection abstract : System::Collections::ObjectModel::Collection<TItem>
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
[System.Serializable]
public abstract class KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> : System.Collections.ObjectModel.Collection<TItem>
type KeyedCollection<'Key, 'Item> = class
    inherit Collection<'Item>
Public MustInherit Class KeyedCollection(Of TKey, TItem)
Inherits Collection(Of TItem)

Parametri di tipo

TKey

Tipo di chiavi nella raccolta.The type of keys in the collection.

TItem

Tipo di elementi nella raccolta.The type of items in the collection.

Ereditarietà
KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>
Derivato
Attributi

Esempi

In questa sezione sono riportati due esempi di codice.This section contains two code examples. Nel primo esempio viene illustrato il codice minimo necessario per derivare da KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>e vengono illustrati molti dei metodi ereditati.The first example shows the minimum code required to derive from KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>, and demonstrates many of the inherited methods. Nel secondo esempio viene illustrato come eseguire l'override dei metodi KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> protetti di per fornire un comportamento personalizzato.The second example shows how to override the protected methods of KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> to provide custom behavior.

Esempio 1Example 1

Questo esempio di codice mostra il codice minimo necessario per derivare una classe KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>Collection da: override GetKeyForItem del metodo e fornire un costruttore pubblico che delega a un costruttore della classe base.This code example shows the minimum code necessary to derive a collection class from KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>: overriding the GetKeyForItem method and providing a public constructor that delegates to a base class constructor. Nell'esempio di codice vengono inoltre illustrate molte delle proprietà e dei KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> metodi Collection<T> ereditati dalle classi e.The code example also demonstrates many of the properties and methods inherited from KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> and Collection<T> classes.

La SimpleOrder classe è un elenco di richieste molto semplice che OrderItem contiene oggetti, ognuno dei quali rappresenta una voce nell'ordine.The SimpleOrder class is a very simple requisition list that contains OrderItem objects, each of which represents a line item in the order. La chiave di OrderItem non è modificabile, una considerazione importante per le classi che derivano da. KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>The key of OrderItem is immutable, an important consideration for classes that derive from KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>. Per un esempio di codice in cui vengono utilizzate chiavi ChangeItemKeymodificabili, vedere.For a code example that uses mutable keys, see ChangeItemKey.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Collections::ObjectModel;

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public ref class OrderItem
{
private:
    int _quantity;
    
public:
    initonly int PartNumber;
    initonly String^ Description;
    initonly double UnitPrice;
    
    OrderItem(int partNumber, String^ description, 
        int quantity, double unitPrice)
    {
        this->PartNumber = partNumber;
        this->Description = description;
        this->Quantity = quantity;
        this->UnitPrice = unitPrice;
    } 
    
    property int Quantity    
    {
        int get() { return _quantity; }
        void set(int value)
        {
            if (value < 0)
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("Quantity cannot be negative.");
            
            _quantity = value;
        }
    }
        
    virtual String^ ToString() override 
    {
        return String::Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    }
};

// This class represents a very simple keyed list of OrderItems,
// inheriting most of its behavior from the KeyedCollection and 
// Collection classes. The immediate base class is the constructed
// type KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>. When you inherit
// from KeyedCollection, the second generic type argument is the 
// type that you want to store in the collection -- in this case
// OrderItem. The first type argument is the type that you want
// to use as a key. Its values must be calculated from OrderItem; 
// in this case it is the int field PartNumber, so SimpleOrder
// inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
//
public ref class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem^>
{
    // The parameterless constructor of the base class creates a 
    // KeyedCollection with an internal dictionary. For this code 
    // example, no other constructors are exposed.
    //
public:
    SimpleOrder() {}
    
    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. The input parameter type is the 
    // second generic type argument, in this case OrderItem, and 
    // the return value type is the first generic type argument,
    // in this case int.
    //
protected:
    virtual int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem^ item) override 
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item->PartNumber;
    }
};

public ref class Demo
{    
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder^ weekly = gcnew SimpleOrder();

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        //
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));
        
        Display(weekly);
    
        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes the key, 
        // type, in this case int.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly->Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nweekly(101030411)->Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411]->Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly->Remove(101030411);
        Display(weekly);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nInsert(2, New OrderItem(...))");
        weekly->Insert(2, gcnew OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));
        Display(weekly);

        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem^>^ coweekly = weekly;
        Console::WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2]->Description);
 
        Console::WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem^ temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method inherited from Collection<OrderItem> 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key
        // 
        Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly->IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly->Remove(temp);
        Display(weekly);

        Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly->RemoveAt(0);
        Display(weekly);

    }
    
private:
    static void Display(SimpleOrder^ order)
    {
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each( OrderItem^ item in order )
        {
            Console::WriteLine(item);
        }
    }
};

void main()
{
    Demo::Main();
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly(101030411)->Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
111033401     10 Nut          at      .50 =       5.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

coweekly(2)->Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(...)

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

RemoveAt(0)

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// This class represents a very simple keyed list of OrderItems,
// inheriting most of its behavior from the KeyedCollection and 
// Collection classes. The immediate base class is the constructed
// type KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>. When you inherit
// from KeyedCollection, the second generic type argument is the 
// type that you want to store in the collection -- in this case
// OrderItem. The first type argument is the type that you want
// to use as a key. Its values must be calculated from OrderItem; 
// in this case it is the int field PartNumber, so SimpleOrder
// inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
//
public class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>
{
       
    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. The input parameter type is the 
    // second generic type argument, in this case OrderItem, and 
    // the return value type is the first generic type argument,
    // in this case int.
    //
    protected override int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem item)
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item.PartNumber;
    }
}

public class Demo
{    
    public static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder weekly = new SimpleOrder();

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        //
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));
        
        Display(weekly);
    
        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes the key, 
        // type, in this case int.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly.Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nweekly[101030411].Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411].Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly.Remove(101030411);
        Display(weekly);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert(2, New OrderItem(...))");
        weekly.Insert(2, new OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));
        Display(weekly);

