ExceptionHandlingClause Classe

Definizione

Rappresenta una clausola in un blocco strutturato di gestione delle eccezioni.Represents a clause in a structured exception-handling block.

public ref class ExceptionHandlingClause
public ref class ExceptionHandlingClause sealed
public class ExceptionHandlingClause
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class ExceptionHandlingClause
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ExceptionHandlingClause
type ExceptionHandlingClause = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type ExceptionHandlingClause = class
Public Class ExceptionHandlingClause
Public NotInheritable Class ExceptionHandlingClause
Ereditarietà
ExceptionHandlingClause
Attributi

Esempio

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene definito un metodo di test denominato MethodBodyExample e vengono visualizzate le relative informazioni sulle variabili locali e le clausole di gestione delle eccezioni.The following code example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information and exception-handling clauses. Il MethodBase.GetMethodBody metodo viene usato per ottenere un MethodBody oggetto per il metodo di test.The MethodBase.GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. La ExceptionHandlingClauses proprietà viene utilizzata per ottenere un elenco di ExceptionHandlingClause oggetti e visualizzarne le proprietà.The ExceptionHandlingClauses property is used to obtain a list of ExceptionHandlingClause objects and display their properties.

È possibile usare Ildasm.exe per esaminare il codice MSIL per l'esempio di codice compilato, per vedere come vengono calcolati gli offset e le lunghezze.You can use Ildasm.exe to examine the MSIL for the compiled code example, to see how the offsets and lengths are calculated.

Questo codice fa parte di un esempio più ampio presente nell' MethodBody argomento relativo alla classe.This code is part of a larger example located in the MethodBody class topic.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}",
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}",
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console::WriteLine();
for each(ExceptionHandlingClause^ exhc in mb->ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console::WriteLine(exhc->Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    // Filter or Finally clauses. 
    switch(exhc->Flags)
    {
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Filter:
        Console::WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", 
            exhc->FilterOffset);
        break;
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Finally:
        break;
    default:
        Console::WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", 
            exhc->CatchType);
        break;
    }

    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}",
        exhc->HandlerLength);
    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", 
        exhc->HandlerOffset);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", exhc->TryLength);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", exhc->TryOffset);
}

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (ExceptionHandlingClause ehc in mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for
    // Filter or Finally clauses.
    switch (ehc.Flags)
    {
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter:
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}",
                ehc.FilterOffset);
            break;
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally:
            break;
        default:
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}",
                ehc.CatchType);
            break;
    }

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength);
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset);
}

' Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each ehc As ExceptionHandlingClause In mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString())

    ' The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    ' clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    ' Filter or Finally clauses. 
    Select Case ehc.Flags
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", _
                ehc.FilterOffset)
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally
        Case Else
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", _
                ehc.CatchType)
    End Select

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength)
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }
        }

        // This filter clause selects only exceptions that derive
        // from the ArgumentException class.
        // Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself,
        // are not handled by this filter clause.
        catch (ArgumentException ex) when (ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(ArgumentException)))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType());
        }

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}",
                ex.GetType());
        }
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.ArgumentException
//       Handler Length: 29
//       Handler Offset: 78
//     Try Block Length: 65
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 13
//       Handler Offset: 113
//     Try Block Length: 100
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//
//Filter
//      Filter Offset: 71
//      Handler Length: 23
//      Handler Offset: 116
//      Try Block Length: 61
//      Try Block Offset: 10
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.Exception
//       Handler Length: 21
//       Handler Offset: 70
//     Try Block Length: 61
//     Try Block Offset: 9
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 14
//       Handler Offset: 94
//     Try Block Length: 85
//     Try Block Offset: 9
'
'Filter
'        Filter Offset: 0
'       Handler Length: 19
'       Handler Offset: 99
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Clause
'    Type of exception: System.Exception
'       Handler Length: 25
'       Handler Offset: 118
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Finally
'       Handler Length: 13
'       Handler Offset: 153
'     Try Block Length: 144
'     Try Block Offset: 9

Commenti

La ExceptionHandlingClause classe fornisce informazioni sulle clausole in un try ... catch ...finallyThe ExceptionHandlingClause class provides information about the clauses in a trycatchfinally blocca ( Try ... Catch ...Finallyblock (TryCatchFinally in Visual Basic).in Visual Basic). Per ottenere un elenco di clausole di gestione delle eccezioni in un metodo, ottenere un oggetto MethodInfo che rappresenta il metodo.To get a list of exception-handling clauses in a method, obtain a MethodInfo that represents the method. Utilizzare il GetMethodBody metodo per ottenere un MethodBody oggetto e quindi utilizzare la ExceptionHandlingClauses proprietà per ottenere l'elenco di clausole.Use the GetMethodBody method to obtain a MethodBody object, and then use the ExceptionHandlingClauses property to get the list of clauses.

Nota

L'utilizzo delle clausole di gestione delle eccezioni richiede una conoscenza approfondita dei metadati e dei formati di istruzioni MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language).Working with exception-handling clauses requires a thorough understanding of metadata and Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) instruction formats. Common Language Infrastructure le informazioni sono reperibili nella documentazione dell'interfaccia della riga di comando (CLI), in particolare "partizione II: definizione dei metadati e semantica" e "partizione III: set di istruzioni CIL".Information can be found in the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) documentation, especially "Partition II: Metadata Definition and Semantics" and "Partition III: CIL Instruction Set". La documentazione è disponibile online; vedere ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards (ECMA C# e standard di Common Language Infrastructure) in MSDN e Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) nel sito Web internazionale Ecma.The documentation is available online; see ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards on MSDN and Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) on the Ecma International Web site.

Costruttori

ExceptionHandlingClause()

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe ExceptionHandlingClause.Initializes a new instance of the ExceptionHandlingClause class.

Proprietà

CatchType

Ottiene il tipo di eccezione gestita dalla clausola.Gets the type of exception handled by this clause.

FilterOffset

Ottiene l'offset (in byte) nel corpo del metodo del codice di filtro specificato dall'utente.Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of the user-supplied filter code.

Flags

Ottiene un valore cha indica se la clausola di gestione delle eccezioni è una clausola finally, una clausola filtrata per tipo o una clausola filtrata per utente.Gets a value indicating whether this exception-handling clause is a finally clause, a type-filtered clause, or a user-filtered clause.

HandlerLength

Ottiene la lunghezza (in byte) del corpo della clausola di gestione delle eccezioni.Gets the length, in bytes, of the body of this exception-handling clause.

HandlerOffset

Ottiene l'offset (in byte) nel corpo del metodo della clausola di gestione delle eccezioni.Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of this exception-handling clause.

TryLength

Ottiene la lunghezza complessiva (in byte) del blocco try in cui è inclusa la clausola di gestione delle eccezioni.The total length, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

TryOffset

L'offset (in byte) nel corpo del metodo del blocco try in cui è inclusa la clausola di gestione delle eccezioni.The offset within the method, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

Metodi

Equals(Object)

Determina se l'oggetto specificato è uguale all'oggetto corrente.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Ereditato da Object)
GetHashCode()

Funge da funzione hash predefinita.Serves as the default hash function.

(Ereditato da Object)
GetType()

Ottiene l'oggetto Type dell'istanza corrente.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Ereditato da Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficiale dell'oggetto Object corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Ereditato da Object)
ToString()

Rappresentazione in forma di stringa della clausola di gestione delle eccezioni.A string representation of the exception-handling clause.

Si applica a

Vedi anche