Enumerable.ToLookup Enumerable.ToLookup Enumerable.ToLookup Enumerable.ToLookup Method

Definizione

Crea un generico oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T>.Creates a generic Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T>.

Overload

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo le funzioni specificate del selettore principale e del selettore di elementi.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione specificata del selettore principale, un operatore di confronto principale e una funzione del selettore di elementi.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione del selettore principale specificata.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione del selettore principale specificata e un operatore di confronto principale.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo le funzioni specificate del selettore principale e del selettore di elementi.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey, typename TElement>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::ILookup<TKey, TElement> ^ ToLookup(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, TKey> ^ keySelector, Func<TSource, TElement> ^ elementSelector);
public static System.Linq.ILookup<TKey,TElement> ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,TKey> keySelector, Func<TSource,TElement> elementSelector);
static member ToLookup : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, 'Key> * Func<'Source, 'Element> -> System.Linq.ILookup<'Key, 'Element>
<Extension()>
Public Function ToLookup(Of TSource, TKey, TElement) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), keySelector As Func(Of TSource, TKey), elementSelector As Func(Of TSource, TElement)) As ILookup(Of TKey, TElement)

Parametri di tipo

TSource

Tipo degli elementi di source.The type of the elements of source.

TKey

Tipo della chiave restituita dall'oggetto keySelector.The type of the key returned by keySelector.

TElement

Tipo del valore restituito dall'oggetto elementSelector.The type of the value returned by elementSelector.

Parametri

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

Oggetto IEnumerable<T> da cui creare un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement>.The IEnumerable<T> to create a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from.

keySelector
Func<TSource,TKey>

Funzione per estrarre una chiave da ogni elemento.A function to extract a key from each element.

elementSelector
Func<TSource,TElement>

Funzione di trasformazione per produrre un valore dell'elemento di risultato da ogni elemento.A transform function to produce a result element value from each element.

Restituisce

Oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> che contiene valori di tipo TElement selezionati dalla sequenza di input.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> that contains values of type TElement selected from the input sequence.

Eccezioni

Il parametro source, il parametro keySelector o il parametro elementSelector è null.source or keySelector or elementSelector is null.

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato come ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) utilizzare per creare Lookup<TKey,TElement> un oggetto utilizzando una funzione del selettore di chiave e una funzione del selettore di elementi.The following code example demonstrates how to use ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) to create a Lookup<TKey,TElement> by using a key selector function and an element selector function.

class Package
{
    public string Company { get; set; }
    public double Weight { get; set; }
    public long TrackingNumber { get; set; }
}

public static void ToLookupEx1()
{
    // Create a list of Packages.
    List<Package> packages =
        new List<Package>
            { new Package { Company = "Coho Vineyard", 
                  Weight = 25.2, TrackingNumber = 89453312L },
              new Package { Company = "Lucerne Publishing", 
                  Weight = 18.7, TrackingNumber = 89112755L },
              new Package { Company = "Wingtip Toys", 
                  Weight = 6.0, TrackingNumber = 299456122L },
              new Package { Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", 
                  Weight = 9.3, TrackingNumber = 670053128L },
              new Package { Company = "Wide World Importers", 
                  Weight = 33.8, TrackingNumber = 4665518773L } };

    // Create a Lookup to organize the packages. 
    // Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    // Select Company appended to TrackingNumber 
    // as the element values of the Lookup.
    ILookup<char, string> lookup =
        packages
        .ToLookup(p => Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)),
                  p => p.Company + " " + p.TrackingNumber);

    // Iterate through each IGrouping in the Lookup.
    foreach (IGrouping<char, string> packageGroup in lookup)
    {
        // Print the key value of the IGrouping.
        Console.WriteLine(packageGroup.Key);
        // Iterate through each value in the 
        // IGrouping and print its value.
        foreach (string str in packageGroup)
            Console.WriteLine("    {0}", str);
    }
}

/*
 This code produces the following output:

 C
     Coho Vineyard 89453312
     Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
 L
     Lucerne Publishing 89112755
 W
     Wingtip Toys 299456122
     Wide World Importers 4665518773
*/
Structure Package
    Public Company As String
    Public Weight As Double
    Public TrackingNumber As Long
End Structure

