StringBuilder.Capacity Property

Definition

Ottiene o imposta il numero massimo di caratteri che possono essere contenuti nella memoria allocata dall'istanza corrente.Gets or sets the maximum number of characters that can be contained in the memory allocated by the current instance.

public:
 property int Capacity { int get(); void set(int value); };
public int Capacity { get; set; }
member this.Capacity : int with get, set
Public Property Capacity As Integer

Property Value

Int32

Numero massimo di caratteri che possono essere contenuti nella memoria allocata dall'istanza corrente.The maximum number of characters that can be contained in the memory allocated by the current instance. Questo valore può essere compreso tra Length e MaxCapacity.Its value can range from Length to MaxCapacity.

Exceptions

Il valore specificato per un'operazione set è minore della lunghezza corrente di questa istanza.The value specified for a set operation is less than the current length of this instance.

-oppure--or-

Il valore specificato per un'operazione set è minore della capacità massima.The value specified for a set operation is greater than the maximum capacity.

Examples

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrata la proprietà Capacity.The following example demonstrates the Capacity property.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   StringBuilder^ sb1 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc" );
   StringBuilder^ sb2 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc",16 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "a1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters." );
   sb1->EnsureCapacity( 50 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "b1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the length of sb1 to zero." );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters." );
   sb1->Length = 0;
   sb2->Capacity = 51;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "c1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
}

/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 16
a2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
a3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 50
b2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
b3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1->Length = 0, sb1->Capacity = 50
c2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 51
c3) sb1 = "", sb2 = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
    StringBuilder sb1 = new StringBuilder("abc");
    StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder("abc", 16);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"",
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.");
    sb1.EnsureCapacity(50);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"",
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.");
    Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.");
    sb1.Length = 0;
    sb2.Capacity = 51;

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"",
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));
    }
}
/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim sb1 As New StringBuilder("abc")
      Dim sb2 As New StringBuilder("abc", 16)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.")
      sb1.EnsureCapacity(50)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.")
      Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.")
      sb1.Length = 0
      sb2.Capacity = 51
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
   End Sub 
End Class
'The example displays the following output:
'       a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
'       a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       a4) sb1 equals sb2: True
'       
'       Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.
'       
'       b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       b4) sb1 equals sb2: False
'       
'       Set the length of sb1 to zero.
'       Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.
'       
'       c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
'       c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       c4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Remarks

Capacity non influisce sul valore stringa dell'istanza corrente.Capacity does not affect the string value of the current instance. Capacity può essere ridotto a condizione che non sia minore di Length.Capacity can be decreased as long as it is not less than Length.

Il StringBuilder alloca in modo dinamico più spazio quando necessario e aumenta Capacity di conseguenza.The StringBuilder dynamically allocates more space when required and increases Capacity accordingly. Per motivi di prestazioni, un StringBuilder potrebbe allocare più memoria del necessario.For performance reasons, a StringBuilder might allocate more memory than needed. La quantità di memoria allocata è specifica dell'implementazione.The amount of memory allocated is implementation-specific.

Applies to