        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem> coweekly = weekly;
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2].Description);
 
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method inherited from Collection<OrderItem> 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key
        // 
        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly.IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly.Remove(temp);
        Display(weekly);

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly.RemoveAt(0);
        Display(weekly);

    }
    
    private static void Display(SimpleOrder order)
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( OrderItem item in order )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(item);
        }
    }
}

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public class OrderItem
{
    public readonly int PartNumber;
    public readonly string Description;
    public readonly double UnitPrice;
    
    private int _quantity = 0;
    
    public OrderItem(int partNumber, string description, 
        int quantity, double unitPrice)
    {
        this.PartNumber = partNumber;
        this.Description = description;
        this.Quantity = quantity;
        this.UnitPrice = unitPrice;
    } 
    
    public int Quantity    
    {
        get { return _quantity; }
        set
        {
            if (value<0)
                throw new ArgumentException("Quantity cannot be negative.");
            
            _quantity = value;
        }
    }
        
    public override string ToString()
    {
        return String.Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly[101030411].Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
111033401     10 Nut          at      .50 =       5.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

coweekly[2].Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

RemoveAt(0)

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
 */
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

' This class represents a very simple keyed list of OrderItems,
' inheriting most of its behavior from the KeyedCollection and 
' Collection classes. The immediate base class is the constructed
' type KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem). When you inherit
' from KeyedCollection, the second generic type argument is the 
' type that you want to store in the collection -- in this case
' OrderItem. The first generic argument is the type that you want
' to use as a key. Its values must be calculated from OrderItem; 
' in this case it is the Integer field PartNumber, so SimpleOrder
' inherits KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem).
'
Public Class SimpleOrder
    Inherits KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem)


    ' This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    ' because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    ' keys from the items. The input parameter type is the 
    ' second generic type argument, in this case OrderItem, and 
    ' the return value type is the first generic type argument,
    ' in this case Integer.
    '
    Protected Overrides Function GetKeyForItem( _
        ByVal item As OrderItem) As Integer

        ' In this example, the key is the part number.
        Return item.PartNumber   
    End Function

End Class

Public Class Demo
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim weekly As New SimpleOrder()

        ' The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        '
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17))
        
        Display(weekly)
    
        ' The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes TKey.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contains(101030411): {0}", _
            weekly.Contains(101030411))

        ' The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes the key
        ' type, Integer.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "weekly(101030411).Description: {0}", _
            weekly(101030411).Description)

        ' The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Remove(101030411)")
        weekly.Remove(101030411)
        Display(weekly)

        ' The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        ' index and an OrderItem.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))")
        weekly.Insert(2, New OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5))
        Display(weekly)

        ' The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        ' from KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem); that overload
        ' is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        ' The other overload comes from Collection(Of OrderItem), the 
        ' base class of KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem); it 
        ' retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        ' uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        ' only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        ' Collection(Of OrderItem). Otherwise the index is interpreted
        ' as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        '
        Dim coweekly As Collection(Of OrderItem) = weekly
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "coweekly(2).Description: {0}", _
            coweekly(2).Description)
 
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(...)")
        coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98)

        Dim temp As OrderItem = coweekly(2)

        ' The IndexOf method, inherited from Collection(Of OrderItem), 
        ' takes an OrderItem instead of a key.
        ' 
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "IndexOf(temp): {0}", _
            weekly.IndexOf(temp))

        ' The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Remove(temp)")
        weekly.Remove(temp)
        Display(weekly)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveAt(0)")
        weekly.RemoveAt(0)
        Display(weekly)

    End Sub
    
    Private Shared Sub Display(ByVal order As SimpleOrder) 
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each item As OrderItem In  order
            Console.WriteLine(item)
        Next item
    End Sub
End Class

' This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
' values are immutable except quantity.
' 
Public Class OrderItem
    Public ReadOnly PartNumber As Integer
    Public ReadOnly Description As String
    Public ReadOnly UnitPrice As Double
    
    Private _quantity As Integer = 0
    
    Public Sub New(ByVal partNumber As Integer, _
                   ByVal description As String, _
                   ByVal quantity As Integer, _
                   ByVal unitPrice As Double) 
        Me.PartNumber = partNumber
        Me.Description = description
        Me.Quantity = quantity
        Me.UnitPrice = unitPrice
    End Sub 'New
    
    Public Property Quantity() As Integer 
        Get
            Return _quantity
        End Get
        Set
            If value < 0 Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("Quantity cannot be negative.")
            End If
            _quantity = value
        End Set
    End Property
        
    Public Overrides Function ToString() As String 
        Return String.Format( _
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", _
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, _
            UnitPrice * _quantity)
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
'
'Contains(101030411): True
'
'weekly(101030411).Description: Motor
'
'Remove(101030411)
'
'110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
'
'Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))
'
'110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'111033401     10 Nut          at      .50 =       5.00
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
'
'coweekly(2).Description: Nut
'
'coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(...)
'
'IndexOf(temp): 2
'
'Remove(temp)
'
'110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
'
'RemoveAt(0)
'
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Esempio 2Example 2

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato come eseguire l' InsertItemoverride RemoveItemdei ClearItemsmetodi, SetItem , e protetti, per fornire un comportamento Addpersonalizzato Removeper i Clear metodi, e e per impostazione della proprietà Item[Int32] predefinita (l'indicizzatore in C#).The following code example shows how to override the protected InsertItem, RemoveItem, ClearItems, and SetItem methods, to provide custom behavior for the Add, Remove, and Clear methods, and for setting the default Item[Int32] property (the indexer in C#). Il comportamento personalizzato fornito in questo esempio è un evento di notifica Changeddenominato, che viene generato alla fine di ogni metodo sottoposto a override.The custom behavior provided in this example is a notification event named Changed, which is raised at the end of each of the overridden methods.

