DataSet.CreateDataReader Method

Definition

Restituisce una classe DataTableReader con un gruppo di risultati per la classe DataTable, nella stessa sequenza in cui le tabelle appaiono nell'insieme Tables.Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable, in the same sequence as the tables appear in the Tables collection.

Overloads

CreateDataReader(DataTable[])

Restituisce una classe DataTableReader con un gruppo di risultati per la classe DataTable.Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable.

CreateDataReader()

Restituisce una classe DataTableReader con un gruppo di risultati per la classe DataTable, nella stessa sequenza in cui le tabelle appaiono nell'insieme Tables.Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable, in the same sequence as the tables appear in the Tables collection.

Examples

Questo esempio, un'applicazione console, crea tre istanze di DataTable e le aggiunge a una DataSet.This example, a Console application, creates three DataTable instances and adds each to a DataSet. Nell'esempio viene chiamato il metodo CreateDataReader e viene visualizzato il contenuto del DataTableReaderrestituito.The example calls the CreateDataReader method and displays the contents of the returned DataTableReader. Si noti che l'ordine dei set di risultati nel DataTableReader è controllato dall'ordine delle istanze di DataTable passate come parametri.Note that the order of the result sets in the DataTableReader is controlled by the order of the DataTable instances passed as parameters.

Note

In questo esempio viene illustrato come utilizzare una delle versioni di overload di CreateDataReader.This example shows how to use one of the overloaded versions of CreateDataReader. Per altri esempi che potrebbero essere disponibili, vedere i singoli argomenti sull'overload.For other examples that might be available, see the individual overload topics.

static DataTable customerTable;
static DataTable productTable;
static DataTable emptyTable;

static void Main()
{
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();

    // Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
    // an empty DataTable:
    emptyTable = new DataTable();
    productTable = GetProducts();
    customerTable = GetCustomers();

    dataSet.Tables.Add(customerTable);
    dataSet.Tables.Add(emptyTable);
    dataSet.Tables.Add(productTable);
    TestCreateDataReader(dataSet);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataSet dataSet)
{
    // Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the DataSet's data.
    // Even though the dataset contains three DataTables,
    // this code will only display the contents of two of them,
    // because the code has limited the results to the
    // DataTables stored in the tables array. Because this
    // parameter is declared using the ParamArray keyword,
    // you could also include a list of DataTable instances
    // individually, as opposed to supplying an array of
    // DataTables, as in this example:
    using (DataTableReader reader =
        dataSet.CreateDataReader(productTable, emptyTable))
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    table.AcceptChanges();
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetProducts()
{
    // Create sample Products table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Wireless Network Card" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Hard Drive" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Monitor" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "CPU" });
    table.AcceptChanges();
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
Private emptyTable As DataTable
Private customerTable As DataTable
Private productTable As DataTable

Sub Main()
  Dim dataSet As New DataSet
  ' Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
  ' an empty DataTable:

  emptyTable = New DataTable()
  productTable = GetProducts()
  customerTable = GetCustomers()

  dataSet.Tables.Add(customerTable)
  dataSet.Tables.Add(emptyTable)
  dataSet.Tables.Add(productTable)
  TestCreateDataReader(dataSet)

  Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Private Sub TestCreateDataReader(ByVal dataSet As DataSet)
  ' Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
  ' allowing access to all the DataSet's data.
  ' Even though the dataset contains three DataTables,
  ' this code will only display the contents of two of them,
  ' because the code has limited the results to the 
  ' DataTables stored in the tables array. Because this
  ' parameter is declared using the ParamArray keyword, 
  ' you could also include a list of DataTable instances 
  ' individually, as opposed to supplying an array of 
  ' DataTables, as in this example:
  Using reader As DataTableReader = _
      dataSet.CreateDataReader(productTable, emptyTable)
    Do
      If Not reader.HasRows Then
        Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader")
      Else
        PrintColumns(reader)
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("========================")
    Loop While reader.NextResult()
  End Using
End Sub

Private Function GetCustomers() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Customers table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Mary"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Andy"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Peter"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "Russ"})
  table.AcceptChanges()
  Return table
End Function

Private Function GetProducts() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Products table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Wireless Network Card"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Hard Drive"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Monitor"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "CPU"})
  table.AcceptChanges()
  Return table
End Function

Private Sub PrintColumns( _
   ByVal reader As DataTableReader)

  ' Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader.
  Do While reader.Read()
    For i As Integer = 0 To reader.FieldCount - 1
      Console.Write(reader(i).ToString() & " ")
    Next
    Console.WriteLine()
  Loop
End Sub

Nell'esempio viene visualizzato il codice seguente nella finestra della console:The example displays the following code in the Console window:

Remarks

Per garantire l'ordine dei set di risultati all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito, se una DataTable all'interno del DataSet è vuota, verrà rappresentata da un set di risultati vuoto all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito.In order to ensure the order of the result sets within the returned DataTableReader, if a DataTable within the DataSet is empty, it will be represented by an empty result set within the returned DataTableReader.

