Semaphore.OpenExisting Semaphore.OpenExisting Semaphore.OpenExisting Semaphore.OpenExisting Method

Definizione

Apre un semaforo denominato specificato, se esistente.Opens a specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

Overload

OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String)

Apre il semaforo denominato specificato, se esistente.Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights)

Apre il semaforo denominato specificato, se esistente, con l'accesso di sicurezza desiderato.Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists, with the desired security access.

OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String) OpenExisting(String)

Apre il semaforo denominato specificato, se esistente.Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists.

public:
 static System::Threading::Semaphore ^ OpenExisting(System::String ^ name);
public static System.Threading.Semaphore OpenExisting (string name);
static member OpenExisting : string -> System.Threading.Semaphore
Public Shared Function OpenExisting (name As String) As Semaphore

Parametri

name
String String String String

Nome del semaforo di sistema da aprire.The name of the system semaphore to open.

Restituisce

Oggetto che rappresenta il semaforo di sistema denominato.An object that represents the named system semaphore.

Eccezioni

Il parametro name è una stringa vuota.name is an empty string.

In alternativa-or- La lunghezza di name supera i 260 caratteri.name is longer than 260 characters.

Errore Win32.A Win32 error occurred.

Il semaforo denominato esiste, ma l'utente non dispone dell'accesso di sicurezza necessario per usarlo.The named semaphore exists, but the user does not have the security access required to use it.

Esempi

Esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato il comportamento tra processi di un semaforo denominato con controllo degli accessi.The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named semaphore with access control security. Nell'esempio viene usato il OpenExisting(String) overload del metodo per verificare l'esistenza di un semaforo denominato.The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named semaphore.

Se il semaforo denominato non esiste, viene creato con un numero massimo di due e con sicurezza del controllo di accesso dell'utente corrente che nega il diritto di utilizzare il semaforo, ma che concede il diritto di leggere e modificare le autorizzazioni per il semaforo.If the semaphore does not exist, it is created with a maximum count of two and with access control security that denies the current user the right to use the semaphore, but which grants the right to read and change permissions on the semaphore.

Se si esegue l'esempio compilato in due finestre di comando, la seconda copia genererà un'eccezione di violazione di accesso alla chiamata al OpenExisting(String) overload del metodo.If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to the OpenExisting(String) method overload. Viene rilevata l'eccezione e l'esempio Usa il OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) overload del metodo per aprire il semaforo con i diritti necessari per leggere e modificare le autorizzazioni.The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) method overload to open the semaphore with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

Dopo la modifica delle autorizzazioni, il semaforo viene aperto con i diritti necessari per immettere e rilasciarlo.After the permissions are changed, the semaphore is opened with the rights required to enter and release it. Se si esegue l'esempio compilato da una terza finestra di comando, viene eseguito con le nuove autorizzazioni.If you run the compiled example from a third command window, it runs using the new permissions.

#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void main()
   {
      String^ semaphoreName = L"SemaphoreExample5";

      Semaphore^ sem = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
      try
      {
         // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
         // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
         // named semaphore.
         //
         sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Semaphore does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
      // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
         //
         // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
         // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
         // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
         //
         bool semaphoreWasCreated;
         
         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to enter or release the
         // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the semaphore.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
            L"\\", Environment::UserName );
         SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = gcnew SemaphoreSecurity;

         SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
               SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
               SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
         // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
         // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
         // specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
         // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
         //
         sem = gcnew Semaphore( 3,3,semaphoreName,semaphoreWasCreated,semSec );
         
         // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
         // program.
         //
         if ( semaphoreWasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the semaphore." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the semaphore." );
            return;
         }

      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
         // control security. The access control security defined
         // above allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
                  SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ));
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
            SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = sem->GetAccessControl();

            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
               L"\\", Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
            // be removed.
            SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            semSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
            sem->SetAccessControl( semSec );

            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated semaphore security." );
            
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
            // enter and release the semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );

         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         sem->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Entered the semaphore." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
         sem->Release();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string semaphoreName = "SemaphoreExample5";

        Semaphore sem = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        try
        {
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            // named semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
        }
        catch(WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            //
            // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
            // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
            //
            bool semaphoreWasCreated;

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to enter or release the 
            // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the semaphore.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                + Environment.UserName;
            SemaphoreSecurity semSec = new SemaphoreSecurity();

            SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                AccessControlType.Deny);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions,
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            // specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            //
            sem = new Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, 
                out semaphoreWasCreated, semSec);

            // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            // program.
            // 
            if (semaphoreWasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.");
                return;
            }

        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            // control security. The access control security defined
            // above allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(
                    semaphoreName, 
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions 
                        | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                SemaphoreSecurity semSec = sem.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                // be removed.
                SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                    user, 
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(user, 
                     SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                     AccessControlType.Allow);
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.");

                // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                // enter and release the semaphore.
                //
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);

            }
            catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex.Message);
                return;
            }
        }

        // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            sem.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
            sem.Release();
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const semaphoreName As String = "SemaphoreExample5"

        Dim sem As Semaphore = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        Try
            ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            ' named semaphore.
            '
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        ' (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            '
            ' The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            ' constructor. It is True if the named system semaphore was
            ' created, and False if the named semaphore already existed.
            '
            Dim semaphoreWasCreated As Boolean

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to enter or release the 
            ' semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the semaphore.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim semSec As New SemaphoreSecurity()

            Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            ' semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            ' maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            ' specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            ' placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            '
            sem = New Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, _
                semaphoreWasCreated, semSec)

            ' If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            ' program.
            ' 
            If semaphoreWasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            ' control security. The access control security defined
            ' above allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName, _
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim semSec As SemaphoreSecurity = sem.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.")

                ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                ' enter and release the semaphore.
                '
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            sem.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
            sem.Release()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

Commenti

Il OpenExisting metodo tenta di aprire il semaforo denominato specificato.The OpenExisting method tries to open the specified named semaphore. Se il semaforo di sistema non esiste, questo metodo genera un'eccezione anziché creare il semaforo di sistema.If the system semaphore does not exist, this method throws an exception instead of creating the system semaphore. Per creare il semaforo di sistema quando non esiste già, usare uno dei Semaphore costruttori che dispone di un name parametro.To create the system semaphore when it does not already exist, use one of the Semaphore constructors that has a name parameter.

Più chiamate al metodo che usano lo stesso valore per name non necessariamente restituiscono lo stesso Semaphore dell'oggetto, anche se gli oggetti restituiti rappresentano lo stesso semaforo di sistema denominato.Multiple calls to this method that use the same value for name do not necessarily return the same Semaphore object, even though the objects that are returned represent the same named system semaphore.

Questo overload del metodo è equivalente alla chiamata di OpenExisting overload del metodo e specificando SemaphoreRights.Synchronize e SemaphoreRights.Modify diritti, combinati tramite l'operazione OR bit per bit.This method overload is equivalent to calling the OpenExisting method overload and specifying SemaphoreRights.Synchronize and SemaphoreRights.Modify rights, combined by using the bitwise OR operation.

Specificando il SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag consente di entrare nel semaforo, un thread e specificando le SemaphoreRights.Modify flag consente a un thread chiamare il Release (metodo).Specifying the SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag allows a thread to enter the semaphore, and specifying the SemaphoreRights.Modify flag allows a thread to call the Release method.

Sicurezza

SecurityPermission
per chiamare codice non gestito per aprire un semaforo di sistema denominato.for calling unmanaged code to open a named system semaphore. Enumerazione associata: UnmanagedCode.Associated enumeration: UnmanagedCode. Azione di sicurezza: LinkDemand.Security action: LinkDemand.

Vedi anche

OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights)

Apre il semaforo denominato specificato, se esistente, con l'accesso di sicurezza desiderato.Opens the specified named semaphore, if it already exists, with the desired security access.

public:
 static System::Threading::Semaphore ^ OpenExisting(System::String ^ name, System::Security::AccessControl::SemaphoreRights rights);
public static System.Threading.Semaphore OpenExisting (string name, System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreRights rights);
static member OpenExisting : string * System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreRights -> System.Threading.Semaphore
Public Shared Function OpenExisting (name As String, rights As SemaphoreRights) As Semaphore

Parametri

name
String String String String

Nome del semaforo di sistema da aprire.The name of the system semaphore to open.

rights
SemaphoreRights SemaphoreRights SemaphoreRights SemaphoreRights

Combinazione bit per bit dei valori di enumerazione che rappresentano l'accesso di sicurezza desiderato.A bitwise combination of the enumeration values that represent the desired security access.

Restituisce

Oggetto che rappresenta il semaforo di sistema denominato.An object that represents the named system semaphore.

Eccezioni

Il parametro name è una stringa vuota.name is an empty string.

In alternativa-or- La lunghezza di name supera i 260 caratteri.name is longer than 260 characters.

Errore Win32.A Win32 error occurred.

Il semaforo denominato esiste, ma l'utente non dispone dei diritti di accesso di sicurezza desiderati.The named semaphore exists, but the user does not have the desired security access rights.

Esempi

Esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato il comportamento tra processi di un semaforo denominato con controllo degli accessi.The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named semaphore with access control security. Nell'esempio viene usato il OpenExisting(String) overload del metodo per verificare l'esistenza di un semaforo denominato.The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named semaphore.

Se il semaforo denominato non esiste, viene creato con un numero massimo di due e con sicurezza del controllo di accesso che nega il diritto di utilizzare il semaforo l'utente corrente, ma concede il diritto di leggere e modificare le autorizzazioni per il semaforo.If the semaphore does not exist, it is created with a maximum count of two and with access control security that denies the current user the right to use the semaphore, but grants the right to read and change permissions on the semaphore.