Nell'esempio di codice viene SimpleOrder creata la classe, che deriva KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> da e rappresenta un modulo di ordine semplice.The code example creates the SimpleOrder class, which derives from KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> and represents a simple order form. Il modulo Order contiene OrderItem oggetti che rappresentano gli elementi ordinati.The order form contains OrderItem objects representing items ordered. Nell'esempio di codice viene inoltre SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs creata una classe per contenere le informazioni sull'evento e un'enumerazione per identificare il tipo di modifica.The code example also creates a SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs class to contain the event information, and an enumeration to identify the type of change.

Nell'esempio di codice viene illustrato il comportamento personalizzato chiamando le proprietà e i metodi della classe derivata, nel Main metodo Demo della classe.The code example demonstrates the custom behavior by calling the properties and methods of the derived class, in the Main method of the Demo class.

In questo esempio di codice vengono utilizzati oggetti con chiavi non modificabili.This code example uses objects with immutable keys. Per un esempio di codice in cui vengono utilizzate chiavi ChangeItemKeymodificabili, vedere.For a code example that uses mutable keys, see ChangeItemKey.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Collections::ObjectModel;

public enum class ChangeTypes
{
    Added,
    Removed, 
    Replaced, 
    Cleared
};

ref class SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs; 

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public ref class OrderItem
{
private:
    int _quantity;

public:
    initonly int PartNumber;
    initonly String^ Description;
    initonly double UnitPrice;
        
    OrderItem(int partNumber, String^ description, int quantity, 
        double unitPrice)
    {
        this->PartNumber = partNumber;
        this->Description = description;
        this->Quantity = quantity;
        this->UnitPrice = unitPrice;
    };
    
    property int Quantity    
    {
        int get() { return _quantity; };
        void set(int value)
        {
            if (value < 0)
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("Quantity cannot be negative.");
            
            _quantity = value;
        };
    };
        
    virtual String^ ToString() override 
    {
        return String::Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    };
};

// Event argument for the Changed event.
//
public ref class SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs : EventArgs
{
public:
    OrderItem^ ChangedItem;
    initonly ChangeTypes ChangeType;
    OrderItem^ ReplacedWith;

    SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(ChangeTypes change, 
        OrderItem^ item, OrderItem^ replacement)
    {
        this->ChangeType = change;
        this->ChangedItem = item;
        this->ReplacedWith = replacement;
    }
};

// This class derives from KeyedCollection and shows how to override
// the protected ClearItems, InsertItem, RemoveItem, and SetItem 
// methods in order to change the behavior of the default Item 
// property and the Add, Clear, Insert, and Remove methods. The
// class implements a Changed event, which is raised by all the
// protected methods.
//
// SimpleOrder is a collection of OrderItem objects, and its key
// is the PartNumber field of OrderItem-> PartNumber is an Integer,
// so SimpleOrder inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
// (Note that the key of OrderItem cannot be changed; if it could 
// be changed, SimpleOrder would have to override ChangeItemKey.)
//
public ref class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem^>
{
public:
    event EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs^>^ Changed;

    // This parameterless constructor calls the base class constructor
    // that specifies a dictionary threshold of 0, so that the internal
    // dictionary is created as soon as an item is added to the 
    // collection.
    //
    SimpleOrder() : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem^>(nullptr, 0) {};
    
    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. 
    //
protected:
    virtual int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem^ item) override
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item->PartNumber;
    }

    virtual void InsertItem(int index, OrderItem^ newItem) override 
    {
        __super::InsertItem(index, newItem);

        Changed(this, gcnew SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
            ChangeTypes::Added, newItem, nullptr));
    }

    virtual void SetItem(int index, OrderItem^ newItem) override 
    {
        OrderItem^ replaced = this->Items[index];
        __super::SetItem(index, newItem);

        Changed(this, gcnew SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
            ChangeTypes::Replaced, replaced, newItem));
    }

    virtual void RemoveItem(int index) override 
    {
        OrderItem^ removedItem = Items[index];
        __super::RemoveItem(index);

        Changed(this, gcnew SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
            ChangeTypes::Removed, removedItem, nullptr));
    }

    virtual void ClearItems() override 
    {
        __super::ClearItems();

        Changed(this, gcnew SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
            ChangeTypes::Cleared, nullptr, nullptr));
    }

    // This method uses the internal reference to the dictionary
    // to test fo
public:
    void AddOrMerge(OrderItem^ newItem)
    {

        int key = this->GetKeyForItem(newItem);
        OrderItem^ existingItem = nullptr;

        // The dictionary is not created until the first item is 
        // added, so it is necessary to test for null. Using 
        // AndAlso ensures that TryGetValue is not called if the
        // dictionary does not exist.
        //
        if (this->Dictionary != nullptr && 
            this->Dictionary->TryGetValue(key, existingItem))
        {
            existingItem->Quantity += newItem->Quantity;
        }
        else
        {
            this->Add(newItem);
        }
    }
};

public ref class Demo
{    
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder^ weekly = gcnew SimpleOrder();
        weekly->Changed += gcnew 
            EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs^>(ChangedHandler);

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem->
        //
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly->Add(gcnew OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));

        Display(weekly);
        
        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes TKey.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly->Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes the key
        // type, Integer. The property is read-only.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nweekly[101030411]->Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411]->Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly->Remove(101030411);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nInsert(2, gcnew OrderItem(...))");
        weekly->Insert(2, gcnew OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));
         
        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem^>^ coweekly = weekly;
        Console::WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2]->Description);
 
        Console::WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem^ temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method, inherited from Collection<OrderItem>, 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key.
        // 
        Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly->IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem->
        //
        Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly->Remove(temp);

        Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly->RemoveAt(0);

        weekly->AddOrMerge(gcnew OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 1000, 5.17));

        Display(weekly);

