MessageQueue.Formatter Proprietà

Definizione

Ottiene o imposta il formattatore utilizzato per serializzare o deserializzare un oggetto dal corpo di un messaggio letto o scritto in una coda.Gets or sets the formatter used to serialize an object into or deserialize an object from the body of a message read from or written to the queue.

public:
 property System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ Formatter { System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ get(); void set(System::Messaging::IMessageFormatter ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Messaging.Design.MessageFormatterConverter))]
[System.Messaging.MessagingDescription("MQ_Formatter")]
public System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter Formatter { get; set; }
member this.Formatter : System.Messaging.IMessageFormatter with get, set
Public Property Formatter As IMessageFormatter

Valore della proprietà

IMessageFormatter che produce un flusso da scrivere o leggere dal corpo del messaggio.The IMessageFormatter that produces a stream to be written to or read from the message body. Il valore predefinito è XmlMessageFormatter.The default is XmlMessageFormatter.

Attributi

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrata la formattazione di un corpo del messaggio utilizzando BinaryMessageFormatter.The following code example demonstrates formatting a message body using BinaryMessageFormatter.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;

/// <summary>
/// Provides a container class for the example.
/// </summary>
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:

   //*************************************************
   // Creates a new queue.
   //*************************************************
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }


   //*************************************************
   // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
   //*************************************************
   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create a new bitmap.
         // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
         // you must give a full path to its location.
         Image^ myImage = Bitmap::FromFile( "SentImage::bmp" );
         
         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( myImage,gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter );
         
         // Send the image to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }


   //*************************************************
   // Receives a message containing an image.
   //*************************************************
   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
         
         // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue->Formatter = gcnew BinaryMessageFormatter;
         
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Bitmap^ myImage = static_cast<Bitmap^>(myMessage->Body);
         
         // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
         myImage->Save( "ReceivedImage::bmp", System::Drawing::Imaging::ImageFormat::Bmp );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }
      catch ( IOException^ e ) 
      {
         
         // Handle file access exceptions.
      }

      
      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }

};


//*************************************************
// Provides an entry point into the application.
//         
// This example sends and receives a message from
// a queue.
//*************************************************
int main()
{
   
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;
   
   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
   
   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();
   
   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}

using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{
    

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		 
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try{

                // Create a new bitmap.
                // The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
                // you must give a full path to its location.
                Image myImage = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp");

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");
                
                Message myMessage = new Message(myImage, new BinaryMessageFormatter());

                // Send the image to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            
            }

            return;
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an image.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
                        
            try
            {

                // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

                // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
                myQueue.Formatter = new BinaryMessageFormatter();

                // Receive and format the message. 
                System.Messaging.Message myMessage = myQueue.Receive(); 
                Bitmap myImage = (Bitmap)myMessage.Body;
                
                // This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
                myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp",System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp);
                
                
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }

            catch (IOException e)
            {
                // Handle file access exceptions.
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO


Namespace MyProj
    _
   
   
   Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Provides an entry point into the application.
      '		 
      ' This example sends and receives a message from
      ' a queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Create a queue on the local computer.
         CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Send a message to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage()
         
         ' Receive a message from a queue.
         myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Creates a new queue.
      '**************************************************
      Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
         Try
            If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
               MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
            End If
         Catch e As MessageQueueException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
      End Sub
       
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Sends an image to a queue, using the BinaryMessageFormatter.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub SendMessage()
         Try
            
            ' Create a new bitmap.
            ' The file must be in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder, or
            ' you must give a full path to its location.
            Dim myImage As Image = Bitmap.FromFile("SentImage.bmp")
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            Dim myMessage As New Message(myImage, New BinaryMessageFormatter())
            
            ' Send the image to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try 
         
         Return
      End Sub
      
      
      
      '**************************************************
      ' Receives a message containing an image.
      '**************************************************
      Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         
         Try
            
            ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = New BinaryMessageFormatter()
            
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As System.Messaging.Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myImage As Bitmap = CType(myMessage.Body, Bitmap)
            
            ' This will be saved in the \bin\debug or \bin\retail folder.
            myImage.Save("ReceivedImage.bmp", System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Bmp)
         
         
         
         'Catch
         ' Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
         
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         
         Catch e As IOException
         End Try
         ' Handle file access exceptions.
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace 'MyProj

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrata la formattazione di un corpo del messaggio utilizzando XmlMessageFormatter.The following code example demonstrates formatting a message body using XmlMessageFormatter.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>
#using <system.drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;
ref class Order
{
public:
   int orderId;
   DateTime orderTime;
};

ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }

   void SendMessage()
   {
      try
      {
         // Create a new order and set values.
         Order^ sentOrder = gcnew Order;
         sentOrder->orderId = 3;
         sentOrder->orderTime = DateTime::Now;

         // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

         // Create the new order.
         Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( sentOrder );

         // Send the order to the queue.
         myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      return;
   }

   void ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
      array<Type^>^p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = Order::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();
         Order^ myOrder = dynamic_cast<Order^>(myMessage->Body);

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "Order ID: {0}", myOrder->orderId );
         Console::WriteLine( "Sent: {0}", myOrder->orderTime );
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return;
   }
};

int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Create a queue on the local computer.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

   // Send a message to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();

   // Receive a message from a queue.
   myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();
   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;

namespace MyProject
{

    // The following example 
    // sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
    public class Order
    {
        public int orderId;
        public DateTime orderTime;
    };	

