Interlocked.Decrement Interlocked.Decrement Interlocked.Decrement Interlocked.Decrement Method

Definizione

Consente di diminuire una variabile specificata e di memorizzarne il risultato, come operazione atomica.Decrements a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Overload

Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32)

Consente di diminuire una variabile specificata e di memorizzarne il risultato, come operazione atomica.Decrements a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64)

Consente di diminuire la variabile specificata e di memorizzare il risultato, come operazione atomica.Decrements the specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32) Decrement(Int32)

Consente di diminuire una variabile specificata e di memorizzarne il risultato, come operazione atomica.Decrements a specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

public:
 static int Decrement(int % location);
public static int Decrement (ref int location);
static member Decrement : int -> int
Public Shared Function Decrement (ByRef location As Integer) As Integer

Parametri

location
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Variabile il cui valore deve essere diminuito.The variable whose value is to be decremented.

Restituisce

Valore diminuito.The decremented value.

Eccezioni

L'indirizzo di location è un puntatore Null.The address of location is a null pointer.

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene determinato il numero di numeri casuali che variano da 0 a 1.000 necessari per generare 1.000 numeri casuali con un valore medio.The following example determines how many random numbers that range from 0 to 1,000 are required to generate 1,000 random numbers with a midpoint value. Per tenere traccia del numero di valori intermedi, una variabile, midpointCount, viene impostata su 1.000 e decrementata ogni volta che il generatore di numeri casuali restituisce un valore medio.To keep track of the number of midpoint values, a variable, midpointCount, is set equal to 1,000 and decremented each time the random number generator returns a midpoint value. Poiché tre thread generano i numeri casuali Decrement(Int32) , viene chiamato il metodo per garantire che più thread midpointCount non vengano aggiornati contemporaneamente.Because three threads generate the random numbers, the Decrement(Int32) method is called to ensure that multiple threads don't update midpointCount concurrently. Si noti che un blocco viene usato anche per proteggere il generatore di numeri casuali e CountdownEvent che un oggetto viene usato per garantire Main che il metodo non completi l'esecuzione prima dei tre thread.Note that a lock is also used to protect the random number generator, and that a CountdownEvent object is used to ensure that the Main method doesn't finish execution before the three threads.

using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   const int LOWERBOUND = 0;
   const int UPPERBOUND = 1001;
   
   static Object lockObj = new Object();
   static Random rnd = new Random();
   static CountdownEvent cte;
   
   static int totalCount = 0;
   static int totalMidpoint = 0;
   static int midpointCount = 10000;

   public static void Main()
   {
      cte = new CountdownEvent(1);
      // Start three threads. 
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 2; ctr++) {
         cte.AddCount();
         Thread th = new Thread(GenerateNumbers);
         th.Name = "Thread" + ctr.ToString();
         th.Start();
      }
      cte.Signal();
      cte.Wait();
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/((double)totalCount));
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount);                  
   }

   private static void GenerateNumbers()
   {
      int midpoint = (UPPERBOUND - LOWERBOUND) / 2;
      int value = 0;
      int total = 0;
      int midpt = 0;
      
      do {
         lock (lockObj) {
            value = rnd.Next(LOWERBOUND, UPPERBOUND);
         }
         if (value == midpoint) { 
            Interlocked.Decrement(ref midpointCount);
            midpt++;
         }
         total++;    
      } while (midpointCount > 0);
      
      Interlocked.Add(ref totalCount, total);
      Interlocked.Add(ref totalMidpoint, midpt);
      
      string s = String.Format("Thread {0}:\n", Thread.CurrentThread.Name) +
                 String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}\n", total) + 
                 String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, 
                               ((double) midpt)/total);
      Console.WriteLine(s);
      cte.Signal();
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Thread Thread2:
//          Random Numbers: 3,204,021
//          Midpoint values: 3,156 (0.099 %)
//       Thread Thread0:
//          Random Numbers: 4,073,592
//          Midpoint values: 4,015 (0.099 %)
//       Thread Thread1:
//          Random Numbers: 2,828,192
//          Midpoint values: 2,829 (0.100 %)
//       
//       Total midpoint values:      10,000 (0.099 %)
//       Total number of values: 10,105,805
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Const LOWERBOUND As Integer = 0
   Const UPPERBOUND As Integer = 1001
   