        Console::WriteLine();
        weekly->Clear();
    }
    
private:
    static void Display(SimpleOrder^ order)
    {
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each( OrderItem^ item in order )
        {
            Console::WriteLine(item);
        }
    }

    static void ChangedHandler(Object^ source, 
        SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs^ e)
    {
        OrderItem^ item = e->ChangedItem;

        if (e->ChangeType == ChangeTypes::Replaced)
        {
            OrderItem^ replacement = e->ReplacedWith;

            Console::WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was replaced " +
                "by {2}, (quantity {3}).", item->Description, 
                item->Quantity, replacement->Description, 
                replacement->Quantity);
        }
        else if(e->ChangeType == ChangeTypes::Cleared)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("The order list was cleared.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console::WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was {2}.", 
                item->Description, item->Quantity, e->ChangeType);
        }
    }
};

void main()
{
    Demo::Main();
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Widget (quantity 400) was Added.
Sprocket (quantity 27) was Added.
Motor (quantity 10) was Added.
Gear (quantity 175) was Added.

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly[101030411]->Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)
Motor (quantity 10) was Removed.

Insert(2, gcnew OrderItem(...))
Nut (quantity 10) was Added.

coweekly[2].Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = gcnew OrderItem(...)
Nut (quantity 10) was replaced by Crank, (quantity 27).

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)
Crank (quantity 27) was Removed.

RemoveAt(0)
Widget (quantity 400) was Removed.

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684   1175 Gear         at     5.17 =   6,074.75

The order list was cleared.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// This class derives from KeyedCollection and shows how to override
// the protected ClearItems, InsertItem, RemoveItem, and SetItem 
// methods in order to change the behavior of the default Item 
// property and the Add, Clear, Insert, and Remove methods. The
// class implements a Changed event, which is raised by all the
// protected methods.
//
// SimpleOrder is a collection of OrderItem objects, and its key
// is the PartNumber field of OrderItem. PartNumber is an Integer,
// so SimpleOrder inherits KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>.
// (Note that the key of OrderItem cannot be changed; if it could 
// be changed, SimpleOrder would have to override ChangeItemKey.)
//
public class SimpleOrder : KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>
{
    public event EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> Changed;

    // This parameterless constructor calls the base class constructor
    // that specifies a dictionary threshold of 0, so that the internal
    // dictionary is created as soon as an item is added to the 
    // collection.
    //
    public SimpleOrder() : base(null, 0) {}
    
    // This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    // because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    // keys from the items. 
    //
    protected override int GetKeyForItem(OrderItem item)
    {
        // In this example, the key is the part number.
        return item.PartNumber;
    }

    protected override void InsertItem(int index, OrderItem newItem)
    {
        base.InsertItem(index, newItem);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Added, newItem, null));
        }
    }

    protected override void SetItem(int index, OrderItem newItem)
    {
        OrderItem replaced = Items[index];
        base.SetItem(index, newItem);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Replaced, replaced, newItem));
        }
    }

    protected override void RemoveItem(int index)
    {
        OrderItem removedItem = Items[index];
        base.RemoveItem(index);

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Removed, removedItem, null));
        }
    }

    protected override void ClearItems()
    {
        base.ClearItems();

        EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs> temp = Changed;
        if (temp != null)
        {
            temp(this, new SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(
                ChangeType.Cleared, null, null));
        }
    }
}

// Event argument for the Changed event.
//
public class SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs : EventArgs
{
    private OrderItem _changedItem;
    private ChangeType _changeType;
    private OrderItem _replacedWith;

    public OrderItem ChangedItem { get { return _changedItem; }}
    public ChangeType ChangeType { get { return _changeType; }}
    public OrderItem ReplacedWith { get { return _replacedWith; }}

    public SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs(ChangeType change, 
        OrderItem item, OrderItem replacement)
    {
        _changeType = change;
        _changedItem = item;
        _replacedWith = replacement;
    }
}

public enum ChangeType
{
    Added, 
    Removed, 
    Replaced, 
    Cleared
};

public class Demo
{    
    public static void Main()
    {
        SimpleOrder weekly = new SimpleOrder();
        weekly.Changed += new 
            EventHandler<SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs>(ChangedHandler);

        // The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        //
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5));
        weekly.Add(new OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17));

        Display(weekly);
        
        // The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes TKey.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(101030411): {0}", 
            weekly.Contains(101030411));

        // The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes the key
        // type, Integer. The property is read-only.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nweekly[101030411].Description: {0}", 
            weekly[101030411].Description);

        // The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(101030411)");
        weekly.Remove(101030411);

        // The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        // index and an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert(2, new OrderItem(...))");
        weekly.Insert(2, new OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5));
         
        // The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        // from KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; that overload
        // is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        // The other overload comes from Collection<OrderItem>, the 
        // base class of KeyedCollection<int, OrderItem>; it 
        // retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        // uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        // only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        // Collection<OrderItem>. Otherwise the index is interpreted
        // as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        //
        Collection<OrderItem> coweekly = weekly;
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2].Description: {0}", 
            coweekly[2].Description);
 
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98);

        OrderItem temp = coweekly[2];

        // The IndexOf method, inherited from Collection<OrderItem>, 
        // takes an OrderItem instead of a key.
        // 
        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(temp): {0}", weekly.IndexOf(temp));

        // The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        //
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(temp)");
        weekly.Remove(temp);

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveAt(0)");
        weekly.RemoveAt(0);

        // Increase the quantity for a line item.
        Console.WriteLine("\ncoweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)");
        coweekly[1] = new OrderItem(coweekly[1].PartNumber, 
            coweekly[1].Description, coweekly[1].Quantity + 1000, 
            coweekly[1].UnitPrice);

        Display(weekly);

        Console.WriteLine();
        weekly.Clear();
    }
    
    private static void Display(SimpleOrder order)
    {
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( OrderItem item in order )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(item);
        }
    }

    private static void ChangedHandler(object source, 
        SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs e)
    {

