TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime.IsFixedDateRule Proprietà

Definizione

Ottiene un valore che indica se la modifica dell'ora si verifica a una data e ora fisse, ad esempio il 1° novembre, o a una data e ora mobili, ad esempio l'ultima domenica del mese di ottobre.Gets a value indicating whether the time change occurs at a fixed date and time (such as November 1) or a floating date and time (such as the last Sunday of October).

public:
 property bool IsFixedDateRule { bool get(); };
public bool IsFixedDateRule { get; }
member this.IsFixedDateRule : bool
Public ReadOnly Property IsFixedDateRule As Boolean

Valore della proprietà

true se la regola di modifica dell'ora è basata su una data fissa. false se la regola di modifica dell'ora è basata su una data mobile.true if the time change rule is fixed-date; false if the time change rule is floating-date.

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente vengono elencati i tempi di transizione da e verso l'ora legale per tutti i fusi orari disponibili nel sistema locale.The following example lists the transition times to and from daylight saving time for all time zones that are available on the local system. Per i fusi orari con regole a data fissa, Visualizza le informazioni sulla fase di transizione dalle proprietà TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime dell'oggetto.For time zones with fixed-date rules, it displays transition time information from the properties of the TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime object. Per i fusi orari senza regole a data fissa, viene utilizzato Calendar un oggetto che rappresenta il calendario di sistema corrente per determinare le date di inizio e di fine effettive della transizione.For time zones without fixed-date rules, it uses a Calendar object that represents the current system calendar to determine the actual start and end dates of the transition. Nell'esempio i risultati vengono visualizzati nella console.The example displays the results to the console.

private void GetTransitionTimes(int year)
{
   // Instantiate DateTimeFormatInfo object for month names
   DateTimeFormatInfo dateFormat = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.DateTimeFormat;

   // Get and iterate time zones on local computer
   ReadOnlyCollection<TimeZoneInfo> timeZones = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones();
   foreach (TimeZoneInfo timeZone in timeZones)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("{0}:", timeZone.StandardName);
      TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustments = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules();
      int startYear = year;
      int endYear = startYear;

      if (adjustments.Length == 0)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("   No adjustment rules.");
      }   
      else
      {   
         TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule adjustment = GetAdjustment(adjustments, year);
         if (adjustment == null)
         {
            Console.WriteLine("   No adjustment rules available for this year.");
            continue;
         }
         TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime startTransition, endTransition;
         
         // Determine if starting transition is fixed 
         startTransition = adjustment.DaylightTransitionStart;
         // Determine if starting transition is fixed and display transition info for year
         if (startTransition.IsFixedDateRule)
            Console.WriteLine("   Begins on {0} {1} at {2:t}", 
                              dateFormat.GetMonthName(startTransition.Month), 
                              startTransition.Day, 
                              startTransition.TimeOfDay);
         else
            DisplayTransitionInfo(startTransition, startYear, "Begins on");

         // Determine if ending transition is fixed and display transition info for year
         endTransition = adjustment.DaylightTransitionEnd;
         
         // Does the transition back occur in an earlier month (i.e., 
         // the following year) than the transition to DST? If so, make
         // sure we have the right adjustment rule.
         if (endTransition.Month < startTransition.Month)
         {
            endTransition = GetAdjustment(adjustments, year + 1).DaylightTransitionEnd;
            endYear++;
         }
      
         if (endTransition.IsFixedDateRule)
            Console.WriteLine("   Ends on {0} {1} at {2:t}", 
                              dateFormat.GetMonthName(endTransition.Month), 
                              endTransition.Day, 
                              endTransition.TimeOfDay);
         else
            DisplayTransitionInfo(endTransition, endYear, "Ends on");
      }      
   }   
} 


private static TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule GetAdjustment(TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule[] adjustments,
                                                  int year)
{                                                  
   // Iterate adjustment rules for time zone
   foreach (TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule adjustment in adjustments)
   {
      // Determine if this adjustment rule covers year desired
      if (adjustment.DateStart.Year <= year && adjustment.DateEnd.Year >= year)
         return adjustment;
   }   
   return null;
}

private void DisplayTransitionInfo(TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime transition, int year, string label)
{
   // For non-fixed date rules, get local calendar
   Calendar cal = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar;
   // Get first day of week for transition
   // For example, the 3rd week starts no earlier than the 15th of the month
   int startOfWeek = transition.Week * 7 - 6;
   // What day of the week does the month start on?
   int firstDayOfWeek = (int) cal.GetDayOfWeek(new DateTime(year, transition.Month, 1)); 
   // Determine how much start date has to be adjusted
   int transitionDay; 
   int changeDayOfWeek = (int) transition.DayOfWeek;

   if (firstDayOfWeek <= changeDayOfWeek)
      transitionDay = startOfWeek + (changeDayOfWeek - firstDayOfWeek);
   else     
      transitionDay = startOfWeek + (7 - firstDayOfWeek + changeDayOfWeek);

   // Adjust for months with no fifth week
   if (transitionDay > cal.GetDaysInMonth(year, transition.Month))  
      transitionDay -= 7;

