ServiceBehaviorAttribute.ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete Proprietà

Definizione

Ottiene o imposta un valore che specifica se l'oggetto servizio viene rilasciato al completamento della transazione corrente.Gets or sets a value that specifies whether the service object is released when the current transaction completes.

public:
 property bool ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete { get; set; }
member this.ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete : bool with get, set
Public Property ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete As Boolean

Valore della proprietà

true se l'oggetto servizio deve essere rilasciato; in caso contrario, false.true if the service object is to be released; otherwise, false. Il valore predefinito è true.The default is true.

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice seguente il livello di isolamento della transazione è impostato su ReadCommitted, viene disabilitato il supporto delle transazioni simultanee, è richiesta una transazione propagata dalla chiamata all'operazione e viene eseguito automaticamente il commit della transazione sul servizio se non si verificano eccezioni non gestite.The following code example sets the transaction isolation level to ReadCommitted, disables support for concurrent transactions, requires a flowed transaction from the operation call, and commits the transaction on the service automatically if no unhandled exception occurs.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Transactions;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", 
    SessionMode=SessionMode.Required)]
  public interface IBehaviorService
  {
    [OperationContract]
    string TxWork(string message);
  }

  // Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you 
  // must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly.
  /* The following service implementation:
   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
   *   -- Creates one service object per session
   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
   */
  [ServiceBehavior(
    ConcurrencyMode=ConcurrencyMode.Single,
    InstanceContextMode=InstanceContextMode.PerSession,
    ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete=false,
    TransactionIsolationLevel=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted
  )]
  public class BehaviorService : IBehaviorService, IDisposable
  {
    Guid myID;

    public BehaviorService()
    {
      myID = Guid.NewGuid();
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Object "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " created.");
    }

    /*
     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
     *       without an unhandled exception.
     */
    [OperationBehavior(
      TransactionAutoComplete = true,
      TransactionScopeRequired = true
    )]
    [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)]
    public string TxWork(string message)
    {
      // Do some transactable work.
      Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " + message);
      // Display transaction information.

      TransactionInformation info = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation;
      Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier);
      Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status);
      return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.",myID.ToString()) ;
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Service "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " is being recycled."
      );
    }
  }
}


Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.Transactions

Namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
  <ServiceContract(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", SessionMode:=SessionMode.Required)> _
  Public Interface IBehaviorService
    <OperationContract> _
    Function TxWork(ByVal message As String) As String
  End Interface

  ' Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you 
  ' must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly.
'   The following service implementation:
'   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
'   *   -- Creates one service object per session
'   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
'   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
'   
    <ServiceBehavior(ConcurrencyMode:=ConcurrencyMode.Single, InstanceContextMode:=InstanceContextMode.PerSession, _
      ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete:=False, TransactionIsolationLevel:=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted)> _
    Public Class BehaviorService
        Implements IBehaviorService, IDisposable
        Private myID As Guid

        Public Sub New()
            myID = Guid.NewGuid()
            Console.WriteLine("Object " & myID.ToString() & " created.")
        End Sub

        '    
        '     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
        '     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
        '     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
        '     *       without an unhandled exception.
        '     
        <OperationBehavior(TransactionAutoComplete:=True, TransactionScopeRequired:=True), TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)> _
        Public Function TxWork(ByVal message As String) As String Implements IBehaviorService.TxWork
            ' Do some transactable work.
            Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " & message)
            ' Display transaction information.

            Dim info As TransactionInformation = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation
            Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier)
            Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status)
            Return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.", myID.ToString())
        End Function

        Public Sub Dispose() Implements IDisposable.Dispose
            Console.WriteLine("Service " & myID.ToString() & " is being recycled.")
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

Affinché l'esempio di codice seguente venga eseguito correttamente, è necessario che l'associazione sottostante supporti le transazioni propagate.The underlying binding must support flowed transactions for the following code example to execute properly. Per supportare le transazioni propagate utilizzando l'associazione WSHttpBinding, ad esempio, impostare la proprietà TransactionFlow su true nel codice o in un file di configurazione dell'applicazione.To support flowed transactions using the WSHttpBinding, for example, set the TransactionFlow property to true in code or in an application configuration file. Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato un file di configurazione per l'esempio precedente.The following code example shows a configuration file for the preceding sample.

<configuration>
  <system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service  
        name="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.BehaviorService" 
        behaviorConfiguration="mex"
        >
        <host>
          <baseAddresses>
            <add baseAddress="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"/>
            <add baseAddress="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"/>
          </baseAddresses>
        </host>
        <!--
          Note:
            This example code uses the WSHttpBinding to support transactions using the 
            WS-AtomicTransactions (WS-AT) protocol. WSHttpBinding is configured to use the  
            protocol, but the protocol is not enabled on some computers. Use the xws_reg -wsat+ 
            command to enable the WS-AtomicTransactions protocol in the MSDTC service.          
          -->
        <endpoint 
           contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
           binding="wsHttpBinding"
           bindingConfiguration="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow"
           address="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"
          />
        <endpoint 
               contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
               binding="netTcpBinding"
               bindingConfiguration="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow"
               address="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"
          />
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="mex">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <!-- binding configuration - configures a WSHttpBinding to require transaction flow -->
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </wsHttpBinding>
      <netTcpBinding>
        <binding name="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </netTcpBinding>
    </bindings>

  </system.serviceModel>
</configuration>

Commenti

Si noti che è necessario impostare in modo esplicito la proprietà ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete su false se è presente un'operazione con la proprietà OperationBehaviorAttribute.TransactionScopeRequired impostata su true e si imposta la proprietà ConcurrencyMode su Reentrant.Note that you must explicitly set ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete to false if there is an operation with OperationBehaviorAttribute.TransactionScopeRequired set to true and you set ConcurrencyMode to Reentrant. In caso contrario, viene generata un'eccezione di convalida perché il valore predefinito della proprietà ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete è true.Otherwise a validation exception is thrown because the default value of ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete is true.

È inoltre importante comprendere che, se il servizio viene creato passando un oggetto servizio al costruttore ServiceHost.ServiceHost(Object, Uri[]), il valore di questa proprietà viene trattato come fosse false.In addition, it is important to realize that if the service is created by passing a service object to the ServiceHost.ServiceHost(Object, Uri[]) constructor, the value of this property is treated as if it were false.

Si applica a