Process.BeginErrorReadLine Process.BeginErrorReadLine Process.BeginErrorReadLine Process.BeginErrorReadLine Method

Definizione

Inizia le operazioni di lettura asincrona sul flusso StandardError reindirizzato dell'applicazione.Begins asynchronous read operations on the redirected StandardError stream of the application.

public:
 void BeginErrorReadLine();
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public void BeginErrorReadLine ();
member this.BeginErrorReadLine : unit -> unit
Public Sub BeginErrorReadLine ()

Eccezioni

La proprietà RedirectStandardError è false.The RedirectStandardError property is false.

In alternativa-or- È già in corso un'operazione di lettura asincrona sul flusso StandardError.An asynchronous read operation is already in progress on the StandardError stream.

In alternativa-or- Il flusso StandardError è stato usato da un'operazione di lettura sincrona.The StandardError stream has been used by a synchronous read operation.

Esempi

L'esempio seguente usa il net view comando per elencare le risorse di rete disponibili in un computer remoto.The following example uses the net view command to list the available network resources on a remote computer. L'utente fornisce il nome del computer di destinazione come argomento della riga di comando.The user supplies the target computer name as a command-line argument. L'utente può fornire anche un nome di file per l'output di errore.The user can also supply a file name for error output. L'esempio raccoglie l'output del comando net, attende il completamento del processo e quindi scrive l'output risultante nella console.The example collects the output of the net command, waits for the process to finish, and then writes the output results to the console. Se l'utente fornisce il file di errore facoltativo, vengono scritti gli errori nel file.If the user supplies the optional error file, the example writes errors to the file.

// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Globalization;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

ref class ProcessNetStreamRedirection
{
private:
   // Define static variables shared by class methods.
   static StreamWriter^ streamError = nullptr;
   static String^ netErrorFile = "";
   static StringBuilder^ netOutput = nullptr;
   static bool errorRedirect = false;
   static bool errorsWritten = false;

public:
   static void RedirectNetCommandStreams()
   {
      String^ netArguments;
      Process^ netProcess;
      
      // Get the input computer name.
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter the computer name for the net view command:" );
      netArguments = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if ( String::IsNullOrEmpty( netArguments ) )
      {
         // Default to the help command if there is not an input argument.
         netArguments = "/?";
      }
      
      // Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
      errorsWritten = false;
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file" );
      Console::WriteLine( "  or just press Enter to write errors to console:" );
      netErrorFile = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( netErrorFile ) )
      {
         errorRedirect = true;
      }
      
      // Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
      // are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
      // an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.

      // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
      netProcess = gcnew Process;
      netProcess->StartInfo->FileName = "Net.exe";
      
      // Build the net command argument list.
      netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments = String::Format( "view {0}", netArguments );
      
      // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
      netProcess->StartInfo->UseShellExecute = false;
      
      // Redirect the standard output of the net command.  
      // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
      netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardOutput = true;
      netProcess->OutputDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetOutputDataHandler );
      netOutput = gcnew StringBuilder;
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         
         // Redirect the error output of the net command. 
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = true;
         netProcess->ErrorDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetErrorDataHandler );
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Do not redirect the error output.
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = false;
      }

      Console::WriteLine( "\nStarting process: net {0}",
         netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments );
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Errors will be written to the file {0}", netErrorFile );
      }
      
      // Start the process.
      netProcess->Start();
      
      // Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
      netProcess->BeginOutputReadLine();

      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         // Start the asynchronous read of the standard
         // error stream.
         netProcess->BeginErrorReadLine();
      }
      
      // Let the net command run, collecting the output.
      netProcess->WaitForExit();

      if ( streamError != nullptr )
      {
         // Close the error file.
         streamError->Close();
      }
      else
      {
         // Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
         // open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
         // file could not be opened.
         errorsWritten = false;
      }

      if ( netOutput->Length > 0 )
      {
         // If the process wrote more than just
         // white space, write the output to the console.
         Console::WriteLine( "\nPublic network shares from net view:\n{0}\n",
            netOutput->ToString() );
      }

      if ( errorsWritten )
      {
         // Signal that the error file had something 
         // written to it.
         array<String^>^errorOutput = File::ReadAllLines( netErrorFile );
         if ( errorOutput->Length > 0 )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "\nThe following error output was appended to {0}.",
               netErrorFile );
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = errorOutput->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
            {
               String^ errLine = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
               Console::WriteLine( "  {0}", errLine );
            }
         }
         Console::WriteLine();
      }

      netProcess->Close();

   }

private:
   static void NetOutputDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ outLine )
   {
      // Collect the net view command output.
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( outLine->Data ) )
      {
         // Add the text to the collected output.
         netOutput->AppendFormat(  "\n  {0}", outLine->Data );
      }
   }

   static void NetErrorDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ errLine )
   {
      // Write the error text to the file if there is something to 
      // write and an error file has been specified.