   Console.WriteLine("   {0} {1}, {2:d} at {3:t}", 
                     label, 
                     transition.DayOfWeek, 
                     new DateTime(year, transition.Month, transitionDay), 
                     transition.TimeOfDay);   
}   
Private Sub GetTransitionTimes(year As Integer)
   ' Get and iterate time zones on local computer
   Dim timeZones As ReadOnlyCollection(Of TimeZoneInfo) = TimeZoneInfo.GetSystemTimeZones()
   For Each timeZone As TimeZoneInfo In timeZones
      Console.WriteLine("{0}:", timeZone.StandardName)
      Dim adjustments() As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule = timeZone.GetAdjustmentRules()
      Dim startYear As Integer = year
      Dim endYear As Integer = startYear

      If adjustments.Length = 0 Then
         Console.WriteLine("   No adjustment rules.")
      Else   
         Dim adjustment As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule = GetAdjustment(adjustments, year)
         If adjustment Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("   No adjustment rules available for this year.")
            Continue For
         End If
         Dim startTransition, endTransition As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime

         ' Determine if starting transition is fixed 
         startTransition = adjustment.DaylightTransitionStart
         ' Determine if starting transition is fixed and display transition info for year
         If startTransition.IsFixedDateRule Then
            Console.WriteLine("   Begins on {0} {1} at {2:t}", _
                              MonthName(startTransition.Month), _
                              startTransition.Day, _
                              startTransition.TimeOfDay)
         Else
            DisplayTransitionInfo(startTransition, startYear, "Begins on")
         End If    

         ' Determine if ending transition is fixed and display transition info for year
         endTransition = adjustment.DaylightTransitionEnd
                
         ' Does the transition back occur in an earlier month (i.e., 
         ' the following year) than the transition to DST? If so, make
         ' sure we have the right adjustment rule.
         If endTransition.Month < startTransition.Month Then
            endTransition = GetAdjustment(adjustments, year + 1).DaylightTransitionEnd
            endYear += 1
         End If

         If endTransition.IsFixedDateRule Then
            Console.WriteLine("   Ends on {0} {1} at {2:t}", _
                              MonthName(endTransition.Month), _
                              endTransition.Day, _
                              endTransition.TimeOfDay)
         Else
            DisplayTransitionInfo(endTransition, endYear, "Ends on")
         End If    
      End If   
   Next 
End Sub

Private Function GetAdjustment(adjustments As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule(), _
                               year As Integer) As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule
   ' Iterate adjustment rules for time zone
   For Each adjustment As TimeZoneInfo.AdjustmentRule In adjustments
      ' Determine if this adjustment rule covers year desired
      If adjustment.DateStart.Year <= year And adjustment.DateEnd.Year >= year Then
         Return adjustment
      End If
   Next   
   Return Nothing
End Function
   
Private Sub DisplayTransitionInfo(transition As TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime, year As Integer, label As String)
   ' For non-fixed date rules, get local calendar
   Static cal As Calendar = CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Calendar

   ' Get first day of week for transition
   ' For example, the 3rd week starts no earlier than the 15th of the month
   Dim startOfWeek As Integer = transition.Week * 7 - 6
   ' What day of the week does the month start on?
   Dim firstDayOfWeek As Integer = cal.GetDayOfWeek(New Date(year, transition.Month, 1))
   ' Determine how much start date has to be adjusted
   Dim transitionDay As Integer 
   Dim changeDayOfWeek As Integer = transition.DayOfWeek

   If firstDayOfWeek <= changeDayOfWeek Then
      transitionDay = startOfWeek + (changeDayOfWeek - firstDayOfWeek)
   Else     
      transitionDay = startOfWeek + (7 - firstDayOfWeek + changeDayOfWeek)
   End If
   ' Adjust for months with no fifth week
   If transitionDay > cal.GetDaysInMonth(year, transition.Month) Then  
      transitionDay -= 7
   End If
   Console.WriteLine("   {0} {1}, {2:d} at {3:t}", _
                     label, _
                     transition.DayOfWeek, _
                     New DateTime(year, transition.Month, transitionDay), _
                     transition.TimeOfDay)   
End Sub   

Commenti

Una regola a data fissa indica che la transizione si verifica nella stessa data e ora di ogni anno a cui si applica la regola di rettifica.A fixed-date rule indicates that the transition occurs on the same date and time of each year to which the adjustment rule applies. Ad esempio, una modifica dell'ora che si verifica ogni 3 novembre segue una regola a data fissa.For example, a time change that occurs every November 3 follows a fixed-date rule. Una regola di data mobile indica che la transizione si verifica in un giorno specifico di una determinata settimana di un mese specifico per ogni anno a cui si applica la regola di rettifica.A floating-date rule indicates that the transition occurs on a specific day of a specific week of a specific month for each year to which the adjustment rule applies. Ad esempio, una modifica dell'ora che si verifica la prima domenica di novembre segue una regola a data mobile.For example, a time change that occurs on the first Sunday of November follows a floating-date rule.

Il valore della IsFixedDateRule proprietà determina quali proprietà di un TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime oggetto dispongono di valori validi.The value of the IsFixedDateRule property determines which properties of a TimeZoneInfo.TransitionTime object have valid values. Nella tabella seguente sono indicate le proprietà interessate dal valore della IsFixedDateRule proprietà.The following table indicates which properties are affected by the value of the IsFixedDateRule property.

Proprietà TransitionTimeTransitionTime property IsFixedDateRule = trueIsFixedDateRule = true IsFixedDateRule = falseIsFixedDateRule = false
Day ValidoValid InutilizzatiUnused
DayOfWeek InutilizzatiUnused ValidoValid
Week InutilizzatiUnused ValidoValid
Month ValidoValid ValidoValid
TimeOfDay ValidoValid ValidoValid

Si applica a