Se si esegue l'esempio compilato in due finestre di comando, la seconda copia genererà un'eccezione di violazione di accesso alla chiamata al OpenExisting(String) (metodo).If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to the OpenExisting(String) method. Viene rilevata l'eccezione e l'esempio Usa il OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) overload del metodo per aprire il semaforo con i diritti necessari per leggere e modificare le autorizzazioni.The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) method overload to open the semaphore with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

Dopo la modifica delle autorizzazioni, il semaforo viene aperto con i diritti necessari per immettere e rilasciarlo.After the permissions are changed, the semaphore is opened with the rights required to enter and release it. Se si esegue l'esempio compilato da una terza finestra di comando, viene eseguito con le nuove autorizzazioni.If you run the compiled example from a third command window, it runs using the new permissions.

#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void main()
   {
      String^ semaphoreName = L"SemaphoreExample5";

      Semaphore^ sem = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
      try
      {
         // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
         // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
         // named semaphore.
         //
         sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Semaphore does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
      // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
         //
         // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
         // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
         // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
         //
         bool semaphoreWasCreated;
         
         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to enter or release the
         // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the semaphore.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
            L"\\", Environment::UserName );
         SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = gcnew SemaphoreSecurity;

         SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
               SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
               SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
         // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
         // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
         // specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
         // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
         //
         sem = gcnew Semaphore( 3,3,semaphoreName,semaphoreWasCreated,semSec );
         
         // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
         // program.
         //
         if ( semaphoreWasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the semaphore." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the semaphore." );
            return;
         }

      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
         // control security. The access control security defined
         // above allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
                  SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ));
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
            SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = sem->GetAccessControl();

            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
               L"\\", Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
            // be removed.
            SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            semSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
            sem->SetAccessControl( semSec );

            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated semaphore security." );
            
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
            // enter and release the semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );

         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         sem->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Entered the semaphore." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
         sem->Release();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string semaphoreName = "SemaphoreExample5";

        Semaphore sem = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        try
        {
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            // named semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
        }
        catch(WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            //
            // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
            // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
            //
            bool semaphoreWasCreated;

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to enter or release the 
            // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the semaphore.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                + Environment.UserName;
            SemaphoreSecurity semSec = new SemaphoreSecurity();

            SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                AccessControlType.Deny);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions,
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            // specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            //
            sem = new Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, 
                out semaphoreWasCreated, semSec);

            // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            // program.
            // 
            if (semaphoreWasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.");
                return;
            }

        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            // control security. The access control security defined
            // above allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(
                    semaphoreName, 
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions 
                        | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                SemaphoreSecurity semSec = sem.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                // be removed.
                SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                    user, 
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(user, 
                     SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                     AccessControlType.Allow);
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.");

                // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                // enter and release the semaphore.
                //
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);

            }
            catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex.Message);
                return;
            }
        }

        // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            sem.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
            sem.Release();
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const semaphoreName As String = "SemaphoreExample5"

        Dim sem As Semaphore = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        Try
            ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            ' named semaphore.
            '
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        ' (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            '
            ' The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            ' constructor. It is True if the named system semaphore was
            ' created, and False if the named semaphore already existed.
            '
            Dim semaphoreWasCreated As Boolean

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to enter or release the 
            ' semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the semaphore.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim semSec As New SemaphoreSecurity()

            Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            ' semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            ' maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            ' specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            ' placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            '
            sem = New Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, _
                semaphoreWasCreated, semSec)

            ' If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            ' program.
            ' 
            If semaphoreWasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            ' control security. The access control security defined
            ' above allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName, _
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim semSec As SemaphoreSecurity = sem.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.")

                ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                ' enter and release the semaphore.
                '
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            sem.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
            sem.Release()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

Commenti

Il rights parametro deve includere il SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag per consentire ai thread di accedere al semaforo e il SemaphoreRights.Modify flag per consentire ai thread chiamare il Release (metodo).The rights parameter must include the SemaphoreRights.Synchronize flag to allow threads to enter the semaphore, and the SemaphoreRights.Modify flag to allow threads to call the Release method.

Il OpenExisting metodo tenta di aprire un semaforo denominato esistente.The OpenExisting method tries to open an existing named semaphore. Se il semaforo di sistema non esiste, questo metodo genera un'eccezione anziché creare il semaforo di sistema.If the system semaphore does not exist, this method throws an exception instead of creating the system semaphore. Per creare il semaforo di sistema quando non esiste già, usare uno dei Semaphore costruttori che dispone di un name parametro.To create the system semaphore when it does not already exist, use one of the Semaphore constructors that has a name parameter.

Più chiamate al metodo che usano lo stesso valore per name non necessariamente restituiscono lo stesso Semaphore dell'oggetto, anche se gli oggetti restituiti rappresentano lo stesso semaforo di sistema denominato.Multiple calls to this method that use the same value for name do not necessarily return the same Semaphore object, even though the objects that are returned represent the same named system semaphore.

Sicurezza

SecurityPermission
per chiamare codice non gestito per creare un semaforo di sistema denominato.for calling unmanaged code to create a named system semaphore. Enumerazione associata: UnmanagedCode.Associated enumeration: UnmanagedCode. Azione di sicurezza: LinkDemand.Security action: LinkDemand.

Vedi anche

Si applica a