Sub ToLookupEx1()
    ' Create a list of Packages.
    Dim packages As New List(Of Package)(New Package() _
     {New Package With
      {.Company = "Coho Vineyard", .Weight = 25.2, .TrackingNumber = 89453312L},
      New Package With
      {.Company = "Lucerne Publishing", .Weight = 18.7, .TrackingNumber = 89112755L},
      New Package With
      {.Company = "Wingtip Toys", .Weight = 6.0, .TrackingNumber = 299456122L},
      New Package With
      {.Company = "Contoso Pharmaceuticals", .Weight = 9.3, .TrackingNumber = 670053128L},
      New Package With
      {.Company = "Wide World Importers", .Weight = 33.8, .TrackingNumber = 4665518773L}})

    ' Create a Lookup to organize the packages. 
    ' Use the first character of Company as the key value.
    ' Select Company appended to TrackingNumber 
    ' as the element values of the Lookup.
    Dim lookup As ILookup(Of Char, String) =
    packages.ToLookup(Function(p) _
                          Convert.ToChar(p.Company.Substring(0, 1)),
                      Function(p) _
                          p.Company & " " & p.TrackingNumber)

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder

    ' Iterate through each IGrouping in the Lookup.
    For Each packageGroup As IGrouping(Of Char, String) In lookup
        ' Print the key value of the IGrouping.
        output.AppendLine(packageGroup.Key)
        ' Iterate through each value in the IGrouping and print its value.
        For Each str As String In packageGroup
            output.AppendLine("   " & str)
        Next
    Next

    ' Select a group of packages by indexing directly into the Lookup.
    Dim cgroup As IEnumerable(Of String) = lookup("C"c)

    output.AppendLine(vbCrLf & "Packages from Company names that start with 'C':")
    For Each str As String In cgroup
        output.AppendLine(str)
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())
End Sub

' This code produces the following output:
'
' C
'    Coho Vineyard 89453312
'    Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128
' L
'    Lucerne Publishing 89112755
' W
'    Wingtip Toys 299456122
'    Wide World Importers 4665518773
'
' Packages from Company names that start with 'C':
' Coho Vineyard 89453312
' Contoso Pharmaceuticals 670053128

Commenti

Il ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) metodo restituisce un Lookup<TKey,TElement>oggetto, un dizionario uno-a-molti che esegue il mapping delle chiavi a raccolte di valori.The ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>) method returns a Lookup<TKey,TElement>, a one-to-many dictionary that maps keys to collections of values. Un Lookup<TKey,TElement> oggetto è diverso Dictionary<TKey,TValue>da, che esegue un mapping uno-a-uno delle chiavi a singoli valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> differs from a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, which performs a one-to-one mapping of keys to single values.

Per confrontare le chiavi Default viene usato l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza predefinito.The default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione specificata del selettore principale, un operatore di confronto principale e una funzione del selettore di elementi.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey, typename TElement>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::ILookup<TKey, TElement> ^ ToLookup(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, TKey> ^ keySelector, Func<TSource, TElement> ^ elementSelector, System::Collections::Generic::IEqualityComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Linq.ILookup<TKey,TElement> ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,TKey> keySelector, Func<TSource,TElement> elementSelector, System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer);
static member ToLookup : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, 'Key> * Func<'Source, 'Element> * System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<'Key> -> System.Linq.ILookup<'Key, 'Element>
<Extension()>
Public Function ToLookup(Of TSource, TKey, TElement) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), keySelector As Func(Of TSource, TKey), elementSelector As Func(Of TSource, TElement), comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) As ILookup(Of TKey, TElement)

Parametri di tipo

TSource

Tipo degli elementi di source.The type of the elements of source.

TKey

Tipo della chiave restituita dall'oggetto keySelector.The type of the key returned by keySelector.

TElement

Tipo del valore restituito dall'oggetto elementSelector.The type of the value returned by elementSelector.

Parametri

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

Oggetto IEnumerable<T> da cui creare un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement>.The IEnumerable<T> to create a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from.

keySelector
Func<TSource,TKey>

Funzione per estrarre una chiave da ogni elemento.A function to extract a key from each element.

elementSelector
Func<TSource,TElement>

Funzione di trasformazione per produrre un valore dell'elemento di risultato da ogni elemento.A transform function to produce a result element value from each element.

comparer
IEqualityComparer<TKey>

Oggetto IEqualityComparer<T> per confrontare le chiavi.An IEqualityComparer<T> to compare keys.

Restituisce

Oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> che contiene valori di tipo TElement selezionati dalla sequenza di input.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> that contains values of type TElement selected from the input sequence.

Eccezioni

Il parametro source, il parametro keySelector o il parametro elementSelector è null.source or keySelector or elementSelector is null.