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		 
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create a queue on the local computer.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            
            // Send a message to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive a message from a queue.
            myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage();

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Sends an Order to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {
            try
            {

                // Create a new order and set values.
                Order sentOrder = new Order();
                sentOrder.orderId = 3;
                sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now;

                // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
                MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");


                
                // Create the new order.
                Message myMessage = new Message(sentOrder);

                // Send the order to the queue.
                myQueue.Send(myMessage);
            }
            catch(ArgumentException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            
            }

            return;
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an order.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  void ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(MyProject.Order)});
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message. 
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive(); 
                Order myOrder = (Order)myMessage.Body;

                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("Order ID: " + 
                    myOrder.orderId.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Sent: " + 
                    myOrder.orderTime.ToString());
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

                // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO



   
' The following example 
' sends to a queue and receives from a queue.
Public Class Order
      Public orderId As Integer
      Public orderTime As DateTime
End Class

   
  
' Provides a container class for the example.

Public Class MyNewQueue
      
      

   ' Provides an entry point into the application.
   '		 
   ' This example sends and receives a message from
   ' a queue.

   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Create a new instance of the class.
      Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
        
      ' Create a queue on the local computer.
      CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         
      ' Send a message to a queue.
      myNewQueue.SendMessage()
       
      ' Receive a message from a queue.
      myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      

      ' Creates a new queue.
   Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
      Try
         If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
            MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
         End If
      Catch e As MessageQueueException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub
       
      

      ' Sends an Order to a queue.

   Public Sub SendMessage()
      Try
            
            ' Create a new order and set values.
            Dim sentOrder As New Order()
            sentOrder.orderId = 3
            sentOrder.orderTime = DateTime.Now
            
            ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
            
            
            
            ' Create the new order.
            Dim myMessage As New Message(sentOrder)
            
            ' Send the order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage)
      Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try 
         
      Return
   End Sub
      
      
      
 
      ' Receives a message containing an order.
 
   Public Sub ReceiveMessage()
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(Order)})
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            Dim myOrder As Order = CType(myMessage.Body, Order)
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine(("Order ID: " + myOrder.orderId.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Sent: " + myOrder.orderTime.ToString()))
         
  
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return
   End Sub
End Class

Commenti

La proprietà Formatter contiene un'istanza di un oggetto Formatter, che trasforma i messaggi quando l'applicazione legge o scrive nella coda.The Formatter property contains an instance of a formatter object, which transforms messages when your application reads or writes to the queue.

Quando l'applicazione invia un messaggio alla coda, il formattatore serializza l'oggetto in un flusso e lo inserisce nel corpo del messaggio.When the application sends message to the queue, the formatter serializes the object into a stream and inserts it into the message body. Durante la lettura da una coda, il formattatore deserializza i dati del messaggio nella proprietà Body di un Message.When reading from a queue, the formatter deserializes the message data into the Body property of a Message.

Il XmlMessageFormatter è a regime di controllo libero, pertanto non è necessario avere lo stesso tipo di oggetto sul mittente e sul ricevitore quando si usa questo formato.The XmlMessageFormatter is loosely coupled, so it is not necessary to have the same object type on the sender and receiver when using this format. Il ActiveXMessageFormatter e BinaryMessageFormatter serializzare i dati in una rappresentazione binaria.The ActiveXMessageFormatter and BinaryMessageFormatter serialize the data into binary representation. Il ActiveXMessageFormatter viene utilizzato per l'invio o la ricezione di componenti COM.The ActiveXMessageFormatter is used when sending or receiving COM components.

BinaryMessageFormatter e ActiveXMessageFormatter forniscono una velocità effettiva più veloce rispetto al XmlMessageFormatter.BinaryMessageFormatter and ActiveXMessageFormatter provide faster throughput than the XmlMessageFormatter. Il ActiveXMessageFormatter consente l'interoperabilità con le applicazioni di Accodamento messaggi di Visual Basic 6,0.The ActiveXMessageFormatter allows interoperability with Visual Basic 6.0 Message Queuing applications.

Quando l'applicazione invia messaggi alla coda, l'MessageQueue.Formatter si applica solo ai messaggi che utilizzano le proprietà del messaggio predefinite, DefaultPropertiesToSend.When your application sends messages to the queue, the MessageQueue.Formatter applies only to those messages that use the default message properties, DefaultPropertiesToSend. Se si invia un Message alla coda, Accodamento messaggi utilizzerà il formattatore definito nella proprietà Message.Formatter per serializzare il corpo.If you send a Message to the queue, Message Queuing uses the formatter defined in the Message.Formatter property to serialize the body instead.

La classe MessageQueue utilizzerà sempre un Message per ricevere o leggere un messaggio dalla coda.The MessageQueue class will always use a Message to receive or peek a message from the queue. Il messaggio viene deserializzato utilizzando la proprietà MessageQueue.Formatter.The message is deserialized using the MessageQueue.Formatter property.

Nella tabella seguente viene illustrato se questa proprietà è disponibile in varie modalità del gruppo di lavoro.The following table shows whether this property is available in various Workgroup modes.

Modalità gruppo di lavoroWorkgroup mode DisponibileAvailable
Computer localeLocal computer Yes
Nome del computer locale e del formato direttoLocal computer and direct format name Yes
Computer remotoRemote computer NoNo
Nome del computer remoto e del formato direttoRemote computer and direct format name Yes

Si applica a

Vedi anche