CreateDataReader(DataTable[])

Restituisce una classe DataTableReader con un gruppo di risultati per la classe DataTable.Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable.

public:
 System::Data::DataTableReader ^ CreateDataReader(... cli::array <System::Data::DataTable ^> ^ dataTables);
public System.Data.DataTableReader CreateDataReader (params System.Data.DataTable[] dataTables);
member this.CreateDataReader : System.Data.DataTable[] -> System.Data.DataTableReader
Public Function CreateDataReader (ParamArray dataTables As DataTable()) As DataTableReader

Parameters

dataTables
DataTable[]

Matrice di DataTables che fornisce l'ordine dei gruppi di risultati da restituire nella classe DataTableReader.An array of DataTables providing the order of the result sets to be returned in the DataTableReader.

Returns

DataTableReader

Classe DataTableReader contenente uno o più gruppi di risultati, che corrispondono alle istanze della classe DataTable contenuta nella classe DataSet di origine.A DataTableReader containing one or more result sets, corresponding to the DataTable instances contained within the source DataSet. I gruppi di risultati restituiti sono nell'ordine specificato dal parametro dataTables.The returned result sets are in the order specified by the dataTables parameter.

Examples

Questo esempio, un'applicazione console, crea tre istanze di DataTable e le aggiunge a una DataSet.This example, a Console application, creates three DataTable instances and adds each to a DataSet. Nell'esempio viene chiamato il metodo CreateDataReader e viene visualizzato il contenuto del DataTableReaderrestituito.The example calls the CreateDataReader method and displays the contents of the returned DataTableReader. Si noti che l'ordine dei set di risultati nel DataTableReader è controllato dall'ordine delle istanze di DataTable passate come parametri.Note that the order of the result sets in the DataTableReader is controlled by the order of the DataTable instances passed as parameters. Nell'esempio vengono visualizzati i risultati nella finestra della console.The example displays the results in the Console window.

static DataTable customerTable;
static DataTable productTable;
static DataTable emptyTable;

static void Main()
{
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();

    // Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
    // an empty DataTable:
    emptyTable = new DataTable();
    productTable = GetProducts();
    customerTable = GetCustomers();

    dataSet.Tables.Add(customerTable);
    dataSet.Tables.Add(emptyTable);
    dataSet.Tables.Add(productTable);
    TestCreateDataReader(dataSet);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataSet dataSet)
{
    // Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the DataSet's data.
    // Even though the dataset contains three DataTables,
    // this code will only display the contents of two of them,
    // because the code has limited the results to the
    // DataTables stored in the tables array. Because this
    // parameter is declared using the ParamArray keyword,
    // you could also include a list of DataTable instances
    // individually, as opposed to supplying an array of
    // DataTables, as in this example:
    using (DataTableReader reader =
       dataSet.CreateDataReader(productTable, emptyTable))
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetProducts()
{
    // Create sample Products table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Wireless Network Card" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Hard Drive" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Monitor" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "CPU" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
Private emptyTable As DataTable
Private customerTable As DataTable
Private productTable As DataTable

Sub Main()
  Dim dataSet As New DataSet
  ' Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
  ' an empty DataTable:

  emptyTable = New DataTable()
  productTable = GetProducts()
  customerTable = GetCustomers()

  dataSet.Tables.Add(customerTable)
  dataSet.Tables.Add(emptyTable)
  dataSet.Tables.Add(productTable)
  TestCreateDataReader(dataSet)

  Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Private Sub TestCreateDataReader(ByVal dataSet As DataSet)
  ' Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
  ' allowing access to all the DataSet's data.
  ' Even though the dataset contains three DataTables,
  ' this code will only display the contents of two of them,
  ' because the code has limited the results to the 
  ' DataTables stored in the tables array. Because this
  ' parameter is declared using the ParamArray keyword, 
  ' you could also include a list of DataTable instances 
  ' individually, as opposed to supplying an array of 
  ' DataTables, as in this example:
  Using reader As DataTableReader = _
    dataSet.CreateDataReader(productTable, emptyTable)
    Do
      If Not reader.HasRows Then
        Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader")
      Else
        PrintColumns(reader)
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("========================")
    Loop While reader.NextResult()
  End Using
End Sub

Private Function GetCustomers() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Customers table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Mary"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Andy"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Peter"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "Russ"})
  Return table
End Function

Private Function GetProducts() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Products table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Wireless Network Card"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Hard Drive"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Monitor"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "CPU"})
  Return table
End Function

Private Sub PrintColumns( _
   ByVal reader As DataTableReader)

  ' Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader.
  Do While reader.Read()
    For i As Integer = 0 To reader.FieldCount - 1
      Console.Write(reader(i).ToString() & " ")
    Next
    Console.WriteLine()
  Loop
End Sub

Remarks

Per assicurarsi che l'ordine dei set di risultati all'interno dell'oggetto restituito DataTableReader, se una DataTable all'interno del DataSet è vuota, viene rappresentata da un set di risultati vuoto all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito.In order to ensure that the order of the result sets within the returned DataTableReader, if a DataTable within the DataSet is empty, it is represented by an empty result set within the returned DataTableReader. Poiché questa versione di overload consente di fornire un elenco di istanze di DataTable come parametri, è possibile specificare l'ordine in cui i set di risultati vengono visualizzati all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito.Because this overloaded version allows you to supply a list of DataTable instances as parameters, you can specify the order in which the result sets appear within the returned DataTableReader.

See also

CreateDataReader()

Restituisce una classe DataTableReader con un gruppo di risultati per la classe DataTable, nella stessa sequenza in cui le tabelle appaiono nell'insieme Tables.Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable, in the same sequence as the tables appear in the Tables collection.

public:
 System::Data::DataTableReader ^ CreateDataReader();
public System.Data.DataTableReader CreateDataReader ();
member this.CreateDataReader : unit -> System.Data.DataTableReader
Public Function CreateDataReader () As DataTableReader

Returns

DataTableReader

Classe DataTableReader contenente uno o più gruppi di risultati, che corrispondono alle istanze della classe DataTable contenuta nella classe DataSet di origine.A DataTableReader containing one or more result sets, corresponding to the DataTable instances contained within the source DataSet.

Examples

Nell'esempio seguente vengono create tre istanze di DataTable e ognuna viene aggiunta a una DataSet.The following example creates three DataTable instances, and adds each to a DataSet. Nell'esempio viene quindi passata la DataSet compilata a una procedura che chiama il metodo CreateDataReader e viene eseguita l'iterazione di tutti i set di risultati contenuti all'interno della DataTableReader.The example then passes the filled DataSet to a procedure that calls the CreateDataReader method, and proceeds to iterate through all the result sets contained within the DataTableReader. Nell'esempio vengono visualizzati i risultati nella finestra della console.The example displays the results in the Console window.

static void Main()
{
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();
    // Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
    // an empty DataTable:
    dataSet.Tables.Add(GetCustomers());
    dataSet.Tables.Add(new DataTable());
    dataSet.Tables.Add(GetProducts());
    TestCreateDataReader(dataSet);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataSet dataSet)
{
    // Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the DataSet's data:
    using (DataTableReader reader = dataSet.CreateDataReader())
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetProducts()
{
    // Create sample Products table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Wireless Network Card" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Hard Drive" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Monitor" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "CPU" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
Sub Main()
  Dim dataSet As New DataSet
  ' Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
  ' an empty DataTable:
  dataSet.Tables.Add(GetCustomers())
  dataSet.Tables.Add(New DataTable())
  dataSet.Tables.Add(GetProducts())
  TestCreateDataReader(dataSet)

  Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
  Console.ReadKey()
End Sub

Private Sub TestCreateDataReader(ByVal dataSet As DataSet)
  ' Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
  ' allowing access to all the DataSet's data:
  Using reader As DataTableReader = dataSet.CreateDataReader()
    Do
      If Not reader.HasRows Then
        Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader")
      Else
        PrintColumns(reader)
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("========================")
    Loop While reader.NextResult()
  End Using
End Sub

Private Function GetCustomers() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Customers table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Mary"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Andy"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Peter"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "Russ"})
  Return table
End Function

Private Function GetProducts() As DataTable
  ' Create sample Products table, in order
  ' to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
  Dim table As New DataTable

  ' Create two columns, ID and Name.
  Dim idColumn As DataColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", GetType(Integer))
  table.Columns.Add("Name", GetType(String))

  ' Set the ID column as the primary key column.
  table.PrimaryKey = New DataColumn() {idColumn}

  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {1, "Wireless Network Card"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {2, "Hard Drive"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {3, "Monitor"})
  table.Rows.Add(New Object() {4, "CPU"})
  Return table
End Function

Private Sub PrintColumns( _
   ByVal reader As DataTableReader)

  ' Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader.
  Do While reader.Read()
    For i As Integer = 0 To reader.FieldCount - 1
      Console.Write(reader(i).ToString() & " ")
    Next
    Console.WriteLine()
  Loop
End Sub

Remarks

Per garantire che l'ordine dei set di risultati all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito, se una DataTable all'interno del DataSet è vuota, viene rappresentata da un set di risultati vuoto all'interno del DataTableReaderrestituito.In order to ensure the order of the result sets within the returned DataTableReader, if a DataTable within the DataSet is empty, it is represented by an empty result set within the returned DataTableReader.

See also

Applies to