   Dim lockObj As New Object()
   Dim rnd As New Random()
   Dim cte As CountdownEvent
   
   Dim totalCount As Integer = 0
   Dim totalMidpoint As Integer = 0
   Dim midpointCount As Integer = 10000

   Public Sub Main()
      cte = New CountdownEvent(1)
      ' Start three threads. 
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To 2
         cte.AddCount()
         Dim th As New Thread(AddressOf GenerateNumbers)
         th.Name = "Thread" + ctr.ToString()
         th.Start()
      Next
      cte.Signal()
      cte.Wait()
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/totalCount)
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount)                  
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub GenerateNumbers()
      Dim midpoint As Integer = (upperBound - lowerBound) \ 2
      Dim value As Integer = 0
      Dim total As Integer = 0
      Dim midpt As Integer = 0
      Do
         SyncLock lockObj
            value = rnd.Next(lowerBound, upperBound)
         End SyncLock
         If value = midpoint Then 
            Interlocked.Decrement(midpointCount)
            midpt += 1
         End If
         total += 1    
      Loop While midpointCount > 0
      
      Interlocked.Add(totalCount, total)
      Interlocked.Add(totalMidpoint, midpt)
      
      Dim s As String = String.Format("Thread {0}:", Thread.CurrentThread.Name) + vbCrLf +
                        String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}", total) + vbCrLf +
                        String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, midpt/total)
      Console.WriteLine(s)
      cte.Signal()
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Thread Thread2:
'          Random Numbers: 3,204,021
'          Midpoint values: 3,156 (0.099 %)
'       Thread Thread0:
'          Random Numbers: 4,073,592
'          Midpoint values: 4,015 (0.099 %)
'       Thread Thread1:
'          Random Numbers: 2,828,192
'          Midpoint values: 2,829 (0.100 %)
'       
'       Total midpoint values:      10,000 (0.099 %)
'       Total number of values: 10,105,805

L'esempio seguente è simile a quello precedente, ad eccezione del fatto che usa Task la classe anziché una routine di thread per generare numeri interi a punto casuale 50.000.The following example is similar to the previous one, except that it uses the Task class instead of a thread procedure to generate 50,000 random midpoint integers. In questo esempio, un'espressione lambda sostituisce la GenerateNumbers routine del thread e la chiamata Task.WaitAll al metodo elimina la necessità dell' CountdownEvent oggetto.In this example, a lambda expression replaces the GenerateNumbers thread procedure, and the call to the Task.WaitAll method eliminates the need for the CountdownEvent object.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class Example
{
   const int LOWERBOUND = 0;
   const int UPPERBOUND = 1001;
   
   static Object lockObj = new Object();
   static Random rnd = new Random();
   
   static int totalCount = 0;
   static int totalMidpoint = 0;
   static int midpointCount = 50000;

   public static async Task Main()
   {
      List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();

      // Start three tasks. 
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 2; ctr++) 
         tasks.Add(Task.Run( () => { int midpoint = (UPPERBOUND - LOWERBOUND) / 2;
                                     int value = 0;
                                     int total = 0;
                                     int midpt = 0;
      
                                     do {
                                        lock (lockObj) {
                                           value = rnd.Next(LOWERBOUND, UPPERBOUND);
                                        }
                                        if (value == midpoint) { 
                                           Interlocked.Decrement(ref midpointCount);
                                           midpt++;
                                        }
                                        total++;    
                                     } while (midpointCount > 0 );
                                          
                                     Interlocked.Add(ref totalCount, total);
                                     Interlocked.Add(ref totalMidpoint, midpt);
                                          
                                     string s = String.Format("Task {0}:\n", Task.CurrentId) +
                                                String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}\n", total) + 
                                                String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, 
                                                              ((double) midpt)/total);
                                     Console.WriteLine(s); 
                                   } ));

      await Task.WhenAll(tasks.ToArray());