        OrderItem item = e.ChangedItem;

        if (e.ChangeType==ChangeType.Replaced)
        {
            OrderItem replacement = e.ReplacedWith;

            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was replaced " +
                "by {2}, (quantity {3}).", item.Description, 
                item.Quantity, replacement.Description, 
                replacement.Quantity);
        }
        else if(e.ChangeType == ChangeType.Cleared)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The order list was cleared.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was {2}.", 
                item.Description, item.Quantity, e.ChangeType);
        }
    }
}

// This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
// values are immutable except quantity.
// 
public class OrderItem
{
    private int _partNumber;
    private string _description;
    private double _unitPrice;
    private int _quantity;
    
    public int PartNumber { get { return _partNumber; }}
    public string Description { get { return _description; }}
    public double UnitPrice { get { return _unitPrice; }}
    public int Quantity { get { return _quantity; }}
    
    public OrderItem(int partNumber, string description, int quantity, 
        double unitPrice)
    {
        _partNumber = partNumber;
        _description = description;
        _quantity = quantity;
        _unitPrice = unitPrice;
    }
    
    public override string ToString()
    {
        return String.Format(
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", 
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, 
            UnitPrice * _quantity);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Widget (quantity 400) was Added.
Sprocket (quantity 27) was Added.
Motor (quantity 10) was Added.
Gear (quantity 175) was Added.

110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75

Contains(101030411): True

weekly[101030411].Description: Motor

Remove(101030411)
Motor (quantity 10) was Removed.

Insert(2, new OrderItem(...))
Nut (quantity 10) was Added.

coweekly[2].Description: Nut

coweekly[2] = new OrderItem(...)
Nut (quantity 10) was replaced by Crank, (quantity 27).

IndexOf(temp): 2

Remove(temp)
Crank (quantity 27) was Removed.

RemoveAt(0)
Widget (quantity 400) was Removed.

coweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)
Gear (quantity 175) was replaced by Gear, (quantity 1175).

110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
110072684   1175 Gear         at     5.17 =   6,074.75

The order list was cleared.
 */
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

' This class derives from KeyedCollection and shows how to override
' the protected ClearItems, InsertItem, RemoveItem, and SetItem 
' methods in order to change the behavior of the default Item 
' property and the Add, Clear, Insert, and Remove methods. The
' class implements a Changed event, which is raised by all the
' protected methods.
'
' SimpleOrder is a collection of OrderItem objects, and its key
' is the PartNumber field of OrderItem. PartNumber is an Integer,
' so SimpleOrder inherits KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem).
' (Note that the key of OrderItem cannot be changed; if it could 
' be changed, SimpleOrder would have to override ChangeItemKey.)
'
Public Class SimpleOrder
    Inherits KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem)

    Public Event Changed As EventHandler(Of SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs)

    ' This parameterless constructor calls the base class constructor
    ' that specifies a dictionary threshold of 0, so that the internal
    ' dictionary is created as soon as an item is added to the 
    ' collection.
    '
    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New(Nothing, 0)
    End Sub
    
    ' This is the only method that absolutely must be overridden,
    ' because without it the KeyedCollection cannot extract the
    ' keys from the items. 
    '
    Protected Overrides Function GetKeyForItem( _
        ByVal item As OrderItem) As Integer

        ' In this example, the key is the part number.
        Return item.PartNumber   
    End Function

    Protected Overrides Sub InsertItem( _
        ByVal index As Integer, ByVal newItem As OrderItem)

        MyBase.InsertItem(index, newItem)

        RaiseEvent Changed(Me, New SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs( _
            ChangeType.Added, newItem, Nothing))
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub SetItem(ByVal index As Integer, _
        ByVal newItem As OrderItem)

        Dim replaced As OrderItem = Items(index)
        MyBase.SetItem(index, newItem)

        RaiseEvent Changed(Me, New SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs( _
            ChangeType.Replaced, replaced, newItem))
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub RemoveItem(ByVal index As Integer)

        Dim removedItem As OrderItem = Items(index)
        MyBase.RemoveItem(index)

        RaiseEvent Changed(Me, New SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs( _
            ChangeType.Removed, removedItem, Nothing))
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub ClearItems()
        MyBase.ClearItems()

        RaiseEvent Changed(Me, New SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs( _
            ChangeType.Cleared, Nothing, Nothing))
    End Sub

End Class

' Event argument for the Changed event.
'
Public Class SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs
    Inherits EventArgs

    Private _changedItem As OrderItem
    Private _changeType As ChangeType
    Private _replacedWith As OrderItem

    Public ReadOnly Property ChangedItem As OrderItem
        Get
            Return _changedItem
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property ChangeType As ChangeType
        Get
            Return _changeType
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property ReplacedWith As OrderItem
        Get
            Return _replacedWith
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Sub New(ByVal change As ChangeType, ByVal item As OrderItem, _
        ByVal replacement As OrderItem)

        _changeType = change
        _changedItem = item
        _replacedWith = replacement
    End Sub
End Class

Public Enum ChangeType
    Added
    Removed
    Replaced
    Cleared
End Enum

Public Class Demo
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim weekly As New SimpleOrder()
        AddHandler weekly.Changed, AddressOf ChangedHandler

        ' The Add method, inherited from Collection, takes OrderItem.
        '
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072674, "Widget", 400, 45.17))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072675, "Sprocket", 27, 5.3))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(101030411, "Motor", 10, 237.5))
        weekly.Add(New OrderItem(110072684, "Gear", 175, 5.17))

        Display(weekly)
        
        ' The Contains method of KeyedCollection takes TKey.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contains(101030411): {0}", _
            weekly.Contains(101030411))

        ' The default Item property of KeyedCollection takes the key
        ' type, Integer. The property is read-only.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "weekly(101030411).Description: {0}", _
            weekly(101030411).Description)

        ' The Remove method of KeyedCollection takes a key.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Remove(101030411)")
        weekly.Remove(101030411)