      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( errLine->Data ) )
      {
         if (  !errorsWritten )
         {
            if ( streamError == nullptr )
            {
               // Open the file.
               try
               {
                  streamError = gcnew StreamWriter( netErrorFile,true );
               }
               catch ( Exception^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine(  "Could not open error file!" );
                  Console::WriteLine( e->Message->ToString() );
               }
            }

            if ( streamError != nullptr )
            {
               // Write a header to the file if this is the first
               // call to the error output handler.
               streamError->WriteLine();
               streamError->WriteLine( DateTime::Now.ToString() );
               streamError->WriteLine(  "Net View error output:" );
            }
            errorsWritten = true;
         }

         if ( streamError != nullptr )
         {
            // Write redirected errors to the file.
            streamError->WriteLine( errLine->Data );
            streamError->Flush();
         }
      }
   }
};
// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using System.ComponentModel;


namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
{

    class ProcessNetStreamRedirection
    {
        // Define static variables shared by class methods.
        private static StreamWriter streamError =null;
        private static String netErrorFile = "";
        private static StringBuilder netOutput = null;
        private static bool errorRedirect = false;
        private static bool errorsWritten = false;

        public static void RedirectNetCommandStreams()
        {
            String netArguments;
            Process netProcess;

            // Get the input computer name.
            Console.WriteLine("Enter the computer name for the net view command:");
            netArguments = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(netArguments))
            {
                // Default to the help command if there is not an input argument.
                netArguments = "/?";
            }
               
            // Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
            errorsWritten = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file");
            Console.WriteLine("  or just press Enter to write errors to console:");
            netErrorFile = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(netErrorFile))
            {
                errorRedirect = true;
            }

            // Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
            // are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
            // an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.
      
            // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
            netProcess = new Process();
            netProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Net.exe";
            
            // Build the net command argument list.
            netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = String.Format("view {0}", 
                netArguments);

            // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
            netProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;

            // Redirect the standard output of the net command.  
            // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
            netProcess.OutputDataReceived += new DataReceivedEventHandler(NetOutputDataHandler);
            netOutput = new StringBuilder();
   
            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                // Redirect the error output of the net command. 
                netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = true;
                netProcess.ErrorDataReceived += new DataReceivedEventHandler(NetErrorDataHandler);
            }
            else 
            {
                // Do not redirect the error output.
                netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = false;
            }

            Console.WriteLine("\nStarting process: net {0}", 
                netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments);
            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Errors will be written to the file {0}", 
                    netErrorFile);
            }

            // Start the process.
            netProcess.Start();

            // Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
            netProcess.BeginOutputReadLine();

            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                // Start the asynchronous read of the standard
                // error stream.
                netProcess.BeginErrorReadLine();
            }

            // Let the net command run, collecting the output.
            netProcess.WaitForExit();

            if (streamError != null)
            {
                // Close the error file.
                streamError.Close();
            }
            else 
            {
                // Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
                // open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
                // file could not be opened.
                errorsWritten = false;
            }

            if (netOutput.Length > 0)
            {
                // If the process wrote more than just
                // white space, write the output to the console.
                Console.WriteLine("\nPublic network shares from net view:\n{0}\n", 
                    netOutput);
            }

            if (errorsWritten)
            {
                // Signal that the error file had something 
                // written to it.
                String [] errorOutput = File.ReadAllLines(netErrorFile);
                if (errorOutput.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\nThe following error output was appended to {0}.",
                        netErrorFile);
                    foreach (String errLine in errorOutput)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("  {0}", errLine);
                    }
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }

            netProcess.Close();

        }

        private static void NetOutputDataHandler(object sendingProcess, 
            DataReceivedEventArgs outLine)
        {
            // Collect the net view command output.
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(outLine.Data))
            {
                // Add the text to the collected output.
                netOutput.Append(Environment.NewLine + "  " + outLine.Data);
            }
        }

        private static void NetErrorDataHandler(object sendingProcess, 
            DataReceivedEventArgs errLine)
        {
            // Write the error text to the file if there is something
            // to write and an error file has been specified.

            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(errLine.Data))
            {
                if (!errorsWritten)
                {
                    if (streamError == null)
                    {
                        // Open the file.
                        try 
                        {
                            streamError = new StreamWriter(netErrorFile, true);
                        }
                        catch (Exception e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine("Could not open error file!");
                            Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
                        }
                    }

                    if (streamError != null)
                    {
                        // Write a header to the file if this is the first
                        // call to the error output handler.
                        streamError.WriteLine();
                        streamError.WriteLine(DateTime.Now.ToString());
                        streamError.WriteLine("Net View error output:");
                    }
                    errorsWritten = true;
                }

                if (streamError != null)
                {
                    // Write redirected errors to the file.
                    streamError.WriteLine(errLine.Data);
                    streamError.Flush();
                }
            }
        }
    }
} 
' Define the namespaces used by this sample.
Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic


Namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
   
   Class ProcessAsyncErrorRedirection
      ' Define static variables shared by class methods.
      Private Shared streamError As StreamWriter = Nothing
      Private Shared netErrorFile As String = ""
      Private Shared netOutput As StringBuilder = Nothing
      Private Shared errorRedirect As Boolean = False
      Private Shared errorsWritten As Boolean = False
      
      Public Shared Sub RedirectNetCommandStreams()
         Dim netArguments As String
         Dim netProcess As Process
         
         ' Get the input computer name.
         Console.WriteLine("Enter the computer name for the net view command:")
         netArguments = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture)
         If String.IsNullOrEmpty(netArguments) Then
            ' Default to the help command if there is 
            ' not an input argument.
            netArguments = "/?"
         End If
         
         ' Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
         errorsWritten = False
         Console.WriteLine("Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file")
         Console.WriteLine("  or just press Enter to write errors to console:")
         netErrorFile = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture)
         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(netErrorFile) Then
            errorRedirect = True
         End If
         
         ' Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
         ' are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
         ' an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.

         ' Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
         netProcess = New Process()
         netProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Net.exe"
         
         ' Build the net command argument list.
         netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = String.Format("view {0}", _
                                                        netArguments)
         
         ' Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
         netProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = False
         
         ' Redirect the standard output of the net command.  
         ' Read the stream asynchronously using an event handler.
         netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = True
         AddHandler netProcess.OutputDataReceived, _
                            AddressOf NetOutputDataHandler
         netOutput = new StringBuilder()
         
         If errorRedirect Then
            ' Redirect the error output of the net command. 
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = True
            AddHandler netProcess.ErrorDataReceived, _
                            AddressOf NetErrorDataHandler
         Else
            ' Do not redirect the error output.
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = False
         End If
         
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Starting process: NET {0}", _
                           netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments)
         If errorRedirect Then
            Console.WriteLine("Errors will be written to the file {0}", _
                           netErrorFile)
         End If
         
         ' Start the process.
         netProcess.Start()
         
         ' Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
         netProcess.BeginOutputReadLine()
         
         If errorRedirect Then
            ' Start the asynchronous read of the standard
            ' error stream.
            netProcess.BeginErrorReadLine()
         End If
         
         ' Let the net command run, collecting the output.
         netProcess.WaitForExit()
      
         If Not streamError Is Nothing Then
             ' Close the error file.
             streamError.Close()
         Else 
             ' Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
             ' open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
             ' file could not be opened.
             errorsWritten = False
         End If
   
         If netOutput.Length > 0 Then
            ' If the process wrote more than just
            ' white space, write the output to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Public network shares from net view:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(netOutput)
            Console.WriteLine()
         End If
         
         If errorsWritten Then
            ' Signal that the error file had something 
            ' written to it.
            Dim errorOutput As String()
            errorOutput = File.ReadAllLines(netErrorFile)
            If errorOutput.Length > 0 Then

                Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + _
                    "The following error output was appended to {0}.", _
                    netErrorFile)
                Dim errLine as String
                For Each errLine in errorOutput
                    Console.WriteLine("  {0}", errLine)
                Next
          
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
         End If
         
         netProcess.Close()
      End Sub 
      
      
      Private Shared Sub NetOutputDataHandler(sendingProcess As Object, _
          outLine As DataReceivedEventArgs)

         ' Collect the net view command output.
         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(outLine.Data) Then
            ' Add the text to the collected output.
            netOutput.Append(Environment.NewLine + "  " + outLine.Data)
         End If
      End Sub 
       
      
      Private Shared Sub NetErrorDataHandler(sendingProcess As Object, _
          errLine As DataReceivedEventArgs)

         ' Write the error text to the file if there is something to
         ' write and an error file has been specified.