      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/((double)totalCount));
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount);                  
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//       Task 1:
//          Random Numbers: 24,530,624
//          Midpoint values: 24,675 (0.101 %)
//       Task 2:
//          Random Numbers: 7,079,718
//          Midpoint values: 7,093 (0.100 %)
//       Task 3:
//          Random Numbers: 18,284,617
//          Midpoint values: 18,232 (0.100 %)
//       
//       Total midpoint values:      50,000 (0.100 %)
//       Total number of values: 49,894,959
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Example
   Const LOWERBOUND As Integer = 0
   Const UPPERBOUND As Integer = 1001
   
   Dim lockObj As New Object()
   Dim rnd As New Random()
   
   Dim totalCount As Integer = 0
   Dim totalMidpoint As Integer = 0
   Dim midpointCount As Integer = 50000

   Public Sub Main()
      Dim tasks As New List(Of Task)()

      ' Start three tasks. 
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To 2
         tasks.Add( Task.Run(Sub() 
                                Dim midpoint As Integer = (upperBound - lowerBound) \ 2
                                Dim value As Integer = 0
                                Dim total As Integer = 0
                                Dim midpt As Integer = 0
                                Do
                                   SyncLock lockObj
                                      value = rnd.Next(lowerBound, upperBound)
                                   End SyncLock
                                   If value = midpoint Then 
                                      Interlocked.Decrement(midpointCount)
                                      midpt += 1
                                   End If
                                   total += 1    
                                Loop While midpointCount > 0
                              
                                Interlocked.Add(totalCount, total)
                                Interlocked.Add(totalMidpoint, midpt)
                              
                                Dim s As String = String.Format("Task {0}:", Task.CurrentId) + vbCrLf +
                                                  String.Format("   Random Numbers: {0:N0}", total) + vbCrLf +
                                                  String.Format("   Midpoint values: {0:N0} ({1:P3})", midpt, midpt/total)
                                Console.WriteLine(s)
                             End Sub ))
      Next
      Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray())
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Total midpoint values:  {0,10:N0} ({1:P3})",
                        totalMidpoint, totalMidpoint/totalCount)
      Console.WriteLine("Total number of values: {0,10:N0}", 
                        totalCount)                  
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Task 1:
'          Random Numbers: 24,530,624
'          Midpoint values: 24,675 (0.101 %)
'       Task 2:
'          Random Numbers: 7,079,718
'          Midpoint values: 7,093 (0.100 %)
'       Task 3:
'          Random Numbers: 18,284,617
'          Midpoint values: 18,232 (0.100 %)
'       
'       Total midpoint values:      50,000 (0.100 %)
'       Total number of values: 49,894,959

Commenti

Questo metodo gestisce una condizione di overflow eseguendo il wrapping: Se location , = -1 =Int32.MaxValue. Int32.MinValue locationThis method handles an overflow condition by wrapping: If location = Int32.MinValue, location - 1 = Int32.MaxValue. Non viene generata alcuna eccezione.No exception is thrown.

Vedi anche

Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64) Decrement(Int64)

Consente di diminuire la variabile specificata e di memorizzare il risultato, come operazione atomica.Decrements the specified variable and stores the result, as an atomic operation.

public:
 static long Decrement(long % location);
public static long Decrement (ref long location);
static member Decrement : int64 -> int64
Public Shared Function Decrement (ByRef location As Long) As Long

Parametri

location
Int64 Int64 Int64 Int64

Variabile il cui valore deve essere diminuito.The variable whose value is to be decremented.

Restituisce

Valore diminuito.The decremented value.

Eccezioni

L'indirizzo di location è un puntatore Null.The address of location is a null pointer.

Commenti

Questo metodo gestisce una condizione di overflow eseguendo il wrapping locationdi location : if = Int64.MinValue, Int64.MaxValue-1 =.This method handles an overflow condition by wrapping: if location = Int64.MinValue, location - 1 = Int64.MaxValue. Non viene generata alcuna eccezione.No exception is thrown.

Vedi anche

Si applica a