Commenti

Il ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) metodo restituisce un Lookup<TKey,TElement>oggetto, un dizionario uno-a-molti che esegue il mapping delle chiavi a raccolte di valori.The ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) method returns a Lookup<TKey,TElement>, a one-to-many dictionary that maps keys to collections of values. Un Lookup<TKey,TElement> oggetto è diverso Dictionary<TKey,TValue>da, che esegue un mapping uno-a-uno delle chiavi a singoli valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> differs from a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, which performs a one-to-one mapping of keys to single values.

Se comparer Default è null, viene utilizzato l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza predefinito per confrontare le chiavi.If comparer is null, the default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione del selettore principale specificata.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::ILookup<TKey, TSource> ^ ToLookup(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, TKey> ^ keySelector);
public static System.Linq.ILookup<TKey,TSource> ToLookup<TSource,TKey> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,TKey> keySelector);
static member ToLookup : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, 'Key> -> System.Linq.ILookup<'Key, 'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function ToLookup(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), keySelector As Func(Of TSource, TKey)) As ILookup(Of TKey, TSource)

Parametri di tipo

TSource

Tipo degli elementi di source.The type of the elements of source.

TKey

Tipo della chiave restituita dall'oggetto keySelector.The type of the key returned by keySelector.

Parametri

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

Oggetto IEnumerable<T> da cui creare un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement>.The IEnumerable<T> to create a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from.

keySelector
Func<TSource,TKey>

Funzione per estrarre una chiave da ogni elemento.A function to extract a key from each element.

Restituisce

ILookup<TKey,TSource>

Oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> che contiene chiavi e valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> that contains keys and values.

Eccezioni

source o keySelector è null.source or keySelector is null.

Commenti

Il ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) metodo restituisce un Lookup<TKey,TElement>oggetto, un dizionario uno-a-molti che esegue il mapping delle chiavi a raccolte di valori.The ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>) method returns a Lookup<TKey,TElement>, a one-to-many dictionary that maps keys to collections of values. Un Lookup<TKey,TElement> oggetto è diverso Dictionary<TKey,TValue>da, che esegue un mapping uno-a-uno delle chiavi a singoli valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> differs from a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, which performs a one-to-one mapping of keys to single values.

Per confrontare le chiavi Default viene usato l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza predefinito.The default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Crea un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> da un oggetto IEnumerable<T> secondo una funzione del selettore principale specificata e un operatore di confronto principale.Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::ILookup<TKey, TSource> ^ ToLookup(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TSource> ^ source, Func<TSource, TKey> ^ keySelector, System::Collections::Generic::IEqualityComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Linq.ILookup<TKey,TSource> ToLookup<TSource,TKey> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource> source, Func<TSource,TKey> keySelector, System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer);
static member ToLookup : seq<'Source> * Func<'Source, 'Key> * System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<'Key> -> System.Linq.ILookup<'Key, 'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function ToLookup(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IEnumerable(Of TSource), keySelector As Func(Of TSource, TKey), comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) As ILookup(Of TKey, TSource)

Parametri di tipo

TSource

Tipo degli elementi di source.The type of the elements of source.

TKey

Tipo della chiave restituita dall'oggetto keySelector.The type of the key returned by keySelector.

Parametri

source
IEnumerable<TSource>

Oggetto IEnumerable<T> da cui creare un oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement>.The IEnumerable<T> to create a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from.

keySelector
Func<TSource,TKey>

Funzione per estrarre una chiave da ogni elemento.A function to extract a key from each element.

comparer
IEqualityComparer<TKey>

Oggetto IEqualityComparer<T> per confrontare le chiavi.An IEqualityComparer<T> to compare keys.

Restituisce

ILookup<TKey,TSource>

Oggetto Lookup<TKey,TElement> che contiene chiavi e valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> that contains keys and values.

Eccezioni

source o keySelector è null.source or keySelector is null.

Commenti

Il ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) metodo restituisce un Lookup<TKey,TElement>oggetto, un dizionario uno-a-molti che esegue il mapping delle chiavi a raccolte di valori.The ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) method returns a Lookup<TKey,TElement>, a one-to-many dictionary that maps keys to collections of values. Un Lookup<TKey,TElement> oggetto è diverso da Dictionary<TKey,TValue>un oggetto, che esegue un mapping uno-a-uno delle chiavi a singoli valori.A Lookup<TKey,TElement> is different to a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, which performs a one-to-one mapping of keys to single values.

Se comparer Default è null, viene utilizzato l'operatore di confronto di uguaglianza predefinito per confrontare le chiavi.If comparer is null, the default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

Si applica a