         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(errLine.Data) Then

            If Not errorsWritten Then
                If streamError Is Nothing Then
                    ' Open the file.
                    Try 
                        streamError = New StreamWriter(netErrorFile, true)
                    Catch e As Exception
                        Console.WriteLine("Could not open error file!")
                        Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString())
                    End Try
                End If

                If Not streamError Is Nothing Then

                    ' Write a header to the file if this is the first
                    ' call to the error output handler.
                    streamError.WriteLine()
                    streamError.WriteLine(DateTime.Now.ToString())
                    streamError.WriteLine("Net View error output:")

                End If

                errorsWritten = True
            End If
                     
            If Not streamError Is Nothing Then
                  
                ' Write redirected errors to the file.
                streamError.WriteLine(errLine.Data)
                streamError.Flush()
             End If
          End If
      End Sub 
   End Class  
End Namespace 

Commenti

Il StandardError flusso può essere letto in modo sincrono o asincrono.The StandardError stream can be read synchronously or asynchronously. I metodi come Read, ReadLine, e ReadToEnd eseguire operazioni di lettura sincrone nel flusso di output di errori del processo.Methods such as Read, ReadLine, and ReadToEnd perform synchronous read operations on the error output stream of the process. Questi sincrono letti operazioni non vengono completate finché l'oggetto associato Process scrive relativo StandardError streaming, o chiude il flusso.These synchronous read operations do not complete until the associated Process writes to its StandardError stream, or closes the stream.

Al contrario, BeginErrorReadLine operazioni di lettura asincrona viene avviata nel StandardError flusso.In contrast, BeginErrorReadLine starts asynchronous read operations on the StandardError stream. Questo metodo consente al gestore dell'evento designato per l'output del flusso e torna immediatamente al chiamante, che può eseguire altre operazioni mentre il flusso output viene indirizzato al gestore dell'evento.This method enables the designated event handler for the stream output and immediately returns to the caller, which can perform other work while the stream output is directed to the event handler.

Seguire questi passaggi per eseguire operazioni di lettura asincrone sul StandardError per un Process :Follow these steps to perform asynchronous read operations on StandardError for a Process :

  1. Impostare UseShellExecute su false.Set UseShellExecute to false.

  2. Impostare RedirectStandardError su true.Set RedirectStandardError to true.

  3. Aggiungere il gestore eventi per il ErrorDataReceived evento.Add your event handler to the ErrorDataReceived event. Il gestore dell'evento deve corrispondere il System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventHandler firma del delegato.The event handler must match the System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventHandler delegate signature.

  4. Avviare il Process.Start the Process.

  5. Chiamare BeginErrorReadLine per il Process.Call BeginErrorReadLine for the Process. Questa chiamata inizia le operazioni di lettura asincrone sul StandardError.This call starts asynchronous read operations on StandardError.

Quando start operazioni di lettura asincrona, il gestore eventi viene chiamato ogni volta che l'oggetto associato Process scrive una riga di testo al relativo StandardError flusso.When asynchronous read operations start, the event handler is called each time the associated Process writes a line of text to its StandardError stream.

È possibile annullare un'operazione di lettura asincrona chiamando CancelErrorRead.You can cancel an asynchronous read operation by calling CancelErrorRead. L'operazione di lettura può essere annullata dal chiamante o dal gestore dell'evento.The read operation can be canceled by the caller or by the event handler. Dopo l'annullamento, è possibile chiamare BeginErrorReadLine per riprendere le operazioni di lettura asincrone.After canceling, you can call BeginErrorReadLine again to resume asynchronous read operations.

Nota

È possibile combinare le operazioni di lettura sincrone e asincrone su un flusso reindirizzato.You cannot mix asynchronous and synchronous read operations on a redirected stream. Una volta reindirizzato di un' Process viene aperto in modalità asincrona o sincrona, tutte le successive lettura operazioni su tale flusso devono essere la stessa modalità.Once the redirected stream of a Process is opened in either asynchronous or synchronous mode, all further read operations on that stream must be in the same mode. Ad esempio, non seguire BeginErrorReadLine con una chiamata a ReadLine nel StandardError flusso, o viceversa.For example, do not follow BeginErrorReadLine with a call to ReadLine on the StandardError stream, or vice versa. Tuttavia, è possibile leggere due flussi diversi in modi diversi.However, you can read two different streams in different modes. Ad esempio, è possibile chiamare BeginErrorReadLine e quindi chiamare ReadLine per il StandardOutput flusso.For example, you can call BeginErrorReadLine and then call ReadLine for the StandardOutput stream.

Sicurezza

LinkDemand
per un'attendibilità totale per il chiamante immediato.for full trust for the immediate caller. Impossibile utilizzare questo membro in codice parzialmente attendibile.This member cannot be used by partially trusted code.

Si applica a

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