        ' The Insert method, inherited from Collection, takes an 
        ' index and an OrderItem.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))")
        weekly.Insert(2, New OrderItem(111033401, "Nut", 10, .5))
         
        ' The default Item property is overloaded. One overload comes
        ' from KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem); that overload
        ' is read-only, and takes Integer because it retrieves by key. 
        ' The other overload comes from Collection(Of OrderItem), the 
        ' base class of KeyedCollection(Of Integer, OrderItem); it 
        ' retrieves by index, so it also takes an Integer. The compiler
        ' uses the most-derived overload, from KeyedCollection, so the
        ' only way to access SimpleOrder by index is to cast it to
        ' Collection(Of OrderItem). Otherwise the index is interpreted
        ' as a key, and KeyNotFoundException is thrown.
        '
        Dim coweekly As Collection(Of OrderItem) = weekly
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "coweekly(2).Description: {0}", _
            coweekly(2).Description)
 
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(...)")
        coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(127700026, "Crank", 27, 5.98)

        Dim temp As OrderItem = coweekly(2)

        ' The IndexOf method, inherited from Collection(Of OrderItem), 
        ' takes an OrderItem instead of a key.
        ' 
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "IndexOf(temp): {0}", _
            weekly.IndexOf(temp))

        ' The inherited Remove method also takes an OrderItem.
        '
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Remove(temp)")
        weekly.Remove(temp)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveAt(0)")
        weekly.RemoveAt(0)

        ' Increase the quantity for a line item.
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "coweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)")
        coweekly(1) = New OrderItem(coweekly(1).PartNumber, _
            coweekly(1).Description, coweekly(1).Quantity + 1000, _
            coweekly(1).UnitPrice)

        Display(weekly)

        Console.WriteLine()
        weekly.Clear()
    End Sub
    
    Private Shared Sub Display(ByVal order As SimpleOrder) 
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each item As OrderItem In  order
            Console.WriteLine(item)
        Next item
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub ChangedHandler(ByVal source As Object, _
        ByVal e As SimpleOrderChangedEventArgs)

        Dim item As OrderItem = e.ChangedItem

        If e.ChangeType = ChangeType.Replaced Then
            Dim replacement As OrderItem = e.ReplacedWith

            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was replaced " & _
                "by {2}, (quantity {3}).", item.Description, _
                item.Quantity, replacement.Description, replacement.Quantity)

        ElseIf e.ChangeType = ChangeType.Cleared Then
            Console.WriteLine("The order list was cleared.")

        Else
            Console.WriteLine("{0} (quantity {1}) was {2}.", _
                item.Description, item.Quantity, e.ChangeType)
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

' This class represents a simple line item in an order. All the 
' values are immutable except quantity.
' 
Public Class OrderItem
    
    Private _partNumber As Integer
    Private _description As String
    Private _unitPrice As Double
    Private _quantity As Integer

    Public ReadOnly Property PartNumber As Integer
        Get
            Return _partNumber
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property Description As String
        Get
            Return _description
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property UnitPrice As Double
        Get
            Return _unitPrice
        End Get
    End Property
    
    Public ReadOnly Property Quantity() As Integer 
        Get
            Return _quantity
        End Get
    End Property
    
    Public Sub New(ByVal partNumber As Integer, _
                   ByVal description As String, _
                   ByVal quantity As Integer, _
                   ByVal unitPrice As Double) 
        _partNumber = partNumber
        _description = description
        _quantity = quantity
        _unitPrice = unitPrice
    End Sub 'New
        
    Public Overrides Function ToString() As String 
        Return String.Format( _
            "{0,9} {1,6} {2,-12} at {3,8:#,###.00} = {4,10:###,###.00}", _
            PartNumber, _quantity, Description, UnitPrice, _
            UnitPrice * _quantity)
    End Function
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Widget (quantity 400) was Added.
'Sprocket (quantity 27) was Added.
'Motor (quantity 10) was Added.
'Gear (quantity 175) was Added.
'
'110072674    400 Widget       at    45.17 =  18,068.00
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'101030411     10 Motor        at   237.50 =   2,375.00
'110072684    175 Gear         at     5.17 =     904.75
'
'Contains(101030411): True
'
'weekly(101030411).Description: Motor
'
'Remove(101030411)
'Motor (quantity 10) was Removed.
'
'Insert(2, New OrderItem(...))
'Nut (quantity 10) was Added.
'
'coweekly(2).Description: Nut
'
'coweekly(2) = New OrderItem(...)
'Nut (quantity 10) was replaced by Crank, (quantity 27).
'
'IndexOf(temp): 2
'
'Remove(temp)
'Crank (quantity 27) was Removed.
'
'RemoveAt(0)
'Widget (quantity 400) was Removed.
'
'coweekly(1) = New OrderItem(...)
'Gear (quantity 175) was replaced by Gear, (quantity 1175).
'
'110072675     27 Sprocket     at     5.30 =     143.10
'110072684   1175 Gear         at     5.17 =   6,074.75
'
'The order list was cleared.

Commenti

La KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> classe fornisce il recupero indicizzato o (1) e il recupero con chiave che si avvicina a o (1).The KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class provides both O(1) indexed retrieval and keyed retrieval that approaches O(1). Si tratta di un tipo astratto o più accuratamente un set infinito di tipi astratti, perché ognuno dei relativi tipi generici costruiti è una classe di base astratta.It is an abstract type, or more accurately an infinite set of abstract types, because each of its constructed generic types is an abstract base class. Per usare KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>, derivare il tipo di raccolta dal tipo costruito appropriato.To use KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>, derive your collection type from the appropriate constructed type.

La KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> classe è un ibrido tra una raccolta basata IList<T> sull'interfaccia generica e IDictionary<TKey,TValue> una raccolta basata sull'interfaccia generica.The KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class is a hybrid between a collection based on the IList<T> generic interface and a collection based on the IDictionary<TKey,TValue> generic interface. Analogamente alle raccolte basate IList<T> sull'interfaccia generica, KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> è un elenco indicizzato di elementi.Like collections based on the IList<T> generic interface, KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> is an indexed list of items. Come per le IDictionary<TKey,TValue> raccolte basate sull'interfaccia generica, KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> ha una chiave associata a ogni elemento.Like collections based on the IDictionary<TKey,TValue> generic interface, KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> has a key associated with each element.

A differenza dei dizionari, un elemento KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> di non è una coppia chiave/valore, bensì l'intero elemento è il valore e la chiave è incorporata all'interno del valore.Unlike dictionaries, an element of KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> is not a key/value pair; instead, the entire element is the value and the key is embedded within the value. Ad esempio, un elemento di una raccolta derivata da KeyedCollection\<String,String> (KeyedCollection(Of String, String) in Visual Basic) potrebbe essere "John Doe Jr".For example, an element of a collection derived from KeyedCollection\<String,String> (KeyedCollection(Of String, String) in Visual Basic) might be "John Doe Jr." dove il valore è "John Doe Jr".where the value is "John Doe Jr." e la chiave è "Doe"; in alternativa, è possibile derivare una raccolta di record di KeyedCollection\<int,Employee>dipendenti contenenti chiavi di tipo Integer.and the key is "Doe"; or a collection of employee records containing integer keys could be derived from KeyedCollection\<int,Employee>. Il metodo GetKeyForItem astratto estrae la chiave dall'elemento.The abstract GetKeyForItem method extracts the key from the element.

Per impostazione predefinita, KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> include un dizionario di ricerca che è possibile ottenere con Dictionary la proprietà.By default, the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> includes a lookup dictionary that you can obtain with the Dictionary property. Quando un elemento viene aggiunto a KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>, la chiave dell'elemento viene estratta una volta e salvata nel dizionario di ricerca per le ricerche più veloci.When an item is added to the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>, the item's key is extracted once and saved in the lookup dictionary for faster searches. Questo comportamento viene sottoposto a override specificando una soglia di creazione del KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>dizionario quando si crea.This behavior is overridden by specifying a dictionary creation threshold when you create the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>. Il dizionario di ricerca viene creato la prima volta che il numero di elementi supera tale soglia.The lookup dictionary is created the first time the number of elements exceeds that threshold. Se si specifica-1 come soglia, il dizionario di ricerca non viene mai creato.If you specify -1 as the threshold, the lookup dictionary is never created.

Nota

Quando viene usato il dizionario di ricerca interno, contiene riferimenti a tutti gli elementi della raccolta se TItem è un tipo di riferimento o copia di tutti gli elementi nella raccolta se TItem è un tipo di valore.When the internal lookup dictionary is used, it contains references to all the items in the collection if TItem is a reference type, or copies of all the items in the collection if TItem is a value type. Pertanto, l'utilizzo del dizionario di ricerca potrebbe non essere TItem appropriato se è un tipo di valore.Thus, using the lookup dictionary may not be appropriate if TItem is a value type.

È possibile accedere a un elemento in base al relativo indice o chiave Item[TKey] utilizzando la proprietà.You can access an item by its index or key by using the Item[TKey] property. È possibile aggiungere elementi senza una chiave, ma è possibile accedere successivamente a tali elementi solo in base all'indice.You can add items without a key, but these items can subsequently be accessed only by index.

Costruttori

KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>() KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>() KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>() KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>()

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> che utilizza l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza predefinito.Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class that uses the default equality comparer.

KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> che utilizza l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza specificato.Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class that uses the specified equality comparer.

KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>, Int32) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>, Int32) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>, Int32) KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>, Int32)

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> che utilizza l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza specificato e crea un dizionario di ricerca quando viene superata la soglia specificata.Initializes a new instance of the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class that uses the specified equality comparer and creates a lookup dictionary when the specified threshold is exceeded.

Proprietà

Comparer Comparer Comparer Comparer

Ottiene l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza utilizzato per determinare l'uguaglianza delle chiavi nella raccolta.Gets the generic equality comparer that is used to determine equality of keys in the collection.

Count Count Count Count

Ottiene il numero di elementi effettivamente contenuti nell'oggetto Collection<T>.Gets the number of elements actually contained in the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary Dictionary

Ottiene il dizionario di ricerca della classe KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.Gets the lookup dictionary of the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.

ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized

Ottiene un valore che indica se l'accesso a ICollection è sincronizzato (thread-safe).Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe).

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot

Ottiene un oggetto che può essere usato per sincronizzare l'accesso a ICollection.Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly

Ottiene un valore che indica se ICollection<T> è di sola lettura.Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize IList.IsFixedSize

Ottiene un valore che indica se IList ha dimensioni fisse.Gets a value indicating whether the IList has a fixed size.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly IList.IsReadOnly

Ottiene un valore che indica se IList è di sola lettura.Gets a value indicating whether the IList is read-only.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32] IList.Item[Int32]

Ottiene o imposta l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Items Items Items Items

Ottiene un wrapper dell'oggetto IList<T> per l'insieme Collection<T>.Gets a IList<T> wrapper around the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32] Item[Int32]

Ottiene o imposta l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey] Item[TKey]

Ottiene l'elemento con la chiave specificata.Gets the element with the specified key.

Metodi

Add(T) Add(T) Add(T) Add(T)

Aggiunge un oggetto alla fine di Collection<T>.Adds an object to the end of the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
ChangeItemKey(TItem, TKey) ChangeItemKey(TItem, TKey) ChangeItemKey(TItem, TKey) ChangeItemKey(TItem, TKey)

Modifica la chiave associata all'elemento specificato nel dizionario di ricerca.Changes the key associated with the specified element in the lookup dictionary.

Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

Rimuove tutti gli elementi da Collection<T>.Removes all elements from the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
ClearItems() ClearItems() ClearItems() ClearItems()

Rimuove tutti gli elementi da KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.Removes all elements from the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.

Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey) Contains(TKey)

Determina se la raccolta contiene un elemento con la chiave specificata.Determines whether the collection contains an element with the specified key.

CopyTo(T[], Int32) CopyTo(T[], Int32) CopyTo(T[], Int32) CopyTo(T[], Int32)

Copia l'intero oggetto Collection<T> in un oggetto Array compatibile unidimensionale, a partire dall'indice specificato della matrice di destinazione.Copies the entire Collection<T> to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina se l'oggetto specificato è uguale all'oggetto corrente.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator() GetEnumerator()

Restituisce un enumeratore che esegue l'iterazione di Collection<T>.Returns an enumerator that iterates through the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Funge da funzione hash predefinita.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetKeyForItem(TItem) GetKeyForItem(TItem) GetKeyForItem(TItem) GetKeyForItem(TItem)

Se implementato in una classe derivata, estrae la chiave dall'elemento specificato.When implemented in a derived class, extracts the key from the specified element.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Ottiene l'oggetto Type dell'istanza corrente.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T) IndexOf(T)

Cerca l'oggetto specificato e restituisce l'indice in base zero della prima occorrenza nell'intera classe Collection<T>.Searches for the specified object and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
Insert(Int32, T) Insert(Int32, T) Insert(Int32, T) Insert(Int32, T)

Inserisce un elemento in Collection<T> in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Inserts an element into the Collection<T> at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
InsertItem(Int32, T) InsertItem(Int32, T) InsertItem(Int32, T) InsertItem(Int32, T)

Inserisce un elemento in Collection<T> in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Inserts an element into the Collection<T> at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
InsertItem(Int32, TItem) InsertItem(Int32, TItem) InsertItem(Int32, TItem) InsertItem(Int32, TItem)

Inserisce un elemento in KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Inserts an element into the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> at the specified index.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficiale dell'oggetto Object corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(TKey) Remove(TKey) Remove(TKey) Remove(TKey)

Rimuove l'elemento con la chiave specificata da KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.Removes the element with the specified key from the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.

RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32) RemoveAt(Int32)

Rimuove l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato di Collection<T>.Removes the element at the specified index of the Collection<T>.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
RemoveItem(Int32) RemoveItem(Int32) RemoveItem(Int32) RemoveItem(Int32)

Rimuove l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato di KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.Removes the element at the specified index of the KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem>.

SetItem(Int32, T) SetItem(Int32, T) SetItem(Int32, T) SetItem(Int32, T)

Sostituisce l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Replaces the element at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
SetItem(Int32, TItem) SetItem(Int32, TItem) SetItem(Int32, TItem) SetItem(Int32, TItem)

Sostituisce l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato con l'elemento specificato.Replaces the item at the specified index with the specified item.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Restituisce una stringa che rappresenta l'oggetto corrente.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
TryGetValue(TKey, TItem) TryGetValue(TKey, TItem) TryGetValue(TKey, TItem) TryGetValue(TKey, TItem)

Implementazioni dell'interfaccia esplicita

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copia gli elementi di ICollection in Array a partire da un particolare indice Array.Copies the elements of the ICollection to an Array, starting at a particular Array index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

Restituisce un enumeratore che consente di eseguire l'iterazione di una raccolta.Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object) IList.Add(Object)

Aggiunge un elemento a IList.Adds an item to the IList.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object) IList.Contains(Object)

Stabilisce se IList contiene un valore specifico.Determines whether the IList contains a specific value.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object) IList.IndexOf(Object)

Determina l'indice di un elemento specifico in IList.Determines the index of a specific item in the IList.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object) IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

Inserisce un elemento nell'oggetto IList in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Inserts an item into the IList at the specified index.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)
IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object) IList.Remove(Object)

Rimuove la prima occorrenza di un oggetto specifico da IList.Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the IList.

(Inherited from Collection<T>)

Metodi di estensione

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce un oggetto DataTable che contiene copie degli oggetti DataRow, dato un oggetto IEnumerable<T> di input dove il parametro generico DataRow è T.Returns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

Copia gli oggetti DataRow nell'oggetto DataTable specificato, dato un oggetto IEnumerable<T> di input dove il parametro generico T è DataRow.Copies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler) CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

Copia gli oggetti DataRow nell'oggetto DataTable specificato, dato un oggetto IEnumerable<T> di input dove il parametro generico T è DataRow.Copies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Esegue il cast degli elementi di un oggetto IEnumerable nel tipo specificato.Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filtra gli elementi di un oggetto IEnumerable in base a un tipo specificato.Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Consente la parallelizzazione di una query.Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converte un oggetto IEnumerable in un oggetto IQueryable.Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di elementi che contiene i predecessori di ciascun nodo nella raccolta di origine.Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Restituisce una raccolta di elementi filtrati che contiene i predecessori di ciascun nodo nella raccolta di origine.Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. Solo gli elementi che hanno un oggetto XName corrispondente vengono inclusi nella raccolta.Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di nodi discendenti di ciascun documento ed elemento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di elementi che contiene gli elementi discendenti di ciascun elemento e documento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Restituisce una raccolta filtrata di elementi che contiene gli elementi discendenti di ciascun elemento e documento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. Solo gli elementi che hanno un oggetto XName corrispondente vengono inclusi nella raccolta.Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di elementi figlio di ciascun elemento e documento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName) Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Restituisce una raccolta filtrata degli elementi figlio di ciascun elemento e documento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. Solo gli elementi che hanno un oggetto XName corrispondente vengono inclusi nella raccolta.Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>) InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di nodi che contiene tutti i nodi nella raccolta di origine ordinati in base all'ordine con cui sono riportati nel documento.Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Restituisce una raccolta di nodi figlio di ciascun documento ed elemento nella raccolta di origine.Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>) Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Rimuove ciascun nodo nella raccolta di origine dal nodo padre.Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